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Alunogen

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Formula:
Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Colour:
Colorless in crystals, aggregates white, or pale yellow or red from impurities.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Silky
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
From the Latin "alum" and the Greek γεννώ ("genno"), "to create".
A hydrated aluminium sulfate. The highest hydrate of natural Al sulphate, when compared to 'meta-alunogen', Unnamed (Al Sulphate-Hydrate), and UM1976-22-SO:AlFeH. Also the hydrated counterpart of millosevichite.

At high temperates, alunogen may dehydrate to its pentahydrate, Unnamed (Al Sulphate-Hydrate).

Compare also 'UM1987-13-SO:AlH' and 'UM1976-22-SO:AlFeH'.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AlunogenHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.45

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
Dana 7th ed.:
29.8.6.1
29.8.6.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
8 : A2(XO4)3·H2O
25.6.7

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl

Physical Properties of AlunogenHide

Vitreous, Silky
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless in crystals, aggregates white, or pale yellow or red from impurities.
Comment:
colorless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of AlunogenHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.473 nβ = 1.474 nγ = 1.480
2V:
Measured: 31° to 69°, Calculated: 46°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of AlunogenHide

Formula:
Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
IMA Formula:
Al2(SO4)3(H2O)12 · 5H2O

Crystallography of AlunogenHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Morphology:
Crystals rare, small; prismatic [001] or {010} with a hexagonal outline about [010]; very complex, with about 60 forms noted. Commonly as delicate fibrous masses or crusts; effloresences; massive, fibrous to 5mm.

Twinning:
On {010}.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Synonyms of AlunogenHide

Other Language Names for AlunogenHide

Varieties of AlunogenHide

PhosphoralunogenA variety of Alunogen containing some P2O5

Common AssociatesHide

EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
MarcasiteFeS2
MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2O
PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
PyriteFeS2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Coquimbite23 photos of Alunogen associated with Coquimbite on mindat.org.
Copiapite14 photos of Alunogen associated with Copiapite on mindat.org.
Chalcanthite12 photos of Alunogen associated with Chalcanthite on mindat.org.
Metavoltine7 photos of Alunogen associated with Metavoltine on mindat.org.
Voltaite7 photos of Alunogen associated with Voltaite on mindat.org.
Halotrichite7 photos of Alunogen associated with Halotrichite on mindat.org.
Jarosite4 photos of Alunogen associated with Jarosite on mindat.org.
Römerite4 photos of Alunogen associated with Römerite on mindat.org.
Meta-alunogen3 photos of Alunogen associated with Meta-alunogen on mindat.org.
Cuprian Melanterite3 photos of Alunogen associated with Cuprian Melanterite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.6.1RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.2JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.6.3KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.4Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
25.6.5AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.6.6Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
25.6.8FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.6.9BasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OHex.
25.6.10HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2OMon.
25.6.11ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2OTric.
25.6.12TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.13MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.14Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.6.15NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.16KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.6.17Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3)
25.6.18AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.6.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in water. Taste alumlike, acid and sharp.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AlunogenHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Beudant, F.S. (1824) Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, 8vo, Paris: 449. [as Hydrotrisulfate d'alumine]
Mill (1828) Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature, and Art, London: 25: 382. [as Davite]
Beudant, F.S. (1832) Alunogène, sulfate d’alumine. Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 488-492. [as Alunogène]
Shepard C.U. (1835) Treatise on Mineralogy. First edition: vols. 2, 3: 188. [as Solfatarite]
Glocker, E.F. (1839) Handbuch der Mineralogie, 2nd. edition, Nürnberg: 689. [as Keramohalite]
Huot, J.J. (1841) Manuel de Minéralogie. 2 volumes, Paris: 2: 451. [as Saldanite]
Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 297. [as Stypterit]
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1847) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen. Second edition: vol. 2, in two parts: 2: 1174. [as Halotrichit]
Rammelsberg, C.F. (1875) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. second edition: 269. [as Haarsalz]
Jirkovsky (1928) cited in Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 106.
Larsen, E.S., Steiger, G. (1928) Dehydration and optical studies of alunogen, nontronite, and griffithite: American Journal of Science, 5th. series: 15: 1-19.
Lausen, C. (1928) Hydrous sulphates formed under fumerolic conditions at the United Verde Mine. American Mineralogist: 13: 208.
Hintze, C. (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 4404.
Petrov (1933) Trav. Inst. Pétrog. Ac. Sc. U.R.S.S., no. 3: 89.
Zavaritsky (1935) Trans. Centr. Geol. & Prosp. Inst., Leningrad, no. 35.
Gordon, S.G. (1942) Results of the Chilean mineralogical expedition of 1938. Part VII.—The crystallography of alunogen, meta-alunogen and pickeringite. Notulae Naturae of The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia: 101: 1-9.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 537-540.
Menchetti, S., Sabelli, C. (1974) Alunogen. Its structure and twinning. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 21: 164-178.
Fang, J.H., Robinson, P.D. (1976) Alunogen, Al2(H2O)12(SO4)3·5H2O: Its atomic arrangement and water content. American Mineralogist: 61: 311-317.
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F., Berthelon, J.-P. (1977) Les sulfates de fer de Saghand près de Yazd (Iran). Mémoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France: 8: 77-85.

