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About Ferro-actinoliteHide

black-green, dark green
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Named in 1946 by Nils Sundius for its relationship to Actinolite.
Note: Tremolite is defined as having an Mg/(Mg+Fe2+) ratio ≥ 0.9; Actinolite has a ratio of 0.5–0.9 and Ferro-Actinolite has a ratio of less than 0.5.

Classification of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
22 : Silicates of Fe and Ca

Physical Properties of Ferro-actinoliteHide

black-green, dark green
greenish white
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
on {110}

Optical Data of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.668 nβ = 1.685 nγ = 1.702
Measured: 10° to 12°, Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.034
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of Ferro-actinoliteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.91 Å, b = 18.17 Å, c = 5.27 Å
β = 104.98°
a:b:c = 0.545 : 1 : 0.29
Unit Cell V:
916.69 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Synonyms of Ferro-actinoliteHide

Other Language Names for Ferro-actinoliteHide

Simplified Chinese:铁阳起石

Relationship of Ferro-actinolite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
7 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
5 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
5 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
4 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
3 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
3 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
3 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with CassiteriteSnO2
2 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
2 photos of Ferro-actinolite associated with Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-ferri-hornblende☐Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn3+2LiTi4+}Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.22.1HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.22.3 Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
14.22.4KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
14.22.5TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
14.22.7IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.22.8Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
14.22.9AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ferro-actinoliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Ishida, K. Hawthorne, F.C., Ando, Y. (2002) Fine structure of infrared OH-stretching bands in natural and heat-treated amphiboles of the tremolite-ferroactinolite series. American Mineralogist: 87: 891-898.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 1-21.

