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Delafossite

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Gabriel Delafosse
Formula:
CuFeO2
Colour:
Black, brown-white in reflected light
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
5.41
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in 1873 by Charles Friedel in honor of Gabriel Delafosse [February 24, 1796 St. Quentin, France - October 13, 1878] Paris, France, French mineralogist noted for making advances in understanding crystal chemistry and establishing a distinction between empirical and molecular formulas.
A not too uncommon member of the Delafossite Group.
Often associated with cuprite, copper and limonite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of DelafossiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.AB.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
A : Metal: Oxygen = 2:1 and 1:1
B : M:O = 1:1 (and up to 1:1.25); with small to medium-sized cations only
7.1.1.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
1 : ABX2
7.3.6

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
3 : Oxides of Cu

Physical Properties of DelafossiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black, brown-white in reflected light
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
{101¯0}
Density:
5.41 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.52 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of DelafossiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong
Colour in reflected light:
Rose brown-white
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
O = light golden-brown
E = darker rose-brown

Chemical Properties of DelafossiteHide

Formula:
CuFeO2
IMA Formula:
Cu1+Fe3+O2

Crystallography of DelafossiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.04 Å, c = 17.12 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 5.632
Unit Cell V:
137.02 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {0001} to equant, with {0001} and {101¯1} as dominant forms. Botryoidal crusts.
Twinning:
Contact twins on {0001} noted.

Type Occurrence of DelafossiteHide

Other Language Names for DelafossiteHide

Relationship of Delafossite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
McconnelliteCuCrO2Trig.
Structurally related to group(s):

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cuprite54 photos of Delafossite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.
Copper27 photos of Delafossite associated with Copper on mindat.org.
Quartz7 photos of Delafossite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Limonite7 photos of Delafossite associated with Limonite on mindat.org.
Gold7 photos of Delafossite associated with Gold on mindat.org.
Siderite4 photos of Delafossite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Malachite2 photos of Delafossite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Turquoise1 photo of Delafossite associated with Turquoise on mindat.org.
Chlorite Group1 photo of Delafossite associated with Chlorite Group on mindat.org.
Goethite1 photo of Delafossite associated with Goethite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.AB.Carbon Monoxide IceCO
4.AB.05CredneriteCuMnO2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.AB.10TenoriteCuOMon. 2/m : B2/b
4.AB.15McconnelliteCuCrO2Trig.
4.AB.20BromelliteBeOHex. 6mm : P63mc
4.AB.20ZinciteZnOHex. 6mm : P63mc
4.AB.25BunseniteNiOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.AB.25LimeCaOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.AB.25ManganositeMnOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.AB.25MonteponiteCdOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.AB.25PericlaseMgOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.AB.25WüstiteFeOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.AB.30PalladinitePdOTet.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

7.1.1.2McconnelliteCuCrO2Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.3.1CupriteCu2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.3.2TenoriteCuOMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.3.3ParamelaconiteCu1+2Cu2+2O3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.3.4SpertiniiteCu(OH)2Orth.
7.3.5CredneriteCuMnO2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.3.7CuprospinelCu2+Fe3+2O4Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DelafossiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Friedel (1873), Comptes rendus, Académie des sciences, Paris: 77: 211.
Rogers (1913), American Journal of Science: 35: 290.
Pabst (1938), American Mineralogist: 23: 175.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 674-675.
Acta Crystallographica: C47: 2644-2646.

