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Ferricopiapite

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About FerricopiapiteHide

Formula:
Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Colour:
Yellow, yellow-orange
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
2.14
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
In allusion to its composition as the ferric iron dominant member of the copiapite group.
Copiapite Group.

Difficult to distinguish from copiapite or other members of the copiapite group.


Classification of FerricopiapiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DB.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations; insular octahedra and finite units
31.10.5.4

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : Miscellaneous
25.10.12

25 : Sulphates
10 : Sulphates of Fe alone

Physical Properties of FerricopiapiteHide

Colour:
Yellow, yellow-orange
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}
Density:
2.14 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.14 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of FerricopiapiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.496 - 1.530 nβ = 1.531 - 1.550 nγ = 1.579 - 1.592
2V:
Measured: 69° to 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.083
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
relatively strong r > v
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Shades of yellow

Chemical Properties of FerricopiapiteHide

Formula:
Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
IMA Formula:
Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O

Crystallography of FerricopiapiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.394(5) Å, b = 18.36(2) Å, c = 7.324(8) Å
α = 93.8(1)°, β = 102.2(1)°, γ = 98.9(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.403 : 1 : 0.399
Unit Cell V:
955.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Pseudo-orthorhombic plates; scaly, granular aggregates.

Type Occurrence of FerricopiapiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian Museum, Washington DC 80516

Synonyms of FerricopiapiteHide

Other Language Names for FerricopiapiteHide

Relationship of Ferricopiapite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
CalciocopiapiteCaFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
CopiapiteFe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
ZincocopiapiteZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2OTric.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Coquimbite4 photos of Ferricopiapite associated with Coquimbite on mindat.org.
Goldichite3 photos of Ferricopiapite associated with Goldichite on mindat.org.
Römerite3 photos of Ferricopiapite associated with Römerite on mindat.org.
Sulphur2 photos of Ferricopiapite associated with Sulphur on mindat.org.
Halotrichite1 photo of Ferricopiapite associated with Halotrichite on mindat.org.
Voltaite1 photo of Ferricopiapite associated with Voltaite on mindat.org.
Parabutlerite1 photo of Ferricopiapite associated with Parabutlerite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DB.05AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2OTric. 1
7.DB.05Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
7.DB.05Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2OTric.
7.DB.10KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.DB.10RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.DB.15JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
7.DB.20Minasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2OMon. 2/m
7.DB.20Orthominasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
7.DB.20Anorthominasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.25Bobjonesite(V4+O)(SO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m
7.DB.30AmarantiteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2OTric. 1
7.DB.30HohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2OTric. 1
7.DB.30MetahohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35CalciocopiapiteCaFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35CopiapiteFe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35ZincocopiapiteZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

31.10.5.1CopiapiteFe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
31.10.5.2MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
31.10.5.3CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
31.10.5.5CalciocopiapiteCaFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
31.10.5.6ZincocopiapiteZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2OTric.
31.10.5.7AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.10.1SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.10.2RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.10.3SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.10.4FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.10.5MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.10.6Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.10.7LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.8KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.9CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
25.10.10ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
25.10.11QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.13MetahohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.14HohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2OTric. 1
25.10.15ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.16ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.10.17AmarantiteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2OTric. 1
25.10.18FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.10.19Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.10.20RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.21BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.10.22CopiapiteFe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FerricopiapiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Berry (1938) American Mineralogist: 23, pt 2(12): 3.
University of Toronto Stud., Geol. Series, no. 51 (1947): 21.
American Mineralogist (1939): 24: 182.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 623, 625.
Fanfani, L.A., A. Nunzi, P.F. Zanazzi & A.R. Zanzari (1973): The Copiapite problem; the crystal structure of a Ferrian Copiapite. American Mineralogist 58: 314-322.
Canadian Mineralogist (1985): 23: 53.
Majzlan, J., Kiefer, B. (2006): An X-ray and neutron-diffraction study of synthetic ferricopiapite, Fe14/3(SO4)6(OD,OH)2(D2O,H2O)20, and ab initio calculations on the structure of magnesiocopiapite, MgFe4(SO4)6(OH)2(H2O)20. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1227-1237.
Majzlan, J. & Michallik, R. (2007): The crystal structures, solid solutions, and infrared spectra of copiapite-group minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 553-569.

