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metallic pinkish, tarnishing to a metallic blue, sooty black when amorphous
Metallic, Earthy
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after J. W. Greig (1895-1977), a mineralogist and physical chemist at Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania, USA
Linnaeite Group and Thiospinel Group.

Iron thiospinel occurs always in small crystals to 0.03 mm and as an X-ray amorphous colloidal precipitate from an iron sulfide gel known as the melnikovite of Doss.
Greigite is metastable with respect to pyrite and marcasite.

Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of GreigiteHide


2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4

10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
9 : Sulphides etc. of Fe

Physical Properties of GreigiteHide

Metallic, Earthy
metallic pinkish, tarnishing to a metallic blue, sooty black when amorphous
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
VHN50=401 - 423 kg/mm2 - Vickers
4.049 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.079 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GreigiteHide

Colour in reflected light:
Pale creamy white

Chemical Properties of GreigiteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of GreigiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.876 Å
Unit Cell V:
963.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Balls of intergrown octahedra, cubes, granular

Type Occurrence of GreigiteHide

Synonyms of GreigiteHide

Other Language Names for GreigiteHide

Simplified Chinese:胶黄铁矿

Relationship of Greigite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
JoegoldsteiniteMnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Chlorite GroupA group of mostly monoclinic (also triclinic or orthorhombic) micaceous phyllosilicate minerals with a structure ...
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pyrite3 photos of Greigite associated with Pyrite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu2FeSn3S8Tet. 4/m : I41/a
2.DA.15BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3müstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.éeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m,Fe)Rh2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m,Ir3+)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.9.3PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.9.4MarcasiteFeS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.9.6Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.9.7Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.9.8Achávalite(Fe,Cu)SeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.9.9FerroseliteFeSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.9.10FrohbergiteFeTe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.9.11LöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.9.12ArsenopyriteFeAsSMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.9.13GudmunditeFeSbSMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GreigiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Skinner, Brian John, R.C. Erd, & F. S. Grimaldi (1964), Greigite, the thiospinel of iron, a new mineral: American Mineralogist: 49: 543-555.
Schoonen, M.A.A., Barnes, H.L. (1991) Reaction forming pyrite and marcasite from solution II. Via FeS precursors below 100° C. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 55: 1505-1514.
Krupp, R.E. (1994): Phase relations and phase transformations between the low-temperature iron sulfides mackinawite, greigite, and smythite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 6, 265-278.
Kasama, T., Pósfai, M., Chong, R., Finlayson, A.P., Buseck, P.R., Frankel, R.B., Dunin-Borkowwski, R.E. (2006): Magnetic properties, microstructure, composition, and morphology of greigite nanocrystals in magnetotactic bacteria from electron holography and tomography. American Mineralogist, 91, 1216-1229.

