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About GalenobismutiteHide

Lead-gray, gray, light gray, tin-white
2½ - 3½
Specific Gravity:
6.9 - 7.1
Crystal System:
Named after its chemical composition.
Related to ángelaite.

Classification of GalenobismutiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
C : Galena derivatives, with Tl
Dana 7th ed.:

7 : ø = 2

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of GalenobismutiteHide

Lead-gray, gray, light gray, tin-white
May tarnish yellow or iridescent
2½ - 3½ on Mohs scale
VHN100=142 - 194 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Good on the {110}
6.9 - 7.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.195 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GalenobismutiteHide

Colour in reflected light:

Chemical Properties of GalenobismutiteHide


Crystallography of GalenobismutiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.65 Å, b = 14.49 Å, c = 4.08 Å
a:b:c = 0.804 : 1 : 0.282
Unit Cell V:
688.74 ų
Lathlike, elongated [001] and flattened {100}; needles [001]; striated [001]. Extremely thin plates at times {100}. Crystals frequently bent or twisted. Massive, columnar to fibrous, or compact.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.65 (3)
3.45 (10)
3.03 (4)
2.76 (3)
2.46 (4)
2.05 (4)
1.961 (5)

Type Occurrence of GalenobismutiteHide

Synonyms of GalenobismutiteHide

Other Language Names for GalenobismutiteHide

Varieties of GalenobismutiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cosalite6 photos of Galenobismutite associated with Cosalite on mindat.org.
Quartz4 photos of Galenobismutite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Bismutite3 photos of Galenobismutite associated with Bismutite on mindat.org.
Helvine3 photos of Galenobismutite associated with Helvine on mindat.org.
Andradite3 photos of Galenobismutite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Calcite3 photos of Galenobismutite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Mimetite2 photos of Galenobismutite associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Beyerite1 photo of Galenobismutite associated with Beyerite on mindat.org.
Pyrite1 photo of Galenobismutite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JC.05EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GalenobismutiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Sjögren (1878) Geol. För. Förh.: 4: 109.
Groth (1882) 25 (as Bleiwismuthglanz).
Shannon (1920) American Journal of Science: 49: 106.
Shannon (1920) U.S. National Museum Proceedings: 58: 589.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 471-473.
Wickman, F.E. (1951) The crystal structure of galenobismutite, PbBi2S4. Arkiv Mineral.: 1(9): 219.
Iitaka, Y. and Nowacki, W. (1962) A redetermination of the crystal structure of galenobismutite, PbBi2S4. Acta Crystallographica: 15: 691-698.
Pinto, D. (2005) Mineralogy, crystal-chemistry and structures of sulfosalts from Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy): Ag-free lillianite, Cl-bearing galenobismutite, kirkiite and the new mineral vurroite. Plinius, 31, 197-202.
Pinto, Daniela, Tonèi Balić-Žunić, Anna Garavelli, Emil Makovicky, Filippo Vurro (2006) Comparative crystal-structure study of Ag-free lillianite and galenobismutite from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 159-175.
Ohta, Michihiro; Chung, Duck Young; Kunii, Masaru; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. (2014) Low lattice thermal conductivity in Pb5Bi6Se14, Pb3Bi2S6, and PbBi2S4: promising thermoelectric materials in the cannizzarite, lillianite, and galenobismuthite [sic] homologous series. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability 2, 20048-20058.