Internet Links for DelafossiteHide

Localities for DelafossiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Belén Department
      • Farallón Negro
        • Agua de Dionisio mining district (YMAD)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Mendoza
    • Las Heras Department
      • Uspallata
        • Paramillos de Uspallata
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Neuquén
    • Loncopué department
      • Loncopué
        • Mellao Morales
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Santa Cruz
    • Deseado department
      • Deseado massif
        • Tres Cerros
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Econ Geol (1976) 71:1515-1525
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
No reference listed
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
No reference listed
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
Ralph Bottrill et al in prep.; Bottrill, R. S. (2000). A Mineralogical Field Guide for the Western Tasmania Minerals and Museums Tour.
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
ETTINGER, K. & MÖRTL, J. (1993): Delafossit vom Hüttenberger Erzberg (Ma. Waitschach), Kärnten, Österreich. Aufschluss 44, 39-43.
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Ettinger, K., Mörtl, J., (1993): Delafossit vom Hüttenberger Erzberg, (Ma. Waitschach), Kärnten, Österreich, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 39-43
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Prigglitz
        • Gasteil
Kolitsch, U. & Auer, C. (2014): 1889) Allophan(?), Baryt, Brannerit, Brochantit, Cassiterit, Chalkoalumit, Chalkopyrit, Chamosit, Chrysokoll(?), Covellin, ein Mineral der Cyanotrichitgruppe, Delafossit, Dravit, Hamatit, Jarosit, gediegenes Kupfer, Malachit, Manganoxide, Monazit-(Ce), Muskovit, Pyrit, Quarz, Schwefel, Stannit, Tetraedrit, Woodwardit(?) und Xenotim-(Y) vom bronzezeitlichen Kupferbergbau bei Gasteil, Prigglitz, Niederösterreich. Pp. 121-124 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Stubach valley
Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Salzburg. 346p
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
R.Poeverlein (2016)
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • St. Jakob-Breitenau
        • Hochlantsch
Kolitsch, U. & Gröbner, J. (2016): Cobaltit, Delafossit und Monazit-(Ce) vom Magnesitbergbau Breitenau am Hochlantsch. Der Steirische Mineralog 31, 50-51.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Ağdam District (Agdam)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
Michel Bloindieau
        • Cahai (Cahay)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Haldimand Co.
      • Seneca Township
Reiner Mielke
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
Collection of NHM, Vienna
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jiujiang Prefecture
      • Jiujiang Co.
http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_Jiangxi.htm
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Qamdo Prefecture (Changdu Prefecture)
      • Jomdo Co. (Jiangda Co.)
Gu, X.X., Tang, J.X., Wang, C.S., Chen, J.P., and He, B.B. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 1-20
Dunmo Cheng, Mangen Zhou, and Benxian Wu (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(3), 213-216
Cyprus
 
