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Foshagite

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About FoshagiteHide

01519440014948428662439.jpg
William Frederick Foshag
Formula:
Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.36
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named in 1925 by Arthur S. Eakle in honor of William Frederick Foshag [March 17, 1894 Sag Harbor, New York, USA - May 21, 1956 Westmoreland Hills, Maryland, USA], chemist and mineralogist, curator of minerals at the Smithsonian Institution.
Dimorph of:
This page provides mineralogical data about Foshagite.


Classification of FoshagiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First published:
1925
9.DG.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains
65.2.2.1

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
2 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
14.5.13

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
5 : Silicates of Ca

Physical Properties of FoshagiteHide

Silky
Colour:
White
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct {001}
Density:
2.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    
Comment:
Measured with a pycnometer

Optical Data of FoshagiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.594 nβ = 1.594 nγ = 1.598
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.004
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of FoshagiteHide

Formula:
Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Ca4(SiO3)3(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Mg

Crystallography of FoshagiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.32 Å, b = 7.36 Å, c = 14.07 Å
β = 106.4°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.402 : 1 : 1.912
Unit Cell V:
nan ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009245FoshagiteGard J A, Taylor H F W (1960) The crystal structure of foshagite Acta Crystallographica 13 785-7931960Crestmore, California, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.92 Å(very very strong)
1.74 Å(very strong and broad)
6.8 Å(medium strong)
4.95 Å(medium strong)
3.37 Å(medium strong)
2.30 Å(medium strong)
2.16 Å(medium strong)

Type Occurrence of FoshagiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
White veins of very compact fibrous structure with the fibers perfectly parallel and several inches long
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 95229
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Thermally altered limestone
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Eakle, A.S. (1925) Foshagite, a new silicate from Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 10: 97-99.

Other Language Names for FoshagiteHide

German:Foshagit
Spanish:Foshagita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Foshagite associated with CalciteCaCO3
3 photos of Foshagite associated with Blue DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
3 photos of Foshagite associated with MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
2 photos of Foshagite associated with VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DG.CalcinaksiteKNaCa(Si4O10) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.DG.Barrydawsonite-(Y)Na1.5Y0.5CaSi3O8(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DG.05BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
9.DG.05PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.07CascanditeCaScSi3O8(OH)Tric. 1
9.DG.08Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)Orth.
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)Mon.
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
9.DG.10TobermoriteCa4Si6O17(H2O)2 · (Ca · 3H2O)Orth.
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2OOrth.
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2OOrth.
9.DG.30SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.35XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DG.40HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.DG.45ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2OOrth.
9.DG.70Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.70LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.70ManaksiteKNaMnSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.75TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2TiO[Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
9.DG.75TokkoiteK2Ca4[Si7O18(OH)](OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.75SenkevichiteCsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18](OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.80CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4Mon.
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2OMon. m : Bm
9.DG.85MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2OTric.
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2OTric.
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.DG.95YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.5.1WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
14.5.2Wollastonite-7TCaSiO3
14.5.3Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.5.4RankiniteCa3Si2O7Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.5.5KilchoaniteCa6(SiO4)(Si3O10)Orth.
14.5.6LarniteCa2SiO4Mon. 2/m
14.5.7BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4Orth.
14.5.8HatruriteCa3(SiO4)OTrig.
14.5.9RosenhahniteHCa3[Si3O9(OH)]Tric.
14.5.10DellaiteCa6Si3O11(OH)2Tric.
14.5.11AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
14.5.12XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
14.5.14HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
14.5.15JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
14.5.16SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
14.5.17KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
14.5.18OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.19RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
14.5.20TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Ama2
14.5.21GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.22FoshallasiteCa3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)
14.5.23TobermoriteCa4Si6O17(H2O)2 · (Ca · 3H2O)Orth.
14.5.24Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)Mon.
14.5.25NekoiteCa3Si6O15 · 7H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.26Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)Orth.
14.5.27JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
When the mineral is ignited to expel water it becomes a pale blue. Heated with the blowpipe it becomes incandescent and converted into a vitrified mass which is infusible. Easily soluble in HCl with abundant gelatinization.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Foshagite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for FoshagiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Eakle, A.S. (1925) Foshagite, a new silicate from Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 10: 97-99.
Vigfusson, V.A. (1931) The hydrated calcium silicates. American Journal of Science: 21: 67-78.
Flint, E.P., McMurdie, H.F., Wells, L.S. (1938) Formation of hydrated calcium silicates at elevated temperatures and pressures. Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards: 21(1): 617-638.
McMurdie, H.F., Flint, E.P. (1943) X-ray patterns of hydrated calcium silicates. ournal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards: 31: 225-228.
Hweller, L., Taylor, H.F.W. (1956) Crystallographic data for the calcium silicates. London, H.M.S.O.: 79 pgs (53).
Newman, E.S. (1956) Heats of formation of xonotlite, hillebrandite, and foshagite. Materials Science Journal of research of the National Bureau of Standards.
Mamedov, Kh.S., Belov, N.V. (1958) The crystal structure of foshagite. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 121: 901.
Gard, J.A., Taylor, H.F.W. (1958) Foshagite: composition, unit cell and dehydration. American Mineralogist: 43: 1-15.
Gard, J.A., Taylor, H.F.W. (1960) The crystal structure of foshagite. Acta Crystallographica: 13: 785-793.
Kusachi, I., Numano, T., Henmi, K. (1971) Contact minerals from Kushiro, Hiroshima Prefecture; 3, Foshagite, Hillebrandite and Scawtite. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan: 10: 296-304.
Bailey, S.W. (1977) Report of the I.M.A-I.U.Cr. Joint Committee on Nomenclature. American Mineralogist: 62: 411-415.
Buick, I.S., Gibson, R., Wallmach, T., Metz, J. (2000) The occurrence of cuspidine, foshagite and hillebrandite in calc-silicate xenoliths from the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology: 103(3-4): 249-254.
Zadov, A.E., Pertsev, N.N., Belakovsky, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Kuznetsova, O.Y. (2004) Foshagite and hillebrandite from skarn xenoliths of Ioko-Dovyrensky massif. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 133(1): 73-83.
Meller, N., Kyritsis, K., Hall, C. (2009) The mineralogy of the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O (CASH) hydroceramic system from 200 to 350°C. Cement and Concrete Research: 39: 45-53.

