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Donharrisite

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About DonharrisiteHide

Formula:
Ni3HgS3
Previously reported as Ni8Hg3S9
Colour:
Brown
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
7.27 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1990 by Werner Hermann Paar, Tzong T. Chen, Andrew C. Roberts, Alan J. Criddle, and Chris J. Stanley in honor of Donald Clayton Harris (b.1936) mineralogist with the Canadian Geological Survey, for his many contributions to ore mineralogy.
Redefined in 2016 by Bindi & Paar (2016).

The structure is rather complex, as it contains various types of polyhedra, typically for an intermetallic compound. In the structure there are 2 Hg sites, 4 Ni sites and 2 S sites; one of the Hg and one of the Ni sites have 50% occupancy.
The polyhedra are:
- Hg[S6Ni4]
- Hg[S4Ni3]
- Ni[S4Ni2]
- Ni[S3NiHg]
- Ni[S6Ni2Hg2]
- Ni[S4Ni3Hg2]

A typical feature is exceedingly short bond distance in these polyhedra. The structure refined may represent a superposition of various layers of the ordered-disordered structure.


Classification of DonharrisiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1987
First Published:
1989
2.BD.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
D : With Hg, Tl
2.6.6.1

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
3.11.7

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of DonharrisiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Brown
Streak:
Brownish gray
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN5=47 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
7.27 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of DonharrisiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct in grayish colors
Colour in reflected light:
Creamy white with yellowish tint
Internal Reflections:
none
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic
Comments:
It is significant that optically, the only mineral with which donharrisite might be confused is tuceckite although there are differences of dispersion in their reflectance

Chemical Properties of DonharrisiteHide

Formula:
Ni3HgS3

Previously reported as Ni8Hg3S9
IMA Formula:
Ni8Hg3S9

Crystallography of DonharrisiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.574(3) Å, b = 6.899(2) Å, c = 5.419(1) Å
β = 93.71(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.678 : 1 : 0.785
Unit Cell V:
431.8 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Mica like flakes.

Type Occurrence of DonharrisiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Mica-like flakes up to 1 mm2 by 0.1 mm thick.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The holotype specimen (9x7x2.5 cm, and weighing 276 g) plus several tiny chips in the Landesmuseum Joanneum in Graz. Fragments at University of Salzburg; British Museum of Natural History; Royal Ontario Museum; and Geological Survey of Canada.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Faulted dolostone stratabound carbonate-hosted Pb-Ag-Hg ore.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of DonharrisiteHide

Other Language Names for DonharrisiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cinnabar1 photo of Donharrisite associated with Cinnabar on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BD.UM2004-33-S:AgCuHgSe(Ag,Cu)8Hg3(S,Se)7
2.BD.05ImiteriteAg2HgS2Mon.
2.BD.10GortdrumiteCu24Fe2Hg9S23Tric. 1 : P1
2.BD.15BalkaniteCu9Ag5HgS8Mon. 2/m : P2/m
2.BD.15Danielsite(Cu,Ag)14HgS8Orth.
2.BD.25CarliniteTl2STrig. 3 : R3
2.BD.30BukoviteTl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4Tet.
2.BD.30MurunskiteK2(Cu,Fe)4S4Tet.
2.BD.30ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
2.BD.35Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
2.BD.40ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
2.BD.45SabatieriteCu6TlSe4Orth.
2.BD.50CrookesiteCu7(Tl, Ag)Se4Tet.
2.BD.55BrodtkorbiteCu2HgSe2Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig.
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig.
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth.
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DonharrisiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Paar, W.H., Chen, T.T., Roberts, A.C., Criddle, A.J., Stanley, C.J. (1989) Donharrisite, nickel-mercury sulfide, a new mineral species from Leogang, Salzburg Province, Austria. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 257-262.
Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1990) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 75: 706-713.
Bindi, L., Paar, W.H. (2016) Donharrisite, Ni3HgS3: Crystal structure and revision of the chemical formula. Journal of Alloys and Compounds: 682: 248-253.

Internet Links for DonharrisiteHide

Localities for DonharrisiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria (TL)
 
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
PAAR, W.H., CHEN, T.T., ROBERTS, A.C., CRIDDLE, A.J. & STANLEY, C.J. (1989): Donharrisite, nickel-mercury sulfide, a new mineral species from Leogang, Salzburg Province, Austria. Canadian Mineralogist 27, 257-262.
USA
 
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Goat Mountain
Dunning, Hadley, Cooper, Magnasco collections
Mineral and/or Locality  
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