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Dixenite

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About DixeniteHide

Formula:
CuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
Hardness:
3 - 4
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
From the Greek δύο "two" and ξένος "guest", in reference to the then unique association of silica and arsenious oxide in the mineral.
Unique in terms of both element combination and structure, althought the latter is somewhat similar to that of hematolite.

The structure can be described as an oxide matrix with disordered [As3+4Cu1+] clusted within. contains typical AsO3 trigonal pyramids and two types of tetrahedra (arsenate and silicate). There are 5 nonequivalent layers, of which 3 are similar to those in hematolite. One of the 5 layers differs in containing the above Cu-As cluster. In this cluster the As3+ ions form a tetrahedron, with Cu in the central cavitiy. The cluster is supposed to be stabilized by the 18-electron rule, forming "closed argon core".


Classification of DixeniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BE.45

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1
46.2.8.1

46 : ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : Miscellaneous
17.7.8

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
7 : Silicates with vanadate, arsenate or antimonate

Physical Properties of DixeniteHide

Hardness:
3 - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of DixeniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.970 nε = 1.730
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.240
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of DixeniteHide

Formula:
CuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
IMA Formula:
Cu1+Fe3+Mn2+14(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(SiO4)2(OH)6
Common Impurities:
Mg,Ca,Na,K,P

Crystallography of DixeniteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.23 Å, c = 37.44 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 4.549
Unit Cell V:
2,196.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of DixeniteHide

Other Language Names for DixeniteHide

German:Dixenit
Spanish:Dixenita

Relationship of Dixenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Arakiite(Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Mon.
Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Trig. 3 : R3
KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
McgoverniteMn19Zn3(AsO4)3(AsO3)(SiO4)3(OH)21Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
SynadelphiteMn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+xTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pyroaurite2 photos of Dixenite associated with Pyroaurite on mindat.org.
Calcite2 photos of Dixenite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Tilasite1 photo of Dixenite associated with Tilasite on mindat.org.
Hematite1 photo of Dixenite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Magnussonite1 photo of Dixenite associated with Magnussonite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BE.05AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.10GrattarolaiteFe3+3(PO4)O3Trig. 3m : R3m
8.BE.15CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.BE.20ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BE.25ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.BE.25GilmariteCu3(AsO4)(OH)3Tric.
8.BE.30AllactiteMn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BE.30FlinkiteMn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4Orth.
8.BE.30RaadeiteMg7(PO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m
8.BE.30ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BE.35Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.35Magnesiochlorophoenicite(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.40Gerdtremmelite(Zn,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(AsO4)(OH)5Tric.
8.BE.45Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Trig. 3 : R3
8.BE.45KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BE.45McgoverniteMn19Zn3(AsO4)3(AsO3)(SiO4)3(OH)21Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BE.45Arakiite(Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Mon.
8.BE.45Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+xTrig.
8.BE.45CarlfrancisiteMn2+3(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42 Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.BE.50SynadelphiteMn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BE.55Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
8.BE.60KoliciteMn2+7Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
8.BE.65Sabelliite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(AsO4,SbO4)(OH)3Trig. 3 : P3
8.BE.70JarosewichiteMn2+3Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6Orth. 2 2 2
8.BE.75TheisiteCu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14Orth.
8.BE.80CoparsiteCu4(AsO4,VO4)O2ClOrth.
8.BE.85WaterhouseiteMn2+7(PO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.7.1SuzukiiteBaVSi2O7Orth.
17.7.2FranciscaniteMn2+6(V5+,☐)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Hex.
17.7.3Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
17.7.4Ardennite-(As)Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.7.5MedaiteMn2+6V5+Si5O18(OH)Mon.
17.7.6JohninnesiteNa2Mn2+9Mg7(OH)8[AsO4]2[Si6O17]2Tric.
17.7.7TiragalloiteMn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)Mon. 2/m
17.7.9AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2Trig. 3m : P3c1
17.7.10McgoverniteMn19Zn3(AsO4)3(AsO3)(SiO4)3(OH)21Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
17.7.11KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
17.7.12SchalleriteMn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17Trig. 3m : P3m1
17.7.13Nelenite(Mn,Fe)16(Si12O30)(OH)14[As3+3O6(OH)3]Mon.
17.7.14KoliciteMn2+7Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
17.7.15YeatmaniteZn6Mn2+9Sb5+2(SiO4)4O12Tric.
17.7.16WelshiteCa4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
17.7.17Katoptrite(Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20Mon. 2/m : B2/m
17.7.18ParweliteMn10Sb2As2Si2O24Mon. m : Bb
17.7.19LångbaniteMn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
17.7.20ChapmaniteFe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
17.7.21Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DixeniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Araki, T., Moore, P.B. (1981): Dixenite, Cu+Mn2+14Fe3+(OH)6(As3+O3)5(Si4+O4)2(As5+O4) : metallic [As3+4Cul+] clusters in an oxide matrix. American Mineralogist: 66: 1263-1273.
Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger: 42: 436-439.

Internet Links for DixeniteHide

Localities for DixeniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
GFF (1920) 42, 436-439; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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