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About GerstmanniteHide

Ewald Gerstmann
Crystal System:
Named in 1977 by Paul Brian Moore and Takaharu Araki after Mr. Ewald "The Dutchman" Gerstmann [September 19, 1918 in Bremerhaven, Germany - December 14, 2005, Andover, New Jersey], stationary engineer, mineral dealer, and avid collector of Franklin Mining District minerals. Operator of a private mineral museum and collectors' gathering spot at Franklin, NJ, for many years. The Gerstmann mineral collection was donated to the Franklin Mineral Museum.
This page provides mineralogical data about Gerstmannite.

Classification of GerstmanniteHide

Approval year:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
E : Nesosilicates with additional anions (O,OH,F,H2O); cations in tetrahedral [4] coordination

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
2 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
7 : Silicates of Ba, Sr and Zn

Physical Properties of GerstmanniteHide

4½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of GerstmanniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.655 nβ = 1.657 nγ = 1.678
Measured: 50° to 60°, Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.023
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of GerstmanniteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of GerstmanniteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.18 Å, b = 18.65 Å, c = 6.25 Å
a:b:c = 0.439 : 1 : 0.335
Unit Cell V:
953.48 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000554GerstmanniteMoore P B, Araki T (1977) Gerstmannite, a new zinc silicate mineral and a novel cubic close-packed oxide structure American Mineralogist 62 51-5919770293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of GerstmanniteHide

Synonyms of GerstmanniteHide

Other Language Names for GerstmanniteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AE.05BerylliteBe3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.AE.10EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AE.15SverigeiteNaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
9.AE.30ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2OMon. m : Bb
9.AE.35StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2OMon.
9.AE.40Katoptrite(Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AE.50SphaerobertranditeBe3(SiO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P21/b · H2OMon. m : Bb

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.7.2KrauskopfiteBaSi2O5 · 3H2OMon.
14.7.4MacdonalditeBaCa4Si16O36(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth.
14.7.5EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.7.11WillemiteZn2SiO4Trig. 3 : R3
14.7.12HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Imm2
14.7.13ZincsiliteZn3Si4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O (?)Mon.
14.7.14HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
14.7.16ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2OMon. m : Bb
14.7.17JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2OOrth. mm2
14.7.18LarsenitePbZnSiO4Orth. mm2 : Pna21
14.7.19EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.7.22GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20Mon. 2/m
14.7.23FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GerstmanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Moore, P.B., Araki, T. (1977) Gerstmannite, a new zinc silicate mineral and a novel cubic close-packed oxide structure. American Mineralogist 62, 51-59.
Simonov, M.A., Egorov-Tismenko, Y.K., Belov, N.V. (1978) Crystal structures of clinohedrite Ca[ZnSiO4]·H2O and herstmannite (Mn,Mg)Mg(OH)2[ZnSiO4]. Soviet Physics - Doklady 23, 113-114. [probably English translation of: SSimonov, M.A., Egorov-Tismenko, Y.K., Belov, N.V. (1978) The crystal structures of clinohedrite Ca[ZnSiO4]·H2O and herstmannite (Mn, Mg)Mg(OH)2[ZnSiO4]. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 238, 1348-1350.]

Internet Links for GerstmanniteHide

Localities for GerstmanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Moore, P.B., Araki, T. (1977) Gerstmannite, a new zinc silicate mineral and a novel cubic close-packed oxide structure. American Mineralogist: 62: 51-59.; Dunn, P.J. (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 3: 755 pgs (369).
Mineral and/or Locality  
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