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Fairfieldite

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Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA

Fairfield Co., Connecticut, USA
Formula:
Ca2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Colour:
White, greenish white, light amber, salmon-yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Waxy, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.08 - 3.11
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named in 1878 by George J. Brush and Edward S. Dana after Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA, the type locality.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of FairfielditeHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.CG.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
G : With large and medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:1
40.2.2.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2 : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
19.12.38

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of FairfielditeHide

Sub-Vitreous, Waxy, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Lustre on the perfect {001} cleavage is brilliant
Colour:
White, greenish white, light amber, salmon-yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Comment:
May be slightly stained yellow
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001} perfect; on {010}, good; on {1_10}, distinct.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.08 - 3.11 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.095 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured value on Branchville material.

Optical Data of FairfielditeHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.633 - 1.640 nβ = 1.641 - 1.650 nγ = 1.652 - 1.660
2V:
Measured: 86° , Calculated: 86° to 88°
Birefringence:
0.019
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019 - 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r>v relatively weak
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of FairfielditeHide

Formula:
Ca2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O

Crystallography of FairfielditeHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Setting:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.78 Å, b = 6.57 Å, c = 5.48 Å
α = 102.08°, β = 108.71°, γ = 90.09°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.88 : 1 : 0.834
Unit Cell V:
192.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic to equant; frequently composite. Commonly in foliated to lamellar crystalline aggregates, superficially resembling gypsum at times. Curved, foliated or fibrous at times; radiating masses.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.40 (90)
3.23 (100)
3.20 (70)
3.03 (80)
2.86 (70)
2.66 (70)
2.63 (70)

Type Occurrence of FairfielditeHide

Synonyms of FairfielditeHide

Other Language Names for FairfielditeHide

Simplified Chinese:磷钙锰石
Spanish:Fairfieldita

Relationship of Fairfieldite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CassidyiteCa2(Ni2+,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
CollinsiteCa2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
NeomesseliteA structural variety of messelite.Tric.
NickeltalmessiteCa2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Parabrandtite)Ca2Fe2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
β-RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite GroupGroup of complex monoclinic phosphates.
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Eosphorite9 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Eosphorite on mindat.org.
Whitlockite8 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Whitlockite on mindat.org.
Muscovite7 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.
Montgomeryite7 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Montgomeryite on mindat.org.
Rockbridgeite7 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Rockbridgeite on mindat.org.
Hureaulite5 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Hureaulite on mindat.org.
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)5 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Dickinsonite-(KMnNa) on mindat.org.
Vivianite5 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Vivianite on mindat.org.
Arrojadite-(KFe)4 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Arrojadite-(KFe) on mindat.org.
Lithiophilite3 photos of Fairfieldite associated with Lithiophilite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CG.05CassidyiteCa2(Ni2+,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05CollinsiteCa2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CG.05GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CG.05ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05β-RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05HilliteCa2(Zn,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2 H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CG.10BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CG.10RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CG.10WendwilsoniteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CG.10ZincroseliteCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
8.CG.10RruffiteCa2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CG.15FerrilotharmeyeriteCa(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15LotharmeyeriteCa(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)Mon.
8.CG.15MounanaitePbFe3+2(VO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15ThometzekitePb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
8.CG.15CobaltlotharmeyeriteCa(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15KrettnichitePbMn3+2(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15CobalttsumcoritePb(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15NickellotharmeyeriteCa(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15ManganlotharmeyeriteCaMn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15Schneebergite(Bi3+,Ca)(Co,Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15Nickelschneebergite(Bi3+,Ca)(Ni,Co,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.20GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.CG.20HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.20ZincgartrellitePb(Zn,Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.CG.20RappolditePb(Co,Ni,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.20PhosphogartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+)2(PO4,AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric.
8.CG.20LukrahniteCa(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.CG.25Pottsite(Pb3xBi4-2x)(VO4)4·H2O (0.8 < x < 1.0)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
8.CG.35NickeltalmessiteCa2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.2.2.2MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
40.2.2.3CollinsiteCa2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
40.2.2.4CassidyiteCa2(Ni2+,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
40.2.2.5TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
40.2.2.6GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
40.2.2.7β-RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
40.2.2.8ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3Orth.
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.35Ludlamite(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
19.12.40MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+Fe3+2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3(H2O)7Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of FairfielditeHide

Not Fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids.

Found as an alteration product of Dickinsonite and as pseudomorphs after Rhodochrosite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FairfielditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brush and Dana (1879) American Journal of Science: 17: 359.
Sandberger (1879) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 370.
Sandberger (1885) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 185.
Brush and Dana (1890) American Journal of Science: 39: 212.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 74.
Landes (1925) American Mineralogist: 10: 386.
Berman and Gonyer (1930) American Mineralogist: 15: 375.
Wolfe (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 748.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 720-722.
American Mineralogist (1955): 40: 828-833.