Internet Links for GalenobismutiteHide

Localities for GalenobismutiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Mendoza
    • Tunuyán department
      • Manzano Histórico
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
  • New South Wales
    • Clarke Co.
      • Rockvale
McClatchie & Sylvester (1970)
    • Clive Co.
      • Torrington
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Gough Co.
      • Dundee
Somarin, A. K. (2009): Ore mineralogy and mineral chemistry of the Glen Eden Mo-W-Sn greisen-breccia system, eastern Australia. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 104, 339-355.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.
Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94. ; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25. ; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Strathalbyn
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
  • Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Whim Creek
Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Innerfragant
          • Wurten
            • Alteck
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bergbau in Westkärnten
Walter, F. & Ettinger, K. (2005): 1406) Galenobismutit, Sphalerit, Pentlandit und Cosalit von der Feldseescharte, Wurten. Pp. 290-291 in: NIEDERMAYR, G., C. AUER, F. BERNHARD, H.-P. BOJAR, F. BRANDSTÄTTER, A. ERTL, K. ETTINGER, V. M. F. HAMMER, B. LEIKAUF, W. POSTL, M. SABOR, R. SCHUSTER, R. SEEMANN & F. WALTER (2005): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIV. – Carinthia II, 195./115.: 277-315.
Paar, W.H., and Niedermayr, G. (1998): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 143, 425-435.
      • Malta valley
        • Kölnbreinspitze - Lausnock area
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Senftenberg
NIEDERMAYR, G., C. AUER, F. BERNHARD, H.-P. BOJAR, F. BRANDSTÄTTER, A. ERTL, K. ETTINGER, V. M. F. HAMMER, B. LEIKAUF, W. POSTL, M. SABOR, R. SCHUSTER, R. SEEMANN & F. WALTER (2005): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIV. – Carinthia II, 195./115.: 277-315.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
peter neschen collection
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Criddle, A.J., Paar, W.H., and Balić-Žunić, T. (2001) Felbertalite, Cu2Pb6Bi8S19, a new mineral species from Felbertal, Salzburg Province, Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy: 13: 961-972.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.; Kolitsch, U. (2009) 1585) Gustavit und andere Pb-Bi-Sulfosalze vom Westfeld des Scheelitbergbaues Felbertal, Salzburg. p. 207 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009) Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
      • Gastein valley
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Kreuzkogel massif
            • Radhausberg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Oliver Dziallas collection; Peter Neschen collection (from dealer; Thomas Schachtkopf Mine & Vogelsangmine)
      • Hollersbach valley
        • Scharnbachgraben
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
      • Untersulzbach valley
        • Ascham Alp - Breitfuß - Sonntagskopf area
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Kolitsch, U. (2012): 1747) Galenobismutit von der Aschamalm im Untersulzbachtal, Salzburg. Pp. 153-153 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180. [locality is given as Aschamalm]
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Rotgülden
          • Lower Rotgülden lake
Putz, H. (2011): Neuigkeiten zur Landesmineralogie von Salzburg. Miner. Arch. Salzb., 14, 304-308 (p. 304: Galenobismutit, Bismuthinit, Krupkait und ged. Wismut aus dem Wasserüberleitungs-Stollen Rotgüldensee-Sticklerhütte, Lungau).
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Verwall Alps (Verwall Group)
        • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1796) Anglesit, Bismuthinit, Cerussit(?), Diopsid, Galenit, Galenobismutit, Jarosit, Kalifeldspat, Linarit, Pyrit (Co-haltig), Pyrrhotin, Scheelit, Tetraedrit, Vesuvian(?), gediegen Wismut und Zirkon von der Putzkammeralpe im Rindertal (Gaflunatal) im Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 108-110 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
  • Potosí
    • Sud Chichas Province
      • San Vicente District
Geology and Mineral Resources of the Altiplano and Cordillera Occidental, Bolivia (USGS Bulletin no. 1975)
  • Plovdiv Oblast
    • Asenovgrad Obshtina
Birch, W.D. and Mumme, W.G. (1985) Pekoite from Narechen, Bulgaria―a possible solution to the bonchevite problem. Mineralogical Magazine, 49(1), 135-137.
    • Laki Obshtina
      • Laki (Luki)
Dobrev, S. Peculiarities of Pb–Zn Mineralization in Deposits from Yugovo Ore Field. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski, 65-69.
