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Cupropavonite

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About CupropavoniteHide

Martin Alfred Peacock
Formula:
Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Also given as AgCu2PbBi5S10.
Colour:
Lead-grey to tin-white
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
7.04 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1979 by Sven Karup-Møller and Emil Makoviky for the dominant copper content and relationship to pavonite (named for Martin Alfred Peacock; pavo = peacock in Latin).
Typically forms fine lamellar intergrowths with pavonite.


Classification of CupropavoniteHide

Approved
2.JA.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb
3.8.10.6

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.7.44

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of CupropavoniteHide

Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Lead-grey to tin-white
Hardness:
Density:
7.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CupropavoniteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Weak in air, weak to distinct in oil

Chemical Properties of CupropavoniteHide

Formula:
Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5

Also given as AgCu2PbBi5S10.
IMA Formula:
Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Common Impurities:
Sb

Crystallography of CupropavoniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.45 Å, b = 4.02 Å, c = 33.06 Å
β = 93.5°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.346 : 1 : 8.224
Unit Cell V:
1,784.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Fine lamellar intergrowths with pavonite.

Type Occurrence of CupropavoniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Pennsylvania

Synonyms of CupropavoniteHide

Relationship of Cupropavonite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
CupromakopavoniteAg3Cu8Pb4Bi19S38Mon. 2/m : B2/m
CupromakovickyiteCu4AgPb2Bi9S18Mon. 2/m : B2/m
DantopaiteAg5Bi13S22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
MakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9Mon. 2/m
MummeiteCu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13Mon.
PavoniteAgBi3S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24
GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
PavoniteAgBi3S5
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pyrite3 photos of Cupropavonite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb3 photos of Cupropavonite associated with UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb on mindat.org.
Benjaminite3 photos of Cupropavonite associated with Benjaminite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JA.05eBenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05gBorodaeviteAg5(Bi,Pb,Fe)8(Sb,Bi)2S17Mon.
2.JA.05aKitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
2.JA.05iLivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.JA.05dMakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9Mon. 2/m
2.JA.05fMummeiteCu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13Mon.
2.JA.05aPavoniteAgBi3S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05bGrumipluciteHgBi2S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05hMozgovaitePbBi4(S,Se)7Orth.
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyiteCu4AgPb2Bi9S18Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05cKudriavite(Cd,Pb)Bi2S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05aCupromakopavoniteAg3Cu8Pb4Bi19S38Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05DantopaiteAg5Bi13S22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10aCuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10cHodrušiteCu8Bi12S22Mon.
2.JA.10ePadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
2.JA.10dPizgrischite(Cu,Fe)Cu14PbBi17S35Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10bKupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.15SchapbachiteAg0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4SIso.
2.JA.15CuboargyriteAgSbS2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.JA.20BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.JA.20MatilditeAgBiS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.JA.20VolynskiteAgBiTe2Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.8.10.1PavoniteAgBi3S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.8.10.2MakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9Mon. 2/m
3.8.10.3BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.8.10.4MummeiteCu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13Mon.
3.8.10.5BorodaeviteAg5(Bi,Pb,Fe)8(Sb,Bi)2S17Mon.
3.8.10.9DantopaiteAg5Bi13S22Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CupropavoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Karup-Møller, S., Makovicky, E. (1979): On pavonite, cupropavonite, benjaminite, and « oversubstituted » gustavite. Bulletin de Minéralogie 102, 351-367.
Nuffield, E.W. (1980): Cupropavonite from Hall's Valley, Park County, Colorado. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 181-184.
American Mineralogist: 65 (1980): 206 (Abs.)
Chang, L. L. Y.; Wu, D.; Knowles, C. R. (1988): Phase relations in the system Ag2S-Cu2S-PbS-Bi2S3. Economic Geology 83, 405-418.
Topa, D., Paar, W.H. (2008): Cupromakovickyite, Cu8Pb4Ag2Bi18S36, a new mineral species of the pavonite homologous series. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 503-514.

Internet Links for CupropavoniteHide

Localities for CupropavoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Zirknitz
          • Kleine Zirknitz valley
            • Kluidscharte
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Brazil
 
  • Mato Grosso
    • Juruena-Teles Pires mineral province
      • Vila Guarita district
        • Nova Santa Helena
Silva, M. L. T. D. (2017). Geologia, petrologia e metalogenia do depósito de ouro Santa Helena, Mato Grosso. Thesis Universidade de Brasília
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Sapporo
島倉広至, 三浦貴生, 浜根大輔, 松枝大治, & 三浦裕行. (2015). 北海道手稲鉱山産 Te, Bi, As 鉱物. 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告, 78, 19-35.
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
      • Julcani District
B. Duval, Y. Moëlo and P. Picot, Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 649-655.
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
      • Băiţa mining district (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 197; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
        • Darwin District
          • Darwin
Mineral News: 16 (9): 1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California; Dunning, G.E., Moelo, Yves, Roberts, A.c., & Cooper, J. F (2000)., Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New To Darwin, Inyo County, California. Occasional Web Publication of the Bay Area Mineralogists, 2000
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Alice District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Montezuma District
        • Hall Valley (Hall's Valley)
Nuffield, E.W. (1980): Cupropavonite from Hall's Valley, Park County, Colorado. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 181-184.; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Poughkeepsie Gulch
        • Alaska Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Delamar District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Region
    • Okhangaron District
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Mineral and/or Locality  
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