Internet Links for Ferro-actinoliteHide

Localities for Ferro-actinoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Córdoba Province
    • Punilla Department
Sureda, R., Lira, R., & Colombo, F. (2010). Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6-P21/c, with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Córdoba, Argentina (31° 11'S/64° 33'W). Andean Geology, 33(1).
  • Mendoza Province
    • Malargüe department
      • Los Molles
PONS, María Josefina; FRANCHINI, Marta; MAS, Graciela and RIOS, Francisco Javier. Genetic model of the Vegas Peladas Fe-sakarns, Mendoza, Argentina. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.4, pp. 615-634
  • San Juan Province
    • Jáchal department
      • Villa Mercedes
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter Dam
A.G. Christy (unpubl. analyses, 2004)
  • New South Wales
    • Buccleuch Co.
      • Talbingo
Gole (1981)
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Birch BH Book
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Kalabity homestead area
G.S. Teale and A.M. Brewer (2003) The South Koolka Fe-Cu-Au skarn, Kalabity area, Curnamona Province in Peljo, M., 2003. Broken Hill Exploration Initiative: Abstracts from the July 2003 conference. Record 2003/013. Geoscience Australia, Canberra. pp184-187
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Punt Hill region
Nikolakopoulos, D. S. (2013). Ore vectoring in IOCG systems: trace elements in garnets from the Groundhog skarn, Punt Hill, South Australia (Honors thesis, University of Adelaide).
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Koongie Park Community
Orth, K. (2002), Setting of the Paleoproterozoic Koongie Park Formation and Carbonate Associated Base Metal Mineralisation at Koongie Park Northwestern Australia (thesis), University of Tasmania, November 2002
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Forrestania Goldfield (Mount Holland)
Lintern, M.J. (2004) Bounty Gold Deposit, Forrestania Greenstone Belt, Western Australia, Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration (CRCLEME).
      • Marvel Loch
Meinert, 1992. Skarns & Skarn Deposits
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Geras
        • Kottaun
Götzinger, M. A. (1981): Mineralogische Untersuchungen des Magnetitvorkommens Kottaun bei Geras, niederösterreichisches Moldanubikum. Ein Beitrag zur Genese von Skarnen. Sitzungsber. Österr. Akad. Wiss., math.-naturw. Kl., 190, 45-78.; Götzinger, M. A., Beran, A. & Libowitzky, E. (1994): Exkursion A: Mineralvorkommen und Lagerstätten im östlichen Waldviertel. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 139, 389-405.
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Verwall Alps (Verwall Group)
        • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1739) Andradit, Kassiterit, Epidot, Ferro-Aktinolith, Hedenbergit und Woodruffit von der Putzkammeralpe im Rindertal (Gaflunatal), Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 143-147 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
  • Goiás
Jost, H., and de Tarso Ferro de Oliveira Fortes, P. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 358-376.
  • Minas Gerais
Revista Brasileira de Geociências 30(2):306-310
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Sossego Mine
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
      • Parauapebas
        • Alemão Cu deposit
Dreher, A.M., Xavier, R.P., Taylor, B.E., and Martini, S.L. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 161-184.; Tazava, E. (1999). Mineralização de Au-Cu-(±ETR-U) associada às brechas hidrotermais do depósito de Igarapé Bahia, Província Mineral de Carajás, PA. MS Thesis
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
  • Smolyan Province
    • Madan ore field
Vassileva, R. D., & Bonev, I. K. (2001). Manganoan amphiboles from the skarn-ore Pb-Zn deposits in the Madan district, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. In Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Vol. 38, pp. 45-53).
  • North-West Region
    • Nkambe
Tetsopgang, S., Koyanagi, J., Enami, M., and Kihara, K. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(3), 509-516.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Doucette, C., Pe-Piper, G. (1997) Digitial mapping of the Wentworth plutonic complex, Cobequid Highlans, Nova Scotia, and petrology of its felsic phases. 1997 AGS Abstracts, Atlantic Geology: 33(1): 56.
  • Nunavut
    • Itchen Lake
      • Izok Lake
Hicken, A.K., McClenaghan, M.B., Layton-Matthews, D., Paulen, R.C., Averill, S.A. and Crabtree, D. (2013) Indicator mineral signatures of the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Agvolcanogenic
    • Kivalliq Region
Jones, S. (2019). Paragenesis of Gold Mineralization and Integrated Exploration Techniques of the Kiyuk Lake Project, Kivalliq Region, Nunavut, Canada (MS thesis Queen’s University Kingston, Ontario, Canada).
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Capreol Township
Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
      • Levack Township
McCormick, K.A. and McDonald, A. (1999) Chlorine-bearing amphiboles from the Fraser mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada: Description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1385-1403.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Gemmell Township