Dobrev, S. Peculiarities of Pb–Zn Mineralization in Deposits from Yugovo Ore Field. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski, 65-69.
  • British Columbia
    • Cariboo Mining Division
      • Wells
Dana 7:I:446,472; Canada Geological Survey Bulletin 280, p. 281
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Saint George Parish
Parrish, I. S., 1977, Mineral Catalog for the Mount Pleasant Deposit of Brunswick Tin Mines, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 15, p. 121-126.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
Reiner Mielke 2014
        • Gowganda area
          • Nicol Township
Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 196-231
      • McElroy Township
Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
  • Anhui
    • Tongling
      • Shizishan ore field
Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98; Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Gansu
    • Dingxi
      • Min Co.
Xinhui Liu, Jiajun Liu, Zhengling Zhang, and Weijun Zheng (2010): Gold Science and Technology 18(3), 20-27
  • Guangdong
    • Chaozhou
      • Raoping Co.
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
    • Shaoguan
      • Shixing Co.
        • Shirenzhang-Meiziwo W-Sn deposit
Wenfeng Zhu, Guogao Yang, Longming Wei, Shaoqin Zhang, Debin Zhou, Guangyun Liu, and Fulin Gong (2009): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 29(3), 285-291
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
    • Hezhou
      • Zhongshan Co.
        • Guposhan Sn-polymetallic ore field
          • Wanggao ore field
Yi Li and Lairen Lai (1993): Mining Geology 14(4), 172-180
  • Hainan
    • Ledong Co.
Bin Shu, Ping'an Wang, Faxian Dong, and Zhongjian Li (2006): Geological Bulletin of China 25(6), 745-755
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Zhangbei Co.
Dianhao Huang, Xiaoshi Ding, Chengyu Wu, and Changjiang Zhang (1991): Acta Geologica Sinica 65(2), 127-140
  • Henan
    • Luoyang
      • Song Co.
        • Qiyugou ore field
Yanjing Chen, Pirajno, F., Nuo Li, Dongsheng Guo, and Yong Lai (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 245-261.
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Shimou Chen, Hongchang Li, Ciguo Xie, and Shangjing Ai (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(10), 15-21; Yihong Sun and Xiangmei Ren (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 179-187
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Yirang Chen (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(2), 25-30; Ottens, B., and Cook, R.B. (2005): Rocks & Minerals 80(1), 46-57; Jensen, M. (2009): Mineral News 25(4), 1-11, 14; Ottens, B. (2011): Mineralogical Record 42, 557-603
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Hinggan League (Xing'an Prefecture)
      • Horqin Right Middle Banner (Ke'erqin Youyi Zhongqi)
Bingjian Xiao (2000): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 23(1), 27-31
    • Hulunbuir League (Hulunbei'er Prefecture)
      • New Barag Right Banner (Xin Barag Youqi)
        • Jiawula Ag-polymetallic ore field
Zhitian Wang, Kezhang Qin, Longju Pang, and Weishi Li (1993): Mineral Deposits 12(3), 212-220; Haiming Zhao, Li Wang, and Zuohan Li (1994): Geological Exploration for Non-Ferrous Metals 3(1), 10-14
    • Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • East Ujimqin Banner (Dongwuzhumuqin Co.; Dongwu Qi)
Fengjun Nie, Wanyi Zhang, Andao Du, Sihong Jiang, and Yan Liu (2007): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 29(4), 315-323; Hongli Liu, Man Chen, Peng Chen, and Tao Liu (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(2), 56-60; Biren Wang, Zhiguang Zhou, Shucai Li, Changfeng Liu, Yi Zhou, and Junling Feng (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(2), 373-385
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Anyuan Co.
Yingchen Ren, Minqing Cheng, and Cunchang Wang (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(2), 63-74; Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40; Zailin Zeng, Yongzhong Zhang, Zhenghui Chen, Yuchuan Chen, Xiangpei Zhu, Qiquan Tong, Binghua Zheng, and You Zhao (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 949-958
      • Yudu Co.
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
  • Jilin
    • Yanbian Chaoxianzu
      • Hunchun Co.
        • Xiaoxinancha
Junfeng Shi (1998): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 7(4), 274-280; Chil-Sup So, Bai-Lu Jin, Seong-Taek Yun, Chul-Ho Heo, and Seung-Jun Youm (2002): Economic and Environmental Geology 35(3), 211-220
  • Liaoning
    • Chaoyang
      • Lingyuan Co.
Yingfeng Ao, Jinglan Ren, Xiaoxin Ji, and Qing Fu (2002): Non-Ferrous Mining and Metallurgy 18(4), 1-4, Xiangcai Li, Zhiwei Zhang, Yingfeng Ao, Zhenhe Jiang, Qing Fu, Xiaojun Song, Guoping Yuan, Li Xuan, Dianhua Zhang, Chengjun Guan, Haifu Wang, and Jiande Ma (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(2), 74-79
