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Crossite

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About CrossiteHide

07263470014946346165177.jpg
Charles Whitman Cross
Colour:
Blue
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1894 by Charles Palache for Charles Whitman Cross [September 1, 1854 Southampton near Amherst, Massachusetts - April 20, 1949 Chevy Chase, Maryland]. Cross was a petrologist with the United States geological Survey and was widely regarded as the greatest field petrologist of his generation. He was important in classifying igneous rocks, etc.
Isostructural with:
A discontinued amphibole name.
Intermediate between the riebeckite group and the glaucophane group.

Originally described from North Berkeley, Alameda Co., California, USA.


Classification of CrossiteHide

Discredited
16.20.4

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
20 : Aluminosilicates of Fe, Mg and alkalis

Physical Properties of CrossiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Blue
Streak:
White
Hardness:

Optical Data of CrossiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.640 - 1.659 nβ = 1.645 - 1.666 nγ = 1.652 - 1.670
2V:
Measured: 12° to 65°, Calculated: 72° to 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
very strong

Crystallography of CrossiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic

Synonyms of CrossiteHide

Other Language Names for CrossiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
46 photos of Crossite associated with BenitoiteBaTi(Si3O9)
45 photos of Crossite associated with NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
28 photos of Crossite associated with NeptuniteNa2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
20 photos of Crossite associated with Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2O
6 photos of Crossite associated with DjurleiteCu31S16
3 photos of Crossite associated with Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
3 photos of Crossite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
3 photos of Crossite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
2 photos of Crossite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
1 photo of Crossite associated with Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.20.1Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
16.20.2Sodium-anthophyllite{Na}{Mg2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.20.3Sodium Gedrite{Na}{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
16.20.5Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
16.20.6Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.20.8LennilenapeiteK6-7(Mg,Mn,Fe,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 16H2OTric.
16.20.9Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2OTric. 1 : P1
16.20.10Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Crossite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for CrossiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bernard E. Leake (1978): Nomenclature of amphiboles, American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 1023-1052
LEAKE, B.E.,WOOLLEY, A.R., ARPS, C.E.S., BIRCH, W.D., GILBERT, M.C., GRICE, J.D., HAWTHORNE, F.C., KATO, A.,KISCH, H.J., KRIVOVICHEV, V.G., LINTHOUT, K., LAIRD, J.,
MANDARINO, J.A., MARESCH, W.V., NICKEL, E.H., ROCK, N.M.S., SCHUMACHER, J.C., SMITH, D.C., STEPHENSON, N.C.N., UNGARETTI, L., WHITTAKER, E.J.W. & GUO,YOUZHI (1997): Nomenclature of amphiboles: report of the Subcommittee on Amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. Can. Mineral. 35, 219-246.

Internet Links for CrossiteHide

Localities for CrossiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Abtenau
      • Rigaus
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
      • Seydegg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Martin Reich collection (added to mineral list by Frank Mazdab; inferred by visual ID and abundance at nearby localities)
    • Golling
      • Grabenbach area
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Styria
    • Bad Aussee
      • Wienern
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Pinchi Lake
Ghent, E.D., Stout, M.Z., erdmer, P. (1990) Howieite in blueschists, Pinchi Lake, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 855-858.
China
 
  • Heilongjiang
    • Mudanjiang
      • Muling Co.
Huiwen Ye, Xingzhou Zhang, and Yuwen Zhou (1994): Journal of Changchun University of Science and Technology 39(4)
Huiwen Ye, Xingzhou Zhang, and Yuwen Zhou (1994): Journal of Changchun University of Science and Technology 39(4)
  • Tibet
    • Ngari
      • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
Kapp, P., Yin, A., Manning, C.E., Murphy, M., Harrison, T.M., Spurlin, M., Lin, D., Xiguang, D., and Cunming, W. (2000): Geology 28(1), 19-22.
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
Gao Jiu, Klemd, R., Zhang Lifei, Wang Su, and Xiao Xiong (1999): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 17(6), 621-636.
      • Tekesi Co. (Tekes Co.)
        • Kekesu river valley
Jun Gao, Guoqi He, Maosong Li, Xuchang Xiao, Yaoqing Tang, Jun Wang, and Min Zhao (1995): Tectonophysics 250(1-3), 151-168
      • Zhaosu Co.
Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Sokolov District
      • Kraslice
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 277.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Saint-Véran
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
Greece
 