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 1992, 29(7): 1375-1388
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Galley, A.G., Jonasson, I.R., and Watkinson, D.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 619-637.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2006-2017
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Canadian Museum of Nature data (XRD, WDS)
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
Liverton, T., 2016. A-type granite plutons and tin skarns in southeast Yukon: Mindy prospect and surrounding granite of 105C/9. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2015, K.E. MacFarlane and M.G. Nordling (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 151-164.
  • Hebei
    • Qinhuangdao
      • Funing Co.
Lingdi Zhou, Deren Li, Zhenhua Zhao, and Yangchuan Wang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(3)
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mts
Miao Yu, Chengyou Feng, Guangying Bao, Hongchuan Liu, Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Ye Xiao, and Jiannan Liu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(1), 55-76; Yu, M., Feng, C. Y., Zhu, Y. F., Mao, J. W., Zhao, Y. M., & Li, D. X. (2016). Multistage amphiboles from the Galinge iron skarn deposit in Qiman Tagh, western China: evidence of igneous rocks replacement. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-17.
  • Yunnan
    • Baoshan
      • Longyang District
Hua Huang, Changqing Zhang, Yunman Zhou, Bo Liu, Yongfu Xie, Yuntao Dong, Chunhai Yang, and Wenwei Dong (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 127-148
    • Dêqên Autonomous Prefecture (Deqin Autonomous Prefecture; Diqing Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Shangri-La Co. (Xianggelila Co.; Zhongdian Co.)
Tao Ren, Zhong Hong, Xingchun Zhang, Runsheng Han, and Meijuan Ma (2013): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 33(3), 278-286
Czech Republic
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Javorník
        • Horní Hoštice
Zimák, J.: Mineralogie železných rud na historickém ložisku Horní Hoštice v Rychlebských horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 238-242.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Plzeň-South District
      • Spálené Poříčí
Scharm, B. & Scharmová, M. (2000) Accessory minerals of siliceous rocks from the Kokšín hill near Mítov (Barrandian Neoproterozoic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 75(3), 307-318.
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Nunarssuit Island
Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
    • Sermersooq
      • Arsuk Fjord
Stephenson, D. & Upton, B.J.G.(1982): Ferromagnesian silicates in a differentiated alkaline complex: Kûngnât Fjeld, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 283-300
Dominican Republic
  • María Trinidad Sánchez Province
Krebs, M., Maresch, W. V., Schertl, H. P., Münker, C., Baumann, A., Draper, G., ... & Trapp, E. (2008). The dynamics of intra-oceanic subduction zones: a direct comparison between fossil petrological evidence (Rio San Juan Complex, Dominican Republic) and numerical simulation. Lithos, 103(1-2), 106-137.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • Le Bourg-d'Oisans
        • Saint Christophe-en-Oisans
Gautron, L. and Meisser, N. (2001). Prehnite from La Combe de la Selle, Saint Christophe en Oisans - Isère - France. Mineralogical Record, 32 (3), 223-232.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Cauflens
        • Seix
          • Salau
C. Derré, M. Fonteilles, L.Y. Nansot : "Le Gisement de Scheelite de Salau, Ariège - Pyrénées", Publications du 26è Congrès Géologique International, Paris, 7-17 July, 1980
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
Gunnar Färber
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Pinneberg
      • Elmshorn
        • Barmstedt
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion area
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
            • Plaka Mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
  • Semnan
    • Damghan County
Sheibi, M., Mirnejad, H., and Pooralizadeh Moghaddam, M. (2016) Magnetic susceptibility anisotropy as a predictive exploration tool of metasomatic iron oxide deposits: Example from the Panj-Kuh iron ore body, NE Iran. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 1, 612-628.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Valfurva
Bedognè,F,,Montrasio; A. & Sciesa;E. (2006): I minerali della media-alta Valtellina delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Bettini, Sondrio, Italia, 255.
          • Zebrù Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006). I minerali della medio-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Tip. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Metropolitan City of Cagliari
      • Assemini
Verkaeren, J., & Bartholome, P. (1979). Petrology of the San Leone magnetite skarn deposit (SW Sardinia). Economic Geology, 74(1), 53-66.
  • Iwate
    • Oshu City
      • Esashi ward
  • Nara
Alfredo Petrov - private communication
  • Yamaguchi
    • Iwakuni City
American Mineralogist 87: 891–898 (2002); Econ Geol (1980) 75:1066-1082
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English)
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 543 (in English)
  • Telemark
