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Gallite

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About GalliteHide

Formula:
CuGaS2
Colour:
Grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
4.2
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
For the gallium content.

Classification of GalliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CB.10a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.9.1.3

2 : SULFIDES
9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
3.5.18

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
5 : Sulphides etc. of Hg and Tl

Physical Properties of GalliteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Grey
Streak:
Greyish black
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Density:
4.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.35 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GalliteHide

Anisotropism:
low
Reflectivity:
400nmR=20.7%
420nmR=19.9%
440nmR=19.4%
460nmR=18.8%
480nmR=18.5%
500nmR=18.1%
520nmR=17.9%
540nmR=17.7%
560nmR=17.5%
580nmR=17.4%
600nmR=17.2%
620nmR=17.1%
640nmR=17.0%
660nmR=16.9%
680nmR=16.8%
700nmR=16.6%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 20.7%.

Chemical Properties of GalliteHide

Formula:
CuGaS2
Common Impurities:
Pb,Zn,Fe,Ge

Crystallography of GalliteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:
I4 2d
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.360 Å, c = 10.49 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.957
Unit Cell V:
301.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Massive, inclusions, exsolved lamellae to 2mm.
Twinning:
Parallel to {112}, {111}

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0013004GalliteAbrahams S C, Bernstein J L (1973) Piezoelectric nonlinear optic CuGaS2 and CuInS2 crystal structure: Sublattice distortion in AIBIIIC2VI and AIIBIVC2V type chalcopyrites Journal of Chemical Physics 59 5415-54201973Synthetic sample0293
0015449GalliteBrandt G, Rauber A, Schneider J (1973) ESR and X-ray analysis of the ternary semiconductors CuAlS2, CuInS2, and AgGaS2 Solid State Communications 12 481-4831973Synthetic sample0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Epitaxial Relationships of GalliteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
Epitaxy Comments:
Gallite exsolves as lamellae || {100} and {111} of sphalerite, and in turn shows exsolution of sphalerite on {001} of gallite.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.07 Å(100)
1.876 Å(90)
1.610 Å(90)
1.089 Å(90)
1.894 Å(60)
1.215 Å(60)
1.076 Å(60)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Base metal deposits with high gallium content.

Type Occurrence of GalliteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Massive, as included grains and exsolution lamellae in other sulfides.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Berlin Technical University, Berlin, Germany, 86/67, 87/564, 396.

Other Language Names for GalliteHide

German:Gallit
Russian:Галлит
Simplified Chinese:硫镓铜矿
Spanish:Gallita
Traditional Chinese:硫鎵銅礦

Relationship of Gallite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
EskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
LaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
LenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
RoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
ShenzhuangiteNiFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
Unnamed (Cu-Mn-Sn Sulfide)Cu2MnSnS4

Common AssociatesHide

BorniteCu5FeS4
ChalcociteCu2S
DigeniteCu9S5
GalenaPbS
GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
PyriteFeS2
Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
SphaleriteZnS
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Gallite associated with GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
7 photos of Gallite associated with Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
3 photos of Gallite associated with ChalcociteCu2S
3 photos of Gallite associated with TsumgalliteGaO(OH)
3 photos of Gallite associated with Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
3 photos of Gallite associated with SphaleriteZnS
2 photos of Gallite associated with BorniteCu5FeS4
1 photo of Gallite associated with ReineriteZn3(AsO3)2
1 photo of Gallite associated with BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.AgmantiniteAg2MnSnS4Orth.
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso.
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso.
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.9.1.1ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.9.1.2EskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
2.9.1.4RoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.9.1.5LenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.5.1CinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
3.5.2HypercinnabarHgSHex.
3.5.3MetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.4ImiteriteAg2HgS2Mon.
3.5.5TiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.6BalkaniteCu9Ag5HgS8Mon. 2/m : P2/m
3.5.7Danielsite(Cu,Ag)14HgS8Orth.
3.5.8ColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.5.9GortdrumiteCu24Fe2Hg9S23Tric. 1 : P1
3.5.10Polhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
3.5.11CarliniteTl2STrig. 3 : R3
3.5.12CrookesiteCu7(Tl, Ag)Se4Tet.
3.5.13SabatieriteCu6TlSe4Orth.
3.5.14PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.5.15RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
3.5.16ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
3.5.17BukoviteTl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4Tet.
3.5.19RoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.20InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GalliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., Seeliger, E. (1958) Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 241-264.
Fleischer, M. (1959) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 44: 906-910.

Internet Links for GalliteHide

Localities for GalliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I. F., Dobretzova, I. G., Laiba, A. A., Narkevsky, E. V., Maksimov, F. E., & Kuznetsov, V. Y. (2018). Specific Features of Sulfide Ores in the Pobeda Hydrothermal Cluster, Mid-Atlantic Rise 17° 07′–17° 08′ N. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 53(6), 431-454.
    • Rainbow Massif
Bortnikov, N. S., Vikentyev, I. V., Apollonov, V. N., Stavrova, O. O., Bogdanov, Y. A., Lein, A. Y., ... & Ikorskii, S. V. (2001). The Rainbow serpentinite-related hydrothermal field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 36 14′ N: mineralogical and geochemical features. In Proc. Joint Sixth Meeting. Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century, Krakow, 26–29 August (pp. 265-268).
Bulgaria
 
  • Pazardzhik Province
    • Panagyurishte
      • Levski
Pavel Kartashov (Mindat message www.mindat.org/mesg-7-84159.html); Handbook of Mineralogy; Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
      • Popintsi
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Sofia City Province
    • Chelopech
American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Cuba
 
Handbook of Mineralogy
DR Congo (TL)
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kipushi
Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., Seeliger, E. (1958) Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 241-264.; Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 547-558.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., Haack, U. (1999) Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 34, 273-283.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Namibia (TL)
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., and Seeliger, E. (1958) Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie (1958), Monatshefte: 241-264.
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
 
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