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Fichtelite

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Formula:
C19H34
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colorless, white, pale ...
Lustre:
Greasy
Name:
Named by C. Bromeis in 1841 for the original locality in the Fichtelgebirge, Germany.
Chemically identical to Dimethyl-isopropyl-perhydrophenanthrene.


Classification of Fichtelite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1841
10.BA.05

10 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
B : Hydrocarbons
A : Hydrocarbons
50.3.4.1

50 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
3 : Hydrocarbons

Physical Properties of Fichtelite

Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless, white, pale yellow
Comment:
"Soft"
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{001} and {100}
Density:
0.631 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of Fichtelite

Formula:
C19H34
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Fichtelite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.7 Å, b = 7.45 Å, c = 10.82 Å
β = 105.85°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.436 : 1 : 1.452
Unit Cell Volume:
V 829.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Elongated along [010], and tabular on {001}.

Type Occurrence of Fichtelite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
In fossilized pine wood from a peat bog.

Relationship of Fichtelite to other Species

10.BA.10HartiteC20H34
10.BA.15DiniteC20H36
10.BA.20IdrialiteC22H14
10.BA.25KratochvíliteC13H10
10.BA.30CarpathiteC24H12
10.BA.35PhylloretineC18H18
10.BA.40RavatiteC14H10
10.BA.45SimonelliteC19H24
10.BA.50EvenkiteC23H48
32.1EvenkiteC23H48
32.3SimonelliteC19H24
32.4KratochvíliteC13H10
32.5IdrialiteC22H14
32.6CarpathiteC24H12
32.7RefikiteC20H32O2
32.8FlagstaffiteC10H22O3
32.9HoeliteC14H8O2
32.10KladnoiteC6H4(CO)2NH
32.11AcetamideCH3CONH2
32.12GuanineC5H3(NH2)N4O
32.13UreaCO(NH2)2
32.14UriciteC5H4N4O3
32.15AbelsoniteNiC31H32N4

Other Names for Fichtelite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Fichtelit
Simplified Chinese:白脂晶石
Spanish:Fichtelita

Other Information

Thermal Behaviour:
Melting point 44.2–45.0 C
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Fichtelite

Reference List:
Bromeis, C. (1841) Ueber den fichtelite. Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie, Heidelberg: 37: 304-306.

Clark, T.E. (1857) Ueberden Fichtelit. Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie: 103: 236–248.

Clark, T.E. (1858) Fichtelite, a fossil carbo-hydrogen found in the "Fichtelgebirge" of North Bavaria. American Journal of Science: 25: 164-176.

Strunz, H. (1962) Fichtelit. Dimethyl-isopropyl-perhydropenanthren. Naturwissen., 49, 9–10.

Hoering, T.C. (1967) Fichtelite hydrocarbons in fossil wood. Carnagie Institute of Washington, Year Book: 67: 203-205.

Mace, H.A., Peterson, R.C. (1995) The crystal structure of fichtelite, a naturally occurring hydrocarbon. The Canadian Mineralogist: 33: 7-11.

Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (1995) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 80: 1073-1077.

Internet Links for Fichtelite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-1545.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Fichtelite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • South Bohemia Region
      • Tábor (Tabor)
        • Soběslav (Sobieslau; Soběslau)
J. Kratochvil (1961): Topographic mineralogy of Bohemia, part IV NČSAV Prague, p.209 (Mažice)
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Marktredwitz
          • Thiersheim
F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt (Hof), 1984
        • Selb
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Slovakia
 
  • Žilina Region
    • Námestovo Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Tvrdošín Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Mineral and/or Locality  
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