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About Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Pale yellow, tan, reddish-brown
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
First described as a new mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada (Gu et al. 1994). Named for its relationship to britholite-(Ce) with the fluorine content.
A mineral in the Britholite Group of the Apatite Supergroup. The fluorine-dominant analogue of britholite-(Ce).

Classification of Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Approval Year:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
H : Nesosilicates with CO3, SO4, PO4, etc.

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination

Physical Properties of Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Pale yellow, tan, reddish-brown
Pale brown
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
4.66(1) g/cm3 (Measured)    4.66 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.792 nε = 1.786
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.006
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide


Crystallography of Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.517 Å, b = 6.983 Å
Unit Cell V:
547.7 ų

Type Occurrence of Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:氟铈硅磷灰石
Traditional Chinese:氟鈰矽磷灰石

Relationship of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
Fluorbritholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Allanite-(Ce)12 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Allanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Västmanlandite-(Ce)4 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Västmanlandite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Uranophane2 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Uranophane on mindat.org.
Feldspar Group2 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Feldspar Group on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Pyrite2 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Fluorite2 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Calcite2 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Eleolite2 photos of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Eleolite on mindat.org.
Törnebohmite-(Ce)1 photo of Fluorbritholite-(Ce) associated with Törnebohmite-(Ce) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AH.10Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2Tric. 1 : P1
9.AH.20TernesiteCa5(SiO4)2(SO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AH.25Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
9.AH.25MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25Fluorbritholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm 6/m : P63/m,OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O

Fluorescence of Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gu, J., Chao, G. Y., Tang, S. (1994) A new mineral from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada - fluorbritholite-(Ce), Journal of Wuhan University of Technology, 9, 9-14
and Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica (China) 15, (1996) 40-45 (in Chinese with English abstract) Abstracted in: Mineralogical Record, 27, 463.

Internet Links for Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Azzi, Andrezza de Almeida (2017) Rare Minerals from Poços de Caldas, MG
  • Manitoba
Kyla M. Arden and Norman M. Halden (1999) Crystallization and alteration history of britholite in rare-earth-element-enriched pegmatitic segregations associated with the Eden Lake Complex, Manitoba, Canada. Can. Mineral., 37, 1239-1253. [as "britholite-(Ce)"]
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
        • Thor Lake syenite complex
MÖLLER, V. (2016) The Nature and origin of the Nechalacho Rare Metal Deposit (REE, Nb, Zr), Northwest Territories, Canada. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, McGill University, Montreal. 409 p.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Pavel M. Kartashov 2018
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GU, JIEXIANG., CHAO, G.Y., and TANG, SUREN (1994) Fluorbritholite (Ce) A new mineral from Mont St. Hilaite, Quebec, Canada. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (China), 9(3), 9 14. and Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica (China) 15, (1996) 40 45 (in Chinese with English abstract) Abstracted in: Mineralogical Record, 27, 463.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Miyawaki, R.,Shimazaki, H.,Shigeoka, M., Yokoyama, K.,Matsubara, S.,Yurimoto, H., Yang, Z., Zhang, P., Inoue, A., Kogure, T. and Jige, M.(2011): Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite; new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science. 15 (1), 13-18.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mendig
        • Niedermendig
Zubkova. N.V., Chikanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Schäfer, Ch.J., Yapaskurt, V.O., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): Lanthanum-rich Fluorbritholithe-(Ce) from young alkaline volcanic rock of Eifel (Germany) and ist crystal structure. Cation ordering in Briotholites. Doklady Earth Sciences, Vol. 464, No. 2, pp. 199-202
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kyshtym
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
  • Murmansk Oblast
D. R. Zozulya, L. M. Lyalina, Ye. E. Savchenko (2015): Britholite ores of the Sakharjok Zr–Y–REE deposit, Kola Peninsula: Geochemistry, mineralogy, and formation stages. Geochemistry International, 53, 892-902.; Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Tuva
Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Strand, U.(1999): Meddelande om Nytt mineral för Sverige. Jinshajiangit fån Norra Kärr, Gränna, samt något om fluorbritolit-(Ce). STEIN 26 (2), 38-39
  • Östergötland County
    • Ödeshög
RRUFF ID: R070412; Natural History Museum Stockholm collection inventory # 19690101
  • Västmanland County
    • Norberg
Holtstam D., Kolitsch U. and Andersson U. (2005) Västmanlandite-(Ce) - a new lanthanide- and F-bearing sorosilicate mineral from Västmanland, Sweden: description, crystal structure, and relation to gatelite-(Ce). European Journal of Mineralogy 17, 129-142.
      • Smörberg ore field
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
Magdalena Dumańska-Słowik, Bartosz Budzyń, Wiesław Heflik and Magdalena Sikorska (2012)Stability relationships of REE-bearing phosphates in an alkali-rich system (nepheline syenite from the Mariupol Massif, SE Ukraine). Acta Geologica Polonica, 62:247–265
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
        • Jamestown
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Philip Persson material; Stern, C., Allaz, J., Raschke, M., Cortes, S. and Persson, P. (2013): Proterozoic fluorbritholite-bearing REE-Rich hydrothermal veins from near Jamestown, Colorado. Rocky Mountain Section - 65th Annual Meeting (15-17 May 2013). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 45, No. 5, p.41
Charles Stern, Jeremy Ross, Julien Allaz, Markus B. Raschke, Lang Farmer, Alexandra Skewes (2016) Role of liquid immiscibility in formation of F- and REE-rich segregations in aplite veins near Jamestown, Colorado, USA. in Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado
Collected by Phil Persson, 9-2011; analyzed at Colorado School of Mines.
  • Lai Chau Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
Feldman l.G., Sarkisyan S.Sh., Boriskin V.P., Purusova S.P., Nguen Van Hoai, Chin Suan Ben (1987) Crystalline beckelite from Nam Se deposit (Northern Vietnam), - Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal, v.9, N1, pp. 78-86 (in Rus.)
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