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About DundasiteHide

PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
White to colourless to very pale blue
Vitreous, Silky
Specific Gravity:
3.1 - 3.55
Crystal System:
Named in 1893 by William Frederick Petterd after the type locality, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia.
Dundasite is a secondary lead mineral found in the oxidization zone of lead deposits.

Classification of DundasiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
B : With large and medium-sized cations

2 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 3:2

11 : Carbonates
9 : Carbonates of Pb, Zr and Th

Pronounciation of DundasiteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of DundasiteHide

Vitreous, Silky
White to colourless to very pale blue
On {010}.
3.1 - 3.55 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.716 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of DundasiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.603 nβ = 1.716 nγ = 1.750
Measured: 30° to 40°, Calculated: 54°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.147
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of DundasiteHide

PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O

Crystallography of DundasiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.08 Å, b = 16.37 Å, c = 5.62 Å
a:b:c = 0.555 : 1 : 0.343
Unit Cell V:
835.35 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Spherical aggregates composed of radiating crystals, elongated [001]; matted or felted crusts.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
7.91 (10)
4.63 (5)
3.60 (8)
3.23 (5)
3.08 (6)
2.968 (4)
2.667 (5)

Type Occurrence of DundasiteHide

Other Language Names for DundasiteHide

Simplified Chinese:白铅铝矿

Relationship of Dundasite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
DresseriteBaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
HydrodresseriteBaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 3H2OTric.
KochsándoriteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
PetterditePbCr3+2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth.
StrontiodresseriteSrAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth.
Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Petterdite)CaCr3+2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O

Common AssociatesHide

Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Crocoite58 photos of Dundasite associated with Crocoite on mindat.org.
Cerussite25 photos of Dundasite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Azurite24 photos of Dundasite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Malachite15 photos of Dundasite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Allophane10 photos of Dundasite associated with Allophane on mindat.org.
Gibbsite8 photos of Dundasite associated with Gibbsite on mindat.org.
Mimetite6 photos of Dundasite associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Chrome-Cerussite6 photos of Dundasite associated with Chrome-Cerussite on mindat.org.
Pyromorphite5 photos of Dundasite associated with Pyromorphite on mindat.org.
Limonite5 photos of Dundasite associated with Limonite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.DB.05AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.DB.05NasledovitePbMn3Al4(CO3)4(SO4)O5 · 5H2O
5.DB.05Para-alumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
5.DB.05UM1977-02-CO:AlCaHCa6Al2(CO3)3O6 · 32H2O
5.DB.10DresseriteBaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DB.10MontroyaliteSr4Al8(CO3)3(OH,F)26 · 10-11H2O
5.DB.10StrontiodresseriteSrAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth.
5.DB.10PetterditePbCr3+2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth.
5.DB.10KochsándoriteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.DB.15HydrodresseriteBaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 3H2OTric.
5.DB.20Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16b.2.1.2DresseriteBaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
16b.2.1.3StrontiodresseriteSrAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.9.1CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.9.4Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.9.5Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
11.9.6TuliokiteNa6BaTh(CO3)6 · 6H2OTrig.
11.9.7WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.9.8SabinaiteNa4Zr2TiO4(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Soluble in acids with effervescence.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DundasiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Petterd, William Frederick (1893) Minerals of Tasmania, Hobart: 66.
Petterd, W.F. (1894) A catalogue of the minerals known to occur in Tasmania, with notes on their distribution. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania for 1893 1984, 1-72.
Prior, G.T. (1906) Dundasite from North Wales. Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 167-169.
Russell, A. (1912) Notes on the Occurrence of Dundasite in Derbyshire and Co. Galway. Mineralogical Magazine: 16: 272-273.
Russell, A. (1944) Notes on Some Minerals Either New or Rare to Britain. Mineralogical Magazine: 27: 1-10.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 279-280.
Jambor, J.L., Fong, D.G., Sabina, A.P. (1969) Dresserite, the new barium analogue of dundasite. Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 84–89.
Farrell, D.M. (1977) Infrared investigation of basic double-carbonate hydrate minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 408-413.
Cocco, G., Fanfani, L., Nunzi, A., Zanazzi, P.F. (1972) The crystal structure of dundasite. Mineralogical Magazine: 38: 564-569.