Internet Links for FairfielditeHide

Localities for FairfielditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
        • Cerro Blanco pegmatite district
Mr. Nelson Valenzuela.
  • Salta
    • La Poma department
      • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
      • Ferruginha
sergio varvello collection
Min Rec 36:3 p293; Chukanov, N.V., Scholz, R., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.V., Lagoeiro, L., Graça, L.M., Krambrock, K., de Oliveira, L.C.A., Menezes Filho, L.A.D., Sa Carneiro Chaves, M.L., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014): Correianevesite, Fe2+Mn2+2(PO4)2·3H2O, a new reddingite-group mineral from the Cigana mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil. American Mineralogist, 99, 811-816
    • Galiléia
      • Sapucaia do Norte
Baijot, M., Hatert, F. & Philippo, S. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of phosphates and silicates in the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 1531-1554
    • Itinga
Martins da Pedra collection
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Canadian Mineralogist47,1225(2009)
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Kuortane
Ilkka Mikkola collection
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Lahti Seppo I., 1981. On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314, 82 s.
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 721; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
VIGNOLA, P., & DIELLA, V. (2007). Phosphates from Piona granitic pegmatites (Central Southern Alps, Italy). Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Book of Abstr.(T. Martins & R. Vieira, eds.). Universidade do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memórias, 8, 102-103.
Vignola, P., Fransolet, A.M., Guastoni, A. & Appiani, R. (2011). Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 30-38
Morocco
 
  • Marrakech-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Usakos
        • Sandamap North Farm 115 (Sandamab)
in the collection from F.J.Emmerich
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sowie Mts
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
        • Michałkowa (Michelsdorf)
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
    • Świdnica District
Włodek, A., Pieczka, A. (2011): Primary phosphate mineralization in a granitic pegmatite at Lutomia (Sowie Mts block, SW Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 188; Włodek, A., Grochowina, A., Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A. (2015): A phosphate-bearing pegmatite from Lutomia and its relationships to other pegmatites of the Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland. Journal of Geosciences: 60: 45-72
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
Portugal
 
  • Guarda District
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte da Barca
      • São Lourenço de Touvedo
Self-find by Nuno Afonso; optical and XRD analysed
  • Vila Real District
Martins, T., Lima, A., Simmons, W.B. Falster, A.U. & Noronha, F. (2011): Geochemical fractionation of Nb-Ta oxides in Li-bearing pegmatites from the Barroso-Alvão pegmatite field, Northern Portugal. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 777-791
  • Viseu District
    • Mangualde
Mineralien Atlas
      • Mesquitela
Pedro Alves collection (p-XRD and SEM EDS analysed samples)
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Cerdanya
De las Heras, X., Grimalt, J. O., Albaiges, J., Julia, R., & Anadon, P. (1989). Origin and diagenesis of the organic matter in Miocene freshwater lacustrine phosphates (Cerdanya Basin, Eastern Pyrenees). Organic geochemistry, 14(6), 667-677.
Sweden
 
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
      • Brissago
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 196.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
        • Independence Gulch
Am Min 67:97-113
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Chief Mountain
Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Redding (Reading)
        • Branchville
Brush and Dana (1878); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 671, 721; NJMM (1957), 78; Lapis (1984): 2: 5.; Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite District
No reference listed
      • Poland
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418; Rocks and Minerals (1999) 74:188,189; Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, W.B. Simmons, James W. Nizamoff, and R.W. Whitmore (2012) Falsterite, A New Zinc-Bearing Secondary Phosphate From The Palermo #1 Mine, North Groton, New Hampshire. 39th Rochester Symposium abstracts.
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
      • Greenwood
Maine Pegmatite Workshop 2004
Kink, V. and Foord, E.E., 1992 Maine Mineralogy, Vol. 1, Maine Geologic Survey, Augusta.
Mineral News (1993) 9:2 p. 8; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Mineral News (1995) 11:2 pp1,2,5
      • Hebron
King, V. and Foord, E, 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
"Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1" by King, V.T. & Foord, E.E., Maine Geologic Survey, 1994
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2
      • Norway
No reference listed
      • Paris
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
      • Peru
      • Rumford
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998)
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1
Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
      • Stoneham
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Alstead
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Marlow
Kevin Czaja Collection
      • Walpole
Etienne Médard collection, 2006
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686, 953; Rocks & Minerals: 16: 208-211.; Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; USGS Prof Paper 255; USGS Prof Paper 353; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115 ; Kampf, A. R., Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., & Whitmore, R. W. (2013). Nizamoffite, Mn2+ Zn2 (PO4) 2 (H2O) 4, the Mn analogue of hopeite from the Palermo No. 1 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. American Mineralogist, 98(10), 1893-1898.
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p. 96.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Switzer, The Paragenesis of the Center Strafford NH Pegmatite (AmMin 23:811); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241; USGS Prof Paper 255; American Mineralogist 23:811
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Brannock, K.C. (1967) Rocks and Minerals: June: 403-406.; Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
      • Bessemer City
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.168464-00
      • Carolina Tin-Spodumene Belt
        • Bessemer City
Saenger,Abigail L. and Swanson,Samuel E.(2012) Mineralogy Of Primary Phoshate Minerals In Li Pegmatites Of The Kings Mountain District,North Carolina; The Geological Society Of America
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 14: 195; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Min.:10:147 & 60:112,116.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Fairfield
Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
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