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About Ferro-edeniteHide

The minerals in the edenite group is defined with A(Na+K+2Ca≥0,5 apfu) and C(Al+Fe3++2Ti)≤0,5 apfu and with (OH), F or Cl in the W position.

Ferro-edenite is defined with
A position: Na dominant
C position: Fe2+ dominant
W position: (OH) dominant
black, dark green
5 - 6
Crystal System:
For its relationship to Edenite

Classification of Ferro-edeniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
22 : Aluminosilicates of Fe, Ca and alkalis

Physical Properties of Ferro-edeniteHide

black, dark green
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
on {110}

Optical Data of Ferro-edeniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.710 nγ = 1.730
Measured: 20°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Ferro-edeniteHide


The minerals in the edenite group is defined with A(Na+K+2Ca≥0,5 apfu) and C(Al+Fe3++2Ti)≤0,5 apfu and with (OH), F or Cl in the W position.

Ferro-edenite is defined with
A position: Na dominant
C position: Fe2+ dominant
W position: (OH) dominant
IMA Formula:

Crystallography of Ferro-edeniteHide

Crystal System:

Type Occurrence of Ferro-edeniteHide

Synonyms of Ferro-edeniteHide

Other Language Names for Ferro-edeniteHide

Relationship of Ferro-edenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Fluoro-edeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Ferro-edenite associated with TridymiteSiO2
1 photo of Ferro-edenite associated with HematiteFe2O3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite◻{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name Group◻{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite◻{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-ferri-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-edeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsiteKCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasiteKCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite◻{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ◻{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite◻{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite◻[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite◻[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Mn3+Ti4+)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-fluoro-pedriziteNa(Li2)(Fe2+2Al2Li)[Si8O22]F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.22.2Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ferro-edeniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lalonde, A.E., Martin, R.F. (1983) The Baie-des-Moutons syenitic complex, La Tabatière, Québec II. The ferromagnesian minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 21: 81-91.
Leake, B.E. (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 501-520.
Leake, B.E., Woolley, A.R., Arps, C.E.S., Birch, W.D., Gilbert, M.C., Grice, J.D., Hawthorne, F.C., Kato, A., Kisch, H.J., Krivovichev, V.G., Linthout, K., Laird, J., Mandarino, J.A., Maresch, W.V., Nickel, E.H., Rock, N.M.S., Schumacher, J.C., Smith, D.C., Stephenson, N.C.N., Ungaretti, L., Whittaker, E.J.W., Guo, Y. (1997) Nomenclature of amphiboles: Report of the subcommittee on amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 219–246.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for Ferro-edeniteHide

