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Ferrocarpholite

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About FerrocarpholiteHide

Classification of FerrocarpholiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
B : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; Pyroxene-related minerals
65.1.5.2

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
16.19.11

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
19 : Aluminosilicates of Fe and Mg

Physical Properties of FerrocarpholiteHide

Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of FerrocarpholiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.617 - 1.628 nβ = 1.633 - 1.644 nγ = 1.638 - 1.647
2V:
Measured: 49° to 61°, Calculated: 56°
Birefringence:
0.019
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.021
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none
Optical Extinction:
XYZ=cba

Chemical Properties of FerrocarpholiteHide

Formula:
(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
IMA Formula:
Fe2+Al2Si2O6(OH)4
Common Impurities:
Ti,Mn

Crystallography of FerrocarpholiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Ccca
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.79 Å, b = 20.20 Å, c = 5.11 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.683 : 1 : 0.253
Unit Cell V:
1,423.43 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of FerrocarpholiteHide

Other Language Names for FerrocarpholiteHide

Relationship of Ferrocarpholite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
Potassiccarpholite(K,☐)(Li,Mn2+)2Al4(Si2O6)2(OH,F)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
VanadiocarpholiteMn2+V3+Al(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

AragoniteCaCO3
Glaucophane⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
QuartzSiO2
SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DB.05BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05Potassiccarpholite(K,☐)(Li,Mn2+)2Al4(Si2O6)2(OH,F)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.05VanadiocarpholiteMn2+V3+Al(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.10LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.DB.15LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.
9.DB.15PunkaruaiviteLiTi2(HSi4O12)(OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.17EliseeviteLiNa1.5Ti2(H1.5Si4O12)O2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.20KukisvumiteNa6ZnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth.
9.DB.20ManganokukisvumiteNa6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
9.DB.25VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.25ParavinogradoviteNa1-2(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O6)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.DB.30NchwaningiteMn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.DB.35PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.DB.40ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.DB.40UM2005-31-SiO:CuHCu11(SiO4)(OH)18 · 9H2O ?
9.DB.45Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]Mon.
9.DB.50CapranicaiteKCaNaAl4B4Si2O18Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

65.1.5.1CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
65.1.5.3Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
65.1.5.4BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.19.1IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
16.19.2Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
16.19.3Sekaninaite(Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)Orth.
16.19.4Ferro-gedrite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Orth.
16.19.5StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.19.6Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.19.7AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
16.19.8Corundophilite(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
16.19.9YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.19.10Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
16.19.12Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
16.19.13Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
16.19.14Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
16.19.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
16.19.16Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
16.19.17ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.19.18Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Orth.
16.19.19Magnesiogedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.19.20Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
16.19.21SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
16.19.22VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
16.19.23Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FerrocarpholiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
de Roever, Willem-Paul (1947) Igneous and Matamorphic Rocks in Eastern Central Celebes, Geological Explorations in the Island of Celebes under the Leadership of H. A. Brouwer, 65-173
de Roever, W.P. (1951) Ferrocarpholite, the hitherto unknown ferrous iron analogue of carpholite proper. American Mineralogist: 36: 736-745.
De Roever, W.P. and C. Kieft (1971) Additional data on ferrocarpholite from Sulawesi (Celebes), Indonesia. Amer. Mineral., 56, 1976{1982.
Goffé, B., Goffe-Urbango, G., and Saliot, P. (1973) Sur la présence d'une variété magnésienne de ferrocarpholite en Vanoise (Alpes francaises). Sasignification probable dans le métamorphisme alpin. Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris 277, Série D, 1965-1968.
Steen, D. and J. Bertrand (1977) Sur la préscence de ferrocarpholite associée
aux schistes à glaucophane de Haute-Ubaye (Basses-Alpes, France). Schweiz. Mineral. Petrog. Mitt., 57, 157-168 (in French with English abs.).
Ferraris, G., Ivaldi, G., and Goffe, B. (1992) Structural study of a magnesian ferrocarpholite: are carpholites monoclinic? Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1992): 8: 337-347.
American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 453-454.
Bertoldi, C., Dachs, E., Theye, T., Cemič, L., Behrens, H., and Amthauer, G. (2004b) Heat capacities of natural magnesio- and ferrocarpholite. European Journal of Mineralogy, Berichte der Deutschen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, Beiheft No 1, 16, 14.
Bertoldi, C., Dachs, E., and Theye, T. (2006) Calorimetric data for naturally occurring magnesiocarpholite and ferrocarpholite. American Mineralogist: 91: 441-445.
Basso, R., Carbone, C. (2010): Relationships between crystal data and crystal chemistry of carpholite-group minerals. Periodico di Mineralogia 79, 91-98.

