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Friedrichite

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Formula:
Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Colour:
silver-grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
6.98
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
After Professor Dr.-Ing. O.M. Friedrich (1902-1991), Mining University, Leoben, Styria, Austria. Friedrich devoted his research almost entirely to the ore deposits of the Eastern Alps. [Obituary: http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/oegg/Band_84_373_376.pdf]
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Classification of FriedrichiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1977
2.HB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.4.5.5

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.7.8

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of FriedrichiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
silver-grey
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=224 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Density:
6.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.06 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of FriedrichiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong in oil, distinct in air
Colour in reflected light:
Creamy yellow whitish in air, in oil more pinkish

Chemical Properties of FriedrichiteHide

Formula:
Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
IMA Formula:
Cu5Pb5Bi7S18

Crystallography of FriedrichiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 33.84 Å, b = 11.65 Å, c = 4.01 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.905 : 1 : 0.344
Unit Cell V:
1,580.89 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Isolated columnar crystals, granular aggregates

Type Occurrence of FriedrichiteHide

Synonyms of FriedrichiteHide

Other Language Names for FriedrichiteHide

Simplified Chinese:弗硫铋铅铜矿
Spanish:Friedrichita
Traditional Chinese:弗硫鉍鉛銅礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Hammarite7 photos of Friedrichite associated with Hammarite on mindat.org.
Lindströmite4 photos of Friedrichite associated with Lindströmite on mindat.org.
Krupkaite4 photos of Friedrichite associated with Krupkaite on mindat.org.
Aikinite3 photos of Friedrichite associated with Aikinite on mindat.org.
Siderite3 photos of Friedrichite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Pyrite3 photos of Friedrichite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Friedrichite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite1 photo of Friedrichite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Bismuth1 photo of Friedrichite associated with Bismuth on mindat.org.
Bismuthinite1 photo of Friedrichite associated with Bismuthinite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.5.1AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.4.5.2KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
3.4.5.3GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.4.5.4HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
3.4.5.6PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
3.4.5.7LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21(Pb,Bi)2S13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FriedrichiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Chen, T.T., Kirchner, E., and Paar, W. (1978) Friedrichite, Cu5Pb5Bi7S18, a new member of the aikinite-bismuthinite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 127-130.
American Mineralogist (1979): 64: 654.

Internet Links for FriedrichiteHide

Localities for FriedrichiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Sportgastein
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F. & Blass, G. (2008), in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
      • Habach valley
        • Nasenkopf
          • Leckbachgraben (Leckbachrinne)
Canadian Mineralogist(1978) 16, 127-130
      • Untersulzbach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bulgaria
 
  • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2003_5.htm; Mladenova, V., Kerestedjian, T., & Dimitrova, D. (2001). Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi mineralization from the Svishti Plaz gold deposit, Central Balkan Mountain, Bulgaria. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol, 38, 55-66.
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Burgas Obshtina
      • Burgas
Kolkovski B, Bogdanov , Borodaev Y, Naidenova E, Eskenazi G. (2003): Bismuth mineralization in the Vurli Bryag deposit, Burgas ore district. Ann Sof. Univ., 95, 1-xx (in Bulgarian).
    • Sozopol Obshtina
Todorov, T. (1990): Copper-lead-bismuth sulfosalts of the aikinite-bismuthinite series in the Rossen ore field deposits. Doklady Bolgarskoi Akademii Nauk 43(1), 87-90.
  • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415
China
 
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Nanjing Prefecture
      • Jiangning District
Xiangping, G., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Desong, C. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39(6), 1641-1652.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Krupka (Graupen)
          • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Savoie
      • Les Houches
Moëlo Y. (1990), Un indice à nuffieldite en Haute-Savoie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°1, pp: 20-23
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Pátka
collector: László Tóth, WDS: Norbert Zajzon
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Sapporo
Polymetallic mineralization at the Shin-Ohtoyo Deposit, Harukayama District, Hokkaido, Japan, Imai, Akira; Matsueda, Hiroharu; Yamada, Ryoichi; Masuta, Kenzo, Resource Geology (Tokyo 1998), vol.49, no.2, pp.75-88, 1999; Imai, A., Matsueda, H., Yamada, R., Masuta, K. (1999): Polymetallic Mineralization at the Shin‐Ohtoyo Deposit, Harukayama District, Hokkaido, Japan. Resource Geology 49, 75-88.
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Yamagata Prefecture
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
Efimov A.V. Bismuthian mineralisation of tin and wolfram deposits, 1993; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Radoviš (Radovish)
Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., & Stefanova, V. (2013). Rare mineral phases related with major sulphide minerals in the Bučim porphyry copper deposit, R. Macedonia. Geologica Macedonica, 27(1), pp-43.; Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., Strmić Palinkaš, S., Palinkaš, L.A. and Gjorgjiev, L. (2016): Porphyry Cu mineralization related to the small Tertiary volcanic intrusions in the Bučim ore deposit, Eastern Macedonia. Geologia Croatica 69, 101-119.; Petrunov, R., Serafimovski, T., & Dragov, P. (2001). New finding of PGE-mineralisation in porphyry-copper environment-the Bučim deposit, Macedonia: preliminary microscope and microprobe data. In ABCDGEODE 2001 Workshop Vata Bai, Romania (Vol. 79, pp. 79-80).
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
M. Shimizu, A. Kato, Gr. Cioflica, M.Lupulescu, M. Shimizu (1998)-Friedrichite from Baita Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 36. p. 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Borşa (Baia Borşa; Borsa)
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
    • Brezno Co.
      • Bacúch
        • Sokolova dolina Valley
Jaroslav PRŠEK and Martin Chovan (2001) Hydrothermal Carbonate and Sulphide Mineralization in the Late Paleozoic Phyllites (Bacúch, Nízke Tatry Mts.) Geolines 13:27-
    • Žarnovica Co.
      • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Ozdin D., Chovan M., 1999: New mineralogical and paragenetic knowledge about siderite veins in the vicinity of Vyšná Boca, Nízke Tatry Mts. Slov. Geol. Magazine, Bratislava, 5, 4, 255-271.
Majzlan J. & Ozdín D. 1995: Cu-Pb-Bi sulfosoli z Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca 27, 4, 290-292.
Ozdín D. (2003): Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Tatier. Dissertation thesis, Comenius University, 194 p.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Albigna Valley
Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Johnny Lyon Hills
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 227.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
        • Darwin District
          • Darwin
Mineral News: 16(9):1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California; Dunning, G.E., Moelo, Yves, Roberts, A.c., & Cooper, J. F (2000)., Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New To Darwin, Inyo County, California. Occasional Web Publication of the Bay Area Mineralogists, 2000
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Alice District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Ouray District (Uncompahgre District)
        • Telluride
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Foord, E. E., & Shawe, D. R. (1989). The Pb-Bi-Ag-Cu-(Hg) Chemistry Of Galena And Some Associated Sulfosalts: A Reviewand Some New Data From Colorado, California And Pennsylvania. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 363-382.
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Round Mountain District
          • Mariposa Canyon
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Apache Hills
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Luna Co.
Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • Utah
    • Garfield Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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