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Gahnite

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Johan Gottlieb Gahn
Formula:
ZnAl2O4
Colour:
Dark blue-green, yellow, brown, black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
7½ - 8
Specific Gravity:
4.62 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1807 by Baron Karl Marie Ehrenbert von Moll in honor of Swedish chemist and mineralogist, Johan Gottlieb Gahn [August 19, 1745 Voxna Bruk, Hälsingland, Sweden - December 8, 1818 Falun, Sweden]. The new name replaced automalite named by Anders Gustav Ekeberg.
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Classification of GahniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.BB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
B : Metal: Oxygen = 3:4 and similar
B : With only medium-sized cations
7.2.1.4

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
2 : AB2X4
7.5.5

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
5 : Oxides of Zn, Cd and Hg

Physical Properties of GahniteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Dark blue-green, yellow, brown, black
Streak:
Grey
Hardness:
7½ - 8 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
4.62 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GahniteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of GahniteHide

Formula:
ZnAl2O4
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg

Crystallography of GahniteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.062 Å
Unit Cell V:
524.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals usually octahedral.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of GahniteHide

Synonyms of GahniteHide

Other Language Names for GahniteHide

Varieties of GahniteHide

Cuprian GahniteZn-bearing gahnite variety from Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Russia.
KreittoniteA ferroan variety of gahnite. The Zn:Fe ratio goes to 1.64:1.
LimaiteA stanniferous variety of Gahnite.
Manganoan Gahnite

Relationship of Gahnite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
CoulsoniteFe2+V3+2O4
CuprospinelCu2+Fe3+2O4Iso.
Filipstadite(Sb0.5Fe0.5)Mn2O4Iso.
FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
HercyniteFe2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
JacobsiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
MagnesiocoulsoniteMgV2O4Iso.
MagnesioferriteMgFe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4
Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
TrevoriteNi2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
UlvöspinelFe2TiO4Iso.
VuorelaineniteMn2+V3+2O4
XieiteFe2+Cr2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
ZincochromiteZnCr2O4Iso.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite22 photos of Gahnite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Quartz19 photos of Gahnite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Tephroite8 photos of Gahnite associated with Tephroite on mindat.org.
Muscovite7 photos of Gahnite associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.
Augite5 photos of Gahnite associated with Augite on mindat.org.
Willemite5 photos of Gahnite associated with Willemite on mindat.org.
Microcline4 photos of Gahnite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Pyrite4 photos of Gahnite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Andradite4 photos of Gahnite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Almandine3 photos of Gahnite associated with Almandine on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.BB.05ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
4.BB.05CoulsoniteFe2+V3+2O4
4.BB.05CuprospinelCu2+Fe3+2O4Iso.
4.BB.05Filipstadite(Sb0.5Fe0.5)Mn2O4Iso.
4.BB.05FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05HercyniteFe2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05JacobsiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4
4.BB.05MagnesiocoulsoniteMgV2O4Iso.
4.BB.05MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnesioferriteMgFe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
4.BB.05SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05TrevoriteNi2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05UlvöspinelFe2TiO4Iso.
4.BB.05VuorelaineniteMn2+V3+2O4
4.BB.05ZincochromiteZnCr2O4Iso.
4.BB.10HausmanniteMn2+Mn3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10HetaeroliteZnMn2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10IwakiiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.15MaghemiteFe3+2O3Iso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
4.BB.15TitanomaghemiteFe3+(Fe3+,Ti4+,Fe2+,◻)2O4Iso. 4 3 2 : P43 3 2
4.BB.20Tegengrenite(Mg,Mn2+)2Sb5+0.5(Mn3+,Si,Ti)0.5O4Trig.
4.BB.25XieiteFe2+Cr2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

7.2.1.1SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.2.1.2GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.2.1.3HercyniteFe2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.5.1ZinciteZnOHex. 6mm : P63mc
7.5.2SweetiteZn(OH)2Tet.
7.5.3AshoveriteZn(OH)2Tet.
7.5.4WülfingiteZn(OH)2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.5.6HetaeroliteZnMn2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.5.7HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.5.8Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.5.9WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.5.10FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.5.11MonteponiteCdOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.5.12MontroyditeHgOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GahniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 689-697.
Mineralogical Magazine: 62: 41-54.
Spry, P.G. (1987) Compositional zoning in zincian spinel. Canadian Mineralogist: 25: 97-104.
Waerenborgh, J.C., Annersten, H., Ericsson, T., Figueiredo, M.O., and Cabral, J.M.P. (1990) A Mössbauer study of natural gahnite spinels showing strongly temperature dependent quadrupole splitting distributions. European Journal of Mineralogy: 2: 267-271.
O'Neill, H.St.C. and Dollase, W.A. (1994) Crystal structures and cation distribution in simple spinels from powder XRD structural refinements: MgCr2O4, ZnCr2O4, Fe3O4, and the temperature dependence of the cation distribution in ZnAl2O4. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 20: 541-555.
Hålenius, U. and Bosi, F (2014) Color of Mn-bearing gahnite: A first example of electronic transitions in heterovalent exchange coupled IVMn2+ - VIMn3+ pairs in minerals. American Mineralogist 99, 261-266.
Adriana Heimann, Jason A. Yonts, and Miguel A. Galliski (2015): The Composition of Gahnite In Granitic Pegmatites From the Pampean Pegmatite Province, Argentina: Implications For Pegmatite Fractionation. Can. Mineral. 53, 991-1014.