    • Skien
      • Fossum Iron Mines
Larsen, A.O. (1993): Fossum jernverk. STEIN 20 (2), 112-116
  • Gilgit-Baltistan
    • Diamer District
      • Tangir Valley
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
    • Gilgit District
Karel Bal specimen
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Khyber Agency
Jessie Fisher
Ikram Mineraology, Peshawar, Pakistan (
  • Leiria
    • Leiria
      • Monte Redondo
Rui Nunes
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
      • Băiţa mining district (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
Zajzon, N., Szentpéteri, K., Szakáll, S., & Kristály, F. (2015). The origin of the Avram Iancu U–Ni–Co–Bi–As mineralization, Băiţa (Bihor) metallogenic district, Bihor Mts., Romania. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 104(7), 1865-1887.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mts
      • Almăj Mts
Dumitras, D., Marincea, S., Anason, A., Calin, N., Ghinet, C., & Iancu, A. (2010). Geodiversity in the Natural Park" Portile de Fier": cave mineralogy and mineral deposits. Επιστημονική Επετηρίδα του Τμήματος Γεωλογίας (ΑΠΘ), 39(1/2), 104-105.
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Ciobanu, Cristiana Liana and Cook, Nigel John, 2003, Skarn Textures and A Case Study: The Ocna de Fier - Dognecea Orefield, Romania, Ore Geology Reviews, p. 315-370.
Ciobanu, Cristiana Liana and Cook, Nigel John, 2003, Skarn Textures and A Case Study: The Ocna de Fier - Dognecea Orefield, Romania, Ore Geology Reviews, p. 315-370.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Arminsky ore district
      • Vostok
Soloviev, S. G., & Krivoshchekov, N. N. (2011). Vostok-2 gold-base-metal-tungsten skarn deposit, Central Sikhote-Alin, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 53(6), 478-500.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Prääsä District
Ivashchenko, V. I., Bushmin, S. A., Ruchyev, A. M., Kornakov, A. S., Bogomolov, E. S., Savva, E. V., ... & Frolov, P. V. (2018, June). First Evidence of the Archean Age of Orogenic Gold of the Russian Part of the Karelian Craton (Fennoscandian Shield): Sm–Nd Mineral Isochron for Gold-Bearing Metasomatites of the Novye Peski Deposit. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 480, No. 2, pp. 804-809). Pleiades Publishing.
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
        • Zimná Voda Valley
Ružička P., Mikuš T., Števko M., Bačík P. (2017): Zonálne amfiboly z kontaktnej zóny mramorov a metabazitov na lokalite Trohanka pri Prakovciach (Volovské vrchy, Slovenská republika). Bull. Mineral. Petrolog., 25, 1, 12-22 (in Slovak with English abstract).
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
      • Hnilec (Hniletz; Nyilas; Nagyhnilec)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Vyšná Šebastová
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
  • Trenčín Region
    • Trenčín Co.
      • Veľká Hradná
Ozdín D. & Rojkovič I., 2006: Magnetitová mineralizácia na lokalite Železník v Považskom Inovci. Mineralia Slovaca, 38, 2, 109-123.
South Africa
  • Gauteng
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
  • Northern Cape
    • Pixley ka Seme District
      • Prieska
Minerals of South Africa
  • Andalusia
    • Jaén
      • Pozo Alcón
Calvo, M. (2018) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX, Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo, 767 pages (in Spanish).
    • Málaga
      • Antequera
Josep Sanchez-Lafuente Mariol specimens and powder XRD.; Romero Silva, J.C (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la Provincia de Málaga. CEDMA County Council 318 pp 1 map
      • Ojén
        • Sierra Blanca
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga, Diputación de Málaga, 318 pp. .
  • Asturias
    • Salas
      • Carlés
D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Los Santos
- Timón,S.M.(2008). El Skarn de Scheelita de Los Santos (Salamanca).Química mineral, inclusiones fluidas e isótopos estables. Tesis Doctoral, Salamanca, 396 págs.
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • Tremp
          • Casterner de les Olles
Calvo, M., Calvo, G., Pocovi, A., Lago, M. & Viñals, J. (2011): Epidot und Axinit vom Escales-Stausee, Katalanische Pyrenäen, Nordspanien. Lapis 36 (5), 13-20; 58 (in German).
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
        • Ulldemolins
Alfonso, P., Canet, C., Melgarejo, J. C., MATA-PERELLÓ, J. M., & Fallick, A. E. (2012). Stable isotope geochemistry of the Ulldemolins Pb-Zn-Cu deposit (SW Catalonian Coastal Ranges, Spain). Geologica Acta: an international earth science journal, 10(2).
  • Community of Madrid
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
    • Manzanares el Real
AmMin 85:578–585
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Burguillos del Cerro
- Sanabria, R. and Calvo, M. (2002): Los yacimientos de magnetita de Burguillos del Cerro. Revista de minerales, 2(3), 4-25 & 61.
Sanabria, R. and Calvo, M. (2002). Los yacimientos de magnetita de Burguillos del Cerro. Revista de Minerales, 2 (3), 4-25
      • Jerez de Caballeros
        • Coto San Guillermo
; - Calvo, M. (2018). Minas y Minerales de España, Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas y Fundación Gómez Pardo (Madrid). 767 págs. - Calvo, M. (2009). Minas y Minerales de España, Volumen IV.Óxidos e Hidróxidos. E.T.S. Ingenieros de Minas y Fundación Gómez Pardo (Madrid). 751 págs.