Internet Links for GreigiteHide

Localities for GreigiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Shkodër County (Shkodra County)
    • Drin valley
V. Ferrini, L. Martarelli, C. De Vito, A. Cina and T. Deda (2003) The Koman dawsonite and realgar-orpiment deposit, northern Albania; inferences on processes of formation. The Canadian Mineralogist(April 2003), 41, Part 2:413-427
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • South Shetland Islands
Agusto et al (2004), Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina: 59(1), March 2004.
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
      • Capillitas mining district
MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M.F.. The As-rich end-member of the jordanite-geocronite series of the Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 231-235.
  • Jujuy
    • Humahuaca Department
      • Aguilar District
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
  • La Rioja
    • Vinchina Department
de Brodtkorb, M. K.; Gay, H. D.; Sureda, R. J. (1993): Polymetallic selenide-sulfide minerals of the Los Llantenes mining district, La Rioja, Argentina. Maurice, Yvon T. (Ed.), Proc. 8th Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 119-125.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • North Dundas
Kitto, P.A., 1994, Structural and Geochemical controls on Mineralisation at Renison, Tasmania. Unpub. PhD thesis, Uni. Tas.
  • Carinthia
    • Saualpe
      • Bad St Leonhard
        • Kliening
          • Mischlinggraben
C.Auer (2013)
  • Liège Province
    • Engis
H. Kucha et al., European Journal of Mineralogy, 1996, Vol. 8, N°1, pp. 93-102.
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
Economic Geology (1996) 91:1394-1413
  • Nova Scotia
    • Lunenburg Co.
      • Riverport
Dr. Robert C. Smith, II Ph.D. P.G.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
          • Alacrán
Am Min 73:189
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
Hongyang Li, Jingzhi Feng, Jinfang Wang, Zengqian Hou, Zhusen Yang, Congying Wang, and Wentao Chen (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(1), 70-75
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Guizhou Province
    • Guiyang Prefecture
      • Qingzhen Co.
El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jiujiang Prefecture
      • Ruichang Co.
Zhongling Wang (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(7), 14-19
  • Qinghai Province
    • Hainan Autonomous Prefecture
Fu, C., Bloemendal, J., Qiang, X., Hill, M.J., An, Z. (2016): Identification of Greigite in the Pliocene Sediments of Qinghai Lake and Its Geological Significance. Acta Geologica Sinica, 90, 2261–2262.
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Sokolov (Falkenau an der Eger)
Beran, P., Rojík, P.: Mineralogie a geologie lomu Lomnice v sokolovské hnědouhelné pánvi. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 77-83.
  • Lapland Region
    • Kittilä
Paakkola, Juhani 1971. The volcanic complex and associated manganiferous iron formation of the Porkonen-Pahtavaara area in Finnish Lapland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 247.
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Guern
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Moïta
          • Matra
Picot, P. and Johan, Z. (1977). Atlas des Minéraux Métalliques, BRGM, Elsevier
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Davignac
M.Deliens, C.Lheur, W.Peraud & D.Virlogeux (2004)- Les minéraux d'uranium du Boucheron, près de Davignac (Corrèze)- Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°84, pp 3-25.
    • Deux-Sèvres
      • La Chapelle Largeau
Le Cahier des micromonteurs, 2002, N°75, pp 8-25
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
No reference listed
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
No reference listed
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
  • Apulia
    • Taranto Province
Garavelli, C.L., Nuovo, G. (1971): La greigite delle argille di Montemesola. Per. Mineral., 40, 3, 305-327; Boscardin, M.(1975): Informazioni di mineralogia italiana. 49) Greigite di Montemesola (Taranto). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 1 (marzo 1975), 4.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Balangero
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Scansano
        • Pereta
Brizzi, G. & Meli, R. (1995): La miniera antimonifera di Pereta con un cenno a quella solfo-cinabrifera di Zolfiere in comune di Scansano (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 19:, 217-240.
  • Veneto
    • Venice Province
Bertolin A., Frizzo P., Rampazzo G. (1995): Sulphide speciation in surface sediments of the Lagoon of Venice: A geochemical and mineralogical study. Marine Geology, 123, 1-2, 73-86.
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku region
      • Akita prefecture
        • Odate
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Ohshuu City
          • Esashi ward
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Podlaskie
    • Suwałki District
      • Suwałki Massif
Kucha H., Kwiecińska B., Piestrzyński A., Wieczorek A. 1979: On the genesis of graphite from magnetite rocks of Krzemianka (NE Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 81-88
Republic of Macedonia
  • Lipkovo
Radusinović, D. R. (1966): Greigite from the Lojane chromium deposit, Macedonia. American Mineralogist 51, 209-215.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Vitim Plateau
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
Gonevchuk, V. G., Korostelev, P. G., & Semenyak, B. I. (2005). Genesis of the Tigrinoe tin deposit (Russia). Geology Of Ore Deposits C/C Of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(3), 223.
  • Krasnodarskiy Kray
    • Taman Peninsula
      • Anapa
Chang, L., Vasiliev, I., van Baak, C., Krijgsman, W., Dekkers, M. J., Roberts, A. P., ... & Winklhofer, M. (2014). Identification and environmental interpretation of diagenetic and biogenic greigite in sediments: A lesson from the Messinian Black Sea. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(9), 3612-3627.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnotur'insk (Bogolovsk; Krasnoturjinsk; Krasnoturyinsk)
          • Turya river
            • Tur'insk
American Mineralogist, 82, 620-624
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Uchaly
Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
Duda,R. et. all.,1981: MIneralogia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca,Monografia 2, Bratislava, 98p
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    • Vranov nad Topľou Co.
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
South Africa
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Junge, M., Oberthür, T., & Melcher, F. (2014). Cryptic variation of chromite chemistry, platinum group element and platinum group mineral distribution in the UG-2 chromitite: an example from the Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Economic Geology, 109(3), 795-810.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 199.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Endellion
Handbook of Mineralogy; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
Geologiya SSSR (The geology of USSR) (1969) - Nedra (Moscou), 1969, vol. VIII, 575 p.
  • California
    • Alpine Co.
      • Monitor - Mogul District
        • Leviathan Peak
[MinRec 20:129-142]
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Wise, W. S., & Kleck, W. D. (1988). Sodic clay-zeolite assemblage in basalt at Boron, California. Clays and Clay Minerals, 36(2), 131-136.
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
            • West Baker
Am Min 49:543-555
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • East Kramer District
        • East Kramer Borate area (East Kramer Colemanite area)
          • Kramer Junction (Beecher's Corners; Beechers Corners; Four Corners)
American Mineralogist (1974): 49: 543-555.
  • Michigan
    • Alger Co.
Am Min 57:1303-1304
  • Missouri
    • Madison Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
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