Internet Links for AlunogenHide

Localities for AlunogenHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Western Antarctica
Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Santa Bárbara Department
      • Cerros de Santa Bárbara (Cerro Santa Bárbara)
        • El Palmar hot springs
Marquez-Zavalia, Maria Florencia, Lomniczi de Upton, Irene & Galliski, Miguel Angel (2001): Krausite in fumaroles from Santa Barbara mine, northwestern Argentina. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2001, 378-384. ; Zavalia, Maria Florencia Marquez & Galliski, Miguel Angel (1995): Goldichite of fumarolic origin from the Santa Barbara mine, Jujuy, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1059-1062.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Riverlands
Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
        • Murray Bridge
Raven, M., Fitzpatrick, R., Shand, P., & McClure, S. (2010, August). Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. In Extended Abstracts, 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference, Brisbane.
  • Victoria
    • Surf Coast Shire
Segnit, E. R. "Tamarugite from Anglesea, Victoria, Australia." Mineral. Mag 40 (1976): 642-644.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Guttaring
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Mostviertel
      • Dunkelstein Forest
        • Wölbling
          • Hausheim
Niedermayr, G. (1987): 679. Alunogen und Halotrichit von Hausheim, W Statzendorf, Niederösterreich. Pp. 313-314 in Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F., Moser, B. & Postl, W. (1987): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXVI. Carinthia II, 177./97., 283-329.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten österreichs (1993)
    • Waldviertel
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
        • Wollmersdorf (Zettlitz-Wollmersdorf)
Taucher, J. (1993): Halotrichit, Aluminocopiapit, Magnesiocopiapit, Szomolnokit, Alunogen, Gips und Calcit aus dem aufgelassenen Graphitbergbau bei Zettlitz, nahe Wollmersdorf bei Eibenstein, Niederösterreich, Österreich. Matrixx - Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich, 2, 47-51; Götzinger, M. A., Beran, A. & Libowitzky, E. (1994): Exkursion A: Mineralvorkommen und Lagerstätten im östlichen Waldviertel. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 139, 389-405.
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
  • Salzburg
    • Dienten
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Kitzbühel Alps
      • Mittersill
        • Rettenbach District
MEIXNER, H. (1968): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen. XXIII. Carinthia, II, 158./78., 96-115 (p. 108-109).
  • Styria
    • Köflach
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Koralpe
      • Schwanberg
        • Gressenberg
          • Schwarze Sulm
Postl, W. & Bernhard, F. (2014): 1996) Alunogen und Pickeringit von einem Forstwegaufschluss im Tal der Schwarzen, Sulm, Gressenberg, Koralpe, Steiermark. P. 140 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Kalwang
        • Langteichengraben (Lange Teichen)
          • Teichen Mine
peter neschen collection
Belgium
 