Localities for Ferro-edeniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Minas Gerais
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Sossego Mine
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
  • New Brunswick
    • Queens Co.
Martin, R F, Payette, C (1988) The Welsford Anorogenic Igneous Complex, southern New Brunswick: Rift-Related Acadian Magmatism. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File Issue: 1727
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Doucette, C., Pe-Piper, G. (1997) Digitial mapping of the Wentworth plutonic complex, Cobequid Highlans, Nova Scotia, and petrology of its felsic phases. 1997 AGS Abstracts, Atlantic Geology: 33(1): 56.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
Platt & Mitchell (1982)
      • Gemmell Township
Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
  • Québec
    • Côte-Nord
      • Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent RCM
        • Gros-Mécatina
          • La Tabatière
LALONDE, A.E., and MARTIN, R.F. (1983) The Baie-des-Moutons syenitic complex, La Tabatière, Québec II. The ferromagnesian minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 81-91. ; LALONDE,A.E. & MARTIN, R.F. (1983) The Baie-des-Moutons syenitic complex, La Tabatiere, Quebec II. The ferromagnesian minerals. Canadian Mineralogist 21, 81-91.
  • Hebei
    • Qinhuangdao
      • Beidaihe District
Lingdi Zhou, Deren Li, Zhenhua Zhao, and Yangchuan Wang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(3)
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Beihu District
        • Qitianling complex
Yan Shuang, Xianwu Bi, Ruizhong Hu, Jiantang Peng, Changsheng Zhu, and Dahua Li (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(3), 363-372; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1867
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Alxa League (Alashan Prefecture)
      • Ejin Banner (Ejina Co.)
Yan Liu, Fengjun Nie, and Sihong Jiang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 405-408
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Kuifeng Yang, Hongrui Fan, Fangfang Hu, Xianghui Li, Jianyong Liu, Yonggang Zhao, Shuang Liu, and Kaiyi Wang (2007): Acta Petrologica Sinica 23(5), 1018-1022
    • Chifeng City (Ulanhad League; Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud City (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mountains
Yu, M., Feng, C. Y., Zhu, Y. F., Mao, J. W., Zhao, Y. M., & Li, D. X. (2016). Multistage amphiboles from the Galinge iron skarn deposit in Qiman Tagh, western China: evidence of igneous rocks replacement. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-17.
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Maizi basin
Lingang Xu, Jingwen Mao, Fuquan Yang, Huishou He, Jianmin Zheng, Jianguo Li, Yongbiao Cai, Xiaoling Zha, and Jianjing Gao (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 455-463
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kutná Hora District
      • Zruč nad Sázavou
Kadlec T.: Nové minerály ve Vlastějovicích. Minerál, 2010, 18, 3, 216-220.
          • Moldanubian Zone pegmatites
            • Magdalena deposit
Novák, M., Kadlec, T., Gadas, P. (2013) Geological position, mineral assemblages and contamination of granitic pegmatites in the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic; examples from the Vlastějovice region. Journal of Geosciences, 58:1, 21–47.
Dobnikar, M., Fioretti, A.M., Bellieni, G. and Dolenec, T. (2002): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2002, A188
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Landes
      • Dax
B. Azambre and P. Monchoux, Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 39-47.
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Nunarssuit Island
Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
      • Qaqortoq
Parsons, I. (1979): The Klokken Gabbro—Syenite Complex, South Greenland: Cryptic Variation and Origin of Inversely Graded Layering. Journal of Petrology. 20, 653-694
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
Stephenson, D. & Upton, B. J. G.(1982): Ferromagnesian silicates in a differentiated alkaline complex: Kûngnât Fjeld, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 283-300
Woolley, A.R.: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 1: North and South America. British Museum (Natural History), London, 1987 [cited in]
  • Karnataka
    • Dakshina Kannada District
Ravindra, B. M., & AS, J. (1981). Preliminary report on aegerine augite bearing syenite near Sullia Town, Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 399-402.
  • Kagawa Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
MURAKAMI Nobuhide ! MARUYAMA, Tokinori (1963) Ferropargasite and Ferroedenite in the Metasomatic Syenites from Shodo Islet, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 50, 5, 190-198.
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Ube City
MURAKAMI, Nobuhide (1964) Ferroedenite and Ferrorichterite in the Metasomatic Syenites from Utsugiono, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 51, 3, 77-87.
Mahoney, J. J., Saunders, A. D., Storey, M. and Randriamanantenasoa, A. (2008) Geochemistry of the Volcan d l'Androy Basalt-Rhyolite Complex, Madagascar Cretaceous Igneous Province. Journal of Petrology, 49 (6), 1069-1096
  • Bongolava
    • Tsiroanomandidy District
      • Ambatolampy Commune
Mukosi, Ndivhuwo Cecilia (2012): Petrogenesis of the Ambohiby Complex, Madagascar and the role of the Marion Hotspot Plume. Thesis (MSc)-Stellenbosch University, 2012
New Zealand
  • Bay of Plenty Region
    • Rotorua District
      • Mount Ngongotaha
Martin Stolworthy Collection
  • Waikato Region
    • Taupo District
      • Lake Taupo
Collection of RJ Martin
A. Ewart (1968) The Petrography of the Central North Island Rhyolitic Lavas, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 11:2, 478-545
    • Thames-Coromandel District
Collection of RJ Martin
  • West Coast Region
    • Grey District
