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Ginorite

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Formula:
Ca2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
Colour:
White
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.09
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
After Piero Ginori Conti, of Florence, Italy, a leader in development of the Tuscan borax industry.
The calcium analogue of strontioginorite.


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Classification of GinoriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
6.FC.15

6 : BORATES
F : Hexaborates
C : Phyllo-hexaborates
26.6.7.1

26 : HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : Hexaborates
9.3.19

9 : Borates
3 : Borates of Ca and Sr

Physical Properties of GinoriteHide

Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
White
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010} with unstated quality.
Density:
2.09 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of GinoriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.517 nβ = 1.524 nγ = 1.577
2V:
Measured: 42° , Calculated: 42°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of GinoriteHide

Formula:
Ca2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O

Crystallography of GinoriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.37 Å, b = 14.36 Å, c = 12.26 Å
β = 101.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.931 : 1 : 0.854
Unit Cell V:
2,309.01 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals are flat tablets {010}. Dense masses.

Type Occurrence of GinoriteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Veins in sandstone
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of GinoriteHide

Other Language Names for GinoriteHide

Simplified Chinese:水硼钙石
Traditional Chinese:水硼鈣石

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.FC.05TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
6.FC.05NobleiteCaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
6.FC.10StrontioboriteSrB8O11(OH)4Mon.
6.FC.15StrontioginoriteCaSrB14O20(OH)6 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
6.FC.20FabianiteCaB3O5OHMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

26.6.7.2StrontioginoriteCaSrB14O20(OH)6 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

9.3.1CalciboriteCa(B2O4)Orth.
9.3.2SibirskiteCa2(HB2O5)(OH)Mon.
9.3.3FabianiteCaB3O5OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.3.4UralboriteCa2[B3O3(OH)5 · OB(OH)3]Mon.
9.3.5VimsiteCaB2O2(OH)4Mon.
9.3.6OlshanskyiteCa2[B3O3(OH)6](OH) · 3H2O
9.3.7FroloviteCa[B(OH)4]2Tric.
9.3.8KorzhinskiteCa(B2O4) · H2O
9.3.9TyretskiteCa2B5O9OH · H2OTric.
9.3.10NifontoviteCa3B6O6(OH)12(H2O)2Mon.
9.3.12InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m
9.3.13GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2OMon.
9.3.14ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.3.15PentahydroboriteCaB2O(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
9.3.16HexahydroboriteCa[B(OH)4]2 · 2H2O or CaB2O4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.3.17MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.3.18PriceiteCa2B5O7(OH)5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.3.20ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
9.3.21UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.3.22HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2OMon.
9.3.23InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.3.24WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2OHex.
9.3.25HenmiliteCa2Cu[B(OH)4]2(OH)4Tric.
9.3.26StrontioboriteSrB8O11(OH)4Mon.
9.3.27VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2OMon. m : Bb
9.3.28Veatchite-ASr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2OTric.
9.3.29 P-VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
9.3.30 BalavinskiteSr2B6O11 · 4H2O
9.3.31TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.3.32StrontioginoriteCaSrB14O20(OH)6 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

IR Spectrum:
Chelkar dome material (Mott prospect material in brackets) [cm-1]: (3480sh), (3420sh), 3370 (3330), 3280, 3125 (3140), 3000sh (3020sh), 1650 (1655w), 1460s (1480sh), 1396s (1381s), 1339s (1329s), 1259 (1250), 1191 (1189), 1170 (1165sh), 1129s (
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GinoriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
D'Achiardi (1934) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 5: 22.
American Mineralogist (1935): 20: 403.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 364-365.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Chukanov, N.V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer (Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy), vol. 1, Dordrecht, 1726 pp.

Internet Links for GinoriteHide

Localities for GinoriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • Salar del Hombre Muerto
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 497.; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • Windsor
Henry How, "On Natro-boro-calcite and another Borate occurring in the Gypsum of Nova Scotia", The American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series, Vol. 32, pg. 9-13, Nov 1861.
Italy (TL)
 
  • Tuscany
    • Pisa Province
      • Castelnuovo Val di Cecina
D'Achiardi (1934) "Ginorite, nuovo borato di calcio di Sasso Pisano" Per. Min.: no. 5: 22-32; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 364.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
    • Aksai Valley
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V p 6; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
Garrett, Donald E. (1998) Borates. Handbook of Deposits, Processing, Properties, and Use.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clarke Co.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Death Valley
        • Furnace Creek
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 238, 254.
      • Furnace Creek District (Furnace Creek Borate District; Death Valley Area Borate Deposits; Ryan area)
        • Ryan
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & H. Almond (1959), Gowerite, a new hydrous calcium borate from Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 44: 911-919; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357; www.mineralsocal.org.
        • Twenty Mule Team Canyon
Allen, Robert D. (1957): 198; Allen, Robert D. & Henry C. Kramer (1957), Ginorite and sassolite from Death Valley, California, American Mineralogist: 42: 56-61; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & H. Almond (1959), Gowerite, a new hydrous calcium borate from Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 44: 913; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & A.C. Vlisidis (1961), Nobleite, another new hydrous calcium borate from the Death Valley region, California: American Mineralogist: 46: 561; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore, et al (1965), American Mineralogist: 65: 629-640; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 350; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 254.
Am Min 64:3-4 pp 369-375; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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