Internet Links for GahniteHide

Localities for GahniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Calamuchita Department
Tourmaline (extraLapis English, # 3, 2002), p 96.
    • Punilla Department
      • Sierra de Córdoba
Victorio Angelelli (1958) Los minerales de Uranio, sus yacimientos y prospección
      • Tanti
Colombo, F. y Lira, R. (2006) Geología y mineralogía de algunas pegmatitas del borde oriental del distrito Punilla, Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 61:
Colombo, F. y Lira, R. (2006) Geología y mineralogía de algunas pegmatitas del borde oriental del distrito Punilla, Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 61:
Econ Geol (1995) 90:636-647
  • Salta
    • La Poma department
      • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Galliski, M. A., & Černý, P. (2006). Geochemistry and structural state of columbite-group minerals in granitic pegmatites of the Pampean Ranges, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(3), 645-666.
  • San Luis
    • Coronel Pringles department
      • El Trapiche
        • Las Águilas deposit
Miguel Á. Galliski, María Florencia Márquez-Zavalía, Raúl Lira, Jan Cempírek and Radek Škoda (2012) Mineralogy and Origin of the Dumortierite-Bearing Pegmatites of Virorco, San Luis, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 50:873-894.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
O’Brien, J. J., Spry, P. G., Teale, G. S., Jackson, S. E., & Rogers, D. (2015). Major and Trace Element Chemistry of Gahnite as an Exploration Guide to Broken Hill-Type Pb-Zn-Ag Mineralization in the Broken Hill Domain, New South Wales, Australia. Economic Geology, 110(4), 1027-1057.; Spry, P. G., Teale, G. T., & Heimann, A. (2003). Speculations concerning the origin and exploration significance of lode rocks in the Curnamona Province. Geosc Aust Record, 13, 162-165.
https://www.mindat.org/article.php/1127/The+Often+Overlooked+Broken+Hill+Gahnites
P.M. Buckley (2003) Geological mapping at the Potosi open pit. in Peljo, M., 2003. Broken Hill Exploration Initiative: Abstracts from the July 2003 conference. Record 2003/013. Geoscience Australia, Canberra. pp18-19
        • Southern operations mine (Pasminco mine; Perilya mine; Consolidated Zinc Mine; CRA mine; New Broken Hill Consolidated Mine; NBHC Mine)
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
      • Broken Hill District
        • Brewery Creek
Northern Broken Hill Block
        • Little Broken Hill
Birch, W. D., Burke, E. A. J., Wall, V. J., & Etheridge, M. A. (1988). Ecandrewsite, the zinc analogue of ilmenite, from Little Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia, and the San Valentin Mine, Sierra de Cartegena, Spain. Mineralogical Magazine, 52(2), 237-240.
Stevens B.P.J, Barnes R.G and Burton G.R. 2004: Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks, New South Wales. 5. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Bulletin 32 (5)
Econ Geol (1994) 89:778-790; Parr, J. (1992) A gahnite-garnet retrograde reaction from the Pinnacles deposit, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 145-152.; McQueen, K. G. (1987). A Second Occurrence of Falkmanite: Pinnacles Mine, Broken Hill. New South Wales. The Canadian Mineralogist, 25(1), 15-19.
Anonymous (2013): The Newsletter of the Broken Hill Mineral Club Inc., vol. 14 (3), 7. [http://brokenhillmineralclub.wikispaces.com/file/view/news+v14n3.pdf]. NSW Geological Survey report GS1951/049 The Rupee Prospect Broken Hill.
Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M. Burton, G.R. (2003) Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. (Bulletin No. 32(5)).
Uwe Kolitsch collection
      • Northern Broken Hill Block
Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M. Burton, G.R. (2003) Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. (Bulletin No. 32(5)).
Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M., Burton, G.R. (2003) Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks New South Wales. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. Bulletin No. 32(5).
Econ Geol (1993) 88:505-541
Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M., Burton, G.R. (2003) Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks New South Wales. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. Bulletin No. 32(5).
Stevens B.P.J, Barnes R.G and Burton G.R. 2004: Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks, New South Wales. 5. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Bulletin 32 (5)
Trevor Dart Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M., Burton, G.R. (2003) Metallogenic Studies of teh Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks New South Wales. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. (Bulletin No. 32(5)).
Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M., Burton, G.R. (2003) Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks New South Wales. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. Bulletin No. 32(5).
Based on photographs uploaded
Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M., Burton, G.R. (2003) Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks New South Wales. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. Bulletin No. 32(5).
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges)
        • Ambalindum Station
          • Mount Mabel
Skwarnecki, M.S. (2004) Oonagalabi Basic Metal Prospect, Harts Range, Northern Territory, CRC LEME CSIRO Land and Water Report.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Selwyn District
Lottermoser, B. G., Ashley, P. M., & Munksgaard, N. C. (2008). Biogeochemistry of Pb–Zn gossans, northwest Queensland, Australia: implications for mineral exploration and mine site rehabilitation. Applied Geochemistry, 23(4), 723-742.
    • McKinlay Shire
      • McKinlay
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Mt Babbage area (inlier)
          • Prospect Hill
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2040
The Geology of South Australia, Vol 1, Bull.54, p.156, 1993, Geol. Surv. of S. Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Callington
Noble R.J, Just J, Johnson J. E. (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals - 1983, Govenment Printer, South Australia.
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
        • Echunga goldfield
Ben Grguric
        • Mount Barker
          • Nairne
No reference listed
        • Strathalbyn
Abbot, P. et al (2005) Cambrian Mineral Resources come of age - the Kanmantoo revival. MESA Journal 36:6-11.
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1575
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
    • Olary Province
      • Bimbowrie Station
C.H.H. Conor (2003) The economic significance of the volcano-exhalate association in the Olary Domain. in Peljo, M., 2003. Broken Hill Exploration Initiative: Abstracts from the July 2003 conference. Record 2003/013. Geoscience Australia, Canberra. pp26-29
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
Jacobson., M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
    • Dowerin Shire
      • Dowerin
M. Jacobson, M. Calderwood, B Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007)
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Abydos Station
        • Wodgina
Simpson, Edward S. (1951) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 2 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p.297.
    • Sandstone Shire
      • Youangarra Goldfield (Curran's Find)
Cornelius, M., Smith, R.E. (2004), Freddie Well Zn-Cu Deposit, Murchison District Western Australia, CRC LEME, 2004
Economic Geology (1996) 91:1354-1371; Christopher J Yeats, David I Groves, The Archaean Mount Gibson gold deposits, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia: Products of combined synvolcanic and syntectonic alteration and mineralisation, Ore Geology Reviews, Volume 13, Issues 1–5, April 1998, Pages 103-129, ; SHRIMP U-Pb Geochronological Constraints on Archaean Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide and Lode Gold Mineralization at Mount Gibson, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia; C Yeats, N McNaughton, D Groves, Economic Geology, V91, Dev 1996, pp 1354-1371
      • Retaliation Goldfield
        • Mount Gibson Conservation Reserve
Hough, R. Phang, C., Anand, R., Mineral Hosts for Gold, CRC LEME (2003), Yeats, C., McNaughton, N., Groves, D., Shrimp U-Pb Geochronological Constraints on Archaean Volcanic Hosted Massive Sulphide & Lode Gold Mineralisation at Mt Gibson (1996); Yeats, C., Groves, D., The Archaean Mt Gibson Gold Deposits (1998)
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Weinviertel
      • Poysdorf
        • Falkenstein
Kolitsch, U. & Pieler, E. (2015): Gahnit, Fluorapatit, Monazit-(Ce), Zirkon und andere Mineralien in Phosphoritknollen aus der Nähe der Burgruine Falkenstein im Weinviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 258-260 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Styria
    • Bad Gleichenberg
      • Wilhelmsdorf
Postl, W. & Bernhard, F. (2011
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Zillertal
        • Zamser Grund (Zams valley)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2007): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVI. Carinthia II, 197/117, 149-190.; Lapis, 34 (6) (2009), 56-57.
        • Zemmgrund
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2007): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVI. Carinthia II, 197/117, 149-190.
  • Upper Austria
    • Mühlviertel
      • Freistadt
        • Pregarten
Arthofer, P. (2005): Zinnsteinführende Pegmatite aus Meitschenhof bei Pregarten, Bezirk Freistadt, Oberösterreich. OÖ. Geonachrichten 20, 10-22.
      • Perg
        • St Georgen an der Gusen
Brandstetter, G. & M. Reich (1998): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. OÖ. Geonachr. 13, 11-25; Brandstetter, G. & Reich, M. (1999): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. Mineralien-Welt 10 (3), 12-18; Kolitsch, U. (2016): 1977) Anatas, Gahnit und ein Mineral der Kaolinit-Gruppe von Luftenberg bei Linz, Oberösterreich. Pp. 224-225 in Walter, F. et al. (2016): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXV. Carinthia II, 206./126., 203-250.
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
Jose Dehove collection
        • Cahai (Cahay)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Theye, Th., Fransolet A.M. (1994): "Virtually Pure Ottrelite from the Region of Ottré, Belgium", European Journal of Mineralogy, 1994, 6, 547-555
Bolivia
 
