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About Allanite-(La)Hide

Thomas Allan
Black, with brownish reflections
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in 2006 by Paolo Orlandi and Marco Pasero for its relationship to other allanite group minerals, with lanthanum as the dominant rare earth element. The root name is for Thomas Allan (1777, Edinburgh, Scotland - 1833, Morpeth, Northumberland, England), Scottish banker and mineralogist who first described what is now allanite-(Ce). Samples fitting the description of allanite-(La) were described earlier and the name was recommended by Levinson (1966) but a proper species description was not given until 2006.
Allanite Group of the Epidote Supergroup. The La-analogue of Allanite-(Ce).

The large well formed crystals of "allanite-(La)" from the Nueva Vizcaya Mine, Spain published by Del Tanago et al. (2002) as “macroscopic La-dominant allanite and REE-rich epidote crystals” are zoned crystals containing allanite with Ce>La,allanite with La>Ce, and REE-rich epidote. Only thin zones within the crystals contain sufficient REE to qualify as allanite-(La), and the La dominant material were too scarce to adequately describe allanite-(La) as a new mineral.

Classification of Allanite-(La)Hide

Approval Year:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
G : Sorosilicates with mixed SiO4 and Si2O7 groups; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination

58 : SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
2 : Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)

Physical Properties of Allanite-(La)Hide

Transparent, Translucent
Black, with brownish reflections
along {001}
3.93 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.94 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Allanite-(La)Hide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.755 nβ = 1.760 nγ = 1.765
Calculated: 90°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
very high
greenish to greenish brown

Chemical Properties of Allanite-(La)Hide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of Allanite-(La)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.914 Å, b = 5.726 Å, c = 10.132 Å
β = 114.87°
a:b:c = 1.557 : 1 : 1.769
Unit Cell V:
469.1 ų
prismatic crystals, elongated along [010]
observed forms: {001}, {100}, {101}, {10_1}, {210} and {011}

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.506 Å(20)
2.901 Å(100)
2.860 Å(40)
2.692 Å(60)
2.611 Å(50)
2.174 Å(25)
Format: d/Å (I/%) (hkl)

Type Occurrence of Allanite-(La)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
prismatic crystals up to 2–3 mm in length
Geological Setting of Type Material:
baryte veins cutting a dolomitic metamorphosed limestone

Synonyms of Allanite-(La)Hide

Other Language Names for Allanite-(La)Hide

Simplified Chinese:镧褐帘石

Relationship of Allanite-(La) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Allanite-(Nd){CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Dissakisite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Ferriakasakaite-(Ce) {CaCe}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Ferriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Ferriandrosite-(La){MnLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Manganiakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Manganiandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Unnamed (Ce- and Mn-analogue of Ferriakasakaite-(La)){Ca,(Ce,La,Nd),Mn2+}2(Mn3+,Fe3+,Al)Al(Mn2+,Mg)(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Ferriallanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{(Fe3+,Al)Al(Mg,Fe2+)}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unnamed (Mn-analogue of Ferriallanite-(Ce)){CaCe}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vanadoallanite-(La){CaLa}{V3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Vanadoandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{V3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Allanite-(La) associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
4 photos of Allanite-(La) associated with Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
3 photos of Allanite-(La) associated with DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
2 photos of Allanite-(La) associated with Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
2 photos of Allanite-(La) associated with Allanite-Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
2 photos of Allanite-(La) associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
1 photo of Allanite-(La) associated with Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
1 photo of Allanite-(La) associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
1 photo of Allanite-(La) associated with Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BG.05bAllanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aClinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bDissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aEpidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aPiemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Niigataite{CaSr}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m
9.BG.05Manganiandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dissakisite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Vanadoandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{V3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aEpidote-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Nd){CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bÅskagenite-(Nd){Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.10ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.BG.15SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20OkhotskiteCa2Mn3+Mn3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Al)Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20PoppiiteCa2V3+V3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Mg)Ca2MgFe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.35Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
9.BG.35WiluiteCa19(Al,Mg)13(B,☐,Al)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(O,OH)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
9.BG.35ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.35FluorvesuvianiteCa19(Al,Mg,Fe2+)13(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(F,OH)9Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BG.35CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.50Gatelite-(Ce)CaCe3Al2(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe2+,Al)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(O,F)(OH,O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BG.55Västmanlandite-(Ce)Ce3CaMg2Al2Si2O15(OH)2FMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