  • Nicosia District (Lefkoşa District; Lefkosia District)
    • Skouriotissa
Adamides, N. G. (2010). Mafic-dominated volcanogenic sulphide deposits in the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus Part 1–The deposits of the Solea graben. Applied Earth Science, 119(2), 65-77.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Štěpánov nad Svratkou
Velebil, D., Kráčmar, L.: Ložisko Borovec u Štěpánova (štěpánovský revír). Minerál, 2002, roč. 10, č. 3, s. 163-181.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54
      • Padern
Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
    • Hérault
      • Montpellier
        • Clermont l'Hérault
Ambert, P., Balestro, F., Laroche, M., Figueroa, V. and Rovira, S. (2014) Technological aspects of the earliest metallurgy in France: ‘furnaces’ and slags from La Capitelle du Broum (Péret, France). Historical Metallurgy 47(1), 60-74.
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Caixas
        • Fontcouverte
BERBAIN, C., FAVREAU, G. & MORENO, C. (2010): Mas Vicenç, Fontcouverte, Caixas (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 20-25.
      • Oms
        • mas Masssinette
erbain, C. ; Favreau, G. ; Aymar, G. (2005) : Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, p. 109-110
    • Tarn
      • Alban
        • Rayssac
desescaut.jy@voila.fr
      • Villefranche d'Albigeois
Jean-Marie Laurent collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Puget-Théniers
        • La-Croix-sur-Roudoule
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Freudenstadt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Rudolfstein
Meier, S. & Dünkel, B. (2010): Das Zinn- und Uranbergwerk am Rudolfstein bei Weißenstadt, Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 35 (2), 29-37; 54.
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Leonberg
        • Pfaffenreuth
Lapis, 10 (9), 13-20+50.
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Lautenthal
        • Wolfshagen
          • Ochsen valley
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Wildemann
        • Hütschen valley
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
      • Morsbach
Golze, R. et al. (2013): Siegerland & Westerwald. Bergbaugeschichte - Mineralienschätze - Fundorte, pp. 588-589.
    • Eifel
      • Düren
        • Untermaubach
Schachner, D., (1961): Blei-Zink-Lagerstätten im Buntsandstein der Triasmulde Maubach-Mechernich-Kall, Der Aufschluss, 10. Sonderheft
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Gosenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Littfeld
        • Silberg
Mineralien-Welt 19 (1), 28-35.
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Niederschelden
Lapis, 12 (12), 23-31+42.
      • Wilnsdorf
Mineralien-Welt 19 (3) (2008), 28-41.
        • Niederdielfen
Hucko, S. & Reinhardt, M. (2009): Der Bergbau am Grimberg in Niederdielfen. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 8-16 (in German).
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler
        • Hönningen
GRAF, H.-W. (1992): Mineralien der Nordeifel (2).- Mineralien-Welt, 3, H. 3, p. 23.
      • Mayen
        • Langenfeld
          • St Jost
Graf, HW., (1991): Die Grube Bendisberg, bei Virneburg / Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/91
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Palatinate
      • Kirchheimbolanden
        • Orbis
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Betzdorf
        • Brachbach
Emser Hefte 1987(4), 62-67
        • Schutzbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Gebhardshain
        • Kausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
      • Niederfischbach
        • Niederndorf
Henrich, J. M. (2007: Die Mineralien der Grube Fürst Moritz bei Niederndorf. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 20-26. (in German)
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Puderbach
Personal message from Holger Adelmann
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    • Mansfeld Basin
      • Helbra
H. Knoll; Fundstellen im Mansfelder Land, Interessante Mineralien aus den Schlacken der Kupferschiefer-Verhüttung. MineralienWelt, Jg 19 (2008), Heft 1 (Jan-Feb), pag 36-47.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Wendel, W., Blaß, G., Mühlbauer, W. & Markl, G. (1999): Hilarion - Plaka - Sounion: Lavrion-News 1997-1999. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 64-67.; Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.; PXRD by Alfredo Petrov, 6 April 2017, on Jewel Tunnel specimen.
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Branko Rieck
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Szalonnai Mts
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • Singhbhum District
S. G. Tenainkai, A. G. Ugarkar, M. V. Koti and A. Mookherjee (1991) Copper-bearing clay minerals of the oxidized zone of the Rakha-Chapri Block, Singhbhum Copper Belt, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 100, 13-30.
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Balaghat District
      • Baihar Tehsil
        • Padritola
Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Indonesia
 
  • Maluku Islands (Moluccas)
    • Maluku Province (Moluccas Province)
      • Bacan Island
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Rafsanjan County
      • Pariz
K. J. Henley (1970) Cupriferous Sericite from the Sar Cheshmeh Porphyry Copper Ore, Kerman Province, Iran. Mineralogical Magazine 37:945-947.
  • Markazi Province
    • Astaneh
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
    • Killarney
      • Lough Leane
Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Berceto
        • Corchia mine
ADORNI F., GUELFI F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It., N. 3, 217-250.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
M.E. Ciriotti (2005) Probed
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
          • Reppia
Camarda, S., Muzio, C., Passarino, G. & Sanguineti, G. (2013). Reppia, Ne, Val Graveglia, Genova. Minerali secondari di un giacimento ferroso cuprifero. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2013, 176-185.
  • Lombardy
    • Brescia Province
      • Camonica Valley
        • Pisogne
          • Fraine
            • Palotto Valley (Palot Valley)
Britvin S., Sturla M., Bonacina E., Zambetti L., 2003. Nuovi minerali della miniera del Duadello (Val Pisogne, Brescia). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 27 (2): 107-108.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Campo Moro Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Alessandria Province
      • Voltaggio
Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Preite, D., Ciriotti, M. E., Blaβ, G., Piccoli, G. (2006). Novità da Brosso: delafossite. MICRO (UK report), 2006, 27-28.
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Viù Valley
          • Usseglio
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Francesco Bonott
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 1 (1-1992), 1-14 [1a parte]; Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
Japan
 
