URGENT MESSAGE: Time is running out. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About DypingiteHide

Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Crystal System:
Named in 1970 by Gunnar Raade after the type locality, the Dypingdal Serpentine-magnesite deposit, Snarum, Modum, Buskerud, Norway
Higher hydrate counterpart of hydromagnesite, chemically very similar to giorgiosite. Also a lower hydrate when compared to 'UM1973-06-CO:MgH'.

Classification of DypingiteHide

Approval Year:
First Published:

D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations

7 : Miscellaneous

11 : Carbonates
3 : Carbonates of Mg

Physical Properties of DypingiteHide


Optical Data of DypingiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.508 nβ = 1.510 nγ = 1.516
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of DypingiteHide

Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O

Crystallography of DypingiteHide

Crystal System:
Forms reniform, botryoidal, oolitic or globular aggregates of radially-divergent acicular to flaky crystals, up to 0.5 mm in size.
Probably monoclinic. Space group and unit cell undetermined.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
6.34 (60)
3.16 (40)
3.07 (40)

Type Occurrence of DypingiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Globular aggregates often showing a radiating structure, occurring as a thin surface alteration product on serpentine, resembling hydromagnesite
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Oslo, Norway.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Serpentine-magnesite-deposit in Precambrian rocks
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Raade, G. (1970): Dypingite, a new hydrous bascic carbonate of magnesium, from Norway. American Mineralogist: 55: 1457-1465.

Synonyms of DypingiteHide

Other Language Names for DypingiteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Canavesite35 photos of Dypingite associated with Canavesite on mindat.org.
Inderite4 photos of Dypingite associated with Inderite on mindat.org.
Hydromagnesite2 photos of Dypingite associated with Hydromagnesite on mindat.org.
Hematite2 photos of Dypingite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Sulphur2 photos of Dypingite associated with Sulphur on mindat.org.
Szaibélyite2 photos of Dypingite associated with Szaibélyite on mindat.org.
Millerite1 photo of Dypingite associated with Millerite on mindat.org.
Siderite1 photo of Dypingite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Lizardite1 photo of Dypingite associated with Lizardite on mindat.org.
Magnesite1 photo of Dypingite associated with Magnesite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.DA.AlexkhomyakoviteK6(Ca2Na)(CO3)5Cl·6H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
5.DA.05GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
5.DA.05HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
5.DA.05WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn (also called Mineral F, Dunn, 1995)Mg5(Zn,Mn)3(CO3)2(OH,Cl)12 · H2O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgSMg4(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O ?Mon.
5.DA.10ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
5.DA.10IndigiriteMg2Al2(CO3)4(OH)2 · 15H2O
5.DA.10ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2OTrig. 3m : R3c
5.DA.15OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
5.DA.15ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?Iso.
5.DA.20KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.25CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
5.DA.35HydroscarbroiteAl14(CO3)3(OH)36 · nH2OTric.
5.DA.35ScarbroiteAl5(CO3)(OH)13 · 5H2OHex.
5.DA.40CaresiteFe2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.40QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
5.DA.40CharmariteMn2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.45Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2OHex.
5.DA.45ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.50ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.50DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.DA.50HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
5.DA.50StichtiteMg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig.
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNiCo6Fe2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O ?
5.DA.55CoalingiteMg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2OTrig.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16b.7.2.2GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.3.1MagnesiteMgCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
11.3.2BarringtoniteMgCO3 · 2H2OTric.
11.3.3NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
11.3.4LansforditeMgCO3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
11.3.6ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
11.3.7HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
11.3.8GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O

Fluorescence of DypingiteHide

Light blue (both LW and SW)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DypingiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Raade, G. (1970): Dypingite, a new hydrous bascic carbonate of magnesium, from Norway. American Mineralogist, 55, 1457-1465.
Suzuki, J. and M. Ito (1973): A new magnesium carbonate hydrate mineral, Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2•8H2O,from Yoshikawa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. J. Japan. Assoc. Mineral. Petrol. Econ. Geol. 68, 353–361.
Canterford, J.H., Tsambourakis, G. and Lambert, B. (1984): Some observations on the properties of dypingite, Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2•5H2O and related minerals. Mineral. Mag., 48, 437–442.
Raade, G. (2012): Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63. [http://www.nags.net/Mineralsymposium/2012/2012-Raade.pdf]