Tulloch, A. J., Kimbrough, D. L., & Waight, T. E. (1994). The French Creek granite, north Westland, New Zealand-Late Cretaceous A-type plutonism on the Tasman passive margin. In Tasman Sea conference (pp. 65-66). Waight, T. E., Weaver, S. D., Ireland, T. R., Maas, R., Muir, R. J., & Shelley, D. (1997). Field characteristics, petrography, and geochronology of the Hohonu Batholith and the adjacent Granite Hill complex, North Westland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 40(1), 1-17. Tulloch, A. J., & Nathan, S. (1990). Spinel harzburgite xenoliths in alkali basalt and camptonite from North Westland and southeast Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 33(4), 529-534.
  • Buskerud
    • Kongsberg
Bonin, B. & Sørensen, H. (2003): The granites of the Mykle region in the southern part of the Oslo igneous province, Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin, 441: 17-24
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langesundsfjorden
Larsen,A.O.(1998): "Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter". Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian)
Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Barkevik area
RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R060044.2
Larsen,A.O.(1998): "Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter". Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian)
Larsen,A.O.(1998): "Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter". Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian)
        • Vesle Arøya
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p; Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Jahren pegmatite (Jaren pegmatite)
Larsen, A.O.(1998): Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 14:9 (in norwegian)
Larsen, A.O. (1998): Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift: 14: 9 (in norwegian)
      • Tvedalen
Larsen,A.O.(1998): "Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter". Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian)
Larsen,A.O.(1998): "Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter". Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian)
    • Sandefjord
      • Østerøya
        • Yxney
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2013): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 735-770
  • Azores
    • Terceira
      • Angra do Heroísmo
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Argayashsky District
Am. Min. 90:1402-1412 (2005)
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Severo-Baykalsky District
        • Dovyren Highlands
          • Yoko-Dovyrensky Massif
Spiridonov, E. M., Orsoev, D. A., Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Nikolaev, G. S., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2019, April). Palladogermanide PdGe 2 from Sulfidized Anorthosite of the Yoko-Dovyren Intrusion: First Finding in Russia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 485, No. 2, pp. 458-460). Pleiades Publishing.
Saudi Arabia
  • Ha'il Region
du Bray, E.A. & Stoeser, D.B. 1985. Reconnaisance Geology of the Al Hufayr Quadrangle, Sheet 27/41A, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. United States Geological Survey, Open-File Report 85-14. Irvine, T. N. J., & Baragar, W. R. A. (1971). A guide to the chemical classification of the common volcanic rocks. Canadian journal of earth sciences, 8(5), 523-548.
South Korea
  • North Chungcheong Province
    • Chungju City
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Carratraca
        • Los Jarales
Romero Silva JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. 318 pp. Published by CEDMA Malaga County Council. Spain
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Camporrells
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Columbretes Islands
Aparicio, A., Araña, V., Garcia, R. & Grachev, A. 1994. The origin of the Columbretes Islands' basanitic and phonolitic magmas (western Mediterranean). Mineralogical Magazine (VM Goldschmidt Conference, Extended Abstracts: A-K volume), 58A, 21-22. Aparicio, A., Mitjavila, J. M., Araña, V., & Villa, I. M. (1991). La edad del volcanismo de las islas Columbrete Grande y Alborán (Mediterráneo occidental). Bol. Geol. Min, 102(4), 562-570. Aparicio, A., & García García, R. (1995). El volcanismo de las islas Columbretes (Mediterraneo occidental). Quimismo y mineralogia. Boletín Geológico y Minero, 106, 468-488.
Sri Lanka
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Embilipitiya (Embilipitya; Ambilipitiya)
        • Kolonne (Kolonna; "Kollonne")
Ikram Mineralogy; Burford M. Gunasekara, D.P., (2000) an unusual Olivine group Gemstone from Kolonne Area, Sri Lanka. Trade Name; Dunilite. Canadian Gemmologist, Vol.21, No.3, PP. 84-90.; Burford .M., Gunasekera ,D.P.,(2000) An unusual olivine group of gemstone from Kolonne, Sri Lanka.Trade name Dunilite. Canadian Gemmologist ,vol 21 no3 ,pp 84-90.
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Eilean á Chèo
        • Isle of Skye
          • Luib
Tindle.A.G Mineralds of Britian and Ireland
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
L. N. Kogarko, V. A. Konova, M. P. Orlova, A. R. Woolley (1995) Ukraine in Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World pp 49-58
  • Alaska
    • Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
Illig, Peter (2015) Amphibole Au -Cu Skarn and Massive Sulfide Replacement at the Peak Deposit,Eastern Interior,Alaska
  • Maine
    • Hancock County
Wiebe et al., Journal of Petrology 38:393-423
  • Montana
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Libby Mining District (Snowshoe Mining District)
        • Libby
American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 1955–1969, 2003
  • Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
J. Petrol. 33:1193-1218 (1992)
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3. (from the "Old Bed" magnetite ore)
      • Town of Tuxedo
Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3.
  • Oklahoma
    • Comanche Co.
      • Wichita Mountains
        • Mount Scott
J.D. Price et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 435-451.
  • South Carolina
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
  • Vermont
    • Windsor Co.
American Mineralogist 76:218-229, (1991).
Mineral and/or Locality  
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