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About GlaukosphaeriteHide

Ni is confined to one out of two cation sites, so ideal endmember is NiCu(CO3)2(OH)2
apple-green to malachite-green
Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Dull
3 - 4
Specific Gravity:
3.78 - 3.96
Crystal System:
Member of:
The name is for the color (glaukos, Greek for blue-green, blue-grey) and spherulitic formation.

Classification of GlaukosphaeriteHide


B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
A : With Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Mg, Mn

3 : (AB)2(XO3)Zq

11 : Carbonates
14 : Carbonates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of GlaukosphaeriteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Dull
apple-green to malachite-green
pale green
3 - 4 on Mohs scale
3.78 - 3.96 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of GlaukosphaeriteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.690 - 1.710 nβ = 1.830 - 1.850 nγ = 1.830 - 1.850
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.140
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
weak to moderate
Optical Extinction:
X ^ c = 7°

Chemical Properties of GlaukosphaeriteHide


Ni is confined to one out of two cation sites, so ideal endmember is NiCu(CO3)2(OH)2
IMA Formula:

Crystallography of GlaukosphaeriteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.0613(4) Å, b = 9.3653(4) Å, c = 3.1351(1) Å
β = 98.085(5)°
a:b:c = 1.288 : 1 : 0.335
Unit Cell V:
350.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
fibrous, as spherules which may be concentrically zoned

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
2.591 (100)
3.690 (80)
2.952 (70)
2.484 (70)
2.931 (60)
5.048 (50)
2.517 (50)

Type Occurrence of GlaukosphaeriteHide

Synonyms of GlaukosphaeriteHide

Other Language Names for GlaukosphaeriteHide

Relationship of Glaukosphaerite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ChukanoviteFe2+2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ParádsasváriteZn2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gaspéite3 photos of Glaukosphaerite associated with Gaspéite on mindat.org.
Azurite3 photos of Glaukosphaerite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Aragonite2 photos of Glaukosphaerite associated with Aragonite on mindat.org.
Malachite2 photos of Glaukosphaerite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Georgeite2 photos of Glaukosphaerite associated with Georgeite on mindat.org.
Erythrite2 photos of Glaukosphaerite associated with Erythrite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Glaukosphaerite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Dolomite1 photo of Glaukosphaerite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Omsite1 photo of Glaukosphaerite associated with Omsite on mindat.org.
Chlorite Group1 photo of Glaukosphaerite associated with Chlorite Group on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BA.05AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.10GeorgeiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2OAmor.
5.BA.10MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.10Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.10ChukanoviteFe2+2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.15Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BA.15HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.BA.20HoldawayiteMn6(CO3)2(OH)7(Cl,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.BA.25DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.BA.30Loseyite(Mn2+,Zn,Mg)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10Mon. 2/m
5.BA.30Sclarite(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16a.3.1.1MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
16a.3.1.2Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.14.1SpherocobaltiteCoCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
11.14.4HellyeriteNiCO3 · 5.5H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
11.14.5OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
11.14.6ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?Iso.
11.14.7KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2OHex.
11.14.10ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
11.14.11ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GlaukosphaeriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mineralogical Magazine: 39: 737-743.
Canadian Mineralogist: 14: 574-576.
Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 315-324.
Perchiazzi, N. & Merlino, S. (2006): The malachite-rosasite group: crystal structures of glaukosphaerite and pokrovskite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18, 787-792.

Internet Links for GlaukosphaeriteHide

Localities for GlaukosphaeriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia (TL)
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743
          • Juan complex
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
        • St. Ives gold Camp
Pryce, M.W., Just, J. (1974) Glaukosphaerite - a new nickel analogue of rosasite, Mineralogical Magazine (Sept-Oct 974) Vol.39 pp.737-743.
      • Widgiemooltha
Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Broad Arrow Goldfield
        • Bardoc
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
    • Laverton Shire
      • Laverton
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39:737-743
    • Menzies Shire
      • Menangina Station
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743; Min Mag (1979) 43, 97-98; Matthew J. Sciberras, Peter Leverett, Peter A. Williams, David E. Hibbs, Peter J. Downes, Mark D. Welch and Anthony R. Kampf (2013) Paratacamite-(Ni,Cu3(Ni,Cu)Cl2(OH)6, a new mineral from the Carr Boyd Rocks mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17:39-44
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
C.Auer (2014)
            • Vogel Alp
R.Poeverlein (2016)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
      • Stanz valley
        • Flirsch
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch, R. Poeverlein & M. Strasser (2009): Ein ungewöhnliches Fahlerzvorkommen bei der Flirscher Schihütte im Stanzer Tal, Tirol. Lapis 34, 13-19; 58.
DR Congo
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Oms
Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2007, 95, 3-24.; Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Pasero, M., Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Berbain, C., Orlandi, P. (2012): Omsite, (Ni,Cu)2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6], a new member of the cualstibite group from Oms, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1347-1354.
    • Tarn-et-Garonne
      • Laguépie
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Siegen
        • Achenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
  • Aichi
    • Shinshiro city
Matsubara, S. and Kato A. (1993) Jour. Japan Ass. Min. Petr. Economic Geology, 88(11), 515-524 (in japanese).
Canadian Mineralogist 40:1693-1703.
    • Nucet
      • Băiţa mining district (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
        • Codreanu Mine
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 40, pp. 1693-1703 (2002); Onac, B. P., & Damm, P. (2002). Preliminary Data on the Mineralogy of Limestone and Skarn-Hosted Caves from Baita (Bihor county, Romania). Studia UBB Geologia, 47(1), 93-104.
  • Mehedinti
    • Almas Mts
Koller G.2009-2010 Own found.
South Africa
  • Limpopo
    • Vhembe District
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
VIÑALS, J., FAVREAU, G., and EYTIER C. & J.-R. (2010): Bobkingite, capgaronnite, juanitaite, gerhardtite, reevesite and other rare minerals from Cerro Minado, Huercal-Overa (Almería). Mineral Up, 4, 3, 6-23 Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya); in Spanish version (Revista de Minerales).
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Baix Camp
        • Alforja
Abella i Creus, Joan (2018) Plumboagardite, green anglesite and other minerals from the Alforja mine, Alforja, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineral Up, 2018/2.
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Xavi Ortiz Collection
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
        • Bunkerville District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999.; Mineralogical Record 22:383
Mineral and/or Locality  
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