- Calvo, M. (2018). Minas y Minerales de España, Volumen IX. Silicatos. E.T.S. Ingenieros de Minas y Fundación Gómez Pardo (Madrid). 767 págs. - Calvo, M. (2009). Minas y Minerales de España, Volumen IV.Óxidos e Hidróxidos. E.T.S. Ingenieros de Minas y Fundación Gómez Pardo (Madrid). 751 págs.
- Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp - Calvo, M. (2018). Minas y Minerales de España, Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas y Fundación Gómez Pardo (Madrid). 767 págs.
- Calvo, M. (2018). Minas y Minerales de España, Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas y Fundación Gómez Pardo (Madrid). 767 págs. - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
  • Dalarna County
    • Smedjebacken
      • Väster Silvberg
Damman, A.H. & Lustenhouwer, W.J. (1992): Manganese-rich calcic amphiboles of the tremolite-ferro-actinolite series. Mineralogical Magazine. 56, 391-398.
  • Jönköping County
    • Vetlanda
      • Alseda
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
      • Bäckaby
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
      • Fröderyd
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
  • Uppsala County
    • Östhammar
      • Dannemora
Åberg, F. (2015) Mineralogical Study of Manganese Bearing Skarn Minerals and Manganese Content in Magnetite in the Dannemora Skarn Iron Ore Deposit. Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Kjell Gatedal
  • Valais
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
        • Bovernier
  • England
    • Devon
      • West Devon
        • Okehampton Hamlets
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Isle of Skye
        • Luib
Tindle.A.G Mineralds of Britian and Ireland
  • San José Department
Prichard, H. M., Hutchinson, D., & Fisher, P. C. (2004). Petrology and crystallization history of multiphase sulfide droplets in a mafic dike from Uruguay: implications for the origin of Cu-Ni-PGE sulfide deposits. Economic Geology, 99(2), 365-376.
  • Alaska
    • Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
Illig, Peter (2015) Amphibole Au -Cu Skarn and Massive Sulfide Replacement at the Peak Deposit,Eastern Interior,Alaska
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner Mining District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
              • Keystone Gulch
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221.
  • California
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Garnet Hill
Lordo, Kathleen M. and Lowell, Gary R. (2002), Composition of Color-Zoned Axinite from the Garnet Hill Skarn, California; Geological Society of America 2002 Denver Annual Meeting (October 22-30, 2002), Session 158, Paper No. 158-2.
    • Inyo Co.
      • Bishop Mining District (Tungsten Hills Mining District)
Dave Bunk specimen
    • San Bernardino Co.
  • Iowa
    • Pocahontas Co.
    • Sioux Co.
Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Mesabi Range
        • Babbitt
Ross, Malcolm et al. (2007): The search for asbestos within the Peter Mitchell Taconite iron ore mine, near Babbitt, Regulatory Toxicology and PharmacologyVolume 52, Issue 1, Supplement 1, October 2008, Pages S43-S50
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain Mining District
Economic Geology; August 2002; v. 97; no. 5; p. 1119-1126
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington Mining District
Runyon, S. E. (2013). Contrasting Fe oxide-rich mineralization in the Yerington district. Nevada: Unpublished MS thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson.
  • New Jersey
    • Hudson Co.
      • North Bergen Township
        • North Bergen
Bradley D. Plotkin collection
    • Morris Co.
      • Rockaway Township
        • Green Pond
GATES, A., & COSTA, R. (2012). Department of Geology Rutgers University. Basement Tectonics 12: Central North America and Other Regions, 6, 123.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Heixong Yang
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:242
        • Moriah Township
    • Lewis Co.
      • Diana Township
        • Natural Bridge station
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
Lupulescu, Marian: Rocks& Min. -- May/June 2008
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Fine
Marian Lupulescu (2010) The Pegmatites of New York. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
NY State Museum spec. no. 6898
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483. 04/DESCRIPT/smaragdite.HS290.html
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
P Cristofono collection , 2008
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
      • Westminster
Robinson, Douglas (1996). Refining Local Mineralogy: Two Calcite Deposits in Westminster, Windham County, Vermont, Mineral News 12(5): 1-2.
  • Wisconsin
    • Jackson Co.
Kimball, K & F. Spear (1984,) Metamorphic Petrology of the Jackson County Iron Formation, Wisconsin, Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 605-619. Cordua, W.S., 1998, "Minerals of Wisconsin", Rocks and Minerals vol. 73 #6, p. 378 - 39
    • Marinette Co.
Hollister, V. & M. Cummings (1982) A summary of the Duval massive sulfide deposit, Marinette County, Wisconsin: Geoscience Wisconsin:6: 11-20
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