Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Fersmite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Post stamp with academic A. E. Fersman portrait.
Formula:
(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Black, dark brown, ...
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1946 by Elsa Maximilianovna Bohnstedt-Kupletskaya and T. A. Burova in honour of academic Aleksandr Evgenievich Fersman (November 8, 1883 St. Petersburg, Russia - May 20, 1945 Sochi, Georgia), mineralogist, founder of the Fersman Mineralogical Museum in Moscow, Russia.
Fersmite (similar to Fergusonite) is one of the most low-titanoan niobates.
Compare Vigezzite.


Classification of Fersmite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DG.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
G : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
8.3.3.1

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
3 : AB2O6
18.2.12

18 : Niobates and Tantalates
2 : Niobates and tantalates containing rare earths but not U

Physical Properties of Fersmite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Black, dark brown, lemon-yellow to yellow-brown
Streak:
Grayish brown
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 4½
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=572 - 593
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{100}
Parting:
present
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
4.78 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Fersmite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.070 nβ = 2.080 nγ = 2.190
2V:
Measured: 20° to 25°, Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.120
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X = Y = pale greenish yellow to colorless; Z = dark greenish yellow to olive-yellow

Chemical Properties of Fersmite

Formula:
(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Fersmite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbcn
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.926(4) Å, b = 5.752(4) Å, c = 5.204(4) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.595 : 1 : 0.905
Unit Cell Volume:
V 446.79 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
prismatic crystals
Comment:
commonly metamict
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.049 (100)
3.762 (21)
1.527 (15)
2.493 (14)
1.183 (13)
1.211 (11)
1.967 (10)

Occurrences of Fersmite

Type Occurrence of Fersmite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 44383, 44384

Relationship of Fersmite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Kobeite-(Y)(REE,Fe,U)3 Zr(Ti,Nb)3 O12
Loranskite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Ca)ZrTaO6 (?)
Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Uranopolycrase(U4+,Y)(Ti,Nb)2O6
Yttrocrasite-(Y)(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6
4.DG.05Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
4.DG.05Kobeite-(Y)(Y,U)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
4.DG.05Loranskite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Ca)(Zr,Ta)2O6
4.DG.05Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
4.DG.05Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
4.DG.05Uranopolycrase(U,Y)(Ti,Nb,Ta)2(O,OH)6
4.DG.05Yttrocrasite-(Y)(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6
4.DG.10Fergusonite-(Y)-βYNbO4
4.DG.10Fergusonite-(Nd)-βNdNbO4
4.DG.10Fergusonite-(Ce)-βCeNbO4
4.DG.10Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2(O,OH)4
4.DG.10Beta-Fergusonite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce)NbO4
4.DG.15FoorditeSn2+Nb2O6
4.DG.15ThoreauliteSn2+Ta2O6
4.DG.20RaspitePbWO4
18.2.1Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
18.2.2Fergusonite-(Y)-βYNbO4
18.2.3Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
18.2.4Fergusonite-(Ce)-βCeNbO4
18.2.5Fergusonite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
18.2.6Fergusonite-(Nd)-βNdNbO4
18.2.7Formanite-(Y)YTaO4
18.2.8Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.2.9Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.2.10Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.2.11Loparite-(Ce)(Na,Ce,Sr)(Ce,Th)(Ti,Nb)2O6
18.2.13Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
18.2.14Aeschynite-(Nd)Nd(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
18.2.15Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
18.2.16Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
18.2.17Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
18.2.18Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6
18.2.19Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
18.2.20Murataite-(Y)(Y,Na)6Zn(Zn,Fe3+)4(Ti,Nb,Na)12O29(O,F,OH)10F4

Other Names for Fersmite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Fersmit
Simplified Chinese:铌钙矿
Spanish:Fersmita

Other Information

Fluoresces yellow-green to bluish green under SW and LW UV; light blue cathodoluminescence
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Fersmite

Reference List:
Bohnstedt-Kupletskaya E M, Burova T A (1946) Fersmite, a new calcium niobate from the pegmatites of the Vishnevye Mts., the Central Urals, Comptes Rendus (Doklady) de l’Académie des Sciences de l’URSS, 52, 69-71

Fleischer M (1947) New mineral names, American Mineralogist, 32, 371-374

Ismailzade I G (1958) Crystal structure of the niobiates and the tantalates of bivalent metals and their solid solutions, 22, 1480-1482

Yamnova N A, Tsomirova E S, Leonyuk N I (1993) Crystal structure of synthetic La-containing fersmite, Crystallography Reports, 38, 124-125

Gurbanova O A, Rastsvetaeva R K, Kashaev A A, Smolin A S (2001) Refined crystal structure of TR-fersmite (TR = Ce), Crystallography Reports, 46, 194-195

Škoda R, Novák M (2007) Y,REE,Nb,Ta,Ti-oxide (AB2O6) minerals from REL-REE euxenite-subtype pegmatites of the Třebíč Pluton, Czech Republic; substitutions and fractionation trends, Lithos, 95, 43-57

