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Glaukosphaerite

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Formula:
CuNiCO3(OH)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
apple-green to ...
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Dull
Hardness:
3 - 4
Member of:

Classification of Glaukosphaerite

Approved
5.BA.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
A : With Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Mg, Mn
16a.3.1.3

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)2(XO3)Zq
11.14.8

11 : Carbonates
14 : Carbonates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of Glaukosphaerite

Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Dull
Colour:
apple-green to malachite-green
Streak:
pale green
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 4
Density:
3.78 - 3.96 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of Glaukosphaerite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.690 - 1.710 nβ = 1.830 - 1.850 nγ = 1.830 - 1.850
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.140
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
weak to moderate
Optical Extinction:
X ^ c = 7°

Chemical Properties of Glaukosphaerite

IMA Formula:
CuNiCO3(OH)2
Mindat.org Formula:
(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2

Ni is confined to one out of two cation sites, so ideal endmember is NiCu(CO3)2(OH)2
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Glaukosphaerite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Space Group Setting:
P21/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.0613(4) Å, b = 9.3653(4) Å, c = 3.1351(1) Å
β = 98.085(5)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.288 : 1 : 0.335
Unit Cell Volume:
V 350.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
fibrous, as spherules which may be concentrically zoned
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.591 (100)
3.690 (80)
2.952 (70)
2.484 (70)
2.931 (60)
5.048 (50)
2.517 (50)

Type Occurrence of Glaukosphaerite

Relationship of Glaukosphaerite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
ChukanoviteFe22+(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
ParádsasváriteZn2(CO3)(OH)2
PokrovskiteMg2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
5.BA.05AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
5.BA.10GeorgeiteCu2CO3(OH)2
5.BA.10KolweziteCuCoCO3(OH)2
5.BA.10MalachiteCu2CO3(OH)2
5.BA.10McguinnessiteCuMgCO3(OH)2
5.BA.10NullaginiteNi2CO3(OH)2
5.BA.10PokrovskiteMg2CO3(OH)2
5.BA.10RosasiteCuZnCO3(OH)2
5.BA.10Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu2+)2CO3(OH)2
5.BA.10ChukanoviteFe2CO3(OH)2
5.BA.15Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu2+)5(CO3)2(OH)6
5.BA.15HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
5.BA.20HoldawayiteMn62+(CO3)2(OH)7(Cl,OH)
5.BA.25DeferniteCa6(CO3)1.58(Si2O7)0.21(OH)7[Cl0.50(OH)0.08(H2O)0.42]
5.BA.25UM1977-03-COSiO:CaClHCa10-11(CO3)7(SiO4)Cl1-2(OH)1-2
5.BA.30LoseyiteMn72+(CO3)2(OH)10
5.BA.30SclariteZn7(CO3)2(OH)10
11.14.1SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
11.14.2KolweziteCuCoCO3(OH)2
11.14.3NullaginiteNi2CO3(OH)2
11.14.4HellyeriteNiCO3 · 6H2O
11.14.5OtwayiteNi2CO3(OH)2 · H2O
11.14.6ZaratiteNi3CO3(OH)4 · 4H2O
11.14.7KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
11.14.9GaspéiteNiCO3
11.14.10ReevesiteNi6Fe23+CO3(OH)16 · 4H2O
11.14.11ComblainiteNi4Co23+CO3(OH)12 · 3H2O
11.14.12SzymańskiiteHg16Ni6(CO3)12(OH)12(H3O)8 · 3H2O

Other Names for Glaukosphaerite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Glaukosphaerite

Reference List:
Mineralogical Magazine: 39: 737-743.

Canadian Mineralogist: 14: 574-576.

Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 315-324.

Perchiazzi, N. & Merlino, S. (2006): The malachite-rosasite group: crystal structures of glaukosphaerite and pokrovskite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18, 787-792.

Internet Links for Glaukosphaerite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-1711.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Glaukosphaerite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia (TL)
 
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743
          • Juan complex
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
        • St. Ives gold Camp
Pryce, M.W., Just, J. (1974) Glaukosphaerite - a new nickel analogue of rosasite, Mineralogical Magazine (Sept-Oct 974) Vol.39 pp.737-743.
      • Widgiemooltha
Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Broad Arrow Goldfield
        • Bardoc
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743
    • Laverton Shire
      • Laverton
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39:737-743
    • Menzies Shire
      • Menangina Station
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743; Min Mag (1979) 43, 97-98; Matthew J. Sciberras, Peter Leverett, Peter A. Williams, David E. Hibbs, Peter J. Downes, Mark D. Welch and Anthony R. Kampf (2013) Paratacamite-(Ni,Cu3(Ni,Cu)Cl2(OH)6, a new mineral from the Carr Boyd Rocks mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17:39-44
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
C.Auer (2014)
            • Vogel Alp
R.Poeverlein (2016)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
      • Stanz valley
        • Flirsch
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch, R. Poeverlein & M. Strasser (2009): Ein ungewöhnliches Fahlerzvorkommen bei der Flirscher Schihütte im Stanzer Tal, Tirol. Lapis 34, 13-19; 58.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Swambo
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Oms
Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2007, 95, 3-24.; Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Pasero, M., Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Berbain, C., Orlandi, P. (2012): Omsite, (Ni,Cu)2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6], a new member of the cualstibite group from Oms, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1347-1354.
    • Tarn-et-Garonne
      • Laguépie
Patrice Queneau Collection
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Siegen
        • Achenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi prefecture
        • Shinshiro city
Matsubara, S. and Kato A. (1993) Jour. Japan Ass. Min. Petr. Economic Geology, 88(11), 515-524 (in japanese).
Romania
 
Canadian Mineralogist 40:1693-1703.
    • Nucet
      • Băiţa Mining District (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
        • Codreanu Mine
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 40, pp. 1693-1703 (2002)
  • Mehedinti Co.
    • Almas Mts
Koller G.2009-2010 Own found.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Vhembe District
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
VIÑALS, J., FAVREAU, G., and EYTIER C. & J.-R. (2010): Bobkingite, capgaronnite, juanitaite, gerhardtite, reevesite and other rare minerals from Cerro Minado, Huercal-Overa (Almería). Mineral Up, 4, 3, 6-23 Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya); in Spanish version (Revista de Minerales).
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
        • Bunkerville District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999.; Mineralogical Record 22:383
Mineral and/or Locality  
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