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Ganomalite

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About GanomaliteHide

Formula:
Pb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
Colour:
Greyish white
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named in 1876 by Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld from the Greek γανωμα = brilliance due to the mineral's adamantine luster.
The Mn (or rather Ca5Mn-) analogue of wayneburnhamite.
Fresh ganomalite displays a high lustre but surfaces turn dull white with time.


Classification of GanomaliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.BG.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
G : Sorosilicates with mixed SiO4 and Si2O7 groups; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
78.2.1.1

78 : Unclassified Silicates
2 :
14.13.6

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
13 : Silicates of Pb

Physical Properties of GanomaliteHide

Colour:
Greyish white
Hardness:

Optical Data of GanomaliteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.910 nε = 1.945
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of GanomaliteHide

Formula:
Pb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
IMA Formula:
Pb9Ca6(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O

Crystallography of GanomaliteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.82 Å, c = 10.13 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.032
Unit Cell V:
845.99 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of GanomaliteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Greyish white masses with a strong lustre
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for GanomaliteHide

German:Ganomalit
Simplified Chinese:硅钙铅矿
Spanish:Ganomalita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Ganomalite associated with Manganophyllite
3 photos of Ganomalite associated with PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
3 photos of Ganomalite associated with NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
2 photos of Ganomalite associated with MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2
2 photos of Ganomalite associated with AlamositePbSiO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BG.05bAllanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05aClinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bDissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aEpidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aHancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aMukhinite{Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05aPiemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05bManganiandrosite-(La){Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05Tawmawite{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Niigataite{CaSr}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m
9.BG.05Manganiandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dissakisite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Vanadoandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{V3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aEpidote-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Nd){CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bÅskagenite-(Nd){Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.9.BG.Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.9.BG.Ferriandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+REE}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(SiO4)(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BG.9.BGFerriperbøeite-(Ce)(CaCe3)(Fe3+Al2Fe2+)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.10ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.BG.15MacfalliteCa2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon.
9.BG.15SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20OkhotskiteCa2Mn3+Mn3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Al)Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20PoppiiteCa2V3+V3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Mg)Ca2MgFe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.30RustumiteCa10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2Mon.
9.BG.35Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
9.BG.35WiluiteCa19(Al,Mg)13(B,☐,Al)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(O,OH)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
9.BG.35ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.35FluorvesuvianiteCa19(Al,Mg,Fe2+)13(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(F,OH)9Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BG.35CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.40Vyuntspakhkite-(Y)(Y,Yb)4Al2.5-1.5(Si,Al)1.5-2.5(SiO4)4O(OH)7Mon.
9.BG.45DellaiteCa6Si3O11(OH)2Tric.
9.BG.50Gatelite-(Ce)CaCe3Al2(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe2+,Al)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(O,F)(OH,O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BG.55Västmanlandite-(Ce)Ce3CaMg2Al2Si2O15(OH)2FMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.13.1AlamositePbSiO3Mon.
14.13.2PlumbotsumitePb13(CO3)6(Si10O27) · 3H2OOrth.
14.13.3LuddeniteCu2Pb2Si5O14 · 4H2OMon.
14.13.4MolybdophyllitePb8Mg9[Si10O28(OH)8O2(CO3)3] · H2OMon. 2 : B2
14.13.5MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)Tric. 1 : P1
14.13.7KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
14.13.8BarysilitePb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3Trig.
14.13.9MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
14.13.10CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GanomaliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Nordenskiöld, A. E. (1876) Mötet den 6 April 1876. Åtskilliga nya mineralfynd vid Nordmarken och Långban. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 3: 119-123
American Mineralogist: 72: 1028.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 212: 208-212.

Internet Links for GanomaliteHide

Localities for GanomaliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Xinjiang
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
Huaqin Li and Fuwen Chen (2003): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 24(6), 555-558
  • Yunnan
    • Qujing
      • Huize Co.
Qiliang Chen (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(1), 22-26; Changqing Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Suoping Wu, Houmin Li, Feng Liu, Baojian Guo, and Derong Gao (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(3), 336-348
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Mineralogical Magazine 49 (1985), 579.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D., and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Dunn,P.J., Peacor, D.R., Valley, J.W. and Randall, C.W. (1985): Ganomalite from Franklin, New Jersey, and Jakobsberg, Sweden: New Chemical and Crystallographic Data. Mineralogical Magazine. 49: 579-582
USA
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Jenni, Clarence M. (1957), Crestmore and its minerals: Gems & Minerals, No. 237: 38-40 (June 1957): 36; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 555; micromounts@yahoogroups.com
          • Sky Blue Hill
Knut Eldjarn coll. from deVito collection by Dakota Matrix minerals. XRD ID by Kampf 4/11. This material has later been used to describe the new and related mineral Wayneburnhamite. It is uncertain if Ganomalite occurs at the locality.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn(1995):Pt3:410-411.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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