Internet Links for FerricopiapiteHide

Localities for FerricopiapiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M.F.. The As-rich end-member of the jordanite-geocronite series of the Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 231-235.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
Sielecki, R. (1985) in Australian Mineralogist, vol. 1, p. 287; Sielecki, R. (1985) Australian Mineralogist. 1, 285-289.
Bulgaria
 
  • Plovdiv Oblast
    • Plovdiv
Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Cerritos Bayos
samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, and He Sun (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 58-69
Cuba
 
  • Isla de la Juventud special municipality
    • Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Pines; Island of Youth)
Zwahr, H. & Gonzales, R. (1999): Secondary sulfate mineralization of the kaolin deposit of Rio del Callejon, Cuba. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 27, 219-233.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia-Silesia Region
    • Karviná
      • Orlová
        • Lazy Mine
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 153-168
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Niesky
        • Horscha
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Der Schieferabbau Pansberg bei Horscha in der Lausitz, Sachsen. Lapis 32 (7-8), 68-73; 86.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Sounion area
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Pécs
Koller G.Own found.
Iceland
 
  • Northeastern Region
    • Myvatn
Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Berceto
        • Corchia mine
Adorni F., Guelfi F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It. N 3, 217-250.
Adorni F., Guelfi F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It. N 3, 217-250.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
• Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Hidaka Province
      • Monbetsu (Mombetsu)
Van King; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Kameda Peninsula
      • Nanae
Y. Okazaki collection
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kazuno City
Nambu et al (1974) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 57.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Beja District
    • Mértola
      • Corte do Pinto
Pedro Alves collection and photo.
  • Viseu District
    • São Pedro do Sul
      • São Martinho das Moitas
Ko Jansen collection
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
      • Bocşa Mare
Apopei, A.I., Buzgar, N., Damian, G., Buzatu, A. (2005): The Raman study of weathering minerals from the Coranda-Hondol open pit (Certej gold-silver deposit) and their photochemical degradation products under laser irradiation. Canadian MIneralogist, 52, 1027-1038.
Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 85:1-6; Andrei I. Apopei, Nicolae Buzgar, Gheorghe Damian, and Andrei Buzatu (2014) the Raman Study of Weathering Minerals from the Coranda-hondol Open Pit (Certej Gold-silver Deposit) and Their Photochemical Degradation Products Under Laser Irradiation. Can Mineral 52:1027-1038.
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • eThekwini District
      • Durban
        • Cato Manor
          • Umbilo Valley
Cairncross, B. & Dixon, R. (1995). Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa: Linden.
        • Umhlatuzana valley
Cairncross, B. & Dixon, R. (1995). Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa: Linden; Heron, H.D.C. (1994). Siderite assemblages from Clairwood Quarries, Durban, Natal. Micro News and Views, 20(2): 3-7.
      • Westville
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
Bocamina, (4), (1999) 50-86.
UK
 
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • Stanhope
        • Rookhope
Smith, F.W. (1973) Supergene Native Copper in the Northern Pennine Orefield. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 39, n° 302, 244.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177. (referring to Smith); Bridges TF and Young B. Supergene Minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield - A Review. Journal of the Russell Soc. 7(1). 3-14(1998)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 220; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Coso Mts (Coso Range)
        • Coso District (New Coso District)
          • Coso Hot Springs
Fanfani, L., A. Nunzi, P.F. Zanazzi, and A.R. Zanzari (1973) The copiapite problem; the crystal structure of ferrian copiapite. American Mineralogist: 58: 314-322; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 274.
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Trumbull
        • Long Hill
Jeremy Zolan
  • Georgia
    • Lincoln Co.
Collected by Julian Gray 21 September 2010. Confirmed by XRD at the University of Georgia.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Galena District
        • Galena
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Calf Mesa
Min Rec 19:331-338
Min News 6:8 p3
M. Schindler et al. (2003) Can. Mineral. 41, 83-90
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
Travis Olds collection
Patrick Haynes. IDs by the late Howard Evans, Jr.
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
        • Mineral
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mars
 
  • Aeolis quadrangle
    • Gusev Crater
      • Columbia Hills
        • Home Plate
Johnson, J.R., Bell, J.F. III, Cloutis, E., Staid, M., Farrand, W.H., McCoy, T., Rice, M., Wang, A., Yen, A. (2007): Mineralogic constraints on sulfur-ric soils from Pancam spectra at Gusev crater, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters: 34: L13202; Farrand, W.H., Johnson, J.R., Rice, M.S., Wang, A., Bell III, J.F. (2016): VNIR Multispectral Observations of Aqueous Alteration Materials by the Pancams on the Spirit and Opportunity Mars Exploration Rovers. American Mineralogist, in press;
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