    • Dandong
      • Zhen'an District
        • Wulong orefield
Yushan Zhao, Chengzhu Jin, and Guangyue Guan (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(1), 88-91
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Batang Co.
Guangfu Zou, Rongcai Zheng, Shihua Hu, Caijing Chen, Hongchang Jiang, and Hongbang Wu (2008): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology, Science & Technology Edition 35(1), 93-102
  • Tibet
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Nagchu Co. (Naqu Co.)
Zhixing Feng, Xinbiao Lü, and Tao Wang (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(4), 628-633; Zhixing Feng, Xinbiao Lü, and Tao Wang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(3), 469-476
    • Qamdo Prefecture (Changdu Prefecture)
      • Jomdo Co. (Jiangda Co.)
[Dequan Shuai, Rubo Zhang, Mei Luo and Jingwu Zhang (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(4), 509-512; American Mineralogist 85, 264
  • Xinjiang
    • Kezilesu Autonomous Prefecture (Kizilsu Autonomous Prefecture; Qizilsu Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Wuqia Co. (Ulugqat Co.; Ulughchat Co.)
Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Cook, N.J., Xunrong Long, Jun Deng, and Yusheng Zhai (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 125-156.
  • Yunnan
    • Baoshan
      • Tengchong Co.
        • Tengchong Sn belt
Xinzhi Zhan, Guoxian Jiang, and Yongyi Yang (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(4), 422-424
    • Dali
      • Heqing Co.
Zhou, H., Sun, X., Fu, Y., Lin, H., Jiang, L. (2016): Mineralogy and mineral chemistry of Bi-minerals: Constraints on ore genesis of the Beiya giant porphyry-skarn gold deposit, southwestern China. Ore Geology Reviews (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12853 (2016)
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Langeac
        • Marsanges
Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2012) - Bilan des analyses 2010-2011, La revue des Micromonteurs, 17, 3-32.; Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2014): Analyses 2012-2013 MNHN-MICROMONTEURS. La revue de Micromonteurs, 21.
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Bruche valley (Breuch valley)
        • Schirmeck
          • Framont - Grandfontaine area
            • Framont
A. Wittern, J.-R. Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Saint-Julien-le-Petit
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz
      • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Freiberg
        • Großschirma
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
Voudouris, P. C., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., Sakellaris, G. A., Bristol, S. K., Melfos, V., & Fornadel, A. P. (2013). Bismuthinite derivatives, lillianite homologues, and bismuth sulfotellurides as indicators of gold mineralization in the Stanos shear-zone related deposit, Chalkidiki, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(1), 119-142.; Voudouris, P., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., & Sakellaris, G. A. (2010, April). Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulfide assemblages at the Stanos shear zone-related prospect, Chalkidiki, northern Greece. In 13th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium, Adelaide, South Australia (pp. 6-9).
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
  • Pest
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
  • Java
    • Yogyakarta Province
      • Gunung Merapi volcano (Mt Merapi)
Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
  • Isfahan
    • Golpayegan County
      • Golpayegan (Golpayan)
        • Mooteh District (Muteh District)
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Druogno
            • Antoliva Valley
              • Alpe Campra (Campra)
Vanini, F. , Meisser, N., Bonacina, E. (2008): Galenobismutite e ferritungstite in Val Vigezzo. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 1/2008, 121-122.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
- Gamboni, A. & Tinelli, P.: (2011): I minerali di Padule e Punta Tegge, area di Cala Francese, La Maddalena, Olbia-Tempio Pausania, Sardegna. Micro, 2/2011, 78-86.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Guspini
Venerandi Pirri, I. (1993): Metal and more parageneses occurring in the Paleozoic basement of Sardinia (Italy): a proposed genetic frame based on critical review of literature and new microscopic investigations. Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 112, 701-713. Preite, D., & Zuanel, A. (2007). Montevecchio: storia, miniere e minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (4), 230-246.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