  • Central Greece
    • Euboea
P. Xypolias, I. Iliopoulos, V. Chatzaras, and S. Kokkalas (2012) Subduction- and exhumation-related structures in the Cycladic Blueschists: Insights from south Evia Island (Aegean region, Greece)TECTONICS, VOL. 31, 22pp
  • Peloponnese
    • Laconia
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 343-366.
  • South Aegean
    • Kalymnos
      • Arkoi
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
    • Milos
      • Sifnos
        • Sifnos Island
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
    • Syros
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 607-623.
Hungary
 
  • Vas County
    • Felsõcsatár (Felsöcsatár)
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993
India
 
  • Rajasthan
    • Jaipur Division
Sarkar, S. C., Bhattacharyya, P. K., and Mukherjee, A. D., 1980, Evolution of the Sulfide Ores of Saladipura, Rajasthan, India, Economic Geology, 75:1152-1167.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
    • Savona Province
      • Varazze and Sassello
Tribuzio R. (1992): Distribuzione delle terre rare e di alcuni elementi in tracce nei principali minerali dei meta-Fe-gabbri delle ofioliti liguri: aspetti cristallochimici ed implicazioni petrogenetiche. Tesi di Dottorato, Università di Pavia, 148 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
Wilhelm, O (1921): Beitrag zur Glaukofananfrage von Graubünden. Eclogae geol. Helv., 16, 482-485. Zurflüh, E. (1961): Zur Geologie der Monte Spluga. Mitt. Geol. Inst. ETH Zürich, Serie C, 83, 117 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
Azzaro E., Caravani L., Di Sabatino B., Negretti G. (1977): Aspetti petrologici delle rocce verdi del Promontorio Argentario (Toscana). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 33, 689-698.
Azzaro E., Caravani L., Di Sabatino B., Negretti G. (1977): Aspetti petrologici delle rocce verdi del Promontorio Argentario (Toscana). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 33, 689-698.
Azzaro E., Caravani L., Di Sabatino B., Negretti G. (1977): Aspetti petrologici delle rocce verdi del Promontorio Argentario (Toscana). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 33, 689-698.
Jamaica
 
  • Portland Parish
Draper, G. (1986) Blueschists and associated rocks in eastern Jamaica and their significance for Cretaceous plate-margin development in the northern Caribbean. Geological Society of America Bulletin 97:1, 48-60.
Japan
 
  • Kochi
    • Kochi City
      • Rendai
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 6 pp368-375
  • Shimane
    • Gotsu City
Watanabe, T., Kobayashi, H., & Sengan, H. (1983) Lawsonite from Quartzofeldspathic Schist in the Sangun Metamorphic Belt, Shikuma Shimane Prefecture. Mem. Fac. Sci., Shimane Umv.,17, pp. 81-86
  • Tokushima
    • Yoshinogawa City
      • Yamakawa-cho
Banno, S. (1959) Journ. Geol. Soc. Japan, 65, 658.
  • Yamaguchi
    • Iwakuni City
Nishimura, Y. (1971) Regional metamorphism of the Nishiki-cho district, southwest Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, Series C (geology and mineralogy), 6, #3, 203-268.
New Zealand
 
  • Otago Region
    • Queenstown-Lakes District
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
  • West Coast Region
    • Westland District
A. F Cooper (1971) Carbonatites and Fenitization Associated with a Lamprophyric Dike-Swarm Intrusive into Schists of the New Zealand Geosyncline. GSA Bulletin 82:1327-1340
North Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci
    • Ržanovo
Maksimović, Z. & Pantó, Gy. (1981): Nickel-bearing phlogopite from the nickel-iron deposit Studena Voda (Macedonia). Bulletin of the Serbian Academy of Sciences 80, 1−6.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Northern Province (Oro Province)
Worthing, M.A. (1987) Deerite from Papua New Guinea. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(363), 689-693.
Portugal
 
