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About FeruviteHide

Dark brownish-black.
Vitreous, Dull
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in 1989 by Joel Grice and George Robinson for its relationship to Uvite
Tourmaline Group.
The Fe2+-analogue of uvite.

Note: The material studied by Selway et al. (1998) is very F-rich on the W site [(F0.49(OH)0.51)] and thus grades into the hypothetical "Fluor-feruvite."

Classification of FeruviteHide

First published:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
K : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
Dana 7th ed.:

61 : CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
3 : Six-Membered Rings with borate groups

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates

Physical Properties of FeruviteHide

Vitreous, Dull
Dark brownish-black.
None Observed
3.207 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.21 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of FeruviteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.687 nε = 1.669
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.018
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
O light brown, E very dark brown

Chemical Properties of FeruviteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of FeruviteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.01 Å, c = 7.24 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.452
Unit Cell V:
1,607.13 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Original material is granular.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005228FeruviteGrice J D, Robinson G W (1989) Feruvite, a new member of the tourmaline group, and its crystal structure The Canadian Mineralogist 27 199-2031989Cuvier Island, New Zealand0293
0020666FeruviteGadas P, Novak M, Cempirek J, Filip J, Galiova M V, Groat L A, Vsiansky D (2014) Mineral assemblages, compositional variation, and crystal structure of feruvitic tourmaline from a contaminated anatectic pegmatite at Mirosov near Strazek, Moldanubian zone, Czech Republic The Canadian Mineralogist 52 285-3012014Mirosov, Moldanubian zone, Czech Republic0293
0020667FeruviteGadas P, Novak M, Cempirek J, Filip J, Galiova M V, Groat L A, Vsiansky D (2014) Mineral assemblages, compositional variation, and crystal structure of feruvitic tourmaline from a contaminated anatectic pegmatite at Mirosov near Strazek, Moldanubian zone, Czech Republic The Canadian Mineralogist 52 285-3012014Mirosov, Moldanubian zone, Czech Republic0293
0018788FeruviteGrice J D, Ercit T S (1993) Ordering of Fe and Mg in the tourmaline crystal structure: The correct formula Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 165 245-2661993Cuvier Island, New Zealand0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
8.00 Å(10)
6.43 Å(40)
5.02 Å(20)
4.63 Å(20)
4.24 Å(60)
4.00 Å(60)
3.50 Å(60)
3.39 Å(<10)
3.028 Å(<10)
2.979 Å(80)
2.909 Å(10)
2.636 Å(10)
2.586 Å(100)
2.503 Å(<10)
2.462 Å(<10)
2.416 Å(10)
2.388 Å(10)
2.353 Å(20)
2.308 Å(<10)
2.200 Å(20)
2.172 Å(20)
2.141 Å(20)
2.124 Å(<10)
2.068 Å(10)
2.051 Å(50)
2.028 Å(<10)
2.000 Å(<10)
1.928 Å(40)
1.907 Å(<10)
1.886 Å(10)
1.857 Å(20)
1.791 Å(10)
1.752 Å(<10)
1.739 Å(<10)
1.698 Å(<10)
1.669 Å(30)
1.649 Å(20)
1.600 Å(40)
1.553 Å(<10)
1.537 Å(10)
1.517 Å(30)
1.490 Å(<10)
1.465 Å(30)
1.439 Å(40)
1.417 Å(20)
1.363 Å(20)
1.350 Å(<10)
1.336 Å(30)
1.317 Å(20)
1.299 Å(<10)
1.283 Å(30)
Grice, J. and Robinson, G. (1989)

Type Occurrence of FeruviteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Dark brown-black 2 mm anhedral grains. The feruvite occurs in feruvite/dravite cores surrounded by schorl/dravite.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Tourmalinized pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Replacement texture

Other Language Names for FeruviteHide


Relationship of Feruvite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Alumino-oxy-rossmanite◻Al3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
BosiiteNaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Celleriite◻(Mn2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
DutrowiteNa(Fe2+2.5Ti0.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Foitite(◻,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
LucchesiiteCaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
Magnesio-foitite(◻,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Magnesio-lucchesiiteCaMg3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-foitite◻(Fe2+Al2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Oxy-schorlNa(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
PrincivalleiteNa(Mn2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Rossmanite◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Unnamed (Pb-analogue of Fluor-liddicoatite)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
UviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CK.Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.BosiiteNaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.Celleriite◻(Mn2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.Alumino-oxy-rossmanite◻Al3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Foitite(◻,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Magnesio-foitite(◻,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Rossmanite◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
9.CK.05Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-schorlNa(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.10Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)OTrig. 3 : R3
9.CK.15ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.CK.20Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2Fe3+2Ce6Zr(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(PO3OH)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
9.CK.20Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide◻,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.5.3SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.5.4OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.5ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
17.5.9LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.10DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.11DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.12HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.13BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.14OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2OOrth.
17.5.15KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.16HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.5.17SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.18Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5Trig. 3 : P31
17.5.21Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3
17.5.25Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.26Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
17.5.27DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.28 FerridraviteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
17.5.30Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series
17.5.32TienshaniteKNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11Hex. 6/m : P6/m
17.5.34TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.36NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.37Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.40Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.44SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.45Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
17.5.48HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.49Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.50Hyalotekite(Ba,Pb,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2Mon.