  • El Beni Department
    • Itenez Province
Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz)
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Érico Cardoso
      • Paramirim das Crioulas
        • Pico das Almas river
Jeannine and Jacques Cassedanne : "Présence d'eskolaite dans les alluvions stannifères de la Chapada Diamantina (Bahia-Brésil), Bull. Mineral., 1980, 103, pp 600-602.
  • Goiás
    • Uruaçu
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1884-1898
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
    • São João del Rei pegmatite province
      • Nazareno
Andrade, M.B., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Ellena, J. (2013): Hydrokenomicrolite, (☐,H2O)2Ta2(O,OH)6(H2O), a new microlite group mineral from Volta Grande pegmatite, Nazareno, Minas Gerais, Brazil. American Mineralogist, 98, 292–296
    • Vazante
Slezak, P. R., 2012, Geology, mneralogy, and geochenmistry of the Vazante Noorthern Extension zinc silicate deposit, Minas Gerais, Brazil: M.S. thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario (pdf available at https://qspace.library.queensu.ca/handle/1974/7027?mode=full).
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Nova Palmeira
Beurlen, H., Thomas, R., Melgarejo, J. C., Da Silva, J. M. R., Rhede, D., Soares, D. R., & Da Silva, M. R. (2013). Chrysoberyl-sillimanite association from the Roncadeira pegmatite, Borborema Province, Brazil: implications for gemstone exploration. Journal of GEOsciences, 58(2), 79-90.
      • Picuí
Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Carnaúba dos Dantas
No reference listed
        • Ermo
http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/AmMin/TOC/Articles_Free/2002/Eeckhout_p1297-1306_02.pdf
      • Parelhas
Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.; Beurlen, H.; Müller, A.; Silva, D.; Da Silva, M.R.R. (2011): Petrogenetic significance of LA-ICP-MS trace-element data on quartz from the Borborema Pegmatite Province, northeast Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 2703-2719.
[MinRec 29:196]
Beurlen, H.; Müller, A.; Silva, D.; Da Silva, M.R.R. (2011): Petrogenetic significance of LA-ICP-MS trace-element data on quartz from the Borborema Pegmatite Province, northeast Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 2703-2719. ; de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Beurlen, H., Da Silva, M.R.R., Thomas, R., Soares, D.R., and Olivier, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 207-228.; de Brito Barreto, S., & Bretas Bittar, S. M. (2010). Los depósitos de gemas de Brasil: localización, producción e impacto económico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 123-140.
Burkina Faso
 
