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Gearksutite

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About GearksutiteHide

Formula:
Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Colour:
white, colourless (including in transmitted light)
Lustre:
Dull
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
2.768
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
From the Greek γή, earth, and arksutite (chiolite), which it was thought to resemble in composition, in allusion to the earthy character of the material.
A complex aluminium salt mineral, structurally similar to artroeite.
One of the last formed secondary fluorides at the cryolite deposit of Ivigtut, Greenland.


Classification of GearksutiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.CC.05

3 : HALIDES
C : Complex halides
C : Soro-aluminofluorides
11.6.8.1

11 : HALIDE COMPLEXES
6 : Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
8.6.12

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
6 : Halides of Al

Physical Properties of GearksutiteHide

Colour:
white, colourless (including in transmitted light)
Streak:
white
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
On {1-10}.
Density:
2.768 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.771 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GearksutiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.448 nβ = 1.454 nγ = 1.456
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v distinct

Chemical Properties of GearksutiteHide

Formula:
Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
IMA Formula:
CaAlF4(OH) · H2O

Crystallography of GearksutiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.94 Å, b = 6.81 Å, c = 6.978 Å
α = 101.12°, β = 94.86°, γ = 110.07°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.725 : 1 : 1.025
Unit Cell V:
213.43 ų
Z:
2
Morphology:
Massive; nodular with an earthy to chalky character. Consisting of very minute needles with inclined extinction.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0002346GearksutiteMarchetti F, Perchiazzi N (2000) The crystal structure of gearksutite, CaAlF4(OH).H2O American Mineralogist 85 231-23520000293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.54 Å(10)
3.33 Å(7d)
3.14 Å(8)
2.28 Å(8)
2.15 Å(6)
1.924 Å(8)
1.741 Å(6)

Type Occurrence of GearksutiteHide

Synonyms of GearksutiteHide

Other Language Names for GearksutiteHide

German:Gearksutit
Simplified Chinese:氟铝钙矿
Spanish:Gearksutita
Traditional Chinese:氟鋁鈣礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
14 photos of Gearksutite associated with CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
11 photos of Gearksutite associated with QuartzSiO2
7 photos of Gearksutite associated with FluoriteCaF2
5 photos of Gearksutite associated with WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
5 photos of Gearksutite associated with ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
3 photos of Gearksutite associated with LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
3 photos of Gearksutite associated with SideriteFeCO3
3 photos of Gearksutite associated with CerussitePbCO3
2 photos of Gearksutite associated with ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
2 photos of Gearksutite associated with Uranotungstite(Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.CC.10AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
3.CC.10TikhonenkoviteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.CC.15ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]Tric. 1 : P1
3.CC.20CalcjarliteNa(Ca,Sr)3Al3(OH)2F14Mon.
3.CC.20JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2Mon. 2/m
3.CC.20JørgenseniteNa2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.6.1ZharchikhiteAlF(OH)2Mon.
8.6.2ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2OTrig.
8.6.3CadwaladeriteAl5(H2O)3(OH)12·n(Cl,H2O)Amor.
8.6.4CryolithioniteNa3Al2(LiF4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.6.5CryoliteNa2NaAlF6Mon. 2/m
8.6.6ChioliteNa5Al3F14Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
8.6.7ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
8.6.8WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]FOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Immm
8.6.9Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.6.10KoeneniteNa4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.6.11 Chlor-manasseiteMgxAl(OH)2x+2Cl · (x-0.8)H2O
x about 1.75
8.6.13ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.6.14YaroslaviteCa3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
8.6.15CarlhintzeiteCa2[AlF6]F · H2OTric.
8.6.16ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]Trig.
8.6.17ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.6.18PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2OMon. 2/m
8.6.19Zirklerite(Fe,Mg,Ca)9Al4Cl18(OH)12 · 14H2O (?)Trig.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in dilute acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GearksutiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hagemann in: Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 130.
Flight (1883) Journal of the Chemical Society: 43: 140 (as Evigtokite).
Cross and Hillebrand (1885) USGS Bulletin 20: 59.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 181.
Larsen, E. and Wells (1916) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: 2: 360.
Simpson (1920) Mineralogical Magazine: 19: 23.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 78.
Henderson (1929) American Mineralogist: 14: 281.
Smolyaninov and Isakov (1946) Belyankin Jubilee volume, Academy of Sciences, USSR: 145 (as Paragearksutite).
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 119-120.
Marchetti, F. & Perchiazzi, N. (2000) The crystal structure of gearksutite, CaAlF4(OH) H2O. American Mineralogist 85, 231-235.

