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About FreieslebeniteHide

Johann Carl Freiesleben
grey, dark grey
Specific Gravity:
6.20 - 6.23
Crystal System:
After Johann Carl Freiesleben (14 June 1774, Freiberg, Germany - 20 March 1846, Niederauerbach, Germany), Mining Commissioner of Saxony, who described the mineral.
Compare the chemically similar diaphorite.

Classification of FreieslebeniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb

4 : ø = 3

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of FreieslebeniteHide

grey, dark grey
2½ on Mohs scale
Imperfect on {010}
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
6.20 - 6.23 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.22 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of FreieslebeniteHide

Just noticeable

Chemical Properties of FreieslebeniteHide


Crystallography of FreieslebeniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.518(1) Å, b = 12.809(4) Å, c = 5.940(1) Å
β = 92.25(1)°
a:b:c = 0.587 : 1 : 0.464
Unit Cell V:
571.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Striated prismatic crystals
Twin plane {010}, lamellae visible in polished sections

Crystallographic forms of FreieslebeniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Freieslebenite - {110}, {120}, {011}, {031}, modified
Freieslebenite - Contact twin on {100}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of FreieslebeniteHide

Synonyms of FreieslebeniteHide

Other Language Names for FreieslebeniteHide

Relationship of Freieslebenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz17 photos of Freieslebenite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite9 photos of Freieslebenite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Baryte7 photos of Freieslebenite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Siderite6 photos of Freieslebenite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Galena3 photos of Freieslebenite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Dolomite3 photos of Freieslebenite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Sphalerite2 photos of Freieslebenite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Silver1 photo of Freieslebenite associated with Silver on mindat.org.
Freibergite1 photo of Freieslebenite associated with Freibergite on mindat.org.
Gypsum1 photo of Freieslebenite associated with Gypsum on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53 Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Silver ore

References for FreieslebeniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
De l`Isle, R. (1773) Cristallographie, ou Description des formes propres à tous les corps du Regne mineral. Paris Vol. 3: p. 54.
Freiesleben, J.C. (1817) Geognostische Arbeiten: 6: 97-101.
Haidinger, W. (1845) Zweite Klasse: Geogenide. XIV. Ordnung. Glanze. VII. Antimonglanz. Freieslebenit. in Handbuch der Bestimmenden Mineralogie, Bei Braumüller and Seidel (Wien): 563-570.
Zepharovich, M.V.R. (1871) Über Diaphorit und Freieslebenit. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 1. Abt.: 63: 130-156.
Vrba (1878) Zs. Kr.: 2: 153.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 416-418.
Hellner, E. (1957) Über komplex zusammengesetzte sulfidische erze. II. Zur struktur des freieslebenits, PbAgSbS3. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 109: 284-295.
Berry, L.G., Thompson, R.M. (1962) X-ray powder data for the ore minerals. Geological Society of America Memoirs: 85: 137.
Fleischer, M. (1973) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 58: 139-141.
Ito, T., Nowacki, W. (1974) The crystal structure of freieslebenite, PbAgSbS3. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 139: 85-102.
Appiani, R., Bogni, G., Gentile, P., Vignola, P., Gruppo Orobico Minerali (1994) Le miniere di zinco della Val Brembana (BG) 2° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 1994(1): 33-46.

