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Euchlorine

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About EuchlorineHide

Formula:
KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Colour:
Emerald-green; emerald-green in transmitted light.
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
From the Greek εΰχλωρος for "pale green," in allusion to its colour.
May form a group: "euchlorine group"; in this group the unit cell parameter a is very sensitive to the Na/K ratio.

Structurally related to fedotovite and puninite.


Classification of EuchlorineHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.BC.30

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
30.3.1.1

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq
25.2.16

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag

Physical Properties of EuchlorineHide

Colour:
Emerald-green; emerald-green in transmitted light.
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
Cleavage observed in two unstated directions.

Optical Data of EuchlorineHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.580 nβ = 1.605 nγ = 1.644
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.064
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Pale grass green
Y = Grass-green
Z = Bright yellow-green
Comments:
2V moderately large.

Chemical Properties of EuchlorineHide

Formula:
KNaCu3(SO4)3O
IMA Formula:
KNaCu3O(SO4)3

Crystallography of EuchlorineHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Morphology:
Crystals are rectangular tablets {001} and slightly elongated [100]. As incrustations.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014715EuchlorineScordari F, Stasi F (1990) The crystal structure of euchlorine, NaKCu3O(SO4)3 Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 161 241-2531990Vesuvius, Italy0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of EuchlorineHide

Synonyms of EuchlorineHide

Other Language Names for EuchlorineHide

German:Euchlorin
Italian:Euclorina

Relationship of Euchlorine to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
PuniniteNa2Cu3O(SO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
16 photos of Euchlorine associated with DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
15 photos of Euchlorine associated with ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
7 photos of Euchlorine associated with TenoriteCuO
4 photos of Euchlorine associated with MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
3 photos of Euchlorine associated with KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
2 photos of Euchlorine associated with LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2
1 photo of Euchlorine associated with BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
1 photo of Euchlorine associated with AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2
1 photo of Euchlorine associated with AnglesitePbSO4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BC.Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.BC.Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.BC.AgaitePb3CuTeO5(OH)2(CO3) Orth. mm2 : Pca21
7.BC.05D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3Iso.
7.BC.10AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10DorallchariteTlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.15Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12Iso.
7.BC.20AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
7.BC.20NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OClTet.
7.BC.25ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.30FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.BC.35KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.40PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
7.BC.45KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
7.BC.45AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.50CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
7.BC.55WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BC.60MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2Mon. 2 : B2
7.BC.65LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.65SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4Mon.
7.BC.65MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.70ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.75KrivovichevitePb3Al(OH)6(SO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
7.BC.80AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.2BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.13PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.21WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Partially soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for EuchlorineHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Scacchi, A. (1869)(as Euclorina).
Scacchi, E. (1884) Acc. Napoli, Rendus": 126 (as Euclorina).
Rammelsberg, C.F. (1886) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. ergänzungsheft: 87.
Goldschmidt, V. (1916) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 3: 156.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 571 (as Euchlorin).
Mineralogical Abstracts: 42: 22.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 161: 241-253.
Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Lukina, E.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Vlasenko, N.S., Filatov, S.K., Turner, R. and Karpov, G.A. (2016): Copper oxosulphates from fumaroles of Tolbachik Vulcano: puninite, Na2Cu3O(SO4)3 - a new mineral species and structure refinements of kamchatkite and alumoklyuchevskite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13355 (2017)

Internet Links for EuchlorineHide

Localities for EuchlorineHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
El Salvador
 
  • Sonsonate Department
http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/fumar.html; Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 193-196; Hughes J M, Christian B S, Finger L W, Malinconico L L (1987) Mcbirneyite, Cu3(VO4)2, a new sublimate mineral from the fumaroles of Izalco volcano, El Salvador. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 33, 183-190
Italy (TL)
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Scacchi, E. (1884) Acc. Napoli, Rendus": 126 (as Euclorina); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 552, 571; NJMM (1989), 541; Lapis (1994): 5 p.13-23, 58.; Balassone, G.; Petti, C.; Mondillo, N.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; de Gennaro, R.; Cappelletti, P.; Altomare, A.; Corriero, N.; Cangiano, M.; D’Orazio, L. (2019) Copper Minerals at Vesuvius Volcano (Southern Italy): A Mineralogical Review. Minerals 9, 730.
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Scacchi, E. (1884) Acc. Napoli, Rendus": 126 (as Euclorina); Pelloux, A. (1927) The minerals of Vesuvius. American Mineralogist, 12, 14–21; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892. Seventh edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York, Volume II, pages 429, 552, and 571; Russo, M., and Punzo, I. (2004) I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. AMI Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Tipografia Fantigrafica s.r.l., Cremona, 320 pp.
Poland
 
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław County
      • Radlin
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data (to be published soon)
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Nazarchuk, E.V., Siidra, O.I., Agakhanov, A.A., Lukina, E.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Karpov, G.A. (2018): Itelmenite, Na2CuMg2(SO4)4, a new anhydrous sulphate mineral from the Tolbachik volcano. Mineralogical Magazine, 82, 1233-1241
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Zelenski, M. E., Yapaskurt, V. O., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Fadeeva, O. A., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Yaroshevskite, Cu9O2 (VO4) 4Cl2, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(1), 107-116.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Savelyev, D.P., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): Wulffite, K3NaCu4O2(SO4)4, and parawulffite, K5Na3Cu8O4(SO4)8, two new minerals from fumarole sublimates of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 699-716.; Pekov, I. V., Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Gurzhiy, V. V., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Alkali sulfates with aphthitalite-like structures from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Metathenardite, a natural high-temperature modification of Na2SO4. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(6), 885-901.
Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Gorskaya, M.G., Molchanov, A.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Ananiev, V.V. (2000) Urusovite, Cu[AlAsO5], a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12(5): 1041-1044.
Bykova E Y, Berlepsch P, Kartashov P M, Brugger J, Armbruster T, Criddle A J (1998) Vergasovaite Cu3O[(Mo,S)O4][SO4], a new copper-oxy-molybdate-sulfate from Kamchatka, Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 78, 479-488
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Polekhovsky, Yu.S. & Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2012): Cupromolybdite, Cu3O(MoO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 749-757.; Chukanov, N. V., Murashko, M. N., Zadov, A. E., & Bushmakin, A. F. (2007). Avdoninite, K 2 Cu 5 Cl 8 (OH) 4· H 2 O, a new mineral species from volcanic exhalations and the technogenic zone at volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposits. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(7), 505-508.; Pekov, I. V., Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Gurzhiy, V. V., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Alkali sulfates with aphthitalite-like structures from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Metathenardite, a natural high-temperature modification of Na2SO4. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(6), 885-901.
 
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