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About GreenaliteHide

green, light yellow-green
Dull, Earthy
Crystal System:
Named in allusion to its green colour.

Classification of GreenaliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
19 : Silicates of Fe

Physical Properties of GreenaliteHide

Dull, Earthy
green, light yellow-green
2½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of GreenaliteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.650 - 1.675 nβ = 1.674 nγ = 1.674
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.024
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of GreenaliteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of GreenaliteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):


X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
7.12 (80)
3.559 (80)
2.849 (20)
2.571 (100)
2.184 (40)
1.593 (60)
1.553 (40)

Type Occurrence of GreenaliteHide

Other Language Names for GreenaliteHide

Simplified Chinese:铁蛇纹石

Relationship of Greenalite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Kaolinite SubgroupAl2Si2O5(OH)4
Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Galena4 photos of Greenalite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Siderite3 photos of Greenalite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Quartz3 photos of Greenalite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Fluorite2 photos of Greenalite associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Chert2 photos of Greenalite associated with Chert on mindat.org.
Blue Chalcedony1 photo of Greenalite associated with Blue Chalcedony on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.ED.ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.05NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2OOrth.
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide


Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.19.1FayaliteFe2+2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.19.2FerrosiliteFeSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
14.19.7CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
14.19.8HisingeriteFe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GreenaliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brindley, G.W. and R.F. Youell (1953): Ferrous chamosite and ferric chamosite. Mineral. Mag., 37, 57-70.
American Mineralogist: 20: 405-425.
American Mineralogist: 21: 449-455.
Guggenheim, S., Eggleton, R. A. (1998): Modulated crystal structures of greenalite and caryopilite: a system with long-range, in-plane structural disorder in the tetrahedra sheet. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 163-179.

