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Dietrichite

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Formula:
(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Colour:
Brownish yellow; off-white; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
2
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
After Dr. Gustav Heinrich Dietrich of Příbram, Czech Republic, who analyzed the first specimens of the mineral.

Classification of Dietrichite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.85

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.7.3.4

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
7 : AB2(XO4)4·H2O
25.9.13

25 : Sulphates
9 : Sulphates of Mn

Physical Properties of Dietrichite

Silky
Colour:
Brownish yellow; off-white; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:

Optical Data of Dietrichite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.475 nβ = 1.480 nγ = 1.488
2V:
Measured: 70° , Calculated: 78°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Dietrichite

Formula:
(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
IMA Formula:
ZnAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O

Crystallography of Dietrichite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P1 21/c 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.1757 Å, b = 24.262 Å, c = 21.206 Å
β = 100.436°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.255 : 1 : 0.874
Unit Cell V:
3,124.84 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Fine-fibrous, tufted aggregates as incrustations and efflorescences.

Type Occurrence of Dietrichite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Efflorescences in mine workings.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Mine workings.

Other Language Names for Dietrichite

Relationship of Dietrichite to other Species

Other Members of this group:
ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2O
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2O
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2O
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2O
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

25.9.1SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
25.9.2JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
25.9.3MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
25.9.4ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
25.9.5Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2O
25.9.6DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.9.7ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
25.9.8ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
25.9.9Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
25.9.10MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
25.9.11Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
25.9.12Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)

29.7.3.1PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
29.7.3.2HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
29.7.3.3ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
29.7.3.5BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
29.7.3.6Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
29.7.3.7Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Dietrichite

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
von Schröckinger, J. (Freiherr) (1878): Dietrichit, ein neuer Alaun aus Ungarn. Verhandl. Geol. Bundesanst. Wien, 189-191.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 528-529.
Canadian Mineralogist (1998) 36: 1373.
Ballirano, P., Bellatreccia, F., Grubessi, O. (2003): New crystal-chemical and structural data of dietrichite, ideally ZnAl2(SO4)4·22H2O, a member of the halotrichite group. European Journal of Mineralogy 15, 1043-1049.

Internet Links for Dietrichite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-1289.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Dietrichite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • Queensland
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
Bulgaria
 
  • Plovdiv Oblast
    • Plovdiv
Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Montieri
Ballirano P., Bellatreccia F., 2004. Nuovi dati sulla dietrichite di Boccheggiano, Grosseto. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 213-214
Romania
 
  • Alba Co.
    • Roşia Montanã Commune
Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 529; Canadian Mineralogist (1998): 36: 1373.; M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]
Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based of the Cavnic hydrothermal system-comparison with other epithermal systems in the World. Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p. 376-377.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
          • Cabezo de Ponce
FMF Forum
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 135.
USA
 
  • Tennessee
    • Polk Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
Joe Marty (2015) Minerals of the Blue Lizard Mine and other Western Localities, NCMA Annual Symposium 2015
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Yemen
 
  • Al Jawf Governorate
Mondillo, N., Boni, M., Balassone, G., Joachimski, M., & Mormone, A. (2014). The Jabali nonsulfide Zn–Pb–Ag deposit, western Yemen. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 248-267.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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