Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Guanajuatite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Bi2Se3
Se may be replaced by minor S.
Colour:
Bluish gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
6.25 - 6.98
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
From the type locality near Guanajuato, Mexico.
Dimorph of:
The Se (or selenide) analogue of bismuthinite.

Easily distinguishable from the more common (in Guanajuato) paraguanajuatite if macroscopic as the latter has platy/foliated aggregates with perfect cleavage whereas guanajuatite resembles minerals of the stibnite group.

Compare 'UM1987-16-Se:BiPbTe'.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of GuanajuatiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.DB.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
B : M:S = 2:3
2.11.2.4

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
3.7.19

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of GuanajuatiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bluish gray
Streak:
Shiny gray
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN10=53 - 82 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct {010}
indistinct {001}
Density:
6.25 - 6.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.54 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GuanajuatiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong
Colour in reflected light:
White with yellowish hue
Pleochroism:
Visible

Chemical Properties of GuanajuatiteHide

Formula:
Bi2Se3

Se may be replaced by minor S.
Common Impurities:
S

Crystallography of GuanajuatiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Setting:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.37 Å, b = 11.55 Å, c = 4.054 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.984 : 1 : 0.351
Unit Cell V:
532.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Acicular crystals, massive (granular, foliated, fibrous)

Type Occurrence of GuanajuatiteHide

Synonyms of GuanajuatiteHide

Other Language Names for GuanajuatiteHide

Relationship of Guanajuatite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AntimonseliteSb2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Bohdanowiczite1 photo of Guanajuatite associated with Bohdanowiczite on mindat.org.
Naumannite1 photo of Guanajuatite associated with Naumannite on mindat.org.
Kalungaite1 photo of Guanajuatite associated with Kalungaite on mindat.org.
Gold1 photo of Guanajuatite associated with Gold on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DB.05AntimonseliteSb2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.05BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.05MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
2.DB.05PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.DB.05StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.10Ottemannitebeta Sn2S3
2.DB.10SuredaitePbSnS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
2.DB.20Montbrayite(Au,Sb)2Te3Tric.
2.DB.25EdgariteFeNb3S6Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
2.DB.30Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8Iso. 4 3m
2.DB.35CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.11.2.1StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.11.2.2AntimonseliteSb2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.11.2.3BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.1PatróniteVS4Mon.
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5Mon.
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.9JeromiteAmor.
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3Trig.
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)Trig.
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3Trig.
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3Trig.
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig.
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeSTrig.
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2STrig.
3.7.34KawazuliteBi2Te2SeTrig.
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
3.7.38RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GuanajuatiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hermann (1858) J. pr. Chem.: 75: 448.
Domeyko (1879) 310.
Vernadsky (1922) Mineralogical Magazine: 19: 349.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 278-279.
American Mineralogist (1950) 35: 362.
Atabaeva, E. Y., Mashkov, S. A., Popova, S. V. (1973) The crystal structure of a new modification of Bi2Se3-II. Kristallografiya 18, 173-174.
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Wagner, T., Stanley, C. J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi-Te-Se-S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. Canadian Mineralogist 45, 665-708.

Internet Links for GuanajuatiteHide

Localities for GuanajuatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
Gilligan L.B., Byrnes J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240pp.
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Austria
 
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Silber valley
        • Fresch alp
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1926) Akanthit, Albit, Allanit-(Ce), Anglesit, Bismuthinit, Chamosit, Cobaltit, Corkit, Fluorapatit, Galenit, Guanajuatit, Hessit, Hidalgoit, Kalifeldspat, Klinochlor, Matildit, Monazit-(Ce), Muskovit, Plumbojarosit, Rutil, Sphalerit, Stephanit, Tetraedrit, Titanit, gediegen Wismut und Zirkon vom Langsee (Seekopf), Alpe Fresch, Silbertal im Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 229-231 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Cavalcante
Botelho, N.F., Moura, M.A., Peterson, R.C., Stanley, C.J., Silva, D.V.G. (2006): "Kalungaite, PdAsSe, a new platinum-group mineral from the Buraco do Ouro gold mine, Cavalcante, Goiás State, Brazil", Mineralogical Magazine 70, 123-130
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Chelopech
Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Great Bear Lake
Rod Tyson, The Port Radium District, Northwest Territories, Canada Mineralogical Record (1989) vol.20. #3, pp 201-208 .
B. J. Kieller (1965) Mineralogy of the No. 2 Zone Eldorado Mine, Port Radium Northwest Territories. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology 13:452
Chile
 
  • Arica and Parinacota Region
    • Parinacota Province
      • Ticnamar area
Econ Geol (1991) 86:1206-1221
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
F. Boyer and P.Picot : "Sur la Présence de Maldonite (Au2Bi) à Salsigne (Aude)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr., LXXXVI, N°4, 429
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Großschloppen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
Seeliger, E. & Strunz, H. (1965): Erzpetrographie der Uranmineralien von Wölsendorf. II. Brannerit, Lermontovit(?), Selen und Selenide, Ni- and Bi-Begleitmineralien etc. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 103, 163-178.
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
Koch, H.-P. (2008): Die Minerale der Grube "Frische Lutter" bei Bad Lauterberg, Harz (Teil 1). Aufschluss 59, 65-76.
      • St Andreasberg District
        • St Andreasberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Mexico
 
  • Aguascalientes
    • Mun. de Tepezalá
      • El Cobre
Panczner (1987): 219.
  • Guanajuato
    • Mun. de Guanajuato
      • Sierra de Santa Rosa
        • Rancho Calvillo
Panczner(1987):115-292.
        • Santa Rosa
          • Rancho Calvillo
American Mineralogist, 35, 337(1950); Panczner (1987): 115-292.
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Ojo Caliente
      • La Blanca
Parker, R. (2010). Geology And Mineral Resources Of The Bilbao Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposit, State Of Zacatecas, Mexico. Private Company Report for Xtierra Inc.
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
      • Kolyma River Basin
        • Ducat District
          • Omsukchan
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Goryachev, N. A., Gamyanin, G. N., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Velivetskaya, T. A., & Ignat’ev, A. V. (2014). Silver-cobalt mineralization in the Upper Seymchan ore cluster, Northeastern Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(5), 322-345.
    • Primorskiy Kray
Rodionov, S.M., Schnaider, A.A., Romanovsky, N.P., and Gurovich, V.G. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 285-296.
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
        • Iturup Island
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Lake Onega
        • Zaonezhie peninsula
          • Velikaya Guba uran-vanadium deposit
American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 1118, 1998
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Arvika
      • Glava
Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Boliden
        • Skellefteå Mine
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Zürich
    • Glattfelden
      • Weiach
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 202.
USA
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
MinRec 15:5
          • Darwin
            • Darwin Mine (Anaconda; Bernon Mine; Defiance Mine; Essex Mine; Independence Mine; Intermediate Mine; Rip Van Winkle Mine; Thompson Mine)
Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 61; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 208.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Kirtley Creek District
        • Kirtley Creek
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Hilltop District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 20, 2017 20:39:30 Page generated: October 4, 2017 18:42:50
Go to top of page