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About DypingiteHide

Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Crystal System:
Named in 1970 by Gunnar Raade after the type locality, the Dypingdal Serpentine-magnesite deposit, Snarum, Modum, Buskerud, Norway
Higher hydrate counterpart of hydromagnesite, chemically very similar to giorgiosite. Also a lower hydrate when compared to 'UM1973-06-CO:MgH'.

At the typelocality dypingite occurs as a surface alteration product on serpentine; it may be confused with hydromagnesite due to similarity in appearance.

Classification of DypingiteHide

Approval Year:
First Published:

D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations

7 : Miscellaneous

11 : Carbonates
3 : Carbonates of Mg

Physical Properties of DypingiteHide


Optical Data of DypingiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.508 nβ = 1.510 nγ = 1.516
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of DypingiteHide

Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O

Crystallography of DypingiteHide

Crystal System:
Forms reniform, botryoidal, oolitic or globular aggregates of radially-divergent acicular to flaky crystals, up to 0.5 mm in size.
Probably monoclinic. Space group and unit cell undetermined.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
6.34 Å(60)
3.16 Å(40)
3.07 Å(40)

Type Occurrence of DypingiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Globular aggregates often showing a radiating structure, occurring as a thin surface alteration product on serpentine, resembling hydromagnesite
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Oslo, Norway.
Chemical Analysis of Type Material:
MgO38.3 %
CaO< 0.2 %
Fe as Fe2O30.2 %
CO236.3 %
H2O22.7 %
Acid insoluble2.0 %
Total:99.5 %
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Serpentine-magnesite-deposit in Precambrian rocks
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Raade, G. (1970): Dypingite, a new hydrous bascic carbonate of magnesium, from Norway. American Mineralogist: 55: 1457-1465.

Synonyms of DypingiteHide

Other Language Names for DypingiteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
35 photos of Dypingite associated with CanavesiteMg2(HBO3)(CO3) · 5H2O
4 photos of Dypingite associated with InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
2 photos of Dypingite associated with HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
2 photos of Dypingite associated with HematiteFe2O3
2 photos of Dypingite associated with SulphurS8
2 photos of Dypingite associated with SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)
1 photo of Dypingite associated with MilleriteNiS
1 photo of Dypingite associated with SideriteFeCO3
1 photo of Dypingite associated with LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
1 photo of Dypingite associated with MagnesiteMgCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.DA.AlexkhomyakoviteK6(Ca2Na)(CO3)5Cl·6H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
5.DA.05GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
5.DA.05HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
5.DA.05WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn (also called Mineral F, Dunn, 1995)Mg5(Zn,Mn)3(CO3)2(OH,Cl)12 · H2O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgSMg4(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O ?Mon.
5.DA.10ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
5.DA.10IndigiriteMg2Al2(CO3)4(OH)2 · 15H2O
5.DA.10ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2OTrig. 3m : R3c
5.DA.15OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
5.DA.15ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?Iso.
5.DA.20KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.25CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
5.DA.35HydroscarbroiteAl14(CO3)3(OH)36 · nH2OTric.
5.DA.35ScarbroiteAl5(CO3)(OH)13 · 5H2OHex.
5.DA.40CaresiteFe2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.40QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
5.DA.40CharmariteMn2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.45Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2OHex.
5.DA.45ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.50ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.50DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.DA.50HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
5.DA.50StichtiteMg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNiNi6Co2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
5.DA.55CoalingiteMg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2OTrig.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16b.7.2.2GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.3.1MagnesiteMgCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
11.3.2BarringtoniteMgCO3 · 2H2OTric.
11.3.3NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
11.3.4LansforditeMgCO3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
11.3.6ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
11.3.7HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
11.3.8GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
11.3.11Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m

Fluorescence of DypingiteHide

Light blue (both LW and SW)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DypingiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Raade, G. (1970): Dypingite, a new hydrous bascic carbonate of magnesium, from Norway. American Mineralogist, 55, 1457-1465.
Suzuki, J. and M. Ito (1973): A new magnesium carbonate hydrate mineral, Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2•8H2O,from Yoshikawa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. J. Japan. Assoc. Mineral. Petrol. Econ. Geol. 68, 353–361.
Canterford, J.H., Tsambourakis, G. and Lambert, B. (1984): Some observations on the properties of dypingite, Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2•5H2O and related minerals. Mineral. Mag., 48, 437–442.
Raade, G. (2012): Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63. []

