SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Galkhaite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About GalkhaiteHide

Formula:
(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Colour:
Dark orange-red
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
5.4
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
For the the Gal-Khaya As-Hg-Sb deposit, Russia, one of the co-type localities.
Isostructural with:
The Cs analogue of vorontsovite and Cs-Hg analogue of ferrovorontsovite.


Classification of GalkhaiteHide

Approved
First published:
1972
2.GB.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
B : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. with additional S
3.4.14.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.4.5

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
4 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of GalkhaiteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Dark orange-red
Streak:
Orange-yellow
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN100=186 - 202 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
5.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.44 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of GalkhaiteHide

Formula:
(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
IMA Formula:
(Hg5Cu)CsAs4S12
Common Impurities:
Fe,Se

Crystallography of GalkhaiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
I4 3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.365(3) Å
Unit Cell V:
1,113.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
12
Morphology:
Crystals to 1cm, granular aggregates.

Crystal StructureHide

Load
Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Show
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
View
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Rotation
Stop | Start
Labels
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005182GalkhaiteChen T T, Szymanski J T (1981) The structure and chemistry of galkhaite, a mercury sulfosalt containing Cs and Tl The Canadian Mineralogist 19 571-5811981Getchell mine, Humboldt County, Nevada, USA0293
0014754GalkhaiteDivjakovic V, Nowacki W (1975) Die kristallstruktur von galchait [Hg0.76(Cu,Zn)0.24]12Tl0.96(AsS3)8 Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1975 291-2931975Getchell mine, Humboldt County, Nevada, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal Hg-Au deposits

Type Occurrence of GalkhaiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Fersman Museum
Reference:
Grudzen, V.S., Stepanov, V.I., Shumkova, N.G., Chernitsova, M.M., Yudin, R.N., Bryzgalov, I.A. (1972) Galkhaite, HgAsS2, a new mineral from arsenic-antimony-mercury deposits of the USSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 205: 1194-1197.

Synonyms of GalkhaiteHide

Other Language Names for GalkhaiteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫砷铊汞矿
Spanish:Galkhaita

Relationship of Galkhaite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Ferrovorontsovite(Fe5Cu)Σ6TlAs4S12Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Vorontsovite(Hg5Cu)Σ6TlAs4S12Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Galkhaite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Galkhaite associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Galkhaite associated with Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GB.ArgentopearceiteAg16As2S11Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
2.GB.05Argentotennantite-(Zn)Ag6(Cu4Zn2)As4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.GB.05Freibergite Subgroup([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.GB.05Giraudite-(Zn)Cu6(Cu4Zn2)As4Se12SeIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.GB.05Goldfieldite(Cu42)(Cu4Cu+2)Te4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.GB.05Hakite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4Se12SeIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.GB.05Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.GB.05Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.GB.05Argentotetrahedrite-(Fe)Ag6(Cu4Fe2)Sb4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.GB.10SelenostephaniteAg5SbSe4Orth.
2.GB.10StephaniteAg5SbS4Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
2.GB.15Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.GB.15Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.GB.15UM2003-14-S:AgBiFeTeAg16FeBiTe3S8
2.GB.15Selenopolybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2(S,Se)7][Ag9Cu(S,Se)2Se2]Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.GB.15Cupropearceite[Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.GB.15Cupropolybasite[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]Trig. 3m : P3 1m
2.GB.15UM1979-17-S:BiCuFe~Cu18Fe4BiS16

