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Ferro-actinolite

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Formula:
☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Colour:
black-green, dark green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1946 by Nils Sundius for its relationship to Actinolite.
Note: Tremolite is defined as having an Mg/(Mg+Fe2+) ratio ≥ 0.9; Actinolite has a ratio of 0.5–0.9 and Ferro-Actinolite has a ratio of less than 0.5.


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Classification of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DE.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
14.22.6

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
22 : Silicates of Fe and Ca

Physical Properties of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
black-green, dark green
Streak:
greenish white
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
on {110}

Optical Data of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.668 nβ = 1.685 nγ = 1.702
2V:
Measured: 10° to 12°, Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.034
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Formula:
☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
◻Ca2Mg2.5-0Fe2+2.5-5Si8O22(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Mn,Na,K,F,P

Crystallography of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.91 Å, b = 18.17 Å, c = 5.27 Å
β = 104.98°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.545 : 1 : 0.29
Unit Cell V:
916.69 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Synonyms of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Other Language Names for Ferro-actinoliteHide

Simplified Chinese:铁阳起石

Relationship of Ferro-actinolite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Ferro-fluoro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe5}(Si8O22)F2
Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Titanite10 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Titanite on mindat.org.
Albite7 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Andradite5 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Hedenbergite5 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Hedenbergite on mindat.org.
Epidote4 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Epidote on mindat.org.
Actinolite3 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Actinolite on mindat.org.
Magnetite3 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Cassiterite3 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Cassiterite on mindat.org.
Oligoclase2 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Oligoclase on mindat.org.
Allanite-(Ce)2 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Allanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.05Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DE.05Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Manganocummingtonite☐{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Manganogrunerite☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite☐{Mn2+2}{Mn2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Joesmithite{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2 Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Potassic-richteriteK[CaNa][Mg5]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite[Na][Na2][Mn2+4(Fe3+)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)(Si8O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2Mon.
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn3+2LiTi4+}Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.22.1HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.22.2Pyroxferroite(Fe,Mn,Ca)SiO3Tric.
14.22.3 Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
14.22.4KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
14.22.5TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
14.22.7IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.22.8Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
14.22.9AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ferro-actinoliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Ishida, K. Hawthorne, F.C., Ando, Y. (2002) Fine structure of infrared OH-stretching bands in natural and heat-treated amphiboles of the tremolite-ferroactinolite series. American Mineralogist: 87: 891-898.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 1-21.

Internet Links for Ferro-actinoliteHide

Localities for Ferro-actinoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
Sureda, R., Lira, R., & Colombo, F. (2010). Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6-P21/c, with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Córdoba, Argentina (31° 11'S/64° 33'W). Andean Geology, 33(1).
  • Mendoza
    • Malargüe department
      • Los Molles
PONS, María Josefina; FRANCHINI, Marta; MAS, Graciela and RIOS, Francisco Javier. Genetic model of the Vegas Peladas Fe-sakarns, Mendoza, Argentina. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.4, pp. 615-634
  • San Juan
    • Jáchal department
      • Villa Mercedes
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter Dam
A.G. Christy (unpubl. analyses, 2004)
  • New South Wales
    • Buccleuch Co.
      • Talbingo
Gole (1981)
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Kalabity homestead area
G.S. Teale and A.M. Brewer (2003) The South Koolka Fe-Cu-Au skarn, Kalabity area, Curnamona Province in Peljo, M., 2003. Broken Hill Exploration Initiative: Abstracts from the July 2003 conference. Record 2003/013. Geoscience Australia, Canberra. pp184-187
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Koongie Park Community
Orth, K. (2002), Setting of the Paleoproterozoic Koongie Park Formation and Carbonate Associated Base Metal Mineralisation at Koongie Park Northwestern Australia (thesis), University of Tasmania, November 2002
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Marvel Loch
Meinert, 1992. Skarns & Skarn Deposits
      • Mount Holland Goldfield
Lintern, M.J. (2004) Bounty Gold Deposit, Forrestania Greenstone Belt, Western Australia, Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration (CRCLEME).
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Geras
        • Kottaun
Götzinger, M. A. (1981): Mineralogische Untersuchungen des Magnetitvorkommens Kottaun bei Geras, niederösterreichisches Moldanubikum. Ein Beitrag zur Genese von Skarnen. Sitzungsber. Österr. Akad. Wiss., math.-naturw. Kl., 190, 45-78.; Götzinger, M. A., Beran, A. & Libowitzky, E. (1994): Exkursion A: Mineralvorkommen und Lagerstätten im östlichen Waldviertel. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 139, 389-405.
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Verwall Alps (Verwall Group)
        • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1739) Andradit, Kassiterit, Epidot, Ferro-Aktinolith, Hedenbergit und Woodruffit von der Putzkammeralpe im Rindertal (Gaflunatal), Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 143-147 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
Jost, H., and de Tarso Ferro de Oliveira Fortes, P. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 358-376.
  • Minas Gerais
Revista Brasileira de Geociências 30(2):306-310
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Sossego Mine
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
      • Parauapebas
        • Alemão Cu deposit
Dreher, A.M., Xavier, R.P., Taylor, B.E., and Martini, S.L. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 161-184.; Tazava, E. (1999). Mineralização de Au-Cu-(±ETR-U) associada às brechas hidrotermais do depósito de Igarapé Bahia, Província Mineral de Carajás, PA. MS Thesis
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Cameroon
 
