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Desiré Dussert
Green, yellow-green, bluish green; yellowish green in transmitted light.
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in 1925 by Jules Barthoux in honor of Jean Baptiste Desiré Dussert (1872-1928), French mining engineer who worked in Algeria and General Inspector of Mines.
A secondary mineral and frequently an alteration product of arsenopyrite.
Some dussertite contains Sb replacing Fe (Kolitsch et al., 1999).

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Classification of DussertiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1

5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
9 : Arsenates of Fe

Physical Properties of DussertiteHide

Green, yellow-green, bluish green; yellowish green in transmitted light.
3½ on Mohs scale
3.75 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.09 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of DussertiteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.870 nε = 1.845 n = 1.85
Measured: 15° to 20°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Shades of greenish yellow.
May be anomalously biaxial at times with 2V = 15° to 20°.

Chemical Properties of DussertiteHide


Crystallography of DussertiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.4244 Å, c = 17.494 Å
a:c = 1 : 2.356
Unit Cell V:
835.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals minute, flattened {0001}, aggregated into crusts or rosette-like groups.

Type Occurrence of DussertiteHide

Other Language Names for DussertiteHide

Simplified Chinese:绿砷钡铁石

Relationship of Dussertite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTrig.
SegnititePbFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Common AssociatesHide

ArseniosideriteCa2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Carminite1 photo of Dussertite associated with Carminite on
Löllingite1 photo of Dussertite associated with Löllingite on
Ferrihydrite1 photo of Dussertite associated with Ferrihydrite on
Scorodite1 photo of Dussertite associated with Scorodite on
Quartz1 photo of Dussertite associated with Quartz on
Ferberite-Hübnerite Series1 photo of Dussertite associated with Ferberite-Hübnerite Series on
Arseniosiderite1 photo of Dussertite associated with Arseniosiderite on
Bariopharmacosiderite1 photo of Dussertite associated with Bariopharmacosiderite on
Calcite1 photo of Dussertite associated with Calcite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTrig.
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SpringcreekiteBaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.9.1AngelelliteFe3+4(AsO4)2O3Tric. 1 : P1
20.9.2ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
20.9.3KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2OMon.
20.9.4FerrisymplesiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OMon.
20.9.5KaatialaiteFe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m
20.9.6SymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.9.7ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.9.8Natropharmacosiderite(Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3m
20.9.9PharmacosideriteKFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3m
20.9.10KolfaniteCa2Fe3+3O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2OMon.
20.9.11ArseniosideriteCa2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.9.12YukoniteCa3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OOrth. mm2
20.9.14Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2OOrth.
20.9.15MapimiteZn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2OMon.
20.9.16OgdensburgiteCa2Fe3+4(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
20.9.17WalentaiteH(Ca,Mn2+,Fe2+)Fe3+3(AsO4,PO4)4 · 7H2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DussertiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Barthoux, J. (1925) Description d’un minéral nouveau: la dussertite. Comptes Rendus de L’Académie des Sciences Paris: 180: 299-301.
Foshag, W.F. (1925) New minerals: new species. American Mineralogist: 10: 333-334.
Barth, T., Berman, H. (1930) Chemie der Erde: 5: 36.
Larsen, E.S., Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 91.
Foshag, W.F. (1937) Carminite and associated minerals from Mapimi, Mexico. American Mineralogist: 22: 479-484.
McConnell, D. (1942) X-ray data on several phosphate minerals. American Journal of Science: 240: 649-657.
Fleischer, M. (1943) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 28: 61-64.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 839-840.
Walenta, K. (1966) Beiträge zur Kenntnis seltener Arsenatmineralien unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Vorkommen des Schwarzwaldes. 3. Folge. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 11: 121–164. [in German]
Kolitsch, U., Slade, P.G., Tiekink, E.R.T., Pring, A. (1999) The structure of antimonian dussertite and the role of antimony in oxysalt minerals. Mineralogical Magazine: 63, 17-26.
Jambor, J.L. (1999) Nomenclature of the alunite supergroup. The Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1323-1341.
Bayliss, P., Kolitsch, U., Nickel, E.H., Pring, A. (2010) Alunite supergroup: recommended nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine: 74: 919-927.
Frost, R.L., Bahfenne, S., Čejka, J., Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Palmer, S.J., Keeffe, E.C., Němec, I. (2011) Dussertite BaFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)5 - a Raman spectroscopic study of a hydroxy-arsenate mineral. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 42: 56-61.

Internet Links for DussertiteHide

Localities for DussertiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria (TL)
  • Constantine Province
    • Guelma
      • Hammam Meskoutine
C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1925): 180, 299; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 840.
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 25-42.
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Debao Co.
Lairen Lai and Yi Li (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(1), 83-85; Yi Li and Lairen Lai (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica, English Edition 4(2), 187-194; Yi Li (2001): Guangxi Geology 14(1), 61-64
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Chris Auer collection
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Padern
Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
    • Lot
      • Cuzac
Vincent Bourgoin collection
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Freudenstadt
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); U. Kolitsch, P. G. Slade, E. R. T. Tiekink and A. Pring (1999): The structure of antimonian dussertite and the role of antimony in oxysalt minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 63, 17-26.
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
Reppke, V.(1998): Dussertit, ein neues Mineral für das Vorkommen vom Borstein bei Reichenbach/Odenwald, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 191-192
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
          • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
Germany & Czech Republic
  • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts)
Kolitsch, U. (1997): Das Ca-Analogon von Petersit und einige weitere Neufunde aus dem sächsisch-böhmischen Erzgebirge und dem Vogtland. Mineralien-Welt 8 (4), 17-20.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913; Rocks & Minerals (1981): 56: 247.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
  • Aegean Region
    • Kütahya Province
Bernasconi, A., Glover, N., & Viljoen, R. P. (1980). The geology and geochemistry of the senator antimony deposit—Turkey. Mineralium Deposita, 15(3), 259-274.
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Carlin District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Handbook of Mineralogy
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
        • Luning
          • Rhyolite Pass
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
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