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.4.1NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
5.4.2Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
5.4.3AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
5.4.4LaffittiteAgHgAsS3Mon.
5.4.6LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.4.7GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12Trig.
5.4.8TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.4.9Hakite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4Se12SeIso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GalkhaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Grudzen, V.S., Stepanov, V.I., Shumkova, N.G., Chernitsova, M.M., Yudin, R.N., Bryzgalov, I.A. (1972) Galkhaite, HgAsS2, a new mineral from arsenic-antimony-mercury deposits of the USSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 205: 1194-1197.
Botinelly, T., Neuerburg, G.J., Conklin, N.M. (1973) Galkhaite, (Hg,Cu,Tl,Zn) (As,Sb)S2 , from the Getchell mine, Humboldt County, Nevada. Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey: 1(5): 515-518.
Fleischer, M. (1974) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 59: 208-212.
Jungles, G. (1974) Galkhaite: A newly described mineral from Siberia found at the Getchell mine, Nevada. Mineralogical Record: 5: 290.
Kaplunnik, L.N., Pobedimskaya, E.A., Belov, N.V. (1975) The crystal structure of galkhaite HgAsS2. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 225: 561-563.
Kaplunnik, L.N., Pobedimskaya, E.A., Belov, N.V. (1975) The crystal structure of galkhaite, HgAsS2. Soviet Physics - Doklady: 20: 723-724.
Divjakovic, V., Nowacki, W. (1975) Die kristallstruktur von galchait [Hg0.76(Cu,Zn)0.24]12Tl0.96(AsS3)8. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1975: 291-293.
Chen, T.T., Szymanski, J.T. (1981) The structure and chemistry of galkhaite, a mercury sulfosalt containing Cs and Tl. The Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 571-581.
Chen, T.T., Szymanski, J.T. (1982) A comparison of galkhaite from Nevada and from the type locality, Khaydarkan, Kirgizia, U.S.S.R.. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 575-577.
Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Pabst, A. (1983) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 68: 471-475 (474).
Pekov, I.V., Bryzgalov, I.A. (2006) New data on galkhaite. New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 41: 26-32.
Pekov, I.V., Bryzgalov, I.A. (2006) New data on galkhaite (Russian). New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 41: 26-32.
Borisov, S.V., Magarill, S.A., Pervukhina, N.V. (2009) Characteristic features of crystal chemistry of natural mercury-containing sulfides and sulfosalts. Journal of Structural Chemistry: 50: 853-860.
Vasil'ev, V.I., Pervukhina, N.V., Borisov, S.V., Magarill, S.A. (2010) New data on the composition and crystal structure of galkhaite, (Hg,Cu)6(Cs,Tl)(As,Sb)4S12. Geology of Ore Deposits: 52: 662-668.
Biagioni, C., Bindi, L., Zaccarini, F. (2014) Crystal chemistry of mercury sulfosalts – galkhaite, (Hg5+xCu1-x)Cs1-xAs4S12 (x≈0): crystal structure and revision of the chemical formula. The Canadian Mineralogist: 52: 873-882.

Internet Links for GalkhaiteHide

Localities for GalkhaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
G.S.C.Misc.Rep.49, 1991, pp.86-89
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Iran
 
  • West Azerbaijan Province
    • Takab County
Mehrabi, B. (2008). Solid solution in the As2S3-Sb2S3 Series at Zarshuran Gold Deposit, Iran. Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran, 19, 137-143. ; Mehrabi, B., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cann, J.R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 673-696.; Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.; W. H. Paar, A. Pring, Y. Moëlo, C. J. Stanley, H. Putz, D. Topa, A. C. Roberts, R. S. W. Braithwaite (2009): Daliranite, PbHgAs2S6, a new sulphosalt from the Zarshouran Au-As deposit, Takab region, Iran. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 871-881.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Oulx
        • Signols
Biagioni, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Brizio, P. (2010): Secondo ritrovamento europeo di galkhaite Cumbë Suřdë, Signols, Piemonte. Micro (UK report), 1/2010, 118-123.
Kyrgyzstan (TL)
 
  • Batken Region
Grudzen, V.S., Stepanov, V.I., Shumkova, N.G., Chernitsova, M.M., Yudin, R.N., Bryzgalov, I.A. (1972) Galkhaite, HgAsS2, a new mineral from arsenic-antimony-mercury deposits of the USSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 205: 1194-1197.; Lapis 11:11-24; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
  • Osh Region
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Russia (TL)
 
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Ust-Yansky District
DAN-SSSR,(1972) 205,; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; V. I. Vasil’ev, N. V. Pervukhina, S. V. Borisov und S. A. Magarill (2010): New data on the composition and crystal structure of galkhaite (Hg,Cu)6(Cs,Tl)(As,Sb)4S12. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 662-668. ; Nokleberg, W. J. (2005). Metallogenesis and tectonics of the Russian far east, Alaska, and the Canadian cordillera (No. 1697). US Dept. of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Independence Mountains Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
        • Elko
Min.Rec.:20:469.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mountains
        • Potosi Mining District
          • Adam Peak
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Jungles, G. (1974): Galkhaite: A newly described mineral from Siberia found at the Getchell mine, Nevada. Mineralogical Record 5: 290; Bowell, R. J., Perkins, W. F., Tahija, D., Ackerman, J., & Mansanti, J. (2005). Application of LAICPMS to trouble shooting mineral processing problems at the Getchell mine, Nevada. Minerals engineering, 18(8), 754-761.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10149626.
          • Twin Creeks Mine
            • South Mega pit
Colorado School of Mines museum specimens, discovered by Phil Persson.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2021, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us - Report a bug/vulnerability Current server date and time: January 27, 2021 01:40:37 Page generated: January 15, 2021 18:07:12
Go to top of page