  • North-West Region
    • Nkambe
Tetsopgang, S., Koyanagi, J., Enami, M., and Kihara, K. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(3), 509-516.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Doucette, C., Pe-Piper, G. (1997) Digitial mapping of the Wentworth plutonic complex, Cobequid Highlans, Nova Scotia, and petrology of its felsic phases. 1997 AGS Abstracts, Atlantic Geology: 33(1): 56.
  • Nunavut
    • Mackenzie District
      • Itchen Lake
Hicken, A.K., McClenaghan, M.B., Layton-Matthews, D., Paulen, R.C., Averill, S.A. and Crabtree, D. (2013) Indicator mineral signatures of the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Agvolcanogenic
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
McCormick, K.A. and McDonald, A. (1999) Chlorine-bearing amphiboles from the Fraser mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada: Description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1385-1403.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Gemmell Township
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 1992, 29(7): 1375-1388
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Galley, A.G., Jonasson, I.R., and Watkinson, D.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 619-637.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2006-2017
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Canadian Museum of Nature data (XRD, WDS)
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Qinhuangdao Prefecture
      • Funing Co.
Lingdi Zhou, Deren Li, Zhenhua Zhao, and Yangchuan Wang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(3)
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mts
Miao Yu, Chengyou Feng, Guangying Bao, Hongchuan Liu, Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Ye Xiao, and Jiannan Liu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(1), 55-76; Yu, M., Feng, C. Y., Zhu, Y. F., Mao, J. W., Zhao, Y. M., & Li, D. X. (2016). Multistage amphiboles from the Galinge iron skarn deposit in Qiman Tagh, western China: evidence of igneous rocks replacement. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-17.
  • Yunnan Province
    • Baoshan Prefecture
      • Longyang District
Hua Huang, Changqing Zhang, Yunman Zhou, Bo Liu, Yongfu Xie, Yuntao Dong, Chunhai Yang, and Wenwei Dong (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 127-148
    • Dêqên Autonomous Prefecture (Deqin Autonomous Prefecture; Diqing Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Shangri-La Co. (Xianggelila Co.; Zhongdian Co.)
Tao Ren, Zhong Hong, Xingchun Zhang, Runsheng Han, and Meijuan Ma (2013): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 33(3), 278-286
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Rožmitál pod Třemšínem
        • Nové Mitrovice
Scharm, B. & Scharmová, M. (2000) Accessory minerals of siliceous rocks from the Kokšín hill near Mítov (Barrandian Neoproterozoic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 75(3), 307-318.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
        • Horní Hoštice
Zimák, J.: Mineralogie železných rud na historickém ložisku Horní Hoštice v Rychlebských horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 238-242.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • Bourg d'Oisans
        • St Christophe-en-Oisans
Gautron, L. and Meisser, N. (2001). Prehnite from La Combe de la Selle, Saint Christophe en Oisans - Isère - France. Mineralogical Record, 32 (3), 223-232.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Cauflens
        • Seix
          • Salau
C. Derré, M. Fonteilles, L.Y. Nansot : "Le Gisement de Scheelite de Salau, Ariège - Pyrénées", Publications du 26è Congrès Géologique International, Paris, 7-17 July, 1980
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
Gunnar Farber
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Elmshorn
      • Barmstedt
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Nunarssuit Island
Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
Stephenson, D. & Upton, B.J.G.(1982): Ferromagnesian silicates in a differentiated alkaline complex: Kûngnât Fjeld, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 283-300
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Valfurva
Bedognè,F,,Montrasio; A. & Sciesa;E. (2006): I minerali della media-alta Valtellina delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Bettini, Sondrio, Italia, 255.
          • Zebrù Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006). I minerali della medio-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Tip. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Assemini
Verkaeren, J., & Bartholome, P. (1979). Petrology of the San Leone magnetite skarn deposit (SW Sardinia). Economic Geology, 74(1), 53-66.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Iwakuni City
American Mineralogist 87: 891–898 (2002); Econ Geol (1980) 75:1066-1082
    • Kinki Region
      • Nara Prefecture
Alfredo Petrov - private communication
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Ohshuu City
          • Esashi ward
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English)
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 543 (in English)
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Skien
      • Fossum Iron Mines
Larsen, A.O. (1993): Fossum jernverk. STEIN 20 (2), 112-116
Pakistan
 
  • Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    • Khyber Agency
Jessie Fisher
Ikram Mineraology, Peshawar, Pakistan (ikram@pakistanminerals.com)
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Diamar District (Diamir District)
      • Tangir Valley
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
    • Gilgit District
Karel Bal specimen
Portugal
 
  • Leiria District
    • Leiria
      • Monte Redondo
Rui Nunes
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Almăj Mts
Dumitras, D., Marincea, S., Anason, A., Calin, N., Ghinet, C., & Iancu, A. (2010). Geodiversity in the Natural Park" Portile de Fier": cave mineralogy and mineral deposits. Επιστημονική Επετηρίδα του Τμήματος Γεωλογίας (ΑΠΘ), 39(1/2), 104-105.
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Ciobanu, Cristiana Liana and Cook, Nigel John, 2003, Skarn Textures and A Case Study: The Ocna de Fier - Dognecea Orefield, Romania, Ore Geology Reviews, p. 315-370.
Ciobanu, Cristiana Liana and Cook, Nigel John, 2003, Skarn Textures and A Case Study: The Ocna de Fier - Dognecea Orefield, Romania, Ore Geology Reviews, p. 315-370.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Vostok
Soloviev, S. G., & Krivoshchekov, N. N. (2011). Vostok-2 gold-base-metal-tungsten skarn deposit, Central Sikhote-Alin, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 53(6), 478-500.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
      • Hnilec (Hniletz; Nyilas; Nagyhnilec)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Vyšná Šebastová
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
  • Trenčín Region
    • Trenčín Co.
      • Veľká Hradná
Ozdín D. & Rojkovič I., 2006: Magnetitová mineralizácia na lokalite Železník v Považskom Inovci. Mineralia Slovaca, 38, 2, 109-123.
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng Province
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Pixley ka Seme District
      • Prieska
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Antequera
Josep Sanchez-Lafuente Mariol specimens and powder XRD.; Romero Silva, J.C (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la Provincia de Málaga. CEDMA County Council 318 pp 1 map
      • Ojén
        • Sierra Blanca
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga, Diputación de Málaga, 318 pp. .
  • Asturias
    • Salas
      • Carlés
D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Los Santos
- Timón,S.M.(2008). El Skarn de Scheelita de Los Santos (Salamanca).Química mineral, inclusiones fluidas e isótopos estables. Tesis Doctoral, Uni.de Salamanca, 396 págs.
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • Tremp
          • Casterner de les Olles
Calvo, M., Calvo, G., Pocovi, A., Lago, M. & Viñals, J. (2011): Epidot und Axinit vom Escales-Stausee, Katalanische Pyrenäen, Nordspanien. Lapis 36 (5), 13-20; 58 (in German).
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Burguillos del Cerro
- Sanabria, R. and Calvo, M. (2002): Los yacimientos de magnetita de Burguillos del Cerro. Revista de minerales, 2(3), 4-25 & 61.
Sanabria, R. and Calvo, M. (2002). Los yacimientos de magnetita de Burguillos del Cerro. Revista de Minerales, 2 (3), 4-25
      • Jerez de Caballeros
  • Madrid
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
    • Manzanares el Real
AmMin 85:578–585
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Smedjebacken
      • Väster Silvberg
Damman, A.H. & Lustenhouwer, W.J. (1992): Manganese-rich calcic amphiboles of the tremolite-ferro-actinolite series. Mineralogical Magazine. 56, 391-398.
  • Småland
    • Vetlanda
      • Alseda
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
      • Bäckaby
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
      • Fröderyd
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
  • Uppland