58.2.1a.1Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
58.2.1a.4Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
58.2.1a.5Dissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
58.2.1a.6Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
58.2.1a.7Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
58.2.1a.9Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
58.2.1a.11Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Fluorescence of Allanite-(La)Hide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Allanite-(La)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Marble, J.P. (1940) Allanite from Barringer Hill, Llano County, Texas. American Mineralogist: 25: 168-173.
Hutton, C.O. (1951) Allanite from Yosemite National Park, Tuolumne Co., California. American Mineralogist: 36: 233-248.
Hutton, C.O. (1951) Allanite from Wilmot Pass, Fiordland, New Zealand. American Journal of Science: 249: 208-214.
Hasegawa, S. (1957) Chemical studies of allanites and their associated minerals from the pegmatites in the northern part of the Abukuma massif. Science Reports, Tohoku University, Series 3, Mineralogy, Petrology, and Economic Geology: 5: 345-371.
Hasegawa, S. (1958) Chemical studies of allanites from the new localities in Fukushima and Kagawa prefectures. Science Reports, Tohoku University, Ser. 3, Mineralogy, Petrology, and Economic Geology: 6: 39-56.
Hugo, P.J. (1961) The allanite deposits on Vreda Gordonia district, Cape Province. South Africa Geological Survey, "Geological Series" of the Department of Mines: 37: 1-65.
Zhirov, K.K., Bandukin, G.A., Lavrentyev, Yu.G. (1961) Geochemistry of rare elements in pegmatites of North Karelia. Geokimiya: 11: 1107-1118.
Levinson, A.A. (1966) A system of nomenclature of rare earth minerals. American Mineralogist: 51: 152-158.
Pavelescu, L., Pavelescu, M. (1972) Study of some allanites and monazites from the south Carpathians. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 17: 208-214.
Fleischer, M. (1985) A summary of the variations in relative abundance of the lanthomides and yttrium in allanites and epidotes. Bulletin of Geological Society of Finland: 57: 151-155.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1990) Halogen-bearing allanite from the White River gold occurrence, Hemlo Area, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 67-75.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1991) Vanadian allanite-(Ce) and vanadian allanite-(La) from the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine: 55: 497-507.
Ercit, T.S. (2002) The mess that is “allanite”. The Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1411-1419.
Gonzáles del Tánago, J., Saínz de Baranda Graf, B. (2002) The Nueva Vizcaya mine, Burguillos del Cerro, Badajoz, Spain. Mineralogical Record: 33: 489-500.
Orlandi, P., Pasero, M. (2006) Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. The Canadian Mineralogist 44(1): 63-68.
Gonzáles del Tánago, J.(2015): personal correspondence.

Internet Links for Allanite-(La)Hide

Localities for Allanite-(La)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Lower Taylor Valley
Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.
  • Styria
    • Köflach
      • Voitsberg
        • Kleinwöllmiß
Bernhard, F. (2011)
  • Northwest Territories
Canadian Mineralogist 41:117-137
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 55:497-507
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau RCM
        • Cascades-Malignes
Ercit, T.Scott 2002. The Mess That Is “Allanite” Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40,pp 1411-1419
  • Lapland
    • Rovaniemi
Al Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2011. Petrographic and mineralogical study of Vanttaus appinitic diorite, Northern Finland. GTK:n arkistoraportti, Northern Finland Office 59/2011
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Kruft
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
      • Mendig
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
        • Wingertsberg
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999
Italy (TL)
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68
  • Fukui
    • Mikata-kaminaka District
      • Wakasa-cho
Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96.
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
Zenina, K. S. (2017). Inventory Information Analysis of Mineral Organization of the Khaldzan Buregteg massif (Western Mongolia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 326-328).
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
        • Hpakant-Tawmaw Jade Tract
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.; Wang, X., Shi, G.H., Qiu, D.F., Wang, J., Cui, W.Y. (2012): Grossular-bearing jadeite omphacite rock in the Myanmar jadeite area: A kind of jadeitized rodingite? European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 237-246.
New Zealand
  • Southland Region
    • Southland District
      • Fiordland National Park
Orlandi, P., Pasero, M. (2006) Allanite-(La) from Buca Della Vena Mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.
  • Waikato Region
    • Thames-Coromandel District
      • Coromandel Peninsula
        • Colville
P. Black, NZJGG, 13. 343-345
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kyshtym
P.M. Kartashov data
    • Magnitogorsk
V..A. Popov fnflythical data
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
      • Chupa pegmatite field
        • Chupa Bay
Zhirov K.K. e.a. (1961) Geochemistry of REE in pegmatites of Northern Karelia, - Geochimiya, 11, p.995-1004 (in Rus.); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.; Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Gordonia District
Minerals of South Africa
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Burguillos del Cerro
MinRec 33:498
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Karl Estes (1998) Mineral News, 14, #5, 8-10.; Min News (1998) 14:4 pp 1,2,5
  • California
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • Ragged Peak
Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.
  • Texas
    • Llano Co.
      • Bluffton
Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.; John Putnam Marble (1940) Allanite from Barringer Hill, Llano County, Texas. American Mineralogist 25:168-173
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