PINTO D., BALIĆ-ŽUNIĆ T., BONACCORSI E., BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., GARBARINO C., MAKOVICKY E., MOZGOVA N.N.,VURRO F. (2006): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. VI. Cl bearing galenobismutite. - Canadian Mineralogist - 44, 443-457.
  • Trentino-South Tyrol
    • Trentino
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Frassilongo
          • Roveda
SEM/EDX by Dario cericola
      • Valsugana
        • Vignola-Falesina
Paolo Gasparetto, Erica Bittarello, Andrea Canal, Lara Casagrande, Marco E. Ciriotti, Bruno Fassina, Paolo Ferretti, Sergio Pegoraro, Fabio Tosato, Paolo Zammatteo (2014): I lavori minerari del Rio Ricet, Vignola, Falesina, Trento. Micro, 12, 50-123.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Gini, C., Bargellini, C., Gamucci, C., Marinai, V., Nannoni, R. (2013). Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 63-83.
Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
  • Tochigi
Shimizu et al (1999) Memoirs of Tochigi Prefectural Museum, 16, 89-101.
  • Yamagata
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Zyryan District
      • Zyryanovsk complex
Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 359-359.
  • Karaganda
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
Jeremolenko, V. (2002): Kara-Oba: Mineralogische Perle der Betpak-Ebene bei Dzhambul, Kasachstan. Lapis 27 (4), 13-34 + 50; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    • Shet
      • Kayrakty (Kairakty)
United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data
  • Naryn Oblast
Baocheng Fan, Baoqiang Li, Wenhua Ji, Guanglu Meng, Jifei Cao, Bin Wang, Jing Zhang, Xin Cao, Pengrui Lü, and Bo Yang (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(1), 165-170
  • Guanajuato
    • Mun. de Guanajuato
      • Sierra de Santa Rosa
        • Rancho Calvillo
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Zimapán
González-Partida. E., Carrillo-Chávez, A., Levresse, G., Tritlla, J., Camprubí, A., 2003. Genetic implications of fluid inclusions in skarn chimney ore, Las Animas Zn-Pb-Ag-(F) deposit, Zimapán, Mexico. Ore Geology Reviews, v. 23, p. 91-96.
  • Töv Aimag
    • Mörön Soum
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Pedersen, F.(1976): En geologisk undersøkelse af den kontakt metasomatiske zinkmineralsering i Glomsrud- miner, Buskerud fylke, Norge. Unpublished thesis, Geolgisk Institut,University of Århus, Denmark. 73 s
  • Nordland
    • Ballangen
Oftedahl,I. W (1941):Untersuchungen über die Nebenbestandteile von Erzmineralien norwegischer zinkblendeführender Vorkommen. Skrifter utgitt av det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, Mat.-naturv.Kl.no.8, 1-103 p. 61; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 48
  • Telemark
    • Hjartdal
Dons, J.A. (1963): De prekambriske bergarter i Telemark, I. Gruber og skjerp innen gradteigskart E36V Kvitseid. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 216, 79p (p.31)
    • Seljord
      • Svartdal
        • Bleka
Bugge, C. (1935): Lead-Bismuth ores in Bleka, Svartdal, Norway. Economic Geology. 30, 792-799; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp. (pp. 6 and 47).
  • Lower Silesia
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2012). Ore mineralization in the Miedzianka area (Karkonosze-Izera Massif, the Sudetes, Poland): new information. Mineralogia Polonica, 43(3-4), 155-178.
    • Kamienna Góra
      • Kamienna góra commune
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
    • Lwówek District
      • Gierczyn-Przecznica area
Kucha H. & Mochnacka K. 1986: Preliminary report on bismuth minerals form the Gierczyn tin deposit, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 17, no. 1
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte da Barca
      • São Lourenço de Touvedo
Leal Gomes, C., Azevedo, A., Lopes Nunes, J., & Dias, P. A. (2009). Phosphate fractionation in pegmatites of Pedra da Moura II claim–Ponte da Barca–Portugal. Estudos Geológicos, 19(2), 172.
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Estorãos
Republic of Macedonia
  • Radoviš (Radovish)
Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., & Stefanova, V. (2013). Rare mineral phases related with major sulphide minerals in the Bučim porphyry copper deposit, R. Macedonia. Geologica Macedonica, 27(1), pp-43.; Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., Strmić Palinkaš, S., Palinkaš, L.A. and Gjorgjiev, L. (2016): Porphyry Cu mineralization related to the small Tertiary volcanic intrusions in the Bučim ore deposit, Eastern Macedonia. Geologia Croatica 69, 101-119.
  • Bihor
    • Apuseni Mts
      • Highiş Massif
Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Damian, F., & Damian, G. (2006). Gold scavenged by bismuth melts: An example from Alpine shear-remobilizates in the Highiş Massif, Romania. Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 351-384.
    • Nucet