Internet Links for Fersmite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-1539.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Fersmite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Abydos Station
        • Wodgina
Fetherston, J.M. (2004), Tantalum in Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 22, GSWA, 02 Apr 2004
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • St Oswald
Postl, W. & Moser, B. (1987): Ein Turmalinpegmatit östlich der Stoffhütte, Koralpe, Steiermark. Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, 55, 13-20.
Brazil
 
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Pedra Lavrada
Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Parelhas
Beurlen, H.; Müller, A.; Silva, D.; Da Silva, M.R.R. (2011): Petrogenetic significance of LA-ICP-MS trace-element data on quartz from the Borborema Pegmatite Province, northeast Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 2703-2719. ; Beurlen, H., Soares, D. R., Thomas, R., Prado-Borges, L. E., & Castro, C. D. (2005). Mineral chemistry of tantalate species new in the Borborema Pegmatitic Province, Northeast Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 77(1), 169-182.
  • Santa Catarina
    • Anitápolis
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
      • Radium Hot Springs
GJ Simandl, KD Hancock (1991) Geology of the Mount Brussilof Magnesite Deposit, Southeastern British Columbia (82J/12, 13). British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 1991-I pp 269-278
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Blue River carbonatites
        • Verity claim
Blue River Carbonatites, British Columbia- Primary Exploration Targets for Tantalum, G.J. Simandle,P.C. Jones, M. Rotella Exploration and Mining in British Columbia - 2001, B. C. Mines Report, pg 123-131 (http://www.commerceresources.com/i/pdf/05-BCGOVRREPORT.pdf)
      • Lempriere Station
George J. Simandl, Peter C. Jones and Melissa Rotella (2001) Blue River Carbonatites, British Columbia- Primary Exploration Targets For Tantalum. Exploration and Mining in British Columbia - 2001 pp 73-82
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
CAMACHO, A., BAADSGAARD, H. PAUL, B.J. & ČERNÝ, P. (2014) Radiogenic isotope systematics of the Huron claim pegmatite and the Shatford Lake pegmatite group, Winnipeg River pegmatite district, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 857-872.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
PAPOUTSA, A.D. & PE-PIPER, G. (2013) The relationship between REE-Y-Nb-Th minerals and the evolution of an A-type granite, Wentworth Pluton, Nova Scotia. American Mineralogist 98, 444-462.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
McLaughlin (1990)
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Shiyan Prefecture
      • Zhushan Co.
Shi Li (1980): Geochimica 9(4), 345-355
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
        • Maršíkov (Marchendorf)
Novák, M.: Maršíkov - Schinderhübel. In Exkurzní průvodce po mineralogických lokalitách na Sobotínsku. Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, 2002, Olomouc, s. 34-37.
Sejkora, J.: Některé zajímavé nálezy nerostů v pegmatitech České republiky. Minerál, 1993, roč. 1, č. 3, s. 22-23.; Novák, M.: Maršíkov - Scheibengraben. In Exkurzní průvodce po mineralogických lokalitách na Sobotínsku. Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, 2002, Olomouc, s. 38-41.
        • Ruda nad Moravou
Novák M. Gadas P. (2010) ZONED, ANORTHITE- AND GROSSULARITE-BEARING, LEUCOTONALITIC PEGMATITE FROM SERPENTINIZED LHERZOLITE AT RUDA NAD MORAVOU, STARÉ MĚSTO UNIT, CZECH REPUBLIC. Can Miner 48 (3): 629-650.
    • Vysočina Region
Novak, M., & Divis, K. (1996). Compositional trends in manganocolumbite from the Puklice I pegmatite, western Moravia, Czech Republic. Journal of GEOsciences, 41(1-2), 1-6.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
  • Kivu
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.; http://www.handbookofmineralogy.com/pdfs/fersmite.pdf
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • La Barthe-de-Neste
        • Avezac-Prat-Lahitte
MONCHOUX P., FONTAN F., DE PARSEVAL P., MARTIN R. F., WANG R. C. (2006) - Igneous albitite dikes in orogenic lherzolithes, Western Pyrénées, France: A possible source for corundum and alkali feldspar xenocrysts in basaltic terranes. I. Mineralogical Asssociations. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 44, pp. 817-842.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
            • Wingertsberg
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
        • Taseq area
Bohse, H., Petersen, O., Niedermayr, G. (2001): Notes on Leucophanite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 119-121
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Feriolo
Guastoni, A., Nestola, F., Zorzi, F. & Pezzotta, F. (2010). Aluminocerite-(Ce), settimo minerale nuovo a Baveno e primo ritrovamento di anglesite, emimorfite e torite. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2010, 106-109.
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
sergio varvello collection
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Craveggia
            • Rio Vasca
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
          • Druogno
            • Orcesco
          • Trontano
Mattioli V. (1987) - Novità mineralogiche in Val d'Ossola - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 1, pp.1-11
Appiani, R., Cini, V., Gentile, P., Mattioli, V., Preite, D., Vignola, P. (1995): Val Vigezzo - I minerali delle albititi. Ed. Linea Due S.r.l., Marnate (Varese), 90 pp.; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Guastoni, A., Diella, V., Pezzotta, F. (2008): Vigezzite and associated oxides of Nb–Ta from emerald-bearing pegmatites of the Vigezzo valley, Western Alps, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 619-633; Guastoni, A. (2011): Pizzo Marcio e Alpe Rosso. Genesi delle pegmatiti albitizzate e dei minerali di niobio e tantalio. Riv. Miner. Ital., 35, 4 (4-2011), 246-253; Guastoni, A. (2012): LCT (lithium, cesium, tantalum) and NYF (niobium, yttrium, fluorine) pegmatites in the Central Alps. Proxies of exhumation history of the Alpine nappe stack in the Lepontine Dome. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Padova, Dept. of Geosciences, 159 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Callegari A., Vanini F., 2002. La fersmite della pegmatite di Rio Graia. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 26 (4): 212-215.