Internet Links for GreenaliteHide

Localities for GreenaliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Skirrow, R.G. (1993) The genesis of gold-copper-bismuth deposits, Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, PhD thesis (unpublished) Australian National University.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Selwyn District
Vaughan, J. P. (1986). The iron end-member of the pyrosmalite series from the Pegmont lead-zinc deposit, Queensland. Mineralogical Magazine, 50(357), 527-531.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Mt Heemskirk mineral field
Kwak, T.A.P., and Nicholson, M. (1988): Mineralogical Magazine 52, 713-716.
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Murchison
Michael Zolensky & James L. Gooding (1987). Mineralogical variations within the matrices of CM carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics 22, #4, 544-545. (Dec 1987).
  • Western Australia
    • Cue Shire
      • Madoonga Station
Gole, M.(1980): Mineralogy and Petrology of Very low Grade Metamorphic Grade Archaean Banded Iron Formations Weld Range Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1980):65:8-25
    • Laverton Shire
      • Laverton
Mining Annual Review (1985): 368.
    • Yalgoo Shire
      • Retaliation Goldfield
        • Mount Gibson Conservation Reserve
The Mount Gibson Banded Iron Formation-Hosted Magnetite Deposits. Two Distinct Processes for the Origin of High Grade Iron Ore; DF Lascelles; Economic Geology; V101, May 2006, pp 651-666
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Marvel Loch
Gole, M. J. (1980) Low Temperature Retrograde Minerals in Metamorphosed Archean Banded Iron Formations, Western Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 18, 205-214.
  • Cochabamba
    • Ayopaya Province
A.R. Kampf
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Marabá
Grainger, C.J., Groves, D.I., Tallarico, F.H.B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 451-489.; Villas, R.N., and Dias Santos, M. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 300-331
  • British Columbia
    • Slocan Mining Division
      • Riondel
No reference listed
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.143; Canadian Mineralogist Vol.22, pp. 253-258 (1984)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
C. Klein, and R. P. Fink, 1976, Petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation in the Howells River area, at the western edge of the Labrador Trough, Economic Geology, v. 71; no. 2; p. 453-487
C. Klein, and R. P. Fink, 1976, Petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation in the Howells River area, at the western edge of the Labrador Trough, Economic Geology, v. 71; no. 2; p. 453-487
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Elliot Lake area
        • Gunterman Township
Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Paipoonge Township
Vos, M. A., 1976, Amethyst Deposits of Ontario, Ontario Division of Mines, pp. 99..
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Galley, A.G., Jonasson, I.R., and Watkinson, D.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 619-637.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2006-2017
  • Guangxi
    • Chongzuo
      • Daxin Co.
Zeng, Y., and Liu, T. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 153-163.
Czech Republic
  • Olomouc Region
    • Šumperk District
      • Vernířovice
Novotný, P., Zimák, J.: Puklinová mineralizace alpského typu na lokalitách „Mísečky“ a „Černý důl“ u Vernířovic. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2003, roč. 88, s. 123-138.
  • Lapland
    • Kittilä
Paakkola, Juhani 1971. The volcanic complex and associated manganiferous iron formation of the Porkonen-Pahtavaara area in Finnish Lapland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 247.
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Groix Island
        • Pivisy
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 295.
      • Sainte-Brigitte
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 42.
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Sestri Levante
Carbone, C. , Marescotti, P., Cabella, R., Lucchetti, G. (2002): Sulfide alteration and related secondary minerals from the Libiola mine (Eastern Liguria, Italy). Poster at the 82° SIMP Congress , Arcavacata di Rende (CS) 18-20/09/2002. Abstract in Plinius 28 , 88-89.
  • Kochi
    • Kami City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kochi City
Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1989) Manganbabingtonite from Mitani, Kochi City, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 15, #3, 81-89.
  • Saitama
    • Chichibu City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Hanno
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
  • Akershus
    • Eidsvoll
      • Minnesund
Folvik, H. O. & Fjellvang, R. (2015): Greenalitt fra Rød-skjerpene, Minneåsen i Eidsvold. Stein. 42 (1),14-15; Harald Folvik collection.
  • Maramureș
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320
  • Murmansk Oblast
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
Bernard & Hyrsl (2004): Minerals and their Localities, 259.
South Africa
  • Gauteng
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society)
  • Northern Cape
Minerals of South Africa
    • Postmasburg manganese field
      • Kathu
        • Sishen
Siemes, H. (2013). Microstructure and Crystallographic Preferred Orientation (CPO) of Hematite Ores from the Sishen Mine, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 116(1), 79-100.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Cerdanya
Berbain, C. ; Favreau, G. ; Aymar, G. (2005) : Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, p. 97
  • Community of Madrid
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
  • Murcia
    • La Unión
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • La Fortuna
- Lopez Garcia J.A.(1987). Estudio mineralógico, textural y geoquímico de las zonas de oxidación de los yacimientos de Fe-Pb-Zn de la Sierra de Cartagena, (2ª parte: oxidación de paragénesis con greenalita-magnetita).Boletín Geológico y Minero, 98,670-679.
    • Sierra de Cartagena
      • La Unión
        • Portman
G.L. Garcia, Una aproximacion reciente a la mineralogia de las cortas Gloria y San Jose de la Union, Paleomina (2011)
        • Sancti Spiritu
  • Örebro County
    • Hällefors
      • Hjulsjö
Mineralogical Magazine (1985) 49 (353), 611-613
  • Grisons
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Marmorera lake
Volker Dietrich (1972) Die sulfidischen Vererzungen in den Oberhalbsteiner Serpentiniten. Beitrage zur Geologie der Schweiz. Geotechnische Serie 49.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 198.
  • Sughd
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. and Belakovskii, D.I. (2009): Fayalite-sekaninaite paralava from the Ravat coal fire (central Tajikistan). Russian Geology and Geophysics 50, 703-721.
  • Alabama
    • Clay Co.
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
    • Randolph Co.
      • Cragford District
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
  • Michigan
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Menominee iron range
Thomas M. Bee specimens
      • Marquette iron range
        • Palmer
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
        • Republic
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Minnesota
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
      • Ely-Hoyt Lakes Area
Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
      • Mesabi Range
Am Min 20:405-425
  • Oregon
    • Coos Co.
Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
  • Washington
    • Ferry Co.
      • Belcher District
        • Cooke Mountain
Can Mineral February 1998 v. 36 no. 1 p. 147-162 ; Rasmussen, M. G., Evans, B. W., & Kuehner, S. M. (1998). Low-temperature fayalite, greenalite, and minnesotaite from the Overlook gold deposit, Washington; phase relations in the system FeO-SiO 2-H 2 O. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36(1), 147-162.
  • Wisconsin
USGS Bul.1460:96
  • Hadramawt Governorate
Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
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