Internet Links for DundasiteHide

Localities for DundasiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Georgiana Co.
      • Peelwood
Australian J. Mineralogy 13(2),89(2007)
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Williamsford
          • Mt Read
Dana, E.S. (1909) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York. App. 2, by E.S. Dana and W.E. Ford: 112; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 280.
      • Zeehan District
        • Dundas mineral field
N.R. Kemp and R.S. Bottrill : "Crocoite : mine is from which mine", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
Bottrill, R.S., Williams, P., Dohnt, S., Sorrell, S. and Kemp, N.R. (submitted). Crocoite and associated minerals from Dundas and other locations in Tasmania. Australian Journal of Mineralogy.
[Canadian Mineralogist 38 pp. 1467-1476 (2000)]; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Housley, R. M., Bottrill, R. S., & Kolitsch, U. (2012). Reynoldsite, Pb2Mn4+ 2 O5 (CrO4), a new phyllomanganate-chromate from the Blue Bell claims, California and the Red Lead mine, Tasmania. American Mineralogist, 97(7), 1187-1192.
Peter Andersen collection
        • North Dundas
Australian Journal of Mineralogy (2006) 12: 59-90
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hirt
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hüttenberg
        • Ratteingraben
Carinthia II 168./88. (1978); G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Zeltschach
        • Schwall
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Bleiberg District
        • Mittewald
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
Postl, W. & Taucher, J. (1990); Jakely, D. et al. (2008)
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Seiz
        • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
Leikauf, B. & Bernhard, F. (2005): 1423: Dundasit vom Steinbruch Wolfsgruben bei Seiz (Liesingtal). In: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2005): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIV. Carinthia II, 195./115., 306.
    • Niedere Tauern
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
[Lapis 1992: 2 p.19-30]
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Verviers
        • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
          • Lontzen
Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
            • Walhorn
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 85, 2016, p. 30 - 55 Minéralogie de l’ancienne mine plomb-zinc de
        • Theux
          • Oneux
Michel Arliguie collection
L. Dejonghe et al - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993 - 483 pages.
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
Sabina (1992) GSC MP 50, 80-84
  • Guangxi
    • Guilin
      • Gongcheng Co.
RRUFF Project Database (ID R060889)
Czech Republic
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Bruntál District
Fojt, B. et al.: Nová Ves u Rýmařova – ložisko olověno-zinkových rud. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2004, roč. 89, s. 3-44.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
Pauliš, P.: Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mähren und Schlesien. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2001.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22.
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Lembach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997, 15-17
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Dordogne
      • Nontron
Legrand, N., Faure, E. & Lebocey, J.(2008): Minéralogie des Mines du Notronnais, Dordogne. Le Règne Minéral, 84, 5-22
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Palairac
        • Couise pass
          • Montauch
Berbain, C., Favreau, G., Aymar, G. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, 176-178.
    • Gard
      • Alzon
Patrice Queneau Collection
      • Laval-Pradel
        • Mercoirol
Le Cahier des micromonteurs, 1995, n°4, 14-29
    • Lozère
      • Marvejols
        • St Léger-de-Peyre
Patrice Queneau collection
      • Villefort
        • Altier
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Gronne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
      • Braunlage
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • Lautenthal
No reference listed
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Südwestpfalz
      • Dahner Felsenland
        • Nothweiler
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Westerwaldkreis
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Meixner, H. (1978): Fibroferrit von Lavrion. Lapis, 3 (10), 11.; Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767; Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
  • Heves
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádsasvár (Üveghuta)
; Szakáll - Gatter: Minerals of Hungary
Szakáll-Gatter-Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary
  • Co. Galway
    • Connemara
      • Maam Bridge
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 280.
    • Killimor
Morrissey, C. J. (1970) The Mineralogy, Structure and Origin of the Lead-zinc-copper Residual Orebody at Tynagh, County Gamay, Ireland (Doctoral dissertation, Imperial College of Science and Technology London).
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Silvermines District
Anders Errson Collection
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Degano Valley
Bortolozzi, G.M., Bracco, R., De Tuoni, F., Vidus, L., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Zorzi, F. (2018) Antiche miniere e affioramenti metalliferi a Comeglians (Val Degano, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): recenti ritrovamenti. Micro, 16, 1-2018, 2-36.
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Valtorta
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp.
    • Varese Province
      • Valganna
        • Boarezzo