Albertini C. (2011): Il permesso di ricerca "Bosco Negro", Alpe Rosso, Druogno, Valle Vigezzo (Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Riv. Miner. Ital., XXXV, 4, 226-232.
  • Sardinia
    • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
      • Telti
Gamboni, A., Gelosa, M., Gamboni, T. (2001): Ortoclasio ed altri minerali delle pegmatiti di S. Bachisio, Telti, Gallura, Sardegna N.E. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2001, 30-40
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
STEPANOV, A.V., BEKENOVA, G.K., LEVIN, V.L., HAWTHORNE, F.C. & DOBROVOL’SKAYA, E.A. (2012): Tarbagataite,(K,□)2(Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(OH,F), a new astrophyllite-group mineral species from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure Canadian Mineralogist 50,159-168.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Betafo District
        • Ambohimanambola Commune
Pezzotta, F. (1999): Madagaskar- Da Paradies der Mineralien und Edelsteine. Extra Lapis 17. 56-59
De Vito et al (2006): Nb-Ti-Ta oxides in the gem-mineralized and "hybrid" Anjanabonoina granitic pegmatite, central Madagascar: A record of magmatic and postmagmatic events. Canadian Mineralogist. 44: 87-103.
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov data
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
      • Landsverk
Larsen, A. O. (2001): "Ein Neufund für Norwegen: Fersmite vom Pegmatite "Landsverk 1" bei Evje" Mineralien-Welt, no 3, pp. 48-50.
    • Iveland
      • Frikstad
Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2),p.15 ; Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Hornsund fjord
Pršek, J., Majka, J., Uher, P. & Chudík, P. (2010): Niobium-tantalum minerals in the Skoddefjellet NYF granitic pegmatite, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway: Primary versus secondary assemblage. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 187, 235-248
  • Telemark
    • Nome
      • Fen complex
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 79.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
PIECZKA et al. 2010: Nb-Ta minerals in pegmatites in the DSS mine at Piława Górna, Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, 37.
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka A. 2006: An unusual manganoan apatite from the Szklary pegmatite (Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 178-180
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Pál-Molnár (2000)
  • Sibiu Co.
    • Lotru-Cibin Mts
Săbău, G. (2010) Lanthanide-free fersmite in the lithian pegmatites at Conţu, Lotru Mts., and its relationship with other niobo-tantalates. Annual Conference of the Geological Society of Romania, Bucharest, 5-6 November 2010
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
            • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Rezh District
          • Lipovka pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Nedosekova, I.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 129-146.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Brusno
Uher, P. ,Černý, P., 1998 : Vzácnoprvková mineralizácia v granitových pegmatitoch Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 30, 2,93 – 94
  • Trnava Region
    • Piešťany Co.
Uher, P., Broska, I., 1989: Muskovitický pegmatit s obsahom minerálov vzácnych prvkov při Moravanoch n.V. (Považský Inovec). Min.Slovaca, 21,2,163 – 174
Uher P., 2000: Minerály granitových pegmatitov Slovenska-súčasný stav poznatkov. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 8, 170-180.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Thabazimbi
          • Glenover carbonatite
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
South Korea
 
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov data
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Sweden
 
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2):14-42
Tanzania
 
  • Mbeya Region
    • Mbeya
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Min News (2000) 16:6 pp 1-5,9
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
Rocks and Mineral: 1998: 168 & 178, Figure 30.
Foord, Eugene E. and Mrose, Mary E. (1978), Rynersonite, a new mineral from San Diego County, California. American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 709-714.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; USGS Prof Paper 649
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Randville
Buchholz, T.W., A.U. Falster & W.B. Simmons (2014), Accessory Mineralogy of an Evolved Dickinson County, Michigan, Pegmatite, a presentation before the 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
  • Montana
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Mineral Point District
        • Alta
Am Min (1959) 44:1-8; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
American Mineralogist (1961) 46::1424-1447
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Albany
Nashua Min. Soc. Display Cat., 1995
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Rocks and Minerals, November-December, 1975.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Amelia (Amelia Court House)
Lumpkin, G. R. (1998). Rare-element mineralogy and internal evolution of the Rutherford# 2 Pegmatite, Amelia County, Virginia; a classic locality revisited. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36(2), 339-353.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: April 26, 2017 20:39:24 Page generated: April 21, 2017 13:57:33
Go to top of page