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Gunningite

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About GunningiteHide

Formula:
ZnSO4 · H2O
Colour:
White to colorless
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.195
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
For Dr. Henry Cecil Gunning (1901-1991), Geological Survey Canada
Kieserite Group.

Soluble in water. May originate as a dehydration product of boyleite.


Classification of GunningiteHide

Approved
7.CB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.2.5

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.5.11

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of GunningiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
White to colorless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Density:
3.195 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.369 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
On synthetic material

Optical Data of GunningiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.570 nβ = 1.576 nγ = 1.630
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of GunningiteHide

Formula:
ZnSO4 · H2O
IMA Formula:
Zn(SO4) · H2O

Crystallography of GunningiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.5 Å, b = 7.58 Å, c = 6.93 Å
β = 116.24°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.989 : 1 : 0.914
Unit Cell V:
353.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Delicate, cryptocrystalline efflorescences.
Comment:
On synthetic material

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014855GunningiteWildner M, Giester G (1991) The crystal structures of kieserite-type compounds. I. Crystal structures of Me(II)SO4*H2O (Me = Mn,Fe,Co,Ni,Zn) Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1991 296-3061991synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.81 Å(39)
4.759 Å(39)
3.404 Å(100)
3.348 Å(23)
3.307 Å(28)
3.056 Å(47)
2.5185 Å(46)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Oxidation zone of sphalerite bearing deposits in dry zones. Alteration product in museums.

Type Occurrence of GunningiteHide

Other Language Names for GunningiteHide

Relationship of Gunningite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Gunningite associated with Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.2.1KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
29.6.2.2SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
29.6.2.3SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
29.6.2.4Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
29.6.2.6Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4Orth.
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.4KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
25.5.18Gianellaite[(Hg2N)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GunningiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
American Mineralogist: 47: 1218.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991): 296-306.

Internet Links for GunningiteHide

Localities for GunningiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Durham Co.
      • Moonan Brook
        • Moonan
Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
    • Gough Co.
      • Strathbogie
Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Birch BH Book
  • Queensland
    • Mareeba Shire
Harris, D.L., Lottermoser, B.G., Duchesne, J. (2003) Ephemeral acid mine drainage at the Montalbion silver mine, north Queensland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50(5), 797-809.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Zeehan mineral field
Awid-Pascual, R., Kamenetsky, V. S., Goemann, K., Allen, N., Noble, T. L., Lottermoser, B. G., & Rodemann, T. (2015). The evolution of authigenic Zn–Pb–Fe-bearing phases in the Grieves Siding peat, western Tasmania. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(2), 1-16.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Revelstoke Mining Division
      • Lardeau
Ingelson describes them.
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
Handbook of Mineralogy; Anderson, J. L., Peterson, R. C., & Swainson, I. (2012). The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Buchans
Sabina (2003) 94.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 94-97.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Baffin Island
        • Nanisivik
[MinRec 21:533]
  • Ontario
    • Hamilton
      • West Flamborough Township
        • Dundas Quarry (Redlands Quarry; Lafarge Quarry; Steetley Quarry; Canada Crushed Stone Quarry)
Geological Survey of Canada Misc. Report 39.
Ann P.Sabina (1986), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Bancroft-Parry Sound Area and Southern Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 39
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Barraute
SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 175.
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 70.
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
        • Calumet
Jambor, J.L. & Boyle, R.W. (1962) Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill – Galena Hill area, Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
        • Elsa
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
Sabina (1992) GSC MP 50, 80-84
JAMBOR, J.L. & BOYLE, R.W. (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill B Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
[MinRec 32:209]
        • Caracoles
XRD by Joachim Lorenz
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
      • Radvanice
Sejkora, J., Kotrlý, M.: Sulfáty vysokoteplotní oxidační minerální asociace; hořící odval dolu Kateřina v Radvanicích v Čechách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2001, roč