Internet Links for FerrocarpholiteHide

Localities for FerrocarpholiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species
France
 
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Diahot River Valley
Briggs, R. M. (1978). Ferrocarpholite associated with low-grade blueschists, northern New Caledonia. Mineralalogical Magazine, 42, 147.
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
Löffler, H. K. & Schwab, M. (1981): Die Karpholite der Wippraer Einheit des Unterharzes. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 9, 519-539 (in German).; Lapis 15(7/8), 59-60 (1990)
Greece
 
  • Crete
    • Lasithi
      • Sitía
        • Rousa Eklissia (Roússa Ekklissia)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
    • Rethymnon
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Indonesia (TL)
 
  • Sulawesi (Celebes)
    • Sulawesi Tenggara Province (Southeast Sulawesi Province)
de Roever (1951)
de Roever (1951)
Amer.Min.(1951) 36, 736-745
Italy
 
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
      • Mormanno
Busato S., Giampaolo C. 1983)- Ferrocarpholite from Mormanno (northern Calabria, Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma, pp. 403-426
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Maira Valley
        • Acceglio
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Marmora
Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139.
      • Stura valley
        • Demonte
          • Arma Valley
Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Montecrestese
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
Jolivet L., Faccenna C., Goffè B., Mattei M., Rossetti F., Brunet Ch., Storti F., Funiciello R., Cadet J.P., D’Agostino N., Parra T. (1998): Mid-crustal shear zones in post-orogenic extension: example from the Northern Tyrrhenian sea. J. Geoph. Res., 103, B6, 123-160; Rossetti F., Faccenna C., Jolivet L., Funiciello R., Tecce F., Brunet C. (1999): Syn- versus postorogenic extension: the case study of Giglio Island (northern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy). Tectonophysics, 304, 71-93; Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
        • Franco Promontory
Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
Eur. J. Mineral., 9, 859-873
Theye T., Reinhardt J., Goffé B., Jolivet L., Brunet C. (1997): Ferro- and magnesiocarpholite from the Monte Argentario (Italy): First evidence for high-pressure metamorphism of the metasedimentary Verrucano sequence, and significance for P-T path reconstruction. Eur. J. Mineral., 9, 859-873; Jolivet L., Faccenna C., Goffè B., Mattei M., Rossetti F., Brunet Ch., Storti F., Funiciello R., Cadet J.P., D’Agostino N., Parra T. (1998): Mid-crustal shear zones in post-orogenic extension: example from the Northern Tyrrhenian sea. J. Geoph. Res., 103, B6, 123-160.; Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
Theye T., Reinhardt J., Goffé B., Jolivet L., Brunet C. (1997): Ferro- and magnesiocarpholite from the Monte Argentario (Italy): First evidence for high-pressure metamorphism of the metasedimentary Verrucano sequence, and significance for P-T path reconstruction. Eur. J. Mineral., 9, 859-873; Jolivet L., Faccenna C., Goffè B., Mattei M., Rossetti F., Brunet Ch., Storti F., Funiciello R., Cadet J.P., D’Agostino N., Parra T. (1998): Mid-crustal shear zones in post-orogenic extension: example from the Northern Tyrrhenian sea. J. Geoph. Res., 103, B6, 123-160.; Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
Laurent Jolivet et al. (1998) Midcrustal shear zones in postorogenic extension: Example from the northern Tyrrhenian Sea. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. B6, PAGES 12,123-12,160. Fuchs, Y.; Mellini, M.; Memmi, I. (2001): Crystal-chemistry of magnesiocarpholite: controversial X-ray diffraction, Mossbauer, FTIR and Raman results. European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 13 Number 3 (2001), p. 533 - 543. (http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.558.3029&rep=rep1&type=pdf)
Norway
 
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
Agard, P., Labrousse, L., Elvevold, S., & Lepvrier, C. (2005). Discovery of Paleozoic Fe-Mg carpholite in Motalafjella, Svalbard Caledonides: A milestone for subduction-zone gradients. Geology, 33(10), 761-764.
Oman
 
  • Muscat
    • Muscat (Masqat)
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/ferrocarpholite.pdf)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Sierra Alhamilla
        • Tabernas
B. Goffé et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 335-348.
    • Granada
      • Monachil
        • Trevenque
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 139-142..
      • Salobreña unit
B. Goffé et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 335-348.
J.M. Azanon and B. Goffé, Eur. J. Mineral., 1997, 9, pp. 1035-1051.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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