  • Bragança
Rui Nunes' mineral collection (2018)
Ribeiro M.L. (1976) - Considerações sobre uma ocorrência de crossite em Trás-os-Montes Oriental). Mem. Not. Mus. Lab. Min. Geol. Univ. Coimbra, N° 83, pp. 1-16. Coimbra.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon Province
Handbook of Mineralogy
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Saas Valley
        • Saas-Almagell
Christian Bracke Collection
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Hualien Co.
      • Juishuei
Turkey
 
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Bingöl Province
Econ Geol (1984) 79:354-371
Econ Geol (1984) 79:354-371
Econ Geol (1984) 79:354-371
  • Marmara Region
    • Bursa Province
      • Tavşanlı Zone
Okay, A.I. (2002): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20, 757-768.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • South Ayrshire
http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/gcrdb/GCRsiteaccount2415.pdf
Ukraine
 
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
      • Iditarod Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Berkeley
Smith, J. P. (1906) The paragenesis of the minerals in glaucophane bearing rocks of California. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Volume 45:183-242.
Palache, Charles (1894b), On a rock from the vicinity of Berleley containing a new soda amphibole: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 1: 181, 185; Washington, H.S. (1901), A chemical study of the glaucophane schists: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 11: 47-52; Switzer, George S. (1951b) Mineralogy of the California glaucophane schists. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 161: 57; Borg, Iris Y. (1967), Optical properties and cell parameters in the glaucophane-riebeckite series: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15: 67.
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • San Pablo
Palache, Charles (1894b), On a rock from the vicinity of Berkeley containing a new soda amphibole: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 1: 184; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 344; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 474.
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Palos Verdes Estates
Reed, Ralph Daniel (1928), A siliceous shale formation from southern California: Journal of Geology: 36: 347; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69, 200.
      • San Pedro
Woodford, A.O. (1924), The Catalina metamorphic facies of the Franciscan series: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 15: 49-68; [… (abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 33: 98 (1926)]: 54; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69.
      • Santa Catalina Island
        • Escondido Canyon
Bailey, Edgar H. (1941a), Mineralogy, petrology and geology of Santa Catalina Island, California: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University: 61-62; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 485.
Bailey, Edgar H. (1941a), Mineralogy, petrology and geology of Santa Catalina Island, California: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University: 71; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
    • Marin Co.
      • Angel Island State Park
Bloxam, T.W. (1960), Jadeite rocks and glaucophane schists from Angel Island, San Francisco Bay, California: American Journal of Science: 258: 558-560; Coleman, R.G. & J.R. Clark (1968), Pyroxenes in the blueschist facies of California: American Journal of Science: 266: 44; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Laytonville
Chesterman, C.W. (1966b), Mineralogy of the Laytonville quarry, Mendocino County, California, in: Geology of Northern California: California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 190: 503, 506; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 403.; Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
        • McClure Place
          • Jumpoff Creek
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
    • Orange Co.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69 (based on a p.c. to Murdoch & Webb from Jenni); Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria Mining District
          • Picacho Peak
William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-816.
Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
          • Santa Rita Peak
Wise, W.S & Gill, R.H. (1977): Minerals of the Benitoite Gem mine. Mineralogical Record 8, 442-452; William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-81
Ernst, W.G. (1965) Mineral paragenesis in Franciscan metamorphic rocks, Panoche Pass, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 76: 887; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 186; Reed, Ralph Daniel (1928), A siliceous shale formation from southern California: Journal of Geology: 36: 347; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69, 70.
      • Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
        • San Onofre Mountain
Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 159-280; [… (abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 33: 109 (1926)]: 186; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 309.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Black Wonder Mining District
          • Black Mountain
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10033580.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Cazadero
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 433, 493.
Coleman, R.G. & D.E. Lee (1963), Glaucophane-bearing metamorphic rocks of the Cazadero area, California: Jour. Petrol.: 4: 260; Coleman, R.G. & J.J. Papike (1968), Alkali amphiboles from the blueshchists of Cazadero, California: Jour. Petr.: 9: 109, 111, 113-118; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Vermilion River Mines
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 23-24
 
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