  • Centre-Ouest Region
Econ Geol (2003) 98:1463-1485
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Atlin Mining Division
      • Rainy Hollow District
I.C.L. Webster, G.E. Ray and A.R. Pettipas (1992) An Investigation of Selected Mineralized Skarns in British Columbia. British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 1992
    • Liard Mining Division
Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Alaska Highway, Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Yukon/Alaska border. GSC paper 72-32, 48.
    • Revelstoke Mining Division
      • Revelstoke
DIXON,A., CEMPIREK, J. & GROAT, L.A. (2014) Mineralogy and geochemistry of pegmatites on Mount Begbie, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 129-164.
  • Manitoba
    • Cross Lake
      • North Group
ERCIT, S.T., TAIT, K.T., COOPER, M.A. ABDU, Y., BALL, N.A., ANDERSON, A.J., ČERNÝ, P. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2010) Manitobaite, Na16Mn2+25Al8(PO4)30, a new phosphate mineral species from Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1455-1463.
    • Lynn Lake District
Samson I M, Blackburn W H, Gagnon J E (1999) Paragenesis and composition of amphibole and biotite in the MacLellan gold deposit, Lynn Lake greenstone belt, Manitoba, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist 37, 1405-1421 ; Bernhardt Augsten, Ralph I. Thorpe, Donald C. Harris, and Mark A. F. Fedikow (1986) Ore mineralogy of the Agassiz (MacLellan) gold deposit in the Lynn Lake region, Manitoba Can Mineral, 24:369-377
    • Snow Lake District
Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks & minerals for the collector: La Ronge - Creighton, Saskatchewan, Flin Flon, Thompson, Manitoba. GSC paper 71-27,65.
Calvert C. Bristol and Edgar Froese (1989) Highly metamorphosed altered rocks associated with the Osborne Lake volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Snow Lake area, Manitoba Can Mineral, 27:593-600
Zaleski, E., Froese, E, & Gordon, T.M. (1991) Metamorphic Petrology of Fe-Zn-Mg-Al alteration at the Linda volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Snow Lake, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 29, 995-1017.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Lunenburg Co.
      • New Ross
G.A. O'Reilly, E.J. Farley, and M.H. Charest, "Metasomatic-Hydrothermal Mineral Deposits of the New Ross-Mahone Bay Area, Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. of Mines and Energy, paper 82-2, 1982.
  • Nunavut
    • Mackenzie District
      • Itchen Lake
Money, P.L., and Heslop, J.B. (1976): Canadian Mining Journal 97(5), 24-27; Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22, 493-498
  • Ontario
    • Hastings Co.
      • Madoc Area
        • Madoc Township
MDI Number: MDI31C11SW00018
    • Kenora District
      • Balmer Township
Charles A. Tarnocai, Keiko Hattori, and Louis J. Cabri (1997) "Invisible" gold in sulfides from Campbell Mine, Red lake greenstone belt, Ontario; evidence for mineralization during the peak of metamorphism. Can Mineral 35:805-815
      • GTP Block 7 Township
Geoffrey Khalil Abdallah (1990) Ore Mineralogy of Mattabi Mine, Northwestern Ontario, Canada. MSC Thesis, Lakehead University
      • Paterson Lake Area
Pedersen, J. C. P.Geo., and Bubar, D. S.,(2002) Mineralogy and Zonation of the Big Whopper Pegmatite, Separation Rapids area, Kenora, Ontario Proceedings Volume of the Institute on Lake Superior Geology Vol 48 pp 34-35
Canadian Mineralogist 36, 609; Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Gemmell Township
Can Mineral 1982 20: 549-553.; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164; Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 1992, 29(7): 1375-1388
      • Pays Plat Lake Area
Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2065-2072
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Riverin, Gerald and Hodgson, C. Jay, 1980, Wall-rock Alteration at the Millenbach Cu-Zn Mine, Noranda, Quebec, Economic Geology, v 75, p. 424-444.
    • Mauricie
      • Mékinac RCM
Economic Geology December 1, 1987 vol. 82 no. 8 2076-2090 ; Canadian Mineralogist vol.22, pp. 595-604 (1984)
    • Outaouais
      • Pontiac RCM
Econ Geol. (1990) 85:164-171
  • Saskatchewan
    • Amisk Lake District
Coombe Geoconsultants Ltd.(1991) Base Metals in Saskatchewan Sask. Ministry of Energy and Resources, OF 91-1.
Steadman, J. A., & Spry, P. G. (2015). Metamorphosed Proterozoic Zn-Pb-Ag Mineralization in the Foster River Area, Northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Economic Geology, 110(5), 1193-1214.
Steadman, J. A., & Spry, P. G. (2015). Metamorphosed Proterozoic Zn-Pb-Ag Mineralization in the Foster River Area, Northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Economic Geology, 110(5), 1193-1214.
Steadman, J. A., & Spry, P. G. (2015). Metamorphosed Proterozoic Zn-Pb-Ag Mineralization in the Foster River Area, Northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Economic Geology, 110(5), 1193-1214.
Steadman, J. A., & Spry, P. G. (2015). Metamorphosed Proterozoic Zn-Pb-Ag Mineralization in the Foster River Area, Northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Economic Geology, 110(5), 1193-1214.
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Suizhou Prefecture
      • Guangshui Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Gu Xiongfei, Ding Kuishou, and Xu Yingnian (1976): Geochimica 1976(2), 107.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Jianchang Co.
        • Bajiazi Zn-Pb-Ag deposit
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Koktokay pegmatite field (Keketuohai pegmatite field)
            • Altay Mine
Zhang Rubo (1981): Geological Review 27(1), 1-7.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Kraslice (Graslitz)
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
    • Pardubice Region
      • Nasavrky (Nassaberg)
Drozen, J., Hájek, J., Špaček, J.: Kyzové ložisko Křižanovice v Železných horách. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického, 1987, roč. 62, č. 6, s. 351-361.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Staněk, J.: Gahnity z československých pegmatitů. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, Vědy přírodní, 1960, 45, 31-36.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Jeseník
Losos, Z., Fojt, B., Hladíková, J.: Mineralogická charakteristika sulfidického zrudnění u České Vsi u Jeseníku. Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Purk. Brun., 1986, vol. 16, No. 3 Geologica, s. 143-170.
      • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
Łodziński, M., Pieczka, A. (2011): Gahnite inclusions in beryl in pegmatites of the Sowie Mts. Block, the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif and the Hruby Jesenik Massif, Sudety Mts. Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 131-132
Novák, M. et al.: Beryl-columbitový pegmatit z Branné, Hrubý Jeseník. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2003, 88, 113-122.
        • Maršíkov (Marchendorf)
Novák, M.: Maršíkov - Schinderhübel. In Exkurzní průvodce po mineralogických lokalitách na Sobotínsku. Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, 2002, Olomouc, s. 34-37.
Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991; Novák, M.: Maršíkov - Scheibengraben. In Exkurzní průvodce po mineralogických lokalitách na Sobotínsku. Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, 2002, Olomouc, s. 38-41.
Procházka, J. (1969): Autunit, Bertrandit A Bismutit Z Pegmatitu Od Šumperka. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. nat., 54, 31-44. (in Czech with Germany summary)
Łodziński, M., Pieczka, A. (2011): Gahnite inclusions in beryl in pegmatites of the Sowie Mts. Block, the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif and the Hruby Jesenik Massif, Sudety Mts. Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 131-132
        • Sobotín (Zöptau; Zoeptau)
Kruťa, T., Paděra, K., Pouba, Z., Sládek, R.: Die Mineralienparagenese in dem Mittleren Teile des Altvatergebirges (Hrubý Jeseník, Hohes Gesenke, ČSSR). Časopis Moravského musea, vědy přírodní, 1968, roč. 53, s. 5-80.
Łodziński, M., Pieczka, A. (2011): Gahnite inclusions in beryl in pegmatites of the Sowie Mts. Block, the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif and the Hruby Jesenik Massif, Sudety Mts. Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 131-132
      • Zlaté Hory (Zuckmantel)
Čech F., Kruťa T.: Výskyt chrysoberylu v pegmatitu u Salisova ve Slezsku. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1979, 24, 3, 326.
    • Vysočina Region
      • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
Pauliš P. Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech II. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 2003.
      • Pacov
Losertová, L., Losos, Z. (2014): W-mineralization from greisen at Cetoraz near Pacov, Czech Republic. 4th Central European Mineralogical Conference, Skalský Dvůr, Czech Republic, 23-26 April 2014, Abstract Volume, 78.
      • Třebíč
Houzar S.: Zinkem a baryem bohaté minerální asociace (sfalerit - Zn-spinel - hyalofán - Ba-flogopit) z mramoru u Číchova na západní Moravě (moldanubikum). Acta rerum naturalium (Jihlava), 2015, 18, 1-7.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Jimramov
          • Trhonice
Novák, M., Houzar, S., Šrein, V.: Gahnite-bearing marbles and their significance for regional classification of the eastern part of the Bohemian Massif. Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 1997, roč. 42, č. 1-2, s. 33-40.
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Region
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
P.M. Kartashov data
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field
Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Vihanti
Sergeeva, N. E., Eremin, N. I., & Dergachev, A. L. (2011, February). Vanadium mineralization in ore of the Vihanti massive sulfide base-metal deposit, Finland. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 210-212). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Vihanti - ZINC Database
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Forssa
Ilkka Mikkola collection
    • Hausjärvi
chalcopyrit
    • Imatra
Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
    • Kouvola
Sunblad, Krister et al (2008). Polymetallic metallogeny in the Wiborg batholith, Fennoscandian shield. The 33rd IGC International Geological Congress Oslo 2008.
    • Raasepori (Raseborg)
      • Pohja
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Nyckeln -Zinc Database.
  • Southwestern Finland Region
Haapala Ilmari 1977 Petrography and geochemistry of the Eurajoki stock, a rapakivi-granite complex with greisen-type mineralization in Southwestern Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 286; Guidebook, E. (2009). Geological Setting of the Olkiluoto Investigation Site, Eurajoki, SW Finland.
    • Kemiö Island (Kimito Island)
Laitakari, A. (1967): Suomen mineraalien hakemisto. Index of Finnish minerals with bibliography. Bulletin de la Commission géologique de Finlande. No. 230. 842 p.
    • Salo
      • Perniö
http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/traskbole.htm
      • Suomusjärvi
Niskanen, Maria (2014). Salitun felsisten juonten mineraalikoostumus ja evoluutio. Pro Gradu-tutkielma (2014). Geotieteiden ja Maantieteen Laitos Helsingin Yliopisto.gedrite
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Le Mayet-de-Montagne
        • Laprugne
P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982
    • Rhône
      • Le Bois d'Oingt
        • Chessy-les-Mines
R. De Ascenção Guedes, 2004, Les minéraux et les minéralogistes de Chessy-les-mines, Le Règne Minéral, HS IX, pp 46-84
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Limerzel
P. Devismes : "Atlas photographique des minéraux d'alluvions", BRGM, 1978.
P. Devismes : "Atlas photographique des minéraux d'alluvions", BRGM, 1978.
      • Penestin
CHAURIS L. (1982) - Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc. nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1) p. 14.
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
No reference listed
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Massif du Canigou
        • Taurinya
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 74.
French Guiana
 