      • Băiţa mining district (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Ciobanu, C.L. and Cook, N.J. (2000) Intergrowths of bismuth sulphosalts from the Ocna de Fier Fe-skarn deposit, Banat, Southwest Romania. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 899–917.
  • Altai
Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Plast
      • Kochkar' District
        • Svetlyi
Igor Savin's data
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm; Distler, V. V., Mitrofanov, G. L., Yudovskaya, M. A., Lishnevsky, E. N., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2005). Deep structure and ore-forming processes of the Sukhoi Log gold-platinum deposit, Russia. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 921-923). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
  • North Ossetia Republic
    • Sadon ore district
Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Arminsky ore district
      • Vostok
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
      • Dalnegorsk
Min Rec vol 32, pp 7-30 (2001); Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.
Simanenko, L. F. (2007). Modes of trace element occurrence in galena from the Partizansky base metal-skarn deposit, Primorye. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 1(2), 144-152.
    • Karadubsky ore field
Simanenko, L. F. (2007). Modes of trace element occurrence in galena from the Partizansky base metal-skarn deposit, Primorye. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 1(2), 144-152.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica; Ivashchenko, V. I., & Lavrov, О. В. (2006) Ore Deposits and Occurrences in the North Ladoga Region, Southwest Karelia. in Ore Deposits And Occurrences In The North Ladoga Region, Southwest Karelia Field Trip Guidebook. Understanding the genesis of ore deposits to meet the demands of the 21st century 12th Quadrennial IAGOD Symposium 2006. Moscow. P.41-64.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
      • Aldan
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
      • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
Tauson, V. L., Kravtsova, R. G., Makshakov, A. S., Lipko, S. V., & Arsent’ev, K. Y. (2017). Contrasting Surficial Composition of Native Gold from Two Different Types of Gold Ore Deposits. Minerals, 7(8), 142.
Timofeeva, V. S. & Borodaev, Yu. S. (1975): Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series at the Bom-Gorkhon wolframite deposit (western Transbaikal). Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya 30 (2), 114-117.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
      • Bystrá
Pršek J., Ozdín D., Sejkora J., 2008: Eclarite and associated Bi sulfosalts from the Brezno-Hviezda occurrence (Nízke Tatry Mts, Slovak Republic). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 117-130.
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
      • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Slovenské Rudohorie Mts
      • Smolník mining district
        • Smolnícka Huta (Schmöllnitzhütte; Schmöllnitzer Hütte; Szomolnokhuta; Szomolnokhutta)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Trebišov Co.
Kaličiak, M., Ďuďa, R., 1996: Geolgický vývoj, stavba a metalogenéza neovulkanitov na Východnom Slovensku. Manuskript, Archív Geofond, Bratislava, 83p
South Africa
  • Limpopo
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
          • Zaaiplaats tin field
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Pilgrim's Rest
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
  • Gangwon Province
    • Yeonwha
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 2 pp 65-74
  • North Chungcheong Province
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Angseong-myeon
        • Neungam-ri (Neung Am-ri; Noungam-ri)
Bernard and Hyrsl (2004); Minerals and Their Localities
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Canfranc
Mateo, Ester; Fanlo, Isabel; Subias, Ignacio; Recio, Clemente; Billstrom, Kjell (2010): Geological, mineralogical and geochemical constraints on the genesis of the Chinipi arsenopyrite-pyrite-invisible gold vein (Canfranc, Central Spanish Pyrenees). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 187, 313-327.
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Valle de la Serena
Sainz de Baranda Graf, B. (2013): El Complejo Minero San Nicolás, Valle de la Serena (Badajoz). Revista de Minerales, V-3.
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
      • Svärdsjö
        • Svartvik Mines
No reference listed
  • Kalmar
    • Västervik
Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
GFF (1878) 4, 109
      • Persberg district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
        • Boliden
Kjell Gatedal
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Forno Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 178.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 178.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Entremont Valley
