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About GaravelliteHide

Carlo Lorenzo Garavelli
Specific Gravity:
5.64 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Named by F. Gregorio, P. Lattanzi, G. Tanelli, and F. Vurro in 1979 in honor of Carlo Lorenzo Garavelli (13 July 1929, Florence, Italy - 23 November 1998, Bari, Italy), Italian mineralogist and professor at the University of Bari Aldo Moro, in recognition of his contribution to the field of mineralogy of Tuscan ore deposits.
This page provides mineralogical data about Garavellite.

Classification of GaravelliteHide

Approval Year:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
A : With Cu, Ag, Fe (without Pb)

7 : ø = 2

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
8 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Mn, Fe, Co and Ni

Physical Properties of GaravelliteHide

VHN50=212 - 222 kg/mm2 - Vickers
5.64 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GaravelliteHide

Strong - yellowish gren to bluish gray
Colour in reflected light:
Gray with olive-brown tint

Chemical Properties of GaravelliteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of GaravelliteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.439 Å, b = 14.093 Å, c = 3.754 Å
a:b:c = 0.812 : 1 : 0.266
Unit Cell V:
605.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Small aggregates of 200 microns

Type Occurrence of GaravelliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Hydrothermal copper deposit

Synonyms of GaravelliteHide

Other Language Names for GaravelliteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫锑铋铁矿

Relationship of Garavellite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BerthieriteFeSb2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HA.05ChalcostibiteCuSbS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HA.05EmplectiteCuBiS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
2.HA.10MiargyriteAgSbS2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HA.20BerthieriteFeSb2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HA.25AramayoiteAg3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6Tric. 1 : P1
2.HA.25BaumstarkiteAg3Sb3S6Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.8.1SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.8.2UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
5.8.3BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.8.4BerthieriteFeSb2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.8.5JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.8.13BismutohauchecorniteNi9Bi2S8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
5.8.15HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
5.8.18MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GaravelliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gregorio, F., Lattanzi, P., Tanelli, G., Vurro, F. (1979) Garavellite, FeSbBiS4, a new mineral from the Cu-Fe deposits of Valle del Frigido in the Apuane Alps, northern Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 99-102.
Wei, B., Li, S., Yin, Z., Geng, M. (1985) The discovery of the native bismuth-antimony system minerals and garavellite. Shaanxi Dizhi (Geology of Shaanxi): 3: 31-37.
Uher, P., Michal, S., Vitalos, J. (2000) The Pezinok antimony mine - Malé Karpaty Mountains, Slovakia. Mineralogical Record: 31: 153-162.
Bindi, L., Menchetti, S. (2005) Garavellite, FeSbBiS4, from the Caspari mine, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany: composition, physical properties and determination of the crystal structure. Mineralogy and Petrology: 85: 131-140.
Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Hogarth, D.D., Pabst, A. (1979) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 64: 1329-1334.
Kharbish, S., Andráš, P. (2014) Investigations of the Fe sulfosalts berthierite, garavellite, arsenopyrite and gudmundite by Raman spectroscopy. Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 1287-1299.

Internet Links for GaravelliteHide

Localities for GaravelliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan County
Bingjie Wei, Shuyan Li, Zifang Yin, and Minshan Geng (1986): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 1(4), 47-60; Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Czech Republic
  • Plzeň Region
    • Plzeň-South District
      • Nepomuk
Litochleb, J.: Mineralogie zlatonosného zrudnění z dolu Jakub u Kasejovic (jz. Čechy). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 102-112.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Uentrop
Bindi, L. & Menchetti, S. (2005): Garavellite, FeSbBiS4, from the Caspari mine, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany: composition, physical properties and determination of the crystal structure. Mineralogy and Petrology, 85, 131-140.
Italy (TL)
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Massa
Gregorio, F., Lattanzi, P., Tanelli, G., and Vurro, F. (1979) Garavellite, FeSbBiS4, a new mineral from the Cu-Fe deposit of Valle del Frigido in the Apuane Alps, northern Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 99-102.
  • Arequipa
    • Caraveli Province
Yáñez, J., & Alfonso, P. (2014, May). Mineralogy of the Chaparra IOCG deposit, southern Peru. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 16).
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
      • Bystrá
Majzlan J., 1996. Diploma thesis, Bratislava, 105 p. In Pršek et al. 2008: N. Jahrb. Miner., Abh., 185, 2, 117-130.
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Klenovec
Ferenc Š., Dzúrová M. (2015): Mineral phases of the berthierite-garavellite series from the Klenovec-Medené occurrence (Slovenské Rudohorie Mts – Veporic Unit), Slovak Republic. Acta Geologica Slovaca, 7, 1, 29-36.
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok Co.
      • Pezinok
        • Kolársky hill
Andráš P., Jeleň S., Caňo F., 1993: Výskyt Bi–mineralizácie na ložisku Pezinok. Mineralia Slovaca, 25, 3, 221–223.
[MinRec 31:153-162]
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