Internet Links for DypingiteHide

Localities for DypingiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
Gore, D.B., Creagh, D.C., Burgess, J.S., Colhoun, E.A. Spate, A.P. & Baird, A.S. (1996): Composition, distribution and origin of surficial salts in the Vestfold Hills, East Antartica. Antarctic Science. 8, 73-84
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Dundas mineral field
R Bottrill & R Woolley, unpublished data 2017
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Reißeck group
        • Gmünd
Niedermayr, G., Praetzel, I. (1995): Mineralien Kärntens. Naturwiss. Verein für Kärnten, 1995, 232p.
          • Radlgraben
Niedermayr, G., Praetzel, I. (1995): Mineralien Kärntens. Naturwiss. Verein für Kärnten, 1995, 232p
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
        • Loja
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Stubach valley
Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Salzburg. 346p
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • St. Jakob-Breitenau
        • Eibegggraben
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (2005)
    • Leoben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
van Tassel, R., (1979): Minéraux artificiels ou de néoformation à Plombières et Sclaigneaux, Belgique, Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géologie, 88 (4), 273-279
  • Namur Province
    • Andenne
van Tassel, R., (1979): Minéraux artificiels ou de néoformation à Plombières et Sclaigneaux, Belgique, Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géologie, 88 (4), 273-279
  • Saskatchewan
Greengrass, K., Last, W. M., Deleqiat, J., & Suklmn, S. (1999). Waldsea lake Revisited: Another look at the Recent History of One of Western Canada's Best-studied Meromictic lakes.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
MinRec 23:4-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Cantal Mts
        • Salers
          • Saint-Projet-de-Salers
Oustrière et al. 1980, cited in Raade, G. (2012): Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
P Haas collection
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1994) Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (9). Mineralien-Welt, 5 (1), 18-21.
    • Siegerland
      • Siegen
        • Eiserfeld
Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
Lapis, 16 (1), 38-53+58.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld Basin
      • Hettstedt
Knoll, H. (2004): Die "Gottesbelohnungs-Hütte" in Hettstedt, Sachsen-Anhalt, und ihre Schlackenneubildungen. Mineralien-Welt 15 (2), 18-33
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saalfeld
      • Garnsdorf
F. Rüger, L. Senf & T. Witzke: Lapis 1995 (1), 15-26
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
No reference listed
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993; Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Berceto
        • Corchia mine
Adorni F., Guelfi F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It. N 3, 217-250.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
M.E. Ciriotti, 2006
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Campostrini, I. (2001): Le miniere di Brosso. Monografie XXIX. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Ed., Torino, 185 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi prefecture
        • Shinshiro city
Suzuki J, Ito M, Sugiura T (1976) A new copper sulfate-carbonate hydroxide hydrate mineral, (Mn,Ni,Cu)8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6·48H2O, from Nakauri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 71, 183-192
Suzuki, J. & Ito, M. (1973) A new magnesium carbonate hydrate mineral, Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2•8H2O, from Yoshikawa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. J. Japan. Assoc. Min. Petr. Economic Geology, 68, 353–361.; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Norway (TL)
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
Raade, G.(1970): Dypingite, a new hydrous bascic carbonate of magnesium, from Norway. American Mineralogist. 55, 1457-1465; Raade, G. (2012): Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Fjaler
      • Hellevika
Raade, G. (1993): Giorgsite, dypingite and nesquehonite from Sunnfjord. In: Interne notater 1990-1993, Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum- Universitetet i Oslo. Utgitt av Geologisk Museums Venner 1993, p. 188-189. [Not officially published]
  • Trøndelag
    • Røros
XRD at Natural History Museum, Oslo, Norway on specimen collected by Knut Eldjarn in 1973
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Rybnik Coal Area
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data; some from the collection of W. Sierny
  • Bihor Co.
Ionescu,C. & Ghergari, L (1999): Dypingite; product of the brucite alteration in the Budureasa-Pietroasa area (Bihor Mts., Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineralogy. 79 (Suppl. 1), 41
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Tolbachik volcano
        • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Vallès Oriental
        • Gualba
Joan Rosell
  • England
    • Cumbria
Green, D.I. & Young, B. (2006): Hydromagnesite and dypingite from the Northern Pennine Orefield, northern England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. 56, 151-154
  • Scotland
    • Shetland Islands
      • Unst
        • Baltasound-Haroldswick area
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Picacho Peak
www.benitoitemine.com/ Cisneros, S.L.; Witkowski, R.E. & Oswald, D.L. (1977): Artinite from San Benito County, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 457-460
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 199, 201.
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Clear Creek pegmatite Province
        • Robinson Gulch pegmatite
Cobban et al., 1997, Minerals of Colorado.
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Paradise Range
        • Gabbs District
Martin Jensen collection
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin mining district
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: July 17, 2018 12:47:49 Page generated: June 22, 2018 00:07:01
Go to top of page