Internet Links for GearksutiteHide

Localities for GearksutiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
        • Luina
Am Min 85:231-235; Birch, W. D., & Pring, A. (1990). A calcian ralstonite-like mineral from the Cleveland Mine, Tasmania, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 54(377), 599-602.
  • Western Australia
    • Gingin Shire
Edward S. Simpson (1920): On Gearksutite at Gingin, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 19, 23-39; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 120.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Guttaring
        • Waitschach
U. Kolitsch (2012): Crystal structure of a new lead nitrate chloride and further surprises from the Pb- and Ba-rich ancient slag at Maria Waitschach, Carinthia, Austria. M&M7, 7th Intern. Conf. on Mineralogy & Museums, Dresden, Germany, August 27-29, 2012; Program and Abstracts Volume, 90.; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
      • Hüttenberg
        • Sankt Martin am Silberberg
Kolitsch, U. (2016): 1965) Gearksutit, nadeliger Magnetit und die unbenannte Cu-Si-S-O-H-Phase aus der Schlacke von St. Martin am Silberberg, Kärnten. Pp. 210-211 in Walter, F. et al. (2016): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXV. Carinthia II, 206./126., 203-250.
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz
    • Inquisivi Province
      • Colquiri
Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.; SUGAKI, A., & KITAKAZE, A. (1988). Tin-bearing minerals from Bolivian polymetallic deposits and their mineralization stages. Mining Geology, 38(211), 419-435.
China
 
  • Guizhou
    • Qianxinan
      • Qinglong County
        • Dachang Sb ore field
Niedermayr, G. (2004): Ein bemerkenswerter Neufund von Carbonat-Cyanotrichit aus China. Mineralien-Welt 15 (5), 58-60. (in German)
  • Hunan
    • Loudi
      • Lengshuijiang Co.
Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387
Finland
 
  • Kymenlaakso
    • Kotka
Ilkka Mikkola collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Kolitsch, U. & Götzinger, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. Erzgräber 14, 33-47. (in German); KOLITSCH, U., GRÖBNER, J. BLASS, G., GRAF, H.-W. & PRING, A. (2005): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (II): Dreyerit, Gasparit-(Ce), Klinobisvanit, Kobaltkoritnigit, Metatyuyamunit, Roscoelith, Sengierit, Vésigniéit und Wakefieldit. Lapis 30 (9), 35-39; 58; Gröbner, J., Kolitsch, U. und Bayerl, R. (2005): Interessante Uranmineralien im Stinkspat der Grube Clara. Lapis 30 (10), 34-39; 90; Gröbner, J., Bayerl, R. und Kolitsch, U. (2006): Weitere Beobachtungen zu den Uran- und Vanadium-Paragenesen der Grube Clara aus den Jahren 2002, 2004 und 2005. Erzgräber 20, 1-10
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld-Südharz
      • Südharz
        • Rottleberode
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Annaberg-Buchholz
        • Kleinrückerswalde
Möhn, G. & Desor, J. SEM-EDS & PXRD (07/2020)
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Mercati mines
No reference listed
Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Legrena Valley
            • Megala Pefka Mines
Branko Rieck collection
        • Lavrion slag localities
          • Sounion area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Greenland (TL)
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
      • Ivittuut (Ivigtut)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 120; American Mineralogist (2000), 85, 231–235.]; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2014) Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. In: Cesare, B., Erba, E., Carmina, B., Fascio, L., Petti, F.M., and Zuccari, A., eds., The Future of the Italian Geosciences - The Italian Geosciences of the Future. 87° Congresso della Società Geologica Italiana e 90° Congresso della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, Milan, Italy, September 10-12, 2014. Abstract Book. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 31, Supplemento n.1; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., and Russo, M. (2019) Sbacchiite, Ca2AlF7, a new fumarolic mineral from the Vesuvius volcano, Napoli, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, 153-158.
Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2014) Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. In: Cesare, B., Erba, E., Carmina, B., Fascio, L., Petti, F.M., and Zuccari, A., eds., The Future of the Italian Geosciences - The Italian Geosciences of the Future. 87° Congresso della Società Geologica Italiana e 90° Congresso della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, Milan, Italy, September 10-12, 2014. Abstract Book. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 31, Supplemento n.1; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., and Russo, M. (2019) Sbacchiite, Ca2AlF7, a new fumarolic mineral from the Vesuvius volcano, Napoli, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, 153-158.
        • Ottaviano
Russo, M., and Campostrini, I. (2011) Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius, 37, 312; Russo, M., Campostrini, I., and Demartin, F. (2014) Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. In: Cesare, B., Erba, E., Carmina, B., Fascio, L., Petti, F.M., and Zuccari, A., eds., The Future of the Italian Geosciences - The Italian Geosciences of the Future. 87° Congresso della Società Geologica Italiana e 90° Congresso della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, Milan, Italy, September 10-12, 2014. Abstract Book. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 31, Supplemento n.1; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., and Russo, M. (2019) Sbacchiite, Ca2AlF7, a new fumarolic mineral from the Vesuvius volcano, Napoli, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, 153-158.
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Russo, M. (2019) Sbacchiite, Ca2AlF7, a new fumarolic mineral from the Vesuvius volcano, Napoli, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, 153-158.
  • Friuli Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
Bortolozzi, G.M., Bracco, R., De Tuoni, F., Vidus, L., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Zorzi, F. (2018) Antiche miniere e affioramenti metalliferi a Comeglians (Val Degano, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): recenti ritrovamenti. Micro, 16, 1-2018, 2-36.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
Bernauer, F. (1941): Eine Gearksutit-Lagerstätte auf der Insel Vulcano. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften, 93, 65-80.
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M. & Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogia Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Scansano
        • Pereta
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Boscardin M., Marchetti F., Orlandi P., Zordan A.(1995): La gearksutite della Valle dei Mercanti (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem., 102, 117-120. ; Pegoraro, S., Orlandi, P., Chiereghin, P., Contin, A. & Toniolo, E. (2009). I minerali del Monte Trisa (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2009, 160-179.
American Mineralogist, 85 :231–235
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Karaganda Region
    • Balkhash
      • Kounrad Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pautov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp5-10; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Region
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Rodeo Municipality
      • Rodeo
        • Abasolo
Peter Megaw
  • Guerrero
    • Taxco de Alarcón
Panczner(1987):196-197 & 206.
Norway
 