Internet Links for DypingiteHide

Localities for DypingiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
Gore, D.B., Creagh, D.C., Burgess, J.S., Colhoun, E.A. Spate, A.P. & Baird, A.S. (1996): Composition, distribution and origin of surficial salts in the Vestfold Hills, East Antartica. Antarctic Science. 8, 73-84
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Dundas mineral field
R Bottrill & R Woolley, unpublished data 2017
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Gmünd in Kärnten
Niedermayr, G., Praetzel, I. (1995): Mineralien Kärntens. Naturwiss. Verein für Kärnten, 1995, 232p.
        • Radlgraben
Niedermayr, G., Praetzel, I. (1995): Mineralien Kärntens. Naturwiss. Verein für Kärnten, 1995, 232p
  • Lower Austria
    • Melk District
      • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
        • Loja
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Uttendorf
Strasser, A. (1989) Die Minerale Salzburgs, Eigenverlag, Salzburg, 348 pages. Salzburg. 346p
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Breitenau am Hochlantsch
        • Eibegggraben
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (2005)
    • Leoben District
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district)
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
van Tassel, R., (1979): Minéraux artificiels ou de néoformation à Plombières et Sclaigneaux, Belgique, Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géologie, 88 (4), 273-279
    • Namur
      • Andenne
van Tassel, R., (1979): Minéraux artificiels ou de néoformation à Plombières et Sclaigneaux, Belgique, Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géologie, 88 (4), 273-279
  • Saskatchewan
Greengrass, K., Last, W. M., Deleqiat, J., & Suklmn, S. (1999). Waldsea lake Revisited: Another look at the Recent History of One of Western Canada's Best-studied Meromictic lakes.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
MinRec 23:4-47
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Unexpected Treasures from Rapid Creek, Yukon Territory. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 31-39; 150-152.; Van Velthuizen, Jerry, Sturman, B. Darko, Robinson, George W., Ansell, H. Gary (1992) Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River Area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record, 23(4), 1-47.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Mauriac
        • Salers
          • Saint-Projet-de-Salers
Oustrière et al. 1980, cited in Raade, G. (2012): Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1994) Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (9). Mineralien-Welt, 5 (1), 18-21.
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
    • The Ruhr
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
P Haas collection
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn District
      • Loreley
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
Lapis, 16 (1), 38-53+58.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld-Südharz
      • Hettstedt
Knoll, H. (2004): Die "Gottesbelohnungs-Hütte" in Hettstedt, Sachsen-Anhalt, und ihre Schlackenneubildungen. Mineralien-Welt 15 (2), 18-33
  • Thuringia
    • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saalfeld-Rudolstadt District
      • Saalfeld
        • Garnsdorf
F. Rüger, L. Senf & T. Witzke: Lapis 1995 (1), 15-26
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Km 3
            • Kaminiza mines
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
No reference listed
  • Heves County
    • Recsk
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993; Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Berceto
        • Corchia mine
Adorni F., Guelfi F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It. N 3, 217-250.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Borzoli
M.E. Ciriotti, 2006
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Léssolo
        • Cálea
Campostrini, I. (2001): Le miniere di Brosso. Monografie XXIX. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Ed., Torino, 185 pp.; Pane, V., Brizio, P., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Rossetti, P., Ciriotti, M.E. (2018) Dypingite: nuovo minerale idrato di Traversella e studi comparati con carbonati di magnesio della Sezione Salvere dell'ex miniera di Brosso. Micro, 16, 2-2018, 54-69.
      • Traversella
Pane, V., Brizio, P., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Rossetti, P., Ciriotti, M.E. (2018) Dypingite: nuovo minerale idrato di Traversella e studi comparati con carbonati di magnesio della Sezione Salvere dell'ex miniera di Brosso. Micro, 16, 2-2018, 54-69.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
  • Aichi Prefecture
    • Shinshiro city
Suzuki J, Ito M, Sugiura T (1976) A new copper sulfate-carbonate hydroxide hydrate mineral, (Mn,Ni,Cu)8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6·48H2O, from Nakauri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 71, 183-192
Suzuki, J. & Ito, M. (1973) A new magnesium carbonate hydrate mineral, Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2•8H2O, from Yoshikawa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. J. Japan. Assoc. Min. Petr. Economic Geology, 68, 353–361.; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Norway (TL)
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
Raade, G.(1970): Dypingite, a new hydrous bascic carbonate of magnesium, from Norway. American Mineralogist. 55, 1457-1465; Raade, G. (2012): Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63
  • Trøndelag
    • Røros
XRD at Natural History Museum, Oslo, Norway on specimen collected by Knut Eldjarn in 1973
  • Vestland
    • Fjaler
      • Hellevika
Raade, G. (1993): Giorgsite, dypingite and nesquehonite from Sunnfjord. In: Interne notater 1990-1993, Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum- Universitetet i Oslo. Utgitt av Geologisk Museums Venner 1993, p. 188-189. [Not officially published]
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław County
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data; some from the collection of W. Sierny
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data
      • Wodzisław Śląski
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data
  • Bihor
Ionescu,C. & Ghergari, L (1999): Dypingite; product of the brucite alteration in the Budureasa-Pietroasa area (Bihor Mts., Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineralogy. 79 (Suppl. 1), 41
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Vallès Oriental
        • Gualba
Joan Rosell
  • England
    • Cumbria
Green, D.I. & Young, B. (2006): Hydromagnesite and dypingite from the Northern Pennine Orefield, northern England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. 56, 151-154
  • Scotland
    • Shetland
      • Unst
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Picacho Peak Cisneros, S.L.; Witkowski, R.E. & Oswald, D.L. (1977): Artinite from San Benito County, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 457-460
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 199, 201.
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Clear Creek pegmatite Province
        • Robinson Gulch pegmatite
Cobban et al., 1997, Minerals of Colorado.
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Gabbs Mining District
Martin Jensen collection
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
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