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Gartrellite

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Formula:
Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Greenish yellow
Lustre:
Earthy
Hardness:
Name:
Named for Blair Gartrell (1950-1995), Australian collector
Tsumcorite Group.

Easily confused with thometzekite.


Classification of Gartrellite

Approved
Notes:
Redefined by the IMA
8.CG.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
G : With large and medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:1
Dana 7th ed.:
43.2.2.1
43.2.2.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
2 : Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
22.4.9

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
4 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with carbonate

Physical Properties of Gartrellite

Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Comment:
chalky
Colour:
Greenish yellow
Streak:
Yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Fragile
Cleavage:
Perfect
{111}
Comment:
friable
Density:
5.40(2) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Gartrellite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.940 nβ = 1.980 nγ = 2.060
2V:
Measured: 78° , Calculated: 74°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.120
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively weak
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X = Y = pale yellow; Z = yellow

Chemical Properties of Gartrellite

Formula:
Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
IMA Formula:
PbCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Gartrellite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.68 Å, b = 7.66 Å, c = 5.68 Å
α = 98°, β = 110°, γ = 111.1°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.742 : 1 : 0.742
Unit Cell Volume:
V 206.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
cryptocrystalline, with platy crystallites
Twinning:
Common, by reflection on {110}.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.847 (54)
4.612 (70)
3.339 (70)
3.203 (97)
2.962 (100)
2.915 (70)
2.522 (64)

Occurrences of Gartrellite

Paragenetic Mode(s):
•  Oxidation

Type Occurrence of Gartrellite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Western Australian Museum, Perth, M.61.1991; Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia, M39278.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidation zone

Relationship of Gartrellite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
CobaltlotharmeyeriteCa(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
CobalttsumcoritePb(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
FerrilotharmeyeriteCa(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
KaliochalciteKCu2(SO4)2[(OH)(H2O)]
KrettnichitePbMn23+(VO4)2(OH)2
LotharmeyeriteCa(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
LukrahniteCa(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
ManganlotharmeyeriteCaMn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
MounanaitePbFe23+(VO4)2(OH,F)2
NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Nickelschneebergite(Bi3+,Ca)(Ni,Co,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
NickeltsumcoritePb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
PhosphogartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+)2(PO4,AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
RappolditePb(Co,Ni,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Schneebergite(Bi3+,Ca)(Co,Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
ThometzekitePb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
YancowinnaitePbCuAl(AsO4)2OH · H2O
ZincgartrellitePb(Zn,Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.05CassidyiteCa2(Ni2+,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.05CollinsiteCa2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.05FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.05GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.05MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.05ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.05β-RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.05TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.05HilliteCa2(Zn,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2 H2O
8.CG.10BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.10RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.10WendwilsoniteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.10ZincroseliteCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.10RruffiteCa2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.15FerrilotharmeyeriteCa(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
8.CG.15LotharmeyeriteCa(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.15MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
8.CG.15MounanaitePbFe23+(VO4)2(OH,F)2
8.CG.15ThometzekitePb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.15TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.15CobaltlotharmeyeriteCa(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.15CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
8.CG.15KrettnichitePbMn23+(VO4)2(OH)2
8.CG.15CobalttsumcoritePb(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.15NickellotharmeyeriteCa(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.15ManganlotharmeyeriteCaMn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.CG.15Schneebergite(Bi3+,Ca)(Co,Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
8.CG.15Nickelschneebergite(Bi3+,Ca)(Ni,Co,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
8.CG.20HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.20ZincgartrellitePb(Zn,Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.20RappolditePb(Co,Ni,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
8.CG.20PhosphogartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+)2(PO4,AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.20LukrahniteCa(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
8.CG.25Pottsite(Pb3xBi4-2x)(VO4)4·H2O (0.8 < x < 1.0)
8.CG.35NickeltalmessiteCa2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
22.4.1BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
22.4.2KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
22.4.3Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
22.4.4Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
22.4.5TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
22.4.6HeneuiteCaMg5(CO3)(PO4)3(OH)
22.4.7GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
22.4.8Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
22.4.10VoggiteNa2Zr(PO4)(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
22.4.11BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)

Other Names for Gartrellite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gartrellite

Reference List:
Nickel, E. H., Robinson, B. W., Fitz Gerald, O. & Birch, W. D. (1989): Gartrellite, a new secondary arsenate mineral from Ashburton Downs, W.A. and Broken Hill, N.S.W.. Australian Mineralogist: 4, 83-89.