Internet Links for FreieslebeniteHide

Localities for FreieslebeniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Córdoba Province
    • Minas Department
Sureda (1978): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 33(4):299-324
  • Salta Province
    • Los Andes department
      • El Quevar mining district
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
  • Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik')
    • Vardenis
Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
  • New South Wales
    • Goulburn Co.
      • Jingellic
Degeling, P.R. (1982) Wagga Wagga 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI 55-15) Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Sutton, P. (2012). Paul Ramdohr in Australia: Contributions to Mineralogy, Mineragraphy, Ore Genesis and Meteoritics Resulting from His Three Visits. Historical Records of Australian Science, 23(2), 142-158.
  • La Paz
    • Pacajes Province
      • Berenguela District
USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 247.
USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 247.
Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
  • Oruro
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
      • Agua de Castilla
        • Porco
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
  • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
    • Momchilgrad Obshtina
Strashimirov, S., Dobrev, S., Stemenov, S., & Dragiev, H. (2005). Silver-bearing minerals from the ore body “North” in Sedefche epithermal Au-Ag deposit (eastern Rhodopes). Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski, 48, 143-148.; Kerestedjian T, Mladenova V (1998) Spherulits of native arsenic from Sedefche deposit , Eastern Rhodopes. Geochem., Mineral. and Petrol., 34, 27-34.
  • Smolyan Oblast
[MinRec 22 p.439]
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
  • British Columbia
    • Vancouver Mining Division
      • Brandywine Creek
        • Van Silver Property (Van Silver Mine; Van Silver Claims)
Woodside, R.W.M., Soregaroli, A.E., Ansell, H.G., Twaites, B.L., Balacko T.W. (2000): Rare sulfosalts from the Van Silver Mine, British Columbia. Mineralogical Record, 31(3), 219-229.
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
Healy, R.E. & Petruk, W. (1990) Petrology of Au-Ag-Hg and "invisible" gold in the Trout Lake massive sulfide deposit, Flin Flon, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 189-206.
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • GTP Block 7 Township
Geoffrey Khalil Abdallah (1990) Ore Mineralogy of Mattabi Mine, Northwestern Ontario, Canada. MSC Thesis, Lakehead University
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
Traill R. J. (1983): Catalogue of Canadian Minerals Revised, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 80-18. P. 149.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Mount Nansen Mines
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Tarapacá
    • El Tamarugal Province
Darío Chinchilla, Lorena Ortega, Rubén Piña, Raúl Merinero, Daniel Moncada, Robert J. Bodnar, Cecilio Quesada, Antonio Valverde, Rosario Lunar (2016): The Patricia Zn–Pb–Ag epithermal ore deposit: An uncommon type of mineralization in northeastern Chile. Ore Geology Reviews 73, 104-126.
  • Guangdong
    • Yunfu
      • Yuncheng District
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
  • Guangxi
    • Hezhou
      • Babu District
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
    • Nanning
      • Long'an Co.
Hongzhong Xu, Jinchu Zhu, Wenlan Zhang, and Jianping Zhou (1997): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 17(3), 345-351
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
Jingchun Wang, Yong Yao, Kangyao Wang, Yuancheng Wang, Nicheng Shi and Wei Liu (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(1), 20-27; Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
      • Suxian District
        • Dongpo ore field
Youxun Liu, Yushen Qiao, and Yaxin Liu (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 49-52
    • Yongzhou
      • Jiangyong Co.
        • Tongshanling ore field
Hui Yi and Suyun Xu (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(4), 20-24
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang (1993): Mineral Deposits 12(1), 10-19; Guanghai Liu and Daming Bai (1994): Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration 18(2), 121-130
      • Linxi Co.
Yuhua Xie and Jiayin Zhang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(8), 24-29
  • Jiangxi
    • Shangrao
      • Dexing Co.
        • Yinshan ore field
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Qingchengzi ore field
Wentao Sun, Jiguo Sun, Hongyun Sun, and Changjun Xie (2008): Geology and Prospecting 44(4), 24-30
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Mengzi Co.
Xinpei Jiang (1994): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 13(5), 278-284
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kutná Hora District
No reference listed
    • Příbram District
      • Háje
        • Uranium Mine No. 21 (Shaft No. 21)
Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Knížek, F., Slepička, V., Litochleb, J., Jebava, I. (2012) Výskyty unikátního monometalického stříbrného zrudnění na žíle H14F3 mezi 7. a 9. patrem šachty č. 21 Háje, příbramský uran-polymetalický revír (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 20, 2, 230-254. ISSN 1211-0329.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
  • Azuay Province
Econ Geol (1997) 92:210-227
  • Kainuu
    • Sotkamo
Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Aurillac
        • Labrousse
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Massiac
        • Laurie
          • Anliac
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
        • Molèdes
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Mauriac
        • Meallet
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
    • Haute-Loire
      • Mercoeur
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Paulhaguet
        • Mazerat-Aurouze
          • Aurouze
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Pinols
        • Desges
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Anzat-le-Luguet
J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Laz
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
Wittern, Journée (1997): "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), pp. 36-37.
    • Vosges
      • Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
        • Lusse
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Ussel
[MinRec 1982, 5, p.261-268]
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Asprières
Pierrot R., Pulou R., Picot P. (1977): Inventaire minéralogique de la France n° 7 - Aveyron. Ed. BRGM
      • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Inventaire Mineralogique de la France numero 7. Aveyron pages 190 - 191
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Tarn
      • Réalmont
        • Montredon-Labessonnié
Bernadi G. (2004), Quelques nouvelles de Peyrebrune (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, pp 13-18
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • L'Argentiere-la-Bessée
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
      • La Grave
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge District
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Freiberg
        • Brand-Erbisdorf
R. De l`Isle (1773): Cristallographie, ou Description des formes propres à tous les corps du Regne mineral.- Paris, Vol. 3, p. 54; J.C. Freiesleben (1817) Geognostische Arbeiten 6, 97-101
        • Bräunsdorf
J.C. Freiesleben (1817) Geognostische Arbeiten 6, 97-101
        • Kleinvoigtsberg
J.C. Freiesleben (1817) Geognostische Arbeiten 6, 97-101
        • Zug
Baumann, L., Hofmann, F. & Weber, W. (1997): Glückauf Freiberg. Bergbau, Erze, Mineralien. Bode Verlag Haltern, 168 p.; Sejkora, J., Litochleb, J., Velebil, D. & Plášil, J. (2009): Owyheeit z rudního revíru Freiberg (SRN) a jeho doprovodné minerály. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 17 (2), 91-99 (in Czech with English abstract).
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
WDS: Viera Kollárová
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Ajmer Division
      • Bhilwara District
Mukherjee, A. D., Sen, R., & Mondal, A. (1998). Freibergite from polymetallic sulphide deposits of the Delhi-Aravalli belt, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 52(5), 543-547.
    • Udaipur Division
      • Udaipur District
Mukherjee, A. D., Sen, R., & Mondal, A. (1998). Freibergite from polymetallic sulphide deposits of the Delhi-Aravalli belt, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 52(5), 543-547.
  • Sulawesi (Celebes)
    • Sulawesi Selatan Province (South Sulawesi Province)
      • Gowa
Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Brembana Valley
        • Dossena
Appiani, R., Bogni, G., Gentile, P., Vignola, P., Gruppo Orobico Minerali (1994): Le miniere di zinco della Val Brembana (BG) 2° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1994, 33-46.
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Canavese District
        • Orco Valley
          • Noasca
Maletto, G., Moroni, M. (2011). L'antica miniera di Cuccagna. Parco del Gran Paradiso, Noasca, Torino. Micro 1/2011, 22-38
  • Akita
    • Yuzawa
      • Ogachi
Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 19. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
  • Hokkaidō
    • Kamikawa Province
      • Shimokawa
Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
  • Kagoshima
    • Suzuyama mining district
Matsukuma, T. (1962) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, 2, #2, 20-59.
  • Karaganda Region
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Melfos, V., Voudouris, P. C., Maliqi, F., & Kozub-Budzyń, G. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the Stan Terg deposit (Trepça, Kosovo). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 317-333.
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Batopilas
      • Andres del Rio District
Wilson, W. and Panczner, C., 1986, Batopilas, Mineralogical Record, v 17: 61-80.