Sinkankas, 1989. Emerald & Other Beryls.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Bodenmais
Obermüller, T., (1993): Der Silberberg bei Bodenmais/Bayer. Wald, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 201-224; Lucchesi, S., Della Giusta, A., & Russo, U. (1998). Cation distribution in natural Zn-aluminate spinels. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(1), 41-54.
      • Untergriesbach
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Vilshofen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Lam
        • Schmelz
  • Hesse
    • Frankfurt
Blessing,C. & Pock,R. (1991). Mineralbildungen in Schlacken auf dem Gelände der ehemaligen Kupferwerke in Frankfurt/M-Heddernheim. Aufschluss, Jg.42, Nr.6, S.339-57
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender, D.; Krimmelbein, M. & W; Altena (1994): Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. in Mineralien-Welt, 4, p.10
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Sámos Prefecture
      • Sámos Island
American Mineralogist (2003) 88, 789-805
        • Kerketeas Mt (Kerkis Mt)
European Journal of Mineralogy; December 1998; v. 10; no. 6; p. 1361-1366
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Peter W. Uitterdijk Appel (1986) Gahnite in an Archaean Iron-Formation, West Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine 50:175-177.
Uitterdijk Appel, P.W. & Jensen, A. (1987): A new gem material from Greenland: Iridescent orthoamphibole. Gems & Mineralogy. Spring 1987, 36-42
Guyana
 
  • Mazaruni District
    • Kamakusa
Charles Milton et al. (1967)
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Betul Belt
Ghosh, B. & Praveen, M.N. (2007): Garnet-gahnite-staurolite relations and occurrence of ecandrewsite from the Koparpani base metal sulfide prospect, Betul Belt, Central India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 184, 105-116.
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Ajmer Division
      • Bhilwara District
Höller, W., and Gandhi, S.M. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 99-119.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Kanchipuram District
Mineralogical Magazine 63:743-755.
Italy
 
  • Calabria
    • Catanzaro Province
      • Tiriolo
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Chiavenna
Bedognè, F. (1991) I minerali dei differenziati acidi di Tanno (Val Chiavenna). Il Naturalista Valtellinese - Atti Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Morbegno, 2, 35-45.
        • Novate Mezzola
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Ornavasso
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Trontano
Mattioli V. (1976): Crisoberillo e gahnite del Croppo. Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 65; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Boscardin M., Mattioli V., Rocchetti I. (2013): Minerali della Valle Vigezzo. Litotipografia Alcione, Lavis (Trento), 229 pp.
          • Cosasca
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Passiria Valley (Passeier Valley)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
          • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Zillertal extraLapis nu.12 - Mineralien Welt 4\2010
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Ena City
Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Ser. C, 6(4), 107-113 (Tokyo)
        • Hida City
Osakabe, T. & Suzuki, M. (1983) Note on the graphite-free corundum-K feldspar gneiss in the Hida metamorphic belt, central Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, ser. C, 8, #1, 31-42.
    • Chugoku region
      • Shimane Prefecture
        • Ohchi-gun
Chihiro Fukuda and Masahide Akasaka (2005) Annual Meeting, JAMP, 2005.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970)
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Ohshuu City
          • Esashi ward
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
Yohei Shirose, Seiichiro Uehara (2013) Li tourmaline from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences Vol. 108 (2013) No. 4 August p. 238-243
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
Hwang, S. L., Shen, P., Chu, H. T., & Yui, T. F. (2006). A new occurrence and new data on akdalaite, a retrograde mineral from UHP Whiteschist, Kokchetav Massif, Northern Kazakhstan. International Geology Review, 48(8), 754-764.
Luxembourg
 
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Philippo, S. & Hanson, A. (2007): La minéralisation en antimoine de Goesdorf. Ferrantia 49, 111-146.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Betafo District
        • Fidirana Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Betsiboka Region
      • Tsaratanàna District
        • Tsaratanàna Pegmatite Field
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
Peter Megaw collection
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
    • Omaruru District
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 543 pp. (in English)
    • Swakopmund District
      • Namib-Naukluft National Park
Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo District
A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Southland
      • Stewart Island
http://crownminerals.med.govt.nz/minerals/docs/comreports/report11_tin.pdf
Hutton, C. O. (1957): Contributions to the mineralogy of New Zealand. Part IV. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 84, 791-803. [http://rsnz.natlib.govt.nz/volume/rsnz_84/rsnz_84_04_007850.pdf]
Nigeria
 
  • Kaduna State
MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 425 9; D'Ippolito, V.; Andreozzi, G. B.; Bosi, F.; Halenius, U.; Mantovani, L.; Bersani, D.; Fregola, R. A. (2013): Crystallographic and spectroscopic characterization of a natural Zn-rich spinel approaching the endmember gahnite (ZnAl2O4) composition. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 2941-2953.
  • Kogi State
Jacobson, R. & J.S. Webb (1947) The Occurrence of Nigerite, a New Tin Mineral in Quartz-Sillimanite-Rocks from Nigeria. Mineralogical Magazine: 28, 118-128.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Arendal Iron Mines
Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
    • Bykle
      • Hovden
        • Langevatn
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM, 552 pp. (p.120)
    • Iveland
      • Frikstad
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 35, 21-24
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM, 552 pp.
      • Skripeland
Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Nordrum, F. S. (2004): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2003-2004. STEIN 31 (2), 36-44
    • Valle
      • Strømsheia (Straumsheia)
        • Kvæve area
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM, 552 pp. (p.120)
  • Buskerud
    • Flesberg
      • Grøsli
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp ( p. 55).
    • Kongsberg
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM, 552 pp. (p.120)
Kjerulf, Th. & Dahll(1861): Om Kongsbergs Ertsdistrikt. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben, 11, 173-207; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68
  • Nordland
    • Ballangen
      • Håfjellet
        • Håfjellsmulden
Juve, G. (1967): Zinc and lead deposits in the Håfjell syncline Ofoten, northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 244, 1-54 (p.39)Spry, P. & Scott, S. D. (1986): Zincian spinel and staurolite as guides to ore in the appalachians and the scandinavian caledonides. Canadian Mineralogist. 24, 147-163
    • Evenes
      • Bogen
Vokes, F.M. (1962): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 15. Gahnite in the Bleikvassli ore. Nor. Geol. Tidsskr. 42, 317-329.; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68,p.55
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Vokes, F.M. (1962): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 15. Gahnite in the Bleikvassli ore. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 42,317-329 + Neumann (1985, p. 55).
  • Oppland
    • Dovre
Selbekk, R. S. (1991): Noen analyser. STEIN 18 (3): 9-10.
  • Rogaland
    • Sauda
Bryhni I. (1993): Minerals from Sauda, Rogaland. MGM Interne notater, 199-205; Andersson, M..et al (2004): Saudaprosjektet -Tipp Raundalen. Mulige miljøkonsekvenser ved deponering av sinkholdig malm. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. Rapport 2004-029
    • Vindafjord
      • Vats
Sørbye, R. C. (1948): Geological studies in the north-eastern part of the Haugesund peninsula, Western Norway. Universitetet i Bergen, Årbok 1948. 6: 1-79; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 55
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Oppdal
Witsø, Tor (1994): Oppdal. Et spennende geologisk område. Oppdal. 24 pp. Published by Fridtjov Witsø, Oppdal.
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Hornsund fjord
Pršek, J., Majka, J., Uher, P. & Chudík, P. (2010): Niobium-tantalum minerals in the Skoddefjellet NYF granitic pegmatite, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway: Primary versus secondary assemblage. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 187, 235-248
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104
    • Tokke
      • Klauvreid
Larsen. A.O. & Åsheim, A. (2008): Klauvreid pegmatittbrudd, del 1: Geologi og mineralogi. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 49-56.
  • Troms
    • Skånland
Vokes, F.M. (1962): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 15. Gahnite in the Bleikvassli ore. Nor. Geol. Tidsskr. 42, 317-329.; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68,p.55
Peru
 
