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About CuprobismutiteHide

Dark bluish-grey
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
In allusion to its content of copper and bismuth.
Structurally closely related to hodrušite and kupčíkite.

Compare, e.g., UM1991-11-S:AgBiCu.

Classification of CuprobismutiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb

8 : 1 < ø < 2

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of CuprobismutiteHide

Dark bluish-grey
6.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.24 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CuprobismutiteHide


Chemical Properties of CuprobismutiteHide


Crystallography of CuprobismutiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.520(1) Å, b = 3.926(3) Å, c = 15.261(1) Å
β = 100.18(1)°
a:b:c = 4.463 : 1 : 3.887
Unit Cell V:
1,033.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Massive, prismatic crystals, thin blades

Type Occurrence of CuprobismutiteHide

Other Language Names for CuprobismutiteHide

Simplified Chinese:辉铜铋矿
Traditional Chinese:輝鉍銅礦

Relationship of Cuprobismutite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
KupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Anglesite1 photo of Cuprobismutite associated with Anglesite on mindat.org.
Feldspar Group1 photo of Cuprobismutite associated with Feldspar Group on mindat.org.
Cannonite1 photo of Cuprobismutite associated with Cannonite on mindat.org.
Bismuthinite1 photo of Cuprobismutite associated with Bismuthinite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JA.05eBenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05aCupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05iLivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.JA.05dMakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9Mon. 2/m
2.JA.05aPavoniteAgBi3S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05bGrumipluciteHgBi2S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyiteCu4AgPb2Bi9S18Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05cKudriavite(Cd,Pb)Bi2S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05aCupromakopavoniteAg3Cu8Pb4Bi19S38Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05DantopaiteAg5Bi13S22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10dPizgrischite(Cu,Fe)Cu14PbBi17S35Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10bKupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.15CuboargyriteAgSbS2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.JA.20BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.JA.20MatilditeAgBiS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.1.1SinneriteCu6As4S9Tric. 1 : P1
5.1.2TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.4ChalcostibiteCuSbS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.1.5TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.6GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.7EmplectiteCuBiS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
5.1.9WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
5.1.11GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CuprobismutiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hillebrand (1884) American Journal of Science: 27: 355.
Dana (1892): 110.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 437.
American Mineralogist (1952): 37: 447-452.
American Mineralogist (1973): 58: 967.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E. & Balić-Žunić, T. (2003): Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of members of the cuprobismutite homologous series of sulfosalts: Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1481-1501. [cuprobismutite, hodrushite]
Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456. ["Ag appears to be an essential component of cuprobismutite"]
Ciobanu, C. L.; Pring, A.; Cook, N. J. (2004): Micron- to nano-scale intergrowths among members of the cuprobismutite series and paderaite: HRTEM and microanalytical evidence. Mineralogical Magazine 68, 279-300.
Journal of Research, US Geological Survey: 1: 99-103.
Pieczka, A. & Golebiowska, B. (2012): Cuprobismutite homologues in granitic pegmatites from Szklarska Poreba, Karkonosze Massif, southwestern Poland. Canadian Mineralogist 50, 313-324.

