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Gunningite

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Formula:
ZnSO4 · H2O
Colour:
White to colorless
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.195
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
For Dr. Henry Cecil Gunning (1901-1991), Geological Survey Canada
Kieserite Group.

Soluble in water. May originate as a dehydration product of boyleite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of GunningiteHide

Approved
7.CB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.2.5

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.5.11

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of GunningiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
White to colorless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Density:
3.195 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.369 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
On synthetic material

Optical Data of GunningiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.570 nβ = 1.576 nγ = 1.630
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of GunningiteHide

Formula:
ZnSO4 · H2O

Age informationHide

Age range:
Quaternary : 2.588 Ma to 0 Ma - based on data given below.
Sample ages:
Sample IDRecorded ageGeologic TimeDating method
12.588 Ma to present dayQuaternaryFormed in peat.
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Grieves Siding prospect, Zeehan mineral field, Zeehan district, West Coast municipality, Tasmania, AustraliaAwid-Pascual, R., Kamenetsky, V. S., Goemann, K., Allen, N., Noble, T. L., Lottermoser, B. G., & Rodemann, T. (2015). The evolution of authigenic Zn–Pb–Fe-bearing phases in the Grieves Siding peat, western Tasmania. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(2), 1-16.

Crystallography of GunningiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.5 Å, b = 7.58 Å, c = 6.93 Å
β = 116.24°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.989 : 1 : 0.914
Unit Cell V:
353.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Delicate, cryptocrystalline efflorescences.
Comment:
On synthetic material

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.81 (39)
4.759 (39)
3.404 (100)
3.348 (23)
3.307 (28)
3.056 (47)
2.5185 (46)

Type Occurrence of GunningiteHide

Other Language Names for GunningiteHide

Relationship of Gunningite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Boyleite2 photos of Gunningite associated with Boyleite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.2.1KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
29.6.2.2SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
29.6.2.3SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
29.6.2.4Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2OTric.
29.6.2.6Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4Orth.
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.4KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
25.5.18Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GunningiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
American Mineralogist: 47: 1218.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991): 296-306.

Internet Links for GunningiteHide

Localities for GunningiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Zeehan mineral field
Awid-Pascual, R., Kamenetsky, V. S., Goemann, K., Allen, N., Noble, T. L., Lottermoser, B. G., & Rodemann, T. (2015). The evolution of authigenic Zn–Pb–Fe-bearing phases in the Grieves Siding peat, western Tasmania. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(2), 1-16.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Revelstoke Mining Division
      • Lardeau
Ingelson describes them.
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
Handbook of Mineralogy; Anderson, J. L., Peterson, R. C., & Swainson, I. (2012). The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Buchans
Sabina (2003) 94.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 94-97.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
      • Nanisivik
[MinRec 21:533]
  • Ontario
    • Wentworth Co.
      • West Flamborough Township
        • Dundas Quarry (Redland; Quarry; Lafarge Quarry; Steetly Quarry; Steetley Quarry; Canada Crushed Stone Quarry)
Geological Survey of Canada Misc. Report 39.
Ann P.Sabina (1986), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Bancroft-Parry Sound Area and Southern Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 39
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Barraute
SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 175.
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 70.
  • Yukon
    • Mayo Mining District
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
        • Calumet
Can Min 7:209-218; Jambor J L, Boyle R W (1962) Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill – Galena Hill area, Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist 7, 209-218
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
        • Elsa
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
Sabina (1992) GSC MP 50, 80-84
JAMBOR, J.L. & BOYLE, R.W. (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill B Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
[MinRec 32:209]
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Trutnov (Trautenau)
        • Radvanice
Sejkora, J., Kotrlý, M.: Sulfáty vysokoteplotní oxidační minerální asociace; hořící odval dolu Kateřina v Radvanicích v Čechách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2001, roč. 9, s. 261-267.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Münstertal
        • Kropbach
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
RRUFF sample R070571
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
Lapis 1988(1), 14-33
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Mátraszentimre
Szakáll S.,2011,University of Miskolc, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
Ciriotti M.E. & Blass.G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro (UK report), 2/2010, 124-127
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Raade,G.(1995): Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 9, 18-26; Neumann (1985, p. 108).
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Estorãos
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
Andrei I. Apopei, Nicolae Buzgar, Gheorghe Damian, and Andrei Buzatu (2014) the Raman Study of Weathering Minerals from the Coranda-Hondol Open Pit (Certej Gold-silver Deposit) and Their Photochemical Degradation Products Under Laser Irradiation. Can Mineral 52:1027-1038.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
E. Shcherbakova et al. : "The rarest Cobalt-Containing Sulfates from the South Ural, Russia", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
Switzerland
 
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 202.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 121+202.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
        • Gilman
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Mineral Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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