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Friedrichite

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About FriedrichiteHide

00087550015447828208462.jpg
Othmar M. Friedrich
Formula:
Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Colour:
silver-grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
6.98
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in honor of Professor Dr.-Ing. Othmar Michael Friedrich (18 December 1902 - 12 May 1991), Mining University, Leoben, Styria, Austria. Friedrich devoted his research almost entirely to the ore deposits of the Eastern Alps.

Classification of FriedrichiteHide

Approved
Approval year:
1977
First published:
1978
2.HB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.4.5.5

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.7.8

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of FriedrichiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
silver-grey
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=224 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Density:
6.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.06 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of FriedrichiteHide

Anisotropism:
Strong in oil, distinct in air
Colour in reflected light:
Creamy yellow whitish in air, in oil more pinkish

Chemical Properties of FriedrichiteHide

Formula:
Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
IMA Formula:
Cu5Pb5Bi7S18

Crystallography of FriedrichiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 33.84 Å, b = 11.65 Å, c = 4.01 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.905 : 1 : 0.344
Unit Cell V:
1,580.89 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Isolated columnar crystals, granular aggregates

Type Occurrence of FriedrichiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Chen, T.T., Kirchner, E., and Paar, W. (1978) Friedrichite, Cu5Pb5Bi7S18, a new member of the aikinite-bismuthinite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 127-130.

Synonyms of FriedrichiteHide

Other Language Names for FriedrichiteHide

Simplified Chinese:弗硫铋铅铜矿
Spanish:Friedrichita
Traditional Chinese:弗硫鉍鉛銅礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
7 photos of Friedrichite associated with HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
4 photos of Friedrichite associated with LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
4 photos of Friedrichite associated with KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
3 photos of Friedrichite associated with AikinitePbCuBiS3
3 photos of Friedrichite associated with SideriteFeCO3
3 photos of Friedrichite associated with PyriteFeS2
2 photos of Friedrichite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Friedrichite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
1 photo of Friedrichite associated with BismuthBi
1 photo of Friedrichite associated with BismuthiniteBi2S3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.5.1AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.4.5.2KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
3.4.5.3GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.4.5.4HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
3.4.5.6PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
3.4.5.7LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FriedrichiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Chen, T.T., Kirchner, E., and Paar, W. (1978) Friedrichite, Cu5Pb5Bi7S18, a new member of the aikinite-bismuthinite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 127-130.
Fleischer, M., Mandarino, J.A., Chao, G.Y. (1979) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 64: 652-659.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998) Friedrichite from Băiţa Bihor, Romania. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 861-868.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Paar, W.H. (2002) Composition ranges and exsolution pairs for the members of the bismuthinite-aikinite series from Felbertal, Austria. The Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 849-869.
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., Nagashima, M. (2014) Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕrite), other Bi-sulfosalts and Bi-tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 109: 177-190.

Internet Links for FriedrichiteHide

Localities for FriedrichiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Charters Towers Region
Wormald, Peter John (1993) Geology of the Mt. Leyshon gold deposit, Australia: a study of breccia pipe formation, facies and brecciation mechanisms. PhD thesis, James Cook University of North Queensland.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Bad Gastein
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Sportgastein
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F. & Blass, G. (2008), in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
    • Zell am See District
      • Bramberg am Wildkogel
        • Nasenkopf mountain
Canadian Mineralogist(1978) 16, 127-130
      • Neukirchen am Großvenediger
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bulgaria
 
  • Burgas Province
    • Burgas Municipality
      • Burgas
Kolkovski B, Bogdanov , Borodaev Y, Naidenova E, Eskenazi G. (2003): Bismuth mineralization in the Vurli Bryag deposit, Burgas ore district. Ann Sof. Univ., 95, 1-xx (in Bulgarian).
    • Sozopol Municipality
Todorov, T. (1990): Copper-lead-bismuth sulfosalts of the aikinite-bismuthinite series in the Rossen ore field deposits. Doklady Bolgarskoi Akademii Nauk 43(1), 87-90.
  • Pazardzhik Province
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415
  • Sofia Province
    • Etropole Municipality
http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_5.htm; Mladenova, V., Kerestedjian, T., & Dimitrova, D. (2001). Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi mineralization from the Svishti Plaz gold deposit, Central Balkan Mountain, Bulgaria. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol, 38, 55-66.
China
 
  • Jiangsu
    • Nanjing
      • Jiangning District
Xiangping, G., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Desong, C. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39(6), 1641-1652.
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Yao'an County
Zhou, H., Sun, X., Wu, Z., Yang, T., Li, D., Ren, Y., Liu, Q., Zhu, K. & Yu, H. (2018). Mineralogy of Bi-sulfosalts and tellurides from the Yaoan gold deposit, southwest China: metallogenic implications. Ore Geology Reviews 98, 126-140.
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Teplice District
      • Krupka
        • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Savoie
      • Bonneville
        • Les Houches
Moëlo Y. (1990), Un indice à nuffieldite en Haute-Savoie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°1, pp: 20-23
Hungary
 
  • Fejér County
    • Székesfehérvár District
      • Pátka
collector: László Tóth, WDS: Norbert Zajzon; Zajzon N, Szakáll S, Kristály F, Mádai F (2014) Aikinite-bismuthinite series sulphosalts from Pátka, Velence Hills, Hungary. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 137
Iran
 