    • Östhammar
      • Dannemora
Åberg, F. (2015) Mineralogical Study of Manganese Bearing Skarn Minerals and Manganese Content in Magnetite in the Dannemora Skarn Iron Ore Deposit. Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Kjell Gatedal
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
        • Bovernier
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
http://www.mineralman.f9.co.uk/quarries/meldon.htm
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Skye
        • Luib
Tindle.A.G Mineralds of Britian and Ireland
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Southeast Fairbanks Borough
Illig, Peter (2015) Amphibole Au -Cu Skarn and Massive Sulfide Replacement at the Peak Deposit,Eastern Interior,Alaska
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
              • Keystone Gulch
                • Reagan claims (Regan/Reagan Camp prospects; Lee Reagan property; Lee Reagan prospects; Kullman-McCool group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221.
  • California
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Garnet Hill
Lordo, Kathleen M. and Lowell, Gary R. (2002), Composition of Color-Zoned Axinite from the Garnet Hill Skarn, California; Geological Society of America 2002 Denver Annual Meeting (October 22-30, 2002), Session 158, Paper No. 158-2.
    • Inyo Co.
      • Bishop District (Tungsten Hills District)
Dave Bunk specimen
    • San Bernardino Co.
  • Iowa
    • Pocahontas Co.
www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Mesabi Range
        • Babbitt
Ross, Malcolm et al. (2007): The search for asbestos within the Peter Mitchell Taconite iron ore mine, near Babbitt, Regulatory Toxicology and PharmacologyVolume 52, Issue 1, Supplement 1, October 2008, Pages S43-S50
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
Economic Geology; August 2002; v. 97; no. 5; p. 1119-1126
  • New Jersey
    • Hudson Co.
      • North Bergen Township
        • North Bergen
Bradley D. Plotkin collection
    • Morris Co.
      • Rockaway Township
        • Green Pond
GATES, A., & COSTA, R. (2012). Department of Geology Rutgers University. Basement Tectonics 12: Central North America and Other Regions, 6, 123.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn(1995):Pt3:454.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Heixong Yang
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:242
        • Moriah Township
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2005NE/finalprogram/abstract_83497.htm
    • Lewis Co.
      • Diana Township
        • Natural Bridge station
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
Lupulescu, Marian: Rocks& Min. -- May/June 2008
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Fine
Marian Lupulescu (2010) The Pegmatites of New York. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
NY State Museum spec. no. 6898
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
speclab.cr.usgs.gov/spectral.lib 04/DESCRIPT/smaragdite.HS290.html
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/ferroactinolite.pdf.
P Cristofono collection , 2008
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
      • Westminster
Robinson, Douglas (1996). Refining Local Mineralogy: Two Calcite Deposits in Westminster, Windham County, Vermont, Mineral News 12(5): 1-2.
  • Wisconsin
    • Jackson Co.
Kimball, K & F. Spear (1984,) Metamorphic Petrology of the Jackson County Iron Formation, Wisconsin, Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 605-619. Cordua, W.S., 1998, "Minerals of Wisconsin", Rocks and Minerals vol. 73 #6, p. 378 - 39
    • Marinette Co.
Hollister, V. & M. Cummings (1982) A summary of the Duval massive sulfide deposit, Marinette County, Wisconsin: Geoscience Wisconsin:6: 11-20
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