  • Limburg Province
    • Maasmechelen
www.strahlen.org/vp/be/eisden/eisden.htm
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro Department
    • Cercado Province
      • Oruro City
Alfredo Petrov specimens
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Elena Shcherbakova, Larisa Nesheva (2010) Ammonium sulfates from coal mine Pirin REVIEW OF THE BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. 71, part 1–3, , p. 17–23
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
    • Vernon Mining Division
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Fort Norman
Battler, M. M., Osinski, G. R., Lim, D. S., Davila, A. F., Michel, F. A., Craig, M. A., ... & Preston, L. J. (2013). Characterization of the acidic cold seep emplaced jarositic Golden Deposit, NWT, Canada, as an analogue for jarosite deposition on Mars. Icarus, 224(2), 382-398.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Springhill
C. Hoffmann, "Chemical Contributions to the Geology of Canada from the Laboratory of the Survey", GSC, 1880. Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
    • Inverness Co.
      • St. Rose
Canadian Mineralogist 16:17-22, (1978).
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Cerritos Bayos
samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
          • Toki Cu deposit (Toki Cluster)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Sulphides analysed by geology dep. of company; sulphates, phosphates, analysed by Bob Jenkins (Usa) 2007
      • Pampa del Tamarugal
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Wuhai League (Wuhai Prefecture)
      • Wuda District
        • Wuda Coal mining area
American Mineralogist: 90: 1729-1739.
Am Min 90:1729-1739
  • Yunnan Province
    • Baoshan Prefecture
      • Tengchong Co.
Zhao, P., and Liao, Z. (1995): Proceedings of the 17th NZ Geothermal Workshop, 87-90.; Meixiang, Z., & Wei, T. (1987). Surface hydrothermal minerals and their distribution in the Tengchong geothermal area, China. Geothermics, 16(2), 181-195.
Colombia
 
  • Capital District (Santa Fé de Bogotá District)
Dana (1890) A system of mineralogy: descriptive mineralogy 11tht ed.
Cuba
 