  • Puno Department
    • Carabaya Province
      • Macusani
EDS results by ; EDS results by Joel Dyer (Qv: http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,395017,395087#msg-395087 )
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
Łodziński, M., Pieczka, A. (2011): Gahnite inclusions in beryl in pegmatites of the Sowie Mts. Block, the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif and the Hruby Jesenik Massif, Sudety Mts. Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 131-132
    • Lwówek District
      • Gierczyn-Przecznica area
        • Przecznica
Schakel, E. & Lorenz, H. (2009): Eine Zinn- und Kobaltführende Fahlbandlagerstätte zwischen Gierczyn (Giehren) und Przecznica (Querbach) im Góry Izerskie (Isergebirge) in Polen. Aufschluss. 60, 163-185.
    • Strzegom-Sobótka Massif
      • Świdnica District
E. Szeleg
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Braga District
    • Vieira do Minho
      • Anjos
        • Muro Alto Mine
Dias, P. A., Pereira, B., Leal Gomes, C., & Guimarães, F. (2009). Structure and Mineralogy of the Muro Alto Granitic Pegmatite (Vieira Do Minho-Portugal) – Peculiar Assemblages of High-F Hydro-thermal Evolution. Estudos Geológicos, 19(2), 105.
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
EV photo
  • Viana do Castelo District
      • Arcozelo
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Veles
Schweiz. mineral. petrogr. Mitt. (1994) 74, 321-328; Jancev, S. (2001): Peculiar antimony-bearing minerals of the spinel group in metamorphic rocks from near Nezilovo village, Macedonia. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 73-78.
      • Jakupica Mts
        • Babuna Valley
Bermanec et al, 1996
Chukanov, Nikita V., Jančev, Simeon., Pekov, Igor V. (2015): The association of Oxygen-bearing minerals of the chalcophile elements in the orogenetic zone related to the “mixed series” complex near Nežilovo, Republic of Macedonia. Macedonian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 115–124
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Amurskaya Oblast'
Vakh, A. S., Avchenko, O. V., Karabtsov, A. A., & Stepanov, V. A. (2009, October). The first find of grothite in gold ore deposits. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 428, No. 1, pp. 1083-1087). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Northern Region
    • Komi Republic
      • Prepolar Ural
        • Kozhim River Basin
          • Maldynyrd range (Maldy-nyrd range)
            • Grubependity Lake
Irina V. Kozyreva data
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Keivy Mountains
          • Western Keivy Massif
Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian).
        • Khibiny Massif
Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.
      • Northern Karelia
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Rezh District
          • Lipovka pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
        • Yuzhakovo Village
          • Alabashka pegmatite field
http://webcenter.ru/~minbooks/murz_kaz.html
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah 'Asir
Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Serbia
 
  • Mačva District
    • Šabac
Huska, A., Powell, W., Mitrović, S., Bankoff, A., Bulatović, A., Filipović, V. and R. Boger, R. (2015): Placer Tin Ores from Mt. Cer, West Serbia, and Their Potential Exploitation during the Bronze Age. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 29, 477-493.
Slovakia
 
  • Bratislava Region
    • Bratislava Co.
      • Bratislava
        • Devín
Chudík, P. & Uher, P. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 40. (Abs.)
        • Dúbravka
Števko M., Uher P., Ozdín D. (2012) Bizmut a jeho alteračné produkty: akcesorické minerály granitového pegmatitu berylového typu na lokalite Bratislava-Švábsky vrch (Malé Karpaty, Slovensko). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 20, 2, 226-229 (in Slovak with English abstract).
    • Pezinok Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Pezinok
        • Slnečné Valley
Uher P., Žitňan P., Ozdín D., 2007: Pegmatitic Nb-Ta oxide minerals in alluvial placers from Limbach, Bratislava Massif, Western Carpathians, Slovakia: compositional variations and evolutionary trend. Journal of Geosciences, 52, 1-2, 133-141.
  • Trnava Region
    • Piešťany Co.
Uher, P., Broska, I., 1989: Muskovitický pegmatit s obsahom minerálov vzácnych prvkov při Moravanoch n.V. (Považský Inovec). Min.Slovaca, 21,2,163 – 174; Uher, P., Bačík, P., Ozdín, D., & Števko, M. (2012). Beryl in granitic pegmatites of the Western Carpathians (Slovakia): compositional variations, mineral inclusions and breakdown products. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, 7, 144.
Uher P., 2000: Minerály granitových pegmatitov Slovenska-súčasný stav poznatkov. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 8, 170-180.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 136 pp.; Spry, P. G. (1987). The chemistry and origin of zincian spinel associated with the Aggeneys Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag deposits, Namaqualand, South Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 22(4), 262-268.
[AmMin 85:1562]
    • Pixley ka Seme District
      • Copperton
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 137 pp;
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Aran valley
        • Arres
Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
Merino, E., Villaseca, C., Orejana, D., & Jeffries, T. (2013). Gahnite, chrysoberyl and beryl co-occurrence as accessory minerals in a highly evolved peraluminous pluton: the Belvís de Monroy leucogranite (Cáceres, Spain). Lithos, 179, 137-156.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Santiago de Compostela
        • Aríns
ATLANTI, C., & BISCAY, B. (1983). The mineralogy and metamorphism of some gahnite-bearing silicate inclusions in massive sulphides from Fornas, north-west Spain. Mineralogical Magazine, 47, 233-235.
    • Pontevedra
      • Gondomar
        • Vincios
          • Mt Galiñeiro
Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Ratnapura
Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 1, 119.
[ZK 120 (1964), 476; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Lucchesi, S., Della Giusta, A., & Russo, U. (1998). Cation distribution in natural Zn-aluminate spinels. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(1), 41-54.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
      • Svärdsjö
        • Svartvik Mines
No reference listed
    • Gagnef
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Nysten, P. (2003): Yeatmanite and magnussonite from the Garpenberg Norra mine, Bergslagen ore province, Sweden. Can. Mineral., 41, 201-206
Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38
No reference listed
    • Leksand
    • Ludvika
    • Säter
      • Öster Silvberg Mining District
Geijer, P. (1965): Types of sulfide ore and associated wall rock alteration in the Öster-Silvberg District, Central Sweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie C nr 603 [Årsbok 59 nr 3], 3-32
Geijer, P.(1965): Types of sulfide ore and associated wall rock alteration in the Öster-Silvberg District, Central Sweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie C nr 603 [Årsbok 59 nr 3], 3-32
    • Smedjebacken
No reference listed
  • Hälsingland
    • Ljusdal
Dana 6:A2:43.
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Zinkgruvan
Sandström, F., Lorin, T, Niklasson, S.O. & Strand, U. (2011): Zinkgruvan. Litiofilen, 28 (1): 15-37
  • Norrbotten
    • Älvsbyn
  • Östergötland
    • Åtvidaberg
No reference listed
    • Finspång
      • Doverstorp ore field
E. Oudin et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, pp. 166-169.
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Månsarp
No reference listed
    • Vetlanda
      • Fröderyd
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
J.Mansfeld.: Mineralogical-minerochemical investigation of Fredriksberg, Karl XV , Hökhult and Kallsjö mineralization in Fröderyd parish, Småland. 1988
  • Södermanland
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
NJMAh 165, 123
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Långban district
Kjell Gatedal
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
K.Gatedal
      • Persberg district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Kjell Gatedal
  • Västerbotten
    • Norsjö
No reference listed
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Kjell Gatedal
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
      • Brissago
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 175.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Goms
      • Bellwald
        • Fürgangen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 175.
    • Turtmann Valley
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Izmir Province
      • Efes (Ephesus)
Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Outer Hebrides
      • Isle of Harris
O. von Knorring and R. Dearnley (1960) The Lewisian Pegmatites of South Harris, Outer Hebrides. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 248, 366-378.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177 (referring to von Knorring);
Ukraine
 
