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Giessenite

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Turschi dolomite deposit, Giessen, Binntal, Wallis, Switzerland

Turtschi, Giessen, Binn Valley, Wallis, Switzerland
Formula:
Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Colour:
Greyish-black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
7.45 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For the type locality.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of GiesseniteHide

Approved
2.HB.10b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.5.12.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
5 : 2.5 < ø < 3
5.6.27

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of GiesseniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Greyish-black
Streak:
Grayish black
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=65 - Vickers
Density:
7.45 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of GiesseniteHide

Formula:
Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
IMA Formula:
(Cu,Fe)2Pb26.4(Bi,Sb)19.6S57
Common Impurities:
Fe

Crystallography of GiesseniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 34.62(3) Å, b = 38.18(5) Å, c = 4.080(8) Å
β = 90.33(5)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.907 : 1 : 0.107
Unit Cell V:
5,392.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Fine needles to 1.5mm
Twinning:
Intimately on (100)
Comment:
Pseudo-orthorhombic.

Type Occurrence of GiesseniteHide

Synonyms of GiesseniteHide

Other Language Names for GiesseniteHide

German:Giessenit
Simplified Chinese:针辉铋铅矿
Spanish:Giessenita

Relationship of Giessenite to other SpeciesHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.5.12.1IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
3.5.12.2ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzariteMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GiesseniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist: 50: 264.
American Mineralogist: 72: 229.
Makovicky, E. & Karup-Møller, S. (1986): New data on giessenite from the Bjørkåsen sulfide deposit at Otoften, northern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 24, 21-25.
Moëlo, Y.; Roger, G.; Maurel-Palacin, D.; Marcoux, E.; Laroussi, A. (1995): Chemistry of some Pb-(Cu,Fe)-(Sb,Bi) sulfosalts from France and Portugal. Implications for the crystal chemistry of lead sulfosalts in the Cu-poor part of the Pb2S2-Cu2S-Sb2S3-Bi2S3 system. Mineralogy and Petrology 53, 229-250.

Internet Links for GiesseniteHide

Localities for GiesseniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Santa Cruz
    • Deseado department
      • Deseado massif
        • Tres Cerros
Jovic, S.M., Guido, D.M., Schalamuk, I.B., Ríos, F.J., Tassinari, C.C.G., Recio. C. (2011): Pingüino In-bearing polymetallic vein deposit, Deseado Massif, Patagonia, Argentina: characteristics of mineralization and ore-forming fluids. Mineralium Deposita, 46, 257-271.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Kleine Fleiß valley
          • Zirmsee area
Bergbau in Westkärnten
      • Malta valley
        • Kölnbreinspitze - Lausnock area
A.Pichler (2009)
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Pašava, J., Kříbek, B., Dobeš, P., Vavřín, I., Žák, K., Fan Delian, Zhang Tao, and Boiron, M.-C. (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38(1), 39-66.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Lhasa Prefecture
      • Maizhokunggar Co. (Mozhugongka Co.)
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Tavagnasco
          • Tavagnasco Mines (Tavagnasco Mine; Liva and Tavagnasco Mines; Tavagnasco mining district)
Bindi L., Biagioni, C., Martini, B. Salvetti, A. (2016): Ciriottiite, Cu(Cu,Ag)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As2)S56, the Cu-analogue of sterryite from the Tavagnasco mining district, Piedmont, Italy. Minerals, 6 (1), 8, 13 pp.; doi:10.3390/min6010008
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Seravezza
Orlandi, P. (2007). Seit uber 2000 Jahren: Marmorabbau in der Toskana. Geologie und Mineralien der Apuaner Alpen. Die Mineralien der Marmor-gebiete rund um Carrara, bei Massa und der Versilia. Lapis, 7/8, 15-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu region
      • Yamanashi prefecture
        • Kinpuzan district
          • Kofu City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 20 (1998) , No. 4 pp 179-187
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Ballangen
Karup-Møller, S. (1973): A giessenite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the Bjørkåsen sulphide deposit at Ofoten in Northern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53, 41-64; Makovicky, E. & Karup-Møller, S. (1986): New data on giessenite from the Bjørkåsen sulfide deposit at Otoften, northern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 24, 21-25.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Borşa (Baia Borşa; Borsa)
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.
      • Jarabá
Ozdín, D., Pršek, J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 279-285.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Gemerská Poloma (Poloma; Veszverés)
Martin Števko, unpublished-EMPA-WDS confirmed
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
Sweden
 
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Hammar
Handbook of Mineralogy
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Giessen
Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1963) 43, 471-478
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 182.
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