  • Isla de la Juventud special municipality
    • Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Pines; Island of Youth)
Zwahr, H. & Gonzales, R. (1999): Secondary sulfate mineralization of the kaolin deposit of Rio del Callejon, Cuba. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 27, 219-233.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
        • Libušin
Hyrsl J., Korbel P.; Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Bode Verlag, 2008. Page 268-273
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
Dobešová, B. (2012). Halda Kaňk: hydrogeochemie pórových vod. Masters Thesis MASARYKOVA UNIVERZITA
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Černojamské deposit (Black pits deposit)
C.Auer (2016)
      • Skřivaň
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Trutnov (Trautenau)
        • Radvanice
Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
        • Žacléř
Harapát, L.: Minerály hořících hald dolu Jan Šverma u Žacléře. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1986, roč. 31, č. 1, s. 99-100.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    • Pardubice Region
Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
    • Ústí Region
      • Most
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Ostrava
Matýsek D., Raclavská H. (1999) Vznik sulfátové mineralizace na odvalech a její vliv na kvalitu spodních vod v OKR. Uhlí - Rudy - Geologický průzkum, 6, 7-8, 8–16.
        • Odra Mine (after 1995)
          • Ostrava Mine (after 1967)
Vinš V. (1957) Nové nálezy recentních síranů v ostravsko-karvinském revíru. Přírodovědecký sborník Ostravského kraje, 18, 3, 436–437.
      • Třinec
Pauliš, P. (1992): Nové nerosty a revize několika lokalit Těšínska. Těšínsko, 35, 4, 28-30.
    • South Moravia Region
      • Hodonín
Kruťa T. (1944): Nález nové recentní síry a salmiaku v Kelčanech na Moravě. Věda přírodní, 23, 61.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • L'Arbresle
        • Sain-Bel
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
    • Savoie
      • Chambéry
        • Aix-les-Bains
Audra, P. and Hobléa, F. (2007): The first cave occurence of jurbanite [Al(OHSO4)·5H2O, associated with alunogen [Al2(SO4)3·17H2O] and tschermigite [NH4Al(SO4)2·12H2O]: thermal-sulfidic serpents cave, France. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 69, 243–249.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Ronchamp
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
  • Hauts-de-France
    • Pas-de-Calais
Naze-Nancy Masalehdani, M., Mees, F., Dubois, M., Coquinot, Y., Potdevin, J.-L., Fialin, M. & Blanc-Valleron, M.-M. (2009): Condensate minerals from a burning coal-waste heap in Avion, Northern France. Can. Mineral. 47, 573-591.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Decazeville
        • Decazeville coal basin
          • Aubin
R. Pierrot, R. Pulou, P. Picot : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 7 : Aveyron", BRGM, 1977
R. Pierrot, R. Pulou, P. Picot : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 7 : Aveyron", BRGM, 1977
http://www.pangeaminerals.com/aveyron/houiller/houiller.htm
      • Millau
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
    • Lot
      • Capdenac
Ref: Inventoire mineralogique de la France no.10 - Bureau de Recherches Geologiques en Minieres, 1982, ISBN 2-7159-0012-0
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 159.
      • Saint-Nazaire
Baret, Ch. (1905): Catalogue de la Collection de Minéralogie de la Loire-Inférieure, Muséum de Nantes, 103.
French West Indies
 
  • Martinique
    • Saint-Pierre
Lacroix, A. (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies, Librairie Polytechnique, Ch. Béranger Editeur, Tome IV, 236.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Bodenmais
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Strehler, H. (1993): Mineralbildungen in einer durch Selbstentzündung brennenden Bergehalde des Aachener Steinkohlenreviers. Mineralien-Welt 4 (4), 35-42. (in German); Sindern, S., Warnsloh, J. M., Witzke, T., Havenith, V., Neef, R. & Etoundi, Y. (2005): Mineralogy and geochemistry of vents formed on the burning coal mining waste dump Anna I, Alsdorf, Germany. Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1, 130; Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Essen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Sauerland
      • Marsberg
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Mineralogische Notizen VII. Der Aufschluss, 51, 281-293.; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel , Mineralien-Welt 15/3, 58-69, 2004
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
      • Freital
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
    • Oberlausitz
      • Kamenz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Niesky
        • Horscha
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Der Schieferabbau Pansberg bei Horscha in der Lausitz, Sachsen. Lapis 32 (7-8), 68-73; 86.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
Hall, A. J., Fallick, A. E., Perdikatsis, V., & Photos-Jones, E. (2003). A model for the origin of Al-rich efflorescences near fumaroles, Melos, Greece: enhanced weathering in a geothermal setting. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(2), 363-379.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Branko Rieck Collection
        • Sounion area
Branko Rieck Collection
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Cassandra Mines
http://www.brgm.fr/mineo/SiteReport/European_ores_geologF.pdf
Guatemala
 
  • Quetzaltenango Department
    • El Palmar
      • Santiaguito Dome (Santiaguito Volcano)
www.excaliburmineral.com/
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
      • Pécs
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Borsodi Mts
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
    • Bükk Mts
      • Miskolc
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    • Zemplén Mts (Tokaj Mts)
      • Telkibánya
Szakáll & Weiszburg: Telkibánya
  • Fejér Co.
    • Vértes Mts
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
  • Heves Co.
    • Bükk Mts
Szakáll & Jánosi. Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyösoroszi
Farkas, I. M. & Weiszburg, T. G. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 57. (Abs.)
http://www.geomania.hu/lelohely.php?lelohely=409
  • Komárom-Esztergom Co.
    • Gerecse Mts
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Cserhát Mts
Geoda - Journal of the Hungarian Friends of Minerals, 2007 august.
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Bakony Mts
      • Nyirád
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
Iceland
 