  • Razavi Khorasan Province
    • Sabzevar County
Mousivand, F., Rastad, E., Peter, J. M., & Maghfouri, S. (2018). Metallogeny of volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of Iran. Ore Geology Reviews, 95, 974-1007.; Maghfouri, S., Rastad, E., Mousivand, F., Lin, Y., & Zaw, K. (2016) Geology, ore facies and sulfur isotopes geochemistry of the Nudeh Besshi-type volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, southwest Sabzevar basin, Iran. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 125, 1-21.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Ishikari Subprefecture
      • Sapporo City
Imai, A., Matsueda, H., Yamada, R., Masuta, K. (1999) Polymetallic Mineralization at the Shin‐Ohtoyo Deposit, Harukayama District, Hokkaido, Japan. Resource Geology 49, 75-88.
  • Yamagata Prefecture
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
    • Shet
      • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
Efimov A.V. Bismuthian mineralisation of tin and wolfram deposits, 1993; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Kyaukse District
Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
North Macedonia
 
  • Radoviš Municipality
Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., & Stefanova, V. (2013). Rare mineral phases related with major sulphide minerals in the Bučim porphyry copper deposit, R. Macedonia. Geologica Macedonica, 27(1), pp-43.; Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., Strmić Palinkaš, S., Palinkaš, L.A. and Gjorgjiev, L. (2016): Porphyry Cu mineralization related to the small Tertiary volcanic intrusions in the Bučim ore deposit, Eastern Macedonia. Geologia Croatica 69, 101-119.; Petrunov, R., Serafimovski, T., & Dragov, P. (2001). New finding of PGE-mineralisation in porphyry-copper environment-the Bučim deposit, Macedonia: preliminary microscope and microprobe data. In ABCDGEODE 2001 Workshop Vata Bai, Romania (Vol. 79, pp. 79-80).
Serafimovski, T., Filev, K., Tasev, G., & Gjorgjiev, L. (2016). Three types of ore mineralization at the Vrshnik ore body, Buchim copper mine, Republic of Macedonia. 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2016, 2(1), 951-958.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. & Škoda, R. (2020) Sulfosalts of the aikinite-bismuthinite homologous series from the Tennvatn pegmatite, Nordland, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2020: 108-114.
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Skafså
Larsen, A. O. & Topa, D. (2018) Bi-sulfosalts from Tokke, Telemark, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 71-78
Larsen, A. O. & Topa, D. (2018) Bi-sulfosalts from Tokke, Telemark, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 71-78
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica
    • Angaraes Province
Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
      • Szklarska Poręba
        • Szklarska Poręba-Huta
Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
M. Shimizu, A. Kato, Gr. Cioflica, M.Lupulescu, M. Shimizu (1998)-Friedrichite from Baita Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 36. p. 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
  • Maramureș
    • Borșa
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Russia
 
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Lugokan ore cluster
Redin, Y. O., Dultsev, V. F., & Nevolko, P. A. (2015). Gold–bismuth mineralization of the Lugokan ore field (Eastern Transbaikalia): Age, mineral composition and relationship with magmatism. Ore Geology Reviews, 70, 228-240.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
    • Brezno District
      • Bacúch
        • Sokolova dolina Valley
Jaroslav PRŠEK and Martin Chovan (2001) Hydrothermal Carbonate and Sulphide Mineralization in the Late Paleozoic Phyllites (Bacúch, Nízke Tatry Mts.) Geolines 13:27-
    • Žarnovica District
      • Hodruša-Hámre
        • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch) mines
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Brdárka
Beňka J., Siman P. (1994): Identifikácia nových minerálov Cu, Pb, Bi, Sb v žilách Brdárky. Geologické práce, Správy 99, 23-37 (in Slovak with English abstact).
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš District
Ozdin D., Chovan M., 1999: New mineralogical and paragenetic knowledge about siderite veins in the vicinity of Vyšná Boca, Nízke Tatry Mts. Slov. Geol. Magazine, Bratislava, 5, 4, 255-271.
Majzlan J. & Ozdín D. 1995: Cu-Pb-Bi sulfosoli z Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca 27, 4, 290-292.
Ozdín D. (2003): Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Tatier. Dissertation thesis, Comenius University, 194 p.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Falun
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Maloja Region
      • Bregaglia
        • Val Bregaglia
          • Albigna Valley
Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • North, West and Central Sutherland
        • Loch Shin
Lowry, D., Stephens, W. E., Herd, D. A., & Stanley, C. J. (1994). Bismuth sulphosalts within quartz veining hosted by the Loch Shin monzogranite, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(390), 39-48.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Johnny Lyon Hills
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 227.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
        • Darwin Mining District
          • Darwin
Mineral News: 16(9):1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California; Dunning, G.E., Moelo, Yves, Roberts, A.c., & Cooper, J. F (2000)., Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New To Darwin, Inyo County, California. Occasional Web Publication of the Bay Area Mineralogists, 2000
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Alice Mining District (Yankee Mining District; Lincoln Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Ouray Co.
      • Ouray
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Foord, E. E., & Shawe, D. R. (1989). The Pb-Bi-Ag-Cu-(Hg) Chemistry Of Galena And Some Associated Sulfosalts: A Reviewand Some New Data From Colorado, California And Pennsylvania. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 363-382.
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Whitehall Mining District (Cardwell Mining District)
Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Round Mountain Mining District
          • Mariposa Canyon
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Luna Co.
      • Victorio Mountains
Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • Utah
    • Garfield Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
 
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