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work and Orlandi, P., & Campostrini, I., 2006. Boarezzo. I minerali della ricerca mineraria "Pradisci". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (1), 14-24.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Moldovan, C., Călugăr, M. I., Onac, B. P., de Waele, J., Naseddu, A., & Fornós, J. J. (2013) A CONTRIBUTION TO THE MINERALOGY OF MONTE GUISI CAVE (SW SARDINIA, ITALY) Cave Mineralogy – poster 2013 ICS Proceedings
      • Gonnesa
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Volume 1 & 2. Nine Italian Mineralogical Groups/Associations, 192 + 239 pp.
      • Iglesias
- Stara P., Rizzo R. e Tanca A.G. (1996) : Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e minerali. Vol. I (239 pagg.). EMSa Ed.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
Cerussite-5mm-Seddas Moddizzis Mine, Iglesias, Carbonia-Iglesias Province, Sardinia, Italy-Collezione Martino Piras
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Orlandi, P. (2011) : Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39 - 42.
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Gerrei
          • Villaputzu
L. Chiappino collection
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Frassilongo
          • Roveda
Ferretti, P., Camin, C., Fassina, B., Gentile, P., Rocchetti, I., Vecchi, F. (2018) Miniera Tingherla (Frassilongo, Valle del Fersina). Aggiornamento di una località classica della mineralogia trentina. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42, 2 (2-2018), 108-141.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19: 9-28.
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Rio Marina
          • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Recoaro Terme
        • Civillina Mt.
Boscardin M. et alii. "I minerali nel Vicentino", Museo "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore, (Vicenza) 2011.
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Lapis, 9 (2), 18-25; C. Buscaroli, C. Dal Pozzo, S. Sovilla & F. Tosato (1995): First report of carbonate-cyanotrichite from the Vicenza Province. Riv. Mineral. Ital., No. 2, 185-188. (in Italian); Pegoraro, S., Orlandi, P., Chiereghin, P., Contin, A. & Toniolo, E. (2009). I minerali del Monte Trisa (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2009, 160-179.
Giorgio Bortolozzi photo & specimen
Antonio Zordan collection
XRD single crystal analysis at Padova University
  • L'oriental Region
    • Jerada Province
      • Touissit-Bou Beker District
Steve Rust Collection
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
New Zealand
  • Waikato Region
    • Matamata-Piako District
      • Te Aroha
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Saudi Arabia
  • Mintaqah Al Madinah
Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žarnovica Co.
      • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
Števko M., Malíková R. (2014) Supergénne minerály zo štôlne Juraj, Hodruša-Hámre (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. odd. Nár. Muz (Praha), 22, 2, 261-268 (In Slovak with English abstract).
  • Asturias
    • Villanueva de Oscos
      • Busdemouros
Calvo, M. (2009) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp. (in Spanish).
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Cerdanya
Xavi Ortiz Collection
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Borriol
Adrian Pesudo collection. Analyssed by Joan Viñals, Barcelona University
  • Grisons
    • Albula Valley
      • Landwasser Valley
        • Schmitten
EDXS analysis EDXPR_2844, December 2018, coll. P. Roth
  • England
    • Bath and North East Somerset
      • East Harptree
BMS Database
    • Cornwall
      • Lezant
Famous British Mineral Localities: Greystone Quarry, Lezant, Cornwall. N Elton, D Green, J Hooper & S Weiss. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals No 24, 2004, pp 9-28
      • Menheniot
Tony Aldworth Collection/Chris Jewson Collection; Tony Aldworth Collection/Chris Jewson Collection
      • Padstow
        • Gunver Head
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Perranzabuloe
        • Perran Iron Lode (Great Perran Iron Lode)
G.Curtis collection
      • Porthleven
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 280.
      • St Hilary
John Betterton at Haslemere Educational Museum.
      • St Kew
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Steve Rust collection
      • St Minver
        • Port Quin
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 280.; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Keswick
          • Catbells
BMS Database
        • St. John's Castlerigg and Wythburn
BMS Database
    • Derbyshire
      • South Darley
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 280; Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London.; Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993) The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13:16-55
    • Somerset
      • Mendip
        • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46; Turner R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2007) Merehead Mineralogy - an Update. Russell Soc Newsletter, No 50, pp 17-18 (March 2007)
    • South Gloucestershire
      • Sodbury
Ryback, G. (1992). Eighth supplementary list of British Isles minerals. Adv. Sci, 875, 7.; Alabaster, C. (1990) New occurrences of secondary aluminium minerals from the Bristol District. J. Russell Soc., 3, No. 2, 49-59.
  • Scotland
    • South Lanarkshire
      • Leadhills
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
BMS Database
    • Conwy
      • Gwydyr Forest area
        • Betws-y-Coed
BMS Database
        • Llanrwst
Dana 6:A2:37.
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
  • Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Duck Creek District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
John Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum, analysis by Malcolm Back, Royal Ontario Museum.
  • New Mexico
    • Socorro Co.
[MinRec 20:24]
Min Rec 20:1 pp13-24
        • Magdalena
Min Rec 20:1 pp13-24
Min Rec 5:5 p235
Min Rec 20:1 pp13-24; Ex. New Mexico Bereau of Mines and Mineral Resoursces Museum, now in the collection of Alex Earl.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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