  • Odessa Oblast'
    • Dnister-Bug domain
      • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
Bobrov, O. B., Merkushin, I. E., Sergienko, V. M., Pogukaj, V. I., Mudrovska, I. V., Voloshyn, O. A., ... & Sivoronov, A. O. (2006, August). Object B2. Mayske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD; Mudrovska, I. V., Merkushin, I. E., Lysenko, A. A., & Bobrov, A. B. (2005). The Savran ore field of the Dniestr-Boug domain, Ukrainian Shield: A rare example of Paleoproterozoic (ca 2 Ga) orogenic gold mineralization related to retrogressive alteration of Archaean (> 3 Ga) granulite-facies host rock. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1021-1024). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.; Bobrov A.B. (2014) Mayske gold deposit. OBJECT G8. IAGOD Field trip.
  • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
    • Priazovie
      • Eliseevka
        • Eliseevskoe pegmatite field
Lazarenko E.K. e.a. Mineralogy of Priazovie, - Kiev, "Naukova Dumka", 1981, p. 432.
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
P.M. Kartashov data
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
Econ Geol (1988) 83:182-196
Econ Geol (1988) 83:182-196
  • California
    • Mariposa Co.
      • Green Mountain District (Ben Hur District)
        • Green Mountain
Kent England, Pers. Comm., 3/25/13
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
[micromounts@yahoogroups.com]
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): p. 471.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
      • Rincon District
        • Rincon
          • Rincon Mountain
Van King
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Cleora District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Monarch District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005); Sheridan, Douglas M., Raymond, William H. (1964) Precambrian deposits of zinc-copper-lead sulfides and zinc spinel (gahnite) in Colorado. USGS Bulletin 1550
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
      • Sedalia District
("Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 829; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005); Sheridan, Douglas M., Raymond, William H. (1964) Precambrian deposits of zinc-copper-lead sulfides and zinc spinel (gahnite) in Colorado. USGS Bulletin 1550
      • Turret District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Clear Creek Co.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 24 (Table A-1).
      • Lower Clear Creek Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 24 (Table A-1).
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Custer Co.
      • Hardscrabble District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
    • Fremont Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Cotopaxi
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Am Min 50:1179-1212; USGS Prof Paper 223; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
      • Eight Mile Park pegmatite District
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 15, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 15, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Grape Creek District (Greenhorn District)
        • Dawson Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Guffey District (Freshwater District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Gilpin Co.
      • Central City District
        • Virginia Canyon
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Grand Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Gold Brick District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Goose Creek District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Quartz Creek Pegmatite District
USGS Proffesional Paper 265
Pearl, 1958. Colorado Gem Trails & Mineral Guide, p.61.; Am Min 50:96-104; USGS Prof. Paper 227
Bob Cobban; USGS Proffesional Paper 265
Pearl, 1958. Colorado Gem Trails & Mineral Guide; USGS Proffesional Paper 265
      • Tomichi District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Pearl District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Bergen Park area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels; Sheridan, Douglas M., Raymond, William H. (1964) Precambrian deposits of zinc-copper-lead sulfides and zinc spinel (gahnite) in Colorado. USGS Bulletin 1550
      • Clear Creek Pegmatite Province
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Evergreen District (Malachite District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Larimer Co.
      • Estes Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Guffey District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Wilkerson Pass Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Routt Co.
      • Clark
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Hartford Co.
      • Glastonbury
        • South Glastonbury
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.148; Schooner (1958)
Betts, John. (1999): The Quarries and Minerals of the Dayton Road District, South Glastonbury, Connecticut. Rocks & Minerals: 74(2): 110-121.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1958)
      • Haddam
Shepard (1837): Report on the Geological Survey of Connecticut.; Silliman, Benjamin. (1829): Discovery of Columbite in Chesterfield, Mass. American Journal of Science, s. 2, vol 16. pp. 220-224.
Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
Foye, W. G. (1922): Mineral Localities in the Vicinity of Middletown, Connecticut. (American Mineralogist 7:4-12).
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Schooner, Richard. (1961), The Mineralogy of Connecticut. Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Harold Moritz collection
  • Georgia
    • Carroll Co.
Rocks & Minerals (1988) 63:471-472
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Canton
Rocks & Min.:64:189; Shearer & Hull(1918).
    • Douglas Co.
      • Villa Rica
Rocks & Min.: 64:194.
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Metasville
Rocks & Min.: Vol. 64.
    • Lumpkin Co.
      • Dahlonega
Rocks & Min.: 64:200.
    • Paulding Co.
      • Hiram
Rocks & Min.: 64:202.
    • Taliaferro Co.
      • Georgia Manganese Company
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Illinois
    • Vermilion Co.
      • Danville
        • Hegeler
Piatak, N. M. & Seal, R. R., II (2010): Mineralogy and the release of trace elements from slag from the Hegeler Zinc smelter, Illinois (USA). Applied Geochemistry, 25, 302-320
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • East Mount Apatite District
Maine Mineral Localities, W.B. Thompson, Maine Geological Survey,1998
        • West Mount Apatite District
King, V., and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
Rocks & Min.: 9:15-16.; USGS Bull 445; Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt Pg 2
Rocks & Minerals (1975) 50:147-151; Rocks & Minerals (1975) 50:240-243
Mineralogical Record 24: 382-383
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418
    • Hancock Co.
      • Blue Hill
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.; Mineralogical Record 22:382
    • Oxford Co.
      • Greenwood
Maine Pegmatite Workshop 2004
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.; -Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt pg11-12; Cameron, Eugene N.; and others (1954) Pegmatite investigations, 1942-45, in New England. USGS Professional Paper 255.