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Niihama City
        • Besshi
Minakawa & Dehara (2005) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 150.
Luxembourg
 
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Philippo, S. & Hanson, A. (2007): La minéralisation en antimoine de Goesdorf. Ferrantia 49, 111-146.
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Boruquillas
Panczner(1987):105-373.
      • Mapimí
Rocks & Min.: 56:247.
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Santa Cruz
      • Cuitaca
Berrocal-Lopez, et al 2009; Valencia, V. A., Noguez-Alcántara, B., Barra, F., Ruiz, J., Gehrels, G., Quintanar, F., & Valencia-Moreno, M. (2006). Geocronología de Re-Os en molibdenita y LA-ICPMS-MC U-Pb en circón para el pórfido cuprífero de Milpillas: aportaciones para esclarecer la evolución temporal de la mineralización en el Distrito de Cananea, Sonora, México. Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas, 23(1), 39-53.
    • Sonoripa District
Dana 7:I:674.
Mongolia
 
  • Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag)
    • Erdenet
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Swakopmund District
      • Arandis
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
  • Karas Region
    • Karasburg District
      • Tsams Farm 685
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 389 pp. (in English)
Pakistan
 
  • Balochistan (Baluchistan)
    • Chagai District
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Russia (TL)
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Nizhnii Tagil
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Gelnica (Göllnitz)
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002: Nejzajimavejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 134p.
Háber,M., 1980: Mineralogische – geochemische und paragenetische Erfoschung hydrotermaler Gänge im Gebiet zwischen Prakovce und Kojšov (SGR). Záp.Karpáty – sér. Miner.,petrograf.,geochém., metalog., 7 – 131
    • Košice Co.
      • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
- Varček, C. (1959): Paragenetické pomery žily Mária v Rožňave. Geol. Práce, Zoš., 55, 181-213.
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Števko M., Dojčanský Ľ., Volejník M., Sejkora J. (2017): Nový nález sekundárnych minerálov na Hrubej žile v Rudňanoch. Minerál, 25, 1, 87-93 (in Slovak).
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Bela-Bela (Warmbaths; Warmbad)
Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 146 pg
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Pilgrim's Rest
        • Pilgrim's Rest
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Brits (Brits District)
Species list by Dr. Hans Börner
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Seville
      • El Pedroso
Dana 7:I:674.
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Fombuena
Calvo, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2008). Presencia de delafossita, gibbsita y cianotriquita en un yacimiento cuprífero del barranco de la Sierra, Fombuena (Zaragoza). Macla, 9, 59-60.; Analyzed by XRD by Dr. Joan Vinals (Barcelona)
  • Basque Country
    • Álava
      • Legutiano (Villarreal de Álava)
        • Ollerías
Calvo, M. (2009). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol IV.Óxidos e hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 751 págs.
    • Vizcaya
      • Bilbao
        • Castrejana
Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • Marazion
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Kaiyuh District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dubacher Canyon
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10096107, MRDS ID #TC40403.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
            • Calumet and Arizona group of claims (Calumet and Arizona Mining Company group of claims)
various added photos
Rolf Luetcke
            • Queen Hill
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046248, MRDS ID #M241115.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 108.
    • Graham Co.
      • Gila Mts
        • Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District)
          • Sanchez
MRDS database Dep. ID #10026888, MRDS ID #M000791.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Mineral Creek District (Ray District)
          • Scott Mountain area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 200; Jones, R.W. & W.E. Wilson (1983), The Ray mine, Min.Rec.: 14(5): 311-322.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Black Hills (Black Hill Range)
        • Verde District
          • Jerome
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 200.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Clark Mountain District (Clark District)
          • Mohawk Hill
[Mineralien Welt 1/93:44]
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Salmon
          • Sal Mountain
Dana 7:I:675.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
          • Yerington
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Robinson District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
AmMin 7:102-103 (1922).
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Tripp-Veteran pit
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Sierra Co.
      • Black Range
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
          • Lookout Mountain
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
[MinRec 20:24]
        • Magdalena
Min Rec 20:1 pp13-24
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