Internet Links for CuprobismutiteHide

Localities for CuprobismutiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Hubert, P., Werner, H., & Dan, T. (2009). A contribution to the knowledge of the mineralization at Mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina, 64(3), 514-524.
  • Chubut
    • Futaleufú department
      • Los Cipreses
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Skirrow, R.G. (1993) The genesis of gold-copper-bismuth deposits, Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, PhD thesis (unpublished) Australian National University.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Lapis 29(5):42 (2004)
Royal Ontario Museum specimen # M13339
    • Larecaja Province
      • Sorata
Royal Ontario Museum specimen # M13339
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Owen Lake
Hood, C. T., Sinclair, A. J., & Leitch, C. H. (1991). British Columbia Geological Survey Geological Fieldwork 1991.
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Yao'an Co.
Zhou, H., Sun, X., Wu, Z., Yang, T., Li, D., Ren, Y., Liu, Q., Zhu, K. & Yu, H. (2018). Mineralogy of Bi-sulfosalts and tellurides from the Yaoan gold deposit, southwest China: metallogenic implications. Ore Geology Reviews 98, 126-140.
Czech Republic
  • Ústí Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Corsica
    • Corse-du-Sud
      • Testa
Lheur, C., Meisser,N., Pecorini, R. and Steinmetz, A. (2011): Nouveautés minéralogiques en Corse. La Régne Minéral. 102: 33-40
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
          • Sankt Johann vein
Ruhlmann, F. (1978): The bismuth paragenesis in the veins of the Engelsbourg mine (Sainte-​Marie-​aux-​Mines district, Vosges, France). Bulletin de Minéralogie 101(5-6), 570-572 (in French).
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Saint-Etienne-de-Tinée
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
Lapis 1984(1), 41-42
      • Schapbach
        • Wildschapbach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Ortenaukreis
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Waldaschaff
Lorenz, J., Schmitt, R., Hahn, W. (2007): Rhabdophan und Cuprobismutit von der Barytgrube "Pauline" in Waldaschaff im Spessart, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 41-54
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen
      • Betzdorf-Gebhardshain
        • Schutzbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Sulawesi (Celebes)
    • Sulawesi Selatan Province (South Sulawesi Province)
      • Gowa
Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
  • Yamagata
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
  • Pasco
    • Pasco Province
      • Simón Bolívar District
Baumgartner, R. et al. (2008): Economic Geology 103, 493-537
  • Lower Silesia
    • Szklarska Poręba District
Pieczka, A. & Golebiowska, B. (2012): Cuprobismutite homologues in granitic pegmatites from Szklarska Poręba, Karkonosze Massif, southwestern Poland. Canadian Mineralogist 50, 313-324.; Pieczka, A., & Gołębiowska, B. (2012). Cuprobismutite homologues in granitic pegmatites from Szklarska Poręba, Karkonosze massif, southwestern Poland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 313-324.; Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Silesia
    • Myszków District
      • Kraków-Lubliniec tectonic zone
        • Żarki-Kotowice area
Karwowski, Ł., Markowiak, M. (2012): Polymetallic mineralization in Ediacaran sediments in the Żarki-Kotowice area, Poland. Mineralogia: 43(3-4), 199-212
  • Évora
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456; Ciobanu, C. L.; Pring, A.; Cook, N. J. (2004): Micron- to nano-scale intergrowths among members of the cuprobismutite series and paderaite: HRTEM and microanalytical evidence. Mineralogical Magazine 68, 279-300.
  • Altai
Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žarnovica Co.
      • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Trenčín Region
    • Bánovce nad Bebravou Co.
      • Čierna Lehota
Mikuš T., 2001: Mineralógia rudných výskytov v Malej Magure a Suchom (dipl.práca), archív Kated.miner. a peňtr. PFUK, Bratislava, 128 s; Mikuš, T., Chovan, M., Ponomarenko, O., Bondarenko, S., & Grinchenko, O. (2013). Hydrothermal Nickel Mineralization from the Black Shales in Čierna Lehota. Мінералогічний журнал, (35,№ 3), 27-32.; Jeleň, S., Mikuš, T., & Pršek, J. (2009). Sulphosalts of cuprobismutite homologous series from Banská Hodruša and Čierna Lehota (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Мінералогічний збірник, (2), 64-76.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Grimentz
Picot, P. and Johan, Z. (1977). Atlas des Minéraux Métalliques, BRGM, Elsevier
    • Evionnaz
      • Salanfe
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
      • Rosita District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Montezuma District
        • Hall Valley (Hall's Valley)
Amer.J.Sci.(1884) ser. 3, 27, 349-358 (p. 355); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    • Summit Co.
USGS PP 223(Lovering,1950)
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
Vajdak, Josef. (1997), New Mineral Finds in 1996, News from Vajdak of Pequa Rare Minerals and Metals. Mineral News: 13:(3): 1,4,5.
  • Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Tushar Mts
        • Bullion Canyon
          • Ohio District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Stanley C J, Roberts A C, Harris D C, Criddle A J, Szymanski J T (1992) Cannonite, Bi2O(OH)2SO4, a new mineral from Marysvale, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine 56, 605-609.
        • Cottonwood Creek
          • Mount Baldy District
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1932-1952
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Fairfax Co.
      • Culpeper Basin
        • Centreville
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
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