    • Mun. de Uruáchic
      • Uruáchic
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Guanaceví
      • Guanaceví
Panczner (1987): 199.
    • Mun. de Tepeguanes
      • San Ignacio de la Sierra (San Ignacio)
Panczner (1987): 199.
  • Guerrero
    • Mun. de Chilpancingo
      • Chilpancingo de los Bravos (Chilpancingo)
        • Carrizal
  • Mexico
    • Mun. de Temascaltepec
      • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
Panczner (1987): 199.
    • Mun. de Tlatlaya
      • Tlatlaya
  • Huancavelica
    • Angaraes Province
      • Julcani District
Bob Rothernberg specimen
  • Lima
    • Oyon Province
E. Oudin et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, pp. 166-169.; Oudin E, Picot P, Pillard F, Moëlo Y, Burke E A J, Zakrzewski M A (1982) La bénavidésite, Pb4(Mn,Fe)Sb6S14, un nouveau minéral de la série de la jamesonite, Bulletin de Minéralogie 105, 166-169
  • Aveiro
    • Castelo de Paiva
      • Raiva
Pedro Alves collection
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data; A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
Huber, P. & Muresan,I. (1996): Die Erzlagerstätte Herja - Eisen-, Blei- und Antimonminerale aus der Erzlagerstätte Herja (Herzsabánya). Lapis, 21 (7), 27ff. (in German)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Mineralogical Record 7:139-140
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
1-Rădulescu Dan, Dimitrescu Radu, 1966, Mineralogia Topografică a României, Ed. Academiei RSR, 1966, p.322-323.
Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based of the Cavnic hydrothermal system-comparison with other epithermal systems in the World. Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p. 376-377.
  • Primorsky Krai
Rogulina, L. I.; Sveshnikova, O. L.; Varlamov, D. A. (2012): Mineral composition and structure of ores of silver epithermal deposit Taezhnoe in Primorye. Razvedka i Okhrana Nedr 2012 (6), 32-39 (in Russian).
  • Podrinje District
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.; Radosavljević, S. A., Stojanović, J. N., Pačevski, A. M., Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A. S., & Kašić, V. D. (2016). A review of Pb-Sb (As)-S, Cu (Ag)-Fe (Zn)-Sb (As)-S, Ag (Pb)-Bi (Sb)-S and Pb-Bi-S (Te) sulfosalt systems from the Boranja orefield, West Serbia. Geološki Anali Balkanskog Poluostrva, 2016(77), 1-12.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 1 A-Kl, Bratislava, Veda 1986, s. 448-472.
Onačila D., Rojkovičová Ľ. (1992) Zlato-strieborná mineralizácia žíl v hodrušskom rudnom poli. Mineralia Slovaca, 24, 3-4, 245-256 (in Slovak with English abstract).
Onačila F., Rojkovičová Ľ., Jeleň S., Hojstričová V., Štohl J., Lexa J., Žáková E. (1995) Komplexná geologická dokumentácia revíru Banská Štiavnica-Hodruša. Manuscript, Slovak Geological Survey (in Slovak).
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Števko M., Sejkora J., Dolníček Z., Škácha P. (2018): Selenium-Rich Ag–Au Mineralization at the Kremnica Au–Ag Epithermal Deposit, Slovak Republic. Minerals 8, 12, 572.
  • Košice Region
    • Trebišov Co.
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
Doblas, M., Oyarzun, R., Lunar, R., Mayor, N., & Martinez, J. (1988). Detachment faulting and late Paleozoic epithermal Ag-base-metal mineralization in the Spanish central system. Geology, 16(9), 800-803.
Min.Rec.: 21:103.
Col. Agustin Agudo Espinosa.
Zepharovich, M. V. R. (1871): Über Diaphorit und Freieslebenit. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 1. Abt., 63, 130-156.; Calvo, M. and Sevillano, E. (1995): Famous mineral localities: Hiendelaencina Guadalajara Prov. Spain. Mineralogical Record 23, 241-249.
Zepharovich, M. V. R. (1871): Über Diaphorit und Freieslebenit. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 1. Abt., 63, 130-156.; Calvo, M. and Sevillano, E. (1995). Famous mineral localities: Hiendelaencina Guadalajara Prov. Spain. Mineralogical Record. 23: 241-249.
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
  • Västmanland County
    • Sala
Öhman, L. (2003): Sala Silvergruva. Litiofilen. 20 (1): 11-19
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
  • Arizona
    • Yuma Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 226; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 29; Lapis: 16(10): 8 (1991).
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
        • Gilman
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Elk Mountain District
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • San Juan Co.
      • Eureka District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Lewis District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Hot Creek Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Ward District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Samarqand
    • North Nuratau Mts
      • Zarmitan
Gromova, E. I.; Glotov, A. M.; Khrenov, V. A.; Lipskaya, V. I. (1980): Gold-​silver-​antimony mineralization in Charmitan deposits. Uzbekiston Geologiya Zhurnali 1980 (5), 8-11 (in Russian).
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