Internet Links for FoshagiteHide

Localities for FoshagiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
        • Weld River district
Analyses in prep, R Bottrill
  • Victoria
    • Rural City of Benalla
Henry, D.A. (1999) Cuspidine‐bearing skarn from Chesney Vale, Victoria. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: 46(2): 251-260.
Iraq
 
  • Sulaymaniyah Governorate
    • Qala-Diz (Qala-Dizeh; Qala-Diza)
      • Hero
Al-Hermezi, H. M., McKie, D., & Hall, A. J. (1986). Baghdadite, a new calcium zirconium silicate mineral from Iraq. Mineralogical Magazine, 50, 119-123.
Israel
 
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    • Tamar Regional Council
Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136
Italy
 
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Laghi
Zordan, A., Boscardin, M., & Zorzi, F. (2008). Foshagite di Contrada Molini, Laghi (Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2008, 178-180.
Japan
 
  • Hiroshima Prefecture
    • Shoubara City
Kusachi, I., Numano, T., & Henmi, K. (1971). Contact minerals from Kushiro, Hiroshima Prefecture; 3, Foshagite, Hillebrandite and Scawtite. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, 10, 296-304.
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Kamaishi City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Oshu City
      • Esashi ward
Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., Sato, K. (1982) Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology: 32(172): 141-150.
  • Okayama Prefecture
    • Takahashi City
      • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
        • Fuka
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 14 (1989) , No. 7 pp 299-302; Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Kawahara, A., & Henmi, K. (1978). 7T wollastonite from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture. Mineralogical Journal, 9(3), 169-181; Chet Lemanski, Jr. collection (6796CL).; KUSACHI, I., & HENMI, C. (1991). Sillenite from Fuka, Okayama prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 15(8), 343-348.
Jordan
 
  • Amman Governorate
    • Transjordan Plateau
      • Daba-Siwaqa complex
Galuskina, I. O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E. V., Vapnik, Y., & Murashko, M. (2019). A New Mineral Khurayyimite, Ca7. 07Zn3. 89Si4. 02O14 (OH) 10 4H2O, from Daba Siwaqa Pyrometamorphic Rock, Jordan. In XIX International Meeting on Crystal Chemistry, X-ray Diffraction and Spectroscopy of Minerals (pp. 78-78).
Middle East
 
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
New Zealand
 
  • Northland Region
    • Kaipara District
      • Tokatoka
Baker, C.K., Black, P.M. (1980) Assimilation and metamorphism at a basalt limestone contact, Tokatoka, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 43:330, 797-807.
Palestine
 
  • West Bank
    • Quds Governorate
Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136.
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara
    • Hunedoara
Pascal, M.-L., Fonteilles, M., Verkaeren, J., Piret, R., Marincea, S. (2001) The melilite-bearing high-temperature skarns of the Aouseni Mountains, Carpathians, Romania. The Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1405-1434.
Russia
 
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Polevskoy
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 323–333, 2009; Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Severo-Baykalsky District
        • Dovyren Highlands
Galuskin, Evgeny V. et al. (2007) Dovyrenite Ca6Zr[Si2O7]2(OH)4: Vol. 38(1) , 15-27.
Kislov, E.V.; Khudyakova, L.I. (2020) Yoko–Dovyren Layered Massif: Composition, Mineralization, Overburden and Dump Rock Utilization. Minerals 10, 682.
Kislov, E.V.; Khudyakova, L.I. (2020) Yoko–Dovyren Layered Massif: Composition, Mineralization, Overburden and Dump Rock Utilization. Minerals 10, 682.
South Africa
 
Buick, I.S., Gibson, R., Wallmach, T. and Metz, J. 2000. The occurrence of cuspidine, foshagite and hillebrandite in calc-silicate xenoliths from the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 103, 249-254.
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Turkey
 
  • Rize Province
Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Fort William and Ardnamurchan
        • Ardnamurchan
Agrell, S.O. (1965) Polythermal Metamorphism of Limestones at Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 34, n° 268, 1-15.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177 (referring to Agrell);
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1925a), Foshagite, a new silicate from Crestmore, California: American Mineralogist: 10: 97-99.
          • Sky Blue Hill
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1925a), Foshagite, a new silicate from Crestmore, California: American Mineralogist: 10: 97-99; Woodford, A.O. (1943), Crestmore minerals: California Division Mines Report 39: 333-365; Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 357; Jenni, Clarence M. (1957), Crestmore and its minerals: Gems & Minerals, No. 238: 34-79, July 1957; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 407.
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mountains
        • Bingham Mining District
James R. Wilson (1995) A Collector's Guide to Rock, Mineral, & Fossil Localities of Utah UGS Miscellaneous Publication 95-4
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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