  • Viken
    • Lunner
Raade, G & Haug, J. (1980): Rare Fluorides from a soda granite in the Oslo Region, Norway. Mineralogical Record, 11,83-91
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Ilmen Mountains
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Voznesenskii ore District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Tuva
    • Kaa-Khemsky District
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
P.M. Kartashov data; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p175
    • Tannu-Ola Range
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dzhida Basin
        • Zakamensk
          • Dzhida W-Mo District
M.M. Povilaitis data (http://klopotow.narod.ru/mindata/locathn/R_Buryat/zakamensk/djida.html)
Arkhipchuk, R. Z. (1971): Gearksutite from the Manzhinsk deposit. Mineralogicheskii Sbornik (Lvov), 25, 181-184.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
P.M. Karashov data
Ripp, G. S., Bulnaev, K. B. & Zyablishchev, A. Yu. (1996): Alumofluorides of Zharchikhinskoe molybdenum deposit (western Transbaikalia). Zap. Vseross. Mineral. O-va. 125, 72-79. (in Russian) ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Brits (Brits District)
Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection; collected by Dr. Hans Börner
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Barcelonès
        • Santa Coloma de Gramenet
Calvo, M. (2006). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol III. Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 267 págs.
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • La Selva
        • Vidreres
Rodríguez, X.; Téllez, E.; Ignacio, J.A.; Formiga, J. (2016). “Las minas de Can Magre, Vidreres, la Selva, Gerona”. Paragénesis; vol. XII, núm. 2, pp. 3-46.
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Ulldemolins
Rosell, J., Rubio, C., Varela, F. (2017): Els Minerals de Vanadi de la mina Maria Magdalena. Ulldemolins, el Priorat, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1/2017 (in catalan). And on: Paragénesis, /2017 (magazine in Spanish).
UK
 
  • England
    • County Durham
      • Healeyfield
Norman Wilson collection.
      • Stanhope
Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Ukraine
 
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
Yurk Yu.Yu., Gurov E.P., Gurova E.P. (1973) Pecularities of fluorin mineralogy of Ukrainian crystalline shield, - Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp.184 (in Russian).; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Rob Bowell, lab tested
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa Mining District
        • Santa Teresa Mountains
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 230; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Jamestown
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • El Paso Co.
      • Cheyenne Mining District (St. Peters Dome Mining District)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 120; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Am Min 51:299-323
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), Dean Allum specimen
Am Min 51:299-323
    • Fremont Co.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Mineral Co.
      • Wagon Wheel Gap
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 120, 130; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek Mining District
        • Cripple Creek
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; 2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Lake Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mountain Wells Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Douglas Co.
      • Wellington Hills
        • Silver Glance Mining District (Wellington Mining District)
          • Wellington
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Vigo Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • San Antonio Mountains
        • San Antone Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Marysvale Mining District (Marysvale Uranium area)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Winterham
[Virginia Minerals, Vol 46:2]
    • Bath Co.
Henderson, E. P. (1929): Gearksutite from Virginia. American Mineralogist 14, 281-285; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 120; Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
 
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