Fluorescence of FeruviteHide

Not fluorescent in ultraviolet light

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FeruviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Grice, J. D. & Robinson, G. W. (1989): Feruvite, a new member of the tourmaline group, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist 27, 199-203.
American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 706-707.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Selway, J. B., Černý, P. & Hawthorne, F. C. (1998): Feruvite from lepidolite pegmatites at Red Cross Lake, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 433-439.

Internet Links for FeruviteHide

Localities for FeruviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • British Columbia
    • Fort Steele Mining Division
      • Kimberley
Economic Geology (1998) volume 93, pages 47-67
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Canadian Mineralogist 38:869-876
    • Red Cross Lake
Selway, J. B., Černý, P. & Hawthorne, F. C. (1998): Feruvite from lepidolite pegmatites at Red Cross Lake, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 433-439.; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012)
  • Northwest Territories
    • O'Grady Lake area
Scribner, E.D., Groat, L.A., Cempírek, J. (2018): Mineralogy of Ti-bearing, Al-deficient tourmaline assemblages associated with lamprophyre dikes near the O’Grady Batholith, Northwest Territories, Canada. Journal of Geosciences, 63, 123-135.
Canadian Mineralogist 41:117-137
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda
Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M. S., Dini, M., Birch, W. D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I. M., Jenkins, R. A., and Pinch, W. W. (2012): The heteromolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(5), 1175-1207.
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Beihu District
        • Qitianling complex
          • Xintianling W-polymetallic ore field
Lu J, Wang R, Zhang R (2014) Skarn minerals and scheelite in the Xintianling scheelite skarn deposit, southern Hunan province, China. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 83
Czech Republic
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
Gadas P., Novák M., Cempírek J., Filip J., Vašinová galiová M., Groat L.A., Všianský D. (2014) MINERAL ASSEMBLAGES, COMPOSITIONAL VARIATION, AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF FERUVITIC TOURMALINE FROM A CONTAMINATED ANATECTIC PEGMATITE AT MIROŠOV NEAR STRÁŽEK, MOLDANUBIAN ZONE, CZECH REPUBLIC . Can Mineral 52: 285-301; Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Ciriotti, M.E., Gadas, P., Novák, M., Cempírek, J., Všianský, D., and Filip, J., 2017. Lucchesiite, CaFe#2+#^3Al^6(Si^6O^18)(BO^3)^3(OH)^3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine 81, 1-14.
  • Satakunta
    • Siikainen
Ilkka Lärvelä collection, identification Reijo Alviola.
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Saiki City
Minakawa & Adachi (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 233-240.
  • Vakinankaratra
    • Betafo
      • Ambohimanambola
Gunnar Färber, Samswegen, 2005
  • Perak
    • Kinta District
      • Ipoh
        • Gopeng
Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
New Zealand (TL)
  • Waikato Region
    • Thames-Coromandel District
Grice, J.D., Robinson, G.W. (1989) Feruvite, a new member of the tourmaline group, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 27, 199-203.
  • Stockholm County
    • Haninge
      • Utö
  • Yozgat Province
    • Sorgun District
      • Köçeklioğlu
Demirel, Serhat, Goncuogluu, M. Cemal, Topuz, Goltekin, and Isik, Veysel (2009) Geology and Chemical Variations in Tourmaline from the Quartz-Tourmaline Breccias within the Kerkenez Granite-Monzonite Massif, Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 787-799.
  • England
Duchoslav, M., Marks, M.A.W., Drost, K., McCammon, C., Marschall, H.R., Wenzel, T. and Markl, G. (2017): Changes in tourmaline composition during magmatic and hydrothermal processes leading to tin-ore deposits: The Cornubian Batholith, SW England. Ore Geology Reviews 83, 215-234.
    • Cornwall
      • St Just
        • Botallack
          • Botallack Mine
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland. Terra Publishing, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire. 624pp.
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Magnetite Mining District
        • Clifton
Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
      • Russell
Chamberlain, S.C. & Bailey, D.G. (2013) A new feruvite locality east of Russell, St Lawrence County, New York. Mineral News, 29, #11, 1-7.
Mittwede, S.K. (1984) Significance of tourmaline compositions from the Inner Piedmont geological belt of South Carolina. Southeastern Geology 24, 207-210.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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