  • Northeastern Region
    • Myvatn
Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Yogyakarta Province
      • Gunung Merapi volcano (Mt Merapi)
Imants Kavalieros (1994) Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 50, 479-491.
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Rafsanjan County
      • Pariz
Khorasanipour, M. (2015). Environmental mineralogy of Cu-porphyry mine tailings, a case study of semi-arid climate conditions, Sarcheshmeh mine, SE Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 153, 40-52.
  • Yazd Province
    • Saghand (Sagand; Saqand)
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Berthelon, J. P. (1977): Iron sulfates of Saghand near Yazd (Iran). Memoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France 8, 77-85.; Bariand, P., Berthelon, J. P., Cesbron, F. & Sadrzadeh, M. (1973): New aluminum sulfate hydrate, khademite of Saghand (Iran). Comptes Rendus des Seances de l'Académie des Sciences, Série C, 277, 1585-1588 (in French).
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
        • Phlegrean Fields
          • Bacoli
            • Miseno
Scacchi A. (1849): Memorie geologiche sulla Campania. Memoria 3a. Esame delle sostanze che si formano presso i fumaroli della Regione Flegrea. Rendiconto Accad. Sci. Napoli, 8, 317-335; Zambonini F. (1907): Su alcuni minerali della Grotta dello Zolfo a Miseno. Rendiconto Accad. Sci. fis. mat. di Napoli, serie 3, 46, 324-331; Palache C., Berman H., Frondel C. (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: page 396, 539.
          • Pozzuoli
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539; De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Sestri Levante
Antofilli M., Borgo E., Palenzona A. (1983): I Nostri Minerali. Geologia e Mineralogia in Liguria. Sagep, Ed., Genova, 295 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Premosello Chiovenda
Scaini G. (1971): L'alunogeno della miniera del Nibbio a Mergozzo (Ossola). Natura, 42, (2), 230-231.; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
Da Pelo, S. & Frau, F (2000): Magnesian aubertite, (Cu,Mg)Al(SO4)2Cl·14H4O, from the gold mine of Furtei in Sardinia, Italy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2000(6), 279-288.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
Cossa, A. (1881): Allume potassico dell'isola di Vulcano. In: Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia (1875-1880). Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino, Tip. V. Bona, Torino, pages 208-221; Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55; Garavelli, A., Grasso, M.F., Vurro, F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta, 39, 251-261; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
            • Porto Levante
Spallanzani, L. (1792): Viaggi alle Due Sicilie e in alcune parti dell'Appennino. Vol. 2. Stamperia Baldassarre Comini, Pavia, 351 pp.; Cossa, A. (1881): Allume potassico dell'isola di Vulcano. In: Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia (1875-1880). Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino, Tip. V. Bona, Torino, pages 208-221; Jervis, G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.; Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55.
GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55; Forti, P., Panzica La Manna, M., Rossi, A. (1994): The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology (Canary Islands, November 1994), 35-44.
GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251-261.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
          • Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)
P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
        • Rio Marina
          • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
E. Manasse, 1911 – Sopra alcuni minerali della Toscana – Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. serie A, 27: 1-19.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Hidaka Province
      • Monbetsu (Mombetsu)
Van King
    • Sorachi Province
      • Mikasa City
Shimobayashi, N., Ohnishi, M., & Miura, H. (2011). Ammonium sulfate minerals from Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan: boussingaultite, godovikovite, efremovite and tschermigite. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 106(3), 158-163.
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kazuno City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • East Camp
Panczner (1987): 77-395.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Bay of Plenty
R.MARTIN, K.A.RODGERS, P.R.L.BROWNE The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), pp. 413-419
    • Manawatu-Wanganui
      • Tongariro National Park
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Johnstone, R. D. 1979, Fumarole Incrustations and Some Aspects of the Thermal Alteration at Ketetahi, Mount Tongariro, New Zealand. Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand
The Ngatamariki Geothermal Field, NZ: Surface Manifestations - Past and Present. Brotheridge, J.M.A. Browne, P.R.L. Hochstein, M.P. Proceedings 17th NZ Geothermal Workshop 1995 p61
    • Waikato
      • Taupo
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).; Econ Geol (1987)82:1109-1129
        • Orakeikorako Thermal Area
Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
      • Thames-Coromandel
        • Colville
Collection of RJ Martin
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Nicaragua
 