No reference listed
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
No reference listed
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
      • Norway
USGS Bull 445
      • Stoneham
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
      • West Paris
No reference listed
No reference listed
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Bowdoin
Harvard Museum of Natural History spec. no. 131802
      • Topsham
No reference listed
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Louisville
Dana 7:I:264.; Econ Geol (1989) 84:663-675
      • Sykesville
        • Finksburg
          • Patapsco Mines
Rocks & Min.: 11: 27 & 121.
Dana 6: 1071; Rocks & Min.: 11:27, 121.
    • Howard Co.
      • Scaggsville
Mines of the Washington D.C Area
    • Montgomery Co.
Ref.: Minerals of the Washington D.C. Area.
      • Wheaton
Ref.: Minerals in the Washington D.C. Area.; American Mineralogist (1926) 11:35-38
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
      • Charlemont
Flint, George M. (1908): Gahnite from Charlemont, Mass. American Journal of Science: 25: 584.
      • Rowe
Rocks & Min.: 16:215.; Plante, Alan (1992): Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities (Valley Geology Press)
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Randville
Buchholz, T.W., A.U. Falster & W.B. Simmons (2014), Accessory Mineralogy of an Evolved Dickinson County, Michigan, Pegmatite, a presentation before the 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
  • Montana
    • Lewis and Clark Co.
      • Helena District (Spring Hill District)
        • Helena
  • Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
          • Ludwig
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn(1995):Pt4:580.; Lucchesi, S., Della Giusta, A., & Russo, U. (1998). Cation distribution in natural Zn-aluminate spinels. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(1), 41-54.
Dunn(1995):Pt3:436.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
Palache(1935):43; Dunn(1995):Pt4:580.
        • Ogdensburg
Dunn, Pete J. (1995)
          • Sterling Hill
Palache(1935):44; Dunn (1995); Harold Moritz collection.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Metsger, et al: Geol. Soc. of Amer Bull.:69:775-788 (1958); Dunn, P.J. & Frondel, C.: Min.Rec.:21:425-427 (1990); Dunn(1995):Pt4:580-581.
  • New Mexico
    • Mora Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Rio Arriba Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. Ed., 1996
Min Rec 22:5 p384
    • Santa Fe Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Taos Co.
      • Picuris District
Jahns, R. H. and Ewing, R. C. (1977): The Harding mine, Taos County, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 8 (2): 115-126.
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Keene Township
www.nysam.org
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
Mineralogical Record 2:43
    • Ashe Co.
      • Ore Knob
Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :U.S Geological Survey Professional Paper 179
    • Cleveland Co.
Agortino,John P.D and Whitlow,Jesse W.(1985) Cassiterite Occurrences in the Shelby Area North and South Carolina: U.S Geological Survey Bulletin 1569
    • Jackson Co.
      • Cullowhee
Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: U.S Geological Survey Professional Paper 179
Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region::USGS Professional Paper 179
Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :U.S Geological Survey Professional Paper 179
Pratt,Joseph Hyde (1933) Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina: American Mineralogist,Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
E.WM.Heinrich,1950,Paragenesis of the Rhodolite Deposit,Masons Mountain,North Carolina,The American Mineralogist,Vol.35
Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: U.S Geological Survey Professional Paper 179
Milton,Daniel J.,(1986) Chloritoid -Sillimanite Assemblage from North Carolina : American Mineralogist,Vol.71,pg.891-894,1986
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Deake
Dana 7:I:695; Dana 6:735.
      • Spruce Pine District
        • Hawk-Bakersville
Spry,P.G.,and Scott,S.D.,(1986a) The stability of zircian spinels in sulfide systems and their potential as exploration guides for metamorphosed massive sulfide sulfide deposits :Economic Geology,v.81,p.1446-1463
        • Penland
Rocks & Min.: 15:271.
        • Spruce Pine
Rocks & Min.:60:85 (see also Dana 7:I:695).
Rocks & Min.: 15:271.
    • Watauga Co.
Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
    • Yancey Co.
Ex: Philadelphia Academy of Science collection.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Delaware Co.
      • Middletown Township
Gordon, Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1922 p. 190
  • Vermont
    • Windsor Co.
      • Bridgewater
Nicolay & Stone (1967), Rocks & Minerals: A Guide For Collectors of the Eastern US
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
D. Grier, 1994
    • Appomattox Co.
      • Andersonville
No reference listed
Owens, B.E.,Belkin, H.E., and Zerolis, J.M (2013) Margarite, Corundum, Gahnite, and Zincohogbomite in a blackwall, Raleigh Terrane, Eastern Piedmont Province, USA :Mineralogical Magazine, Oct 2013, Vol. 77 (7) pp. 2913-2929
    • Buckingham Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
        • New Canton
Rocks & Min.:60:165.
Rocks & Min.:60:165.
Rocks & Min.: 60:165.
Rocks & Min.: 60:165.
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
SANDHAUS D.J. & CRAIG, J .R. (1986): GAHNITE IN THE METAMORPHOSED STRATIFORM MASSIVE SULFIDE DEPOSITS OF THE
        • Mineral
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rocks & Min.: 60:167.
      • Lake Anna
Robert C. Smith, II Ph.D, P.G.
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
Buchholz, T., A. Falster, A. & W. Simmons (2003) The Waterloo quarry: a new location for gahnite, manganocolumbite and tantalite in southern Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals78, (2): 118.
    • Rusk Co.
      • Ladysmith
Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
  • Wyoming
Rocks&Min 76:23-241
      • Bridger Mts (Bridger Range)
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Serenje District
      • Serenje
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol II p399
  • Copperbelt Province
    • Ndola District
      • Ndola
Behling, S. & Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem Emerald Mine, Kafubu Area, Zambia. Mineralogical Record, 41: 59-67
  • Lusaka Province
    • Lusaka
Maria Boni, Rosario Terracciano, Giuseppina Balassone, Sarah A. Gleeson und Alexander Matthews (2011): The carbonate-hosted willemite prospects of the Zambezi Metamorphic Belt (Zambia). Mineralium Deposita 46, 707-729.
Maria Boni, Rosario Terracciano, Giuseppina Balassone, Sarah A. Gleeson und Alexander Matthews (2011): The carbonate-hosted willemite prospects of the Zambezi Metamorphic Belt (Zambia). Mineralium Deposita 46, 707-729.
  • Southern Province
    • Choma District
      • Choma
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
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