        • Ferret Valley
          • La Fouly
Cuchet, S., Schnyder, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Les minéraux de L'A Neuve. Schweizer Strahler / Le Cristallier Suisse, Nr. 3, 28-37.; Cuchet, S., Schnyder, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Les minéraux de L'A Neuve. Schweizer Strahler / Le Cristallier Suisse, Nr. 3, 28-37.
    • Binn Valley
      • Saflisch Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 178.
    • Lötschen valley
      • Lonza Valley
        • Mittal
Schweizer strahler, 4/2001 p19-23
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 178.
  • Sughd
Lur'ye, L. M., Shadlun, T. N., Ugaste, Y. A., & Vyal'sov, L. N. (1971). Lead, silver, and copper sulfobismuthite from the benjaminite-pavonite group in Kaptarkhan ore deposit, East Karamazar, Central Asia. International Geology Review, 13(11), 1628-1642.
    • Kuraminskii Range
      • Altyn-Topkan ore field
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • England
    • Devon
      • West Devon
        • Okehampton Hamlets
    • Somerset
      • West Somerset
        • Brompton Regis
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Scotland
    • Perth and Kinross
      • Meall nan Oighreag
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 1.
  • Wales
    • Isle of Anglesey
      • Amlwch
No reference listed
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
        • Darwin District
          • Darwin
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 137.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 137.; Dunning, G.E., Moelo, Yves, Roberts, A.c., & Cooper, J. F (2000)., Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New To Darwin, Inyo County, California. Occasional Web Publication of the Bay Area Mineralogists, 2000
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Geneva District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville District
        • Iron Hill
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Leadville
          • Iron Hill
Mineralogical Record:16(3):171-201
    • San Juan Co.
      • Poughkeepsie Gulch
        • Alaska Basin
Dana 7:I:446, 476; Dana 6:114, 1091; Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Mon.:555-576 (1992).
    • Summit Co.
      • Montezuma Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Foord, E. E., & Shawe, D. R. (1989). The Pb-Bi-Ag-Cu-(Hg) Chemistry Of Galena And Some Associated Sulfosalts: A Review and Some New Data From Colorado, California And Pennsylvania. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 363-382.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • New Haven Co.
      • Seymour
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
  • Idaho
    • Boise Co.
USGS Prof Paper 610 "Principal Gold Producing Districts of the United States"
      • Quartzburg District
Dana 7:I:472.; Young, Allan (2012) The Belshazzar Mine, Boise County, Idaho. Mineralogical Record 43:325-336.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Ely Township
        • North Lake
Dan Fountain Collection
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Prospect Ridge
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Ruby Hill
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Tem Piute District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Open File Report 79-3
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Round Mountain District
          • Outlaw Mine
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 26, pp. 355-376(1988)
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mts
        • Organ District
          • Memphis Mine
Don Saathoff collection
Michael C Michayluk collection
          • Organ
Don Saathoff specimen (Now in Jeremy Zolan collection) Microanalyzed
    • Luna Co.
http://geoinfo.nmt.edu/staff/dunbar/abstract/dm99.html.; Kelly M. Donahue (2002) Geochemistry, geology, and geochronology of the Victorio mining district, Luna County, New Mexico: Linking skarn and porphyry systems to carbonate-hosted lead-zinc replacement deposits. NMBGMR Open-file Report OF-471 Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • Virginia
    • Rockbridge Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Northern Section-Blue Ridge Province
        • Montebello
Rocks & Min.:60:168.
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Gold Hill District
        • Tungsten Creek
```Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956; Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975; Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Adams Mountain
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon 1975
          • Turtle Lake
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.60
Mineral and/or Locality  
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