  • León Department
Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
    • Telica Volcano
Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Norway
 
  • Hordaland
    • Kvinnherad
Ellingsen, R. (1989): Funn av sjeldne sulfatmineraler i Kvinnherad. NAGS-nytt 16 (1), 25-26
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Øvrevatnet
Rekstad, J. (1912): Bidrag til Nordre Helgelands geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 62: 1-84
    • Rødøy
      • Tonnes
Rekstad;J:(1912): Bidrag til Nordre Helgelands geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 62, 1-84 (pp. 65-66); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 110.
Rekstad;J:(1912): Bidrag til Nordre Helgelands geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 62, 1-84 (pp. 65-66); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 110.
Peru
 
  • Ayacucho Department
    • Lucanas Province
      • Huac-huas (Huacuas)
Hyršl, J. (2010): Ein Neufund fantastischer Sulfate in der Mina Javier. Mineralien-Welt 21 (3), 68-71 (in German). ; Frost, R. L., Gobac, Ž. Ž., López, A., Xi, Y., Scholz, R., Lana, C., & Lima, R. M. F. (2014). Characterization of the sulphate mineral coquimbite, a secondary iron sulphate from Javier Ortega mine, Lucanas Province, Peru–Using infrared, Raman spectroscopy and thermogravimetry. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1063, 251-258.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
Siuda, R.: Wieściszowice. Otoczak, 2004, nr. 31, p. 58-65.
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Rybnik District
      • Czerwionka-Leszczyny Commune
Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf (esp. p. 347)]
Kruszewski, Ł. (2013). Supergene sulphate minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109.
      • Katowice area
        • Łaziska
Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska (Upper Silesia, Poland). Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
      • Rybnik Coal Area
        • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Aljustrel
      • Aljustrel
        • Aljustrel Mine
Van King
    • Mértola
      • Corte do Pinto
Romania
 
  • Alba Co.
    • Roşia Montanã Commune
Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
  • Brașov Co.
No reference listed
  • Harghita Co.
Edited by Szakáll-Kristály(2010):Mineralogy of Székelyland,Eastern Transsylvania,Romania
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.; http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/conferences/kasp/JKASP04_circular2.pdf
Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Senegal
 
  • Ziguinchor Region
Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 3 Sed-Ž, Bratislava, Veda 1990, s. 1247-1256.
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
Smithsonian Institution USNM NUMBER:131288
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 1 A-Kl, Bratislava, Veda 1986, s. 448-472.
      • Nová Baňa
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
      • Banská Štiavnica Mining District
        • Vyhne
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
David Parfitt collection
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
        • Rio Tinto Mines (Riotinto Mines)
Calvo, M. et al.(1999). Bocamina (4), 50-86
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Libros
http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/alunogen.pdf
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Barcelonès
        • Barcelona city
          • Collserola mountain range
            • Santa Creu d'Olorda
Tomas,Ll. (1919-20): Els minerals de Catalunya. Treballs de la Inst. Catalana d'Hist. Nat. Institut d´Estudis Catalans, Barcelona.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
D.I.Belakovskiy data
Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German); Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne
[British Museum (NH) specimen BM1915,186]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Mount's Bay District
        • Penzance
          • Wherrytown
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Sir Arthur Russell (1949) The Wherry Mine, Penzance, Its History and its Mineral Productions. Mineralogical Magazine 28:517-533.
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Strathclyde
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Balaklava area
Dobrovolskaya T.I., Polkanov Y.A. The Paleovolcano Fiolent. Giude (2004) - Simferopol, 2004, 19 p. (in Russ.) Oleg V. Zinchenko at al. (2008).The mineralogy of seasonal sulfates in the cape Fiolent - Zapiski Ukrainskogo Mineralogichnogo Tovaristva (Proceeding Ukrainian Mineralogical Society), 2008, #5, p. 75-83 (in Ukr.)
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Bokan Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
Hanson, S. L., A. U. Fastner, W. B. Simmons (2008) Mineralogy of the Fumerole deposits at Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Northern Arizona. Rocks & Mnerals 83:6 pp 534-544.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Black Hills (Black Hill Range)
        • Verde District
          • Jerome
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107; Lindgren, W. (1926), USGS Bull. 782: 26, 27, 28-29, 31, 32, 61-78; Reber, L.E., Jr. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 49; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 25, 27, 56; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153, Minerals of AZ: 9, 12, 15, 16, 20, 24; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 63; Lausen, C. (1928), Hydrous sulphates formed under fumerolic conditions at the United Verde mine, AmMin: 13: 203-229.
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Oakland Hills
          • Oakland
            • Leona Heights
              • Leona Heights deposit
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1903a), Minerals from Leona Heights, Alameda County, California: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 3: 212; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263.; Anthony R. Kampf & FM Locality Index Committee (1989) California Locality Index. Mineralogical Record, 20:129-142.
[MinRec 20:129-142]
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Clayton
          • Mount Diablo State Park
            • Mount Diablo (Mt Diablo)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263, 273.
    • Inyo Co.
      • Coso Mts (Coso Range)
        • Coso District (New Coso District)
          • Coso Hot Springs
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263.
    • Marin Co.
      • Fort Barry area
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 62.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • Buena Vista
Bradley, W.W. (1939), Thirty-fifth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 35: 343; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 62; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263.
    • Merced Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Stayton District (McLeod District; Panoche District)
          • Antimony Peak
Min.Rec.: 20:427-434.
    • Napa Co.
      • Knoxville District
        • Knoxville
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263.
    • Nevada Co.
      • Nevada City District
        • Nevada City
Lindgren, Waldemar (1896a), The gold-quartz veins of Nevada City and Grass Valley districts, California: USGS 17th. Annual Report, part 2: 120; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 62.
    • Placer Co.
      • Wheatland District
        • Kilaga Springs
Bradley, W.W. (1940), Thirty-sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 36: 107; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 62.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 263.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Quail Mts
        • Brown Mountain
Hewett, Donnel Foster, et al (1936), Mineral resources of the region around Boulder Dam: USGS Bulletin 871, 323 pp.: 96; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 62, 178; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
Schrader, Frank Charles, R.W. Stone & Samuel Sanford (1917), Useful minerals of the United States (a revision of Bulletin 585): USGS Bulletin 624: 42; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 62.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Cascade Range
        • Lassen Volcanic National Park
Day, Arthur L. & E.T. Allen (1925), The volcanic activity and hot springs of Lassen Peak, California: Carnegie Instit. Washington Pub. 360, 190 pp.: 118; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 263; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539; Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 45; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 246; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 290; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263; Mineralogica Record (1993): 24(5): 349.