Jambor J L, Grew E S (1990) New mineral names, American Mineralogist, 75, 931-937

Krause, W., Belendorff, K., Bernhardt, H.-J., McCammon, C., Effenberger, H. & Mikenda, W. (1998): Crystal chemistry of the tsumcorite-group minerals. New data on ferrilotharmeyerite, tsumcorite, thometzekite, mounanaite, helmutwinklerite, and a redefinition of gartrellite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 10, 179-206.

Frost, R. L., Xi, Y., & Palmer, S. J. (2012). Raman spectroscopy of the multianion mineral gartrellite-PbCu (Fe 3+, Cu)(AsO 4) 2 (OH, H 2 O) 2. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 89, 93-98.

Internet Links for Gartrellite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-1654.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Gartrellite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Gartrellite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
http://leme.anu.edu.au/Pubs/Advancesinregolith/Leverett_et_al.pdf
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
Elliott, P., and Pring, A. (2015) Yancowinnaite, a new mineral from the Kintore Opencut, Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 73–76.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
[Austral.Mineral.(1989) 4, 83-89. Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Svoge Obshtina
      • Bov
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001): Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. - Compt. rend. Acad. bulg. Sci., 54, 6, 39-42.
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
Samples analysed by Dr. Tony Kampf, Curator of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Nash, B. P., Dini, M., & Jenkins, R. A. (2013). Joteite, Ca2CuAl [AsO4][AsO3 (OH)] 2 (OH) 2· 5H2O, a new arsenate with a sheet structure and unconnected acid arsenate groups. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(6), 2811-2823.; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Dini, M., & Molina Donoso, A. A. (2015). Tapiaite, Ca5Al2 (AsO4) 4 (OH) 4· 12H2O, a new mineral from the Jote mine, Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(2), 345-354.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Joachim Gröbner EDS-analysis of material found by Gert Schöneborn
Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Cernay
        • Steinbach
          • Silberthal
Mines, mineurs et minéralogie du Silberthal, tomes 1 et 2
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Monteils
Jean-Robert et Christiane Eytier - Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/ListeMineraux.html
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Todtnau
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1997): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (19. Folge). - Mineralien-Welt, 8 (5), 32-36; WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis 24 (12), 40-44; KOLITSCH, U. & GÖTZINGER, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47.
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN;
Lapis 2002(2), 13-30
          • Hohenstein
Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
          • Teufelsstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Dernbach
Belendorff, K. (2012) Neuigkeiten von der Grube Schöne Aussicht bei Dernbach. Mineralienwelt, 23(5), 28-37.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
            • Hilarion area
Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
No reference listed
Ungvári Tamás collection (2005); C. Loránth analysis; Menyhárt, A. & Szakáll, S. (2010): Gartrellite and other arsenates from Likas-kő, Velence Hills (Hungary). 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 434.
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Forni Avoltri
Bortolozzi G,M., Ciriotti M.E., Bittarello E. and Moeckel S. (2015): Monte Avanza, Forni Avoltri; Carnia (Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): conferme e nuovi ritrovamenti. Micro,1-2015, 2-39.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
EDX analysis by I.Campostrini
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
        • Sierra Almagrera
          • Jaroso Ravine
Christiane & Jean-Robert EYTIER collection
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
          • Silver Plume Mine (Emerald & Silver Plume Mine group)
Robert PECORINI collection
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Martin Jensen and Tony Nikischer (2012) Some notes on the mineralogy of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana. Mineral News, 28, #6, 1-10.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
[Mineralogical Record 29:177]
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Haynes, P. E. (2008). A Eulogy for the Underground Workings of the Gold Hill Mine: Tooele County, Utah. Rocks & Minerals, 83(5), 451-456.; Personal communication from Bill Wise.
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • East Tintic District
SEM-EDS analzyed by Dr. Rob Bowell.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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