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Ferrowyllieite

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About FerrowyllieiteHide

Peter J. Wyllie
Formula:
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Colour:
Greenish black, also dark bluish green,dark greenish gray, dark green, dark brown.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
3.601
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by Paul (Paulus) Brian Moore and Jun Ito in 1973 in honor of Peter John Wyllie [February 8, 1930 London, UK-], American mineralogist and petrologist at University of Chicago and California Institute of Technology. Wyllieite was redefined and renamed by Moore and Ito in 1979 (Min. Mag. v. 43, p. 227 (1979) as ferrowyllieite-(MnNaNa) and a new species was re-assigned the older root name wyllieite-□NaCa, but no physical description was published of the new wyllieite although the chemistry was presented and the structure was verified.
Isostructural with:

Classification of FerrowyllieiteHide

Approved
8.AC.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.2.8.1
38.2.4.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
19.14.5

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of FerrowyllieiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Greenish black, also dark bluish green,dark greenish gray, dark green, dark brown.
Streak:
Light gray
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{010} perfect; {-101} poor to good
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.601 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.68 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Range 3.60-3.68 (calculated)

Optical Data of FerrowyllieiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.688 nβ = 1.690 - 1.691 nγ = 1.696
2V:
Measured: 50° , Calculated: 76°
Birefringence:
0.008
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X=smoky gray; Y=smoky bluish green; Z=green

Chemical Properties of FerrowyllieiteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
IMA Formula:
(Na,Ca,Mn2+)2Fe2+2Al(PO4)3

Crystallography of FerrowyllieiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.868 Å, b = 12.382 Å, c = 6.354 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.878 : 1 : 0.513
Unit Cell V:
0.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Found in primary crystals or masses to over 10 cm which are crystallographically single crystals. Only a few sharp crystals were found amongst the abundance of massive specimens.
Comment:
P21/n; new axes Am Min (1974) v. 59, p.280-290.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.12 (40)
6.15 (60)
3.34 (50)
3.05 (40)
2.85 (40)
2.69 (100)
2.67 (100)
2.50 (50)
Comments:
ICDD 26-1378, also 39-409

Type Occurrence of FerrowyllieiteHide

Other Language Names for FerrowyllieiteHide

Relationship of Ferrowyllieite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3Mon.
Fupingqiuite(Na,Mn2+,□)2Mn2+2Fe3+(PO4)3Mon.
QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz4 photos of Ferrowyllieite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Muscovite4 photos of Ferrowyllieite associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AC.WopmayiteCa6Na3□Mn(PO4)3(PO3OH)4 Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30Mon. m : Pb
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AC.25Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 · Trig. 3 : P3
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe2+7(PO4)6Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2Trig.
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12Mon. 2/m
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)Tet. 4 : I4
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

38.2.4.2Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
38.2.4.3Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
38.2.4.4QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
38.2.4.4BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
38.2.4.5BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.14.1CyriloviteNaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
19.14.2KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.14.3Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.4Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
19.14.6NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
19.14.7LeucophosphiteKFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.8Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.14.9BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.10Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
19.14.11UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.14.12Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.14.13ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.14.14AnapaiteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.15XanthoxeniteCa4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.16CalcioferriteCa2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.17MitridatiteCa2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.18MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
19.14.19DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed · Amor.
19.14.20CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.21SegeleriteCa2 Mg2 Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pcca
19.14.22KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon. 2 : B2
19.14.23VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.24MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.25ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.26SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
19.14.27CacoxeniteFe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
19.14.28KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2OTet.
19.14.29Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.30ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.31Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.32Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.33ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Fluorescence of FerrowyllieiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FerrowyllieiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist: 65: 810-811.
Moore, Paul B.; Ito, Jun. (1973): Wyllieite (Na2Fe2+2Al(PO4)3), a new species. Mineral. Rec. 4, 131-136. [This material was re-named ferrowyllieite.]
Moore, Paul Brian and Molin-Case, JoAnn, 1974, Contribution to Pegmatite Phosphate Giant Crystal Paragenesis: I. The Crystal Chemistry of Wyllieite, Na2Fe2+ a Al[PO4]3, A Primary Phase, American Mineralogist: 59 280-290 (wyllieite structure).
Moore and Ito in 1979 (Min. Mag. v. 43, p. 227 (1979)

Internet Links for FerrowyllieiteHide

Localities for FerrowyllieiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
Vignola, P., Fransolet, A.M., Guastoni, A. & Appiani, R. (2011). Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 30-38
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Torsby
Ek, Roland & Nysten, Per (1990): Phosphate mineralogy of the Hålsjöberg and Hökensås kyanite deposits. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlingar, Stockholm: 112: 9-18.; Museum Victoria collection M 43287
USA
 
  • New Hampshire
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Moore and Ito (1979) Min Mag 43:227
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
Rocks & Min.: 57:55.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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