  • Colorado
    • Delta Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 13, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Dolores Co.
      • Lone Cone District (Dunton District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Foothill District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Golden District
        • Golden
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Morrison Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Rumford
King, V. and Foord, E. 1994, Mineralogy of Maine
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
      • Rowe
Cerato, A.. 2003: Mineralogical Study of Davis Mine, Rowe, MA, Using X-Ray Diffraction Techniques
  • Missouri
    • Boone Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Henry Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Vernon Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Nebraska
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Fairbury
Chemical Geology Volume 215, Issues 1-4, 15 February 2005, Pages 433-452
    • Nemaha Co.
      • Brownville
Robert Matthew Joeckel, K. D. Wally, S.A. Fischbein, P.R. Hanson (2007) Sulfate Mineral Paragenesis in Pennsylvanian Rocks and The Occurrence of Slavikite in Nebraska. REAT PLAINS RESEARCH 17:1 pages 17-33 (Spring 2007).
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Goldfield
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Cactus Range
        • Cactus Springs District
          • Urania Peak
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Gerlach
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Tobin and Sonoma Range District
R. C. Peterson et al.: Am. Min.: 90 (2005), in press
    • Storey Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Pyramid District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
MinRec 16(1):25-31
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Wilcox District
        • Lone Pine Hill area
USGS Bull 1451
    • Grant Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
        • Alum Canyon
USGS Bull 1451
USGS Bull 1451
USGS Bull 1451
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Guadalupe Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
    • Harding Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Luna Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • McKinley Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • San Juan Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • San Miguel Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed, 1996
    • Taos Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Tompkins Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Jensen, David (1978) The Minerals of New York State, p.52; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
  • North Carolina
Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina; USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Cleveland Co.
Dana 6:1075.
Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina; USGS Bulletion No.74
rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/alunogen.pdf
Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Swain Co.
Mineralogical Record March - April 2000
  • Ohio
    • Franklin Co.
      • Columbus
Van King
Ernest H. Carlson. Jerret Whitford. "Occurrence And Mineralogy Of Efflorescence In Late Devonian Black Shales, North-Central Ohio." 2002 GSA Meeting: Web: http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_44706.htm
    • Huron Co.
      • Huron River
Dr Pete Richards
      • Monroeville
        • West Branch Huron River
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_44706.htm
    • Meigs Co.
      • Langsville
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
  • Pennsylvania
Gordon, 1922. Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
    • Centre Co.
      • State College
        • Skytop
U.S. Geological Survey/ U.s. Department of the Interior
    • Columbia Co.
STRACHER, Glenn B., (2007) GAS VENT MINERALOGY OF COAL FIRES BURNING AROUND THE WORLD Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 39, No. 2, p. 81
    • Philadelphia Co.
      • Philadelphia
Gordon, 1922. Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
          • East Falls
Gordon, Mineralogy of Pennsyvania, 1922 - p. 224
Ref.: Gordon, S.G. (1922) "The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania," Special Publication No. 1, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia: p. 125.
Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
  • South Dakota
    • Fall River Co.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Galena District
        • Galena
  • Tennessee
    • Polk Co.
      • Parkwood
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Calf Mesa
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Am.Min.40:469
Patrick Haynes, FOUR CORNERS MINERAL NEWS in New Mexico Mineral Symposium 2004
    • Garfield Co.
      • Escalante Mts
        • Coyote Creek District (Antimony District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • White Canyon
Finnell, T. L., Franks, P. C., & Hubbard, H. A. (1963). Geology, ore deposits, and exploratory drilling in the Deer Flat area, White Canyon district, San Juan County, Utah USGS Bulletin 1132
USGS Bull 1132
  • Vermont
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Vershire
        • South Vershire
Piatak, Nadine M., et. al. (2004). Geochemical Characterization of Mine Waste at the Ely Copper Mine Superfund Site, Orange County, Vermont (USGS Open-File Report 2004-1248)
  • Virginia
    • Fredericksburg (City)
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
        • Mineral
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Prince Edward Co.
      • Farmville District
        • Madisonville
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Yakima Co.
      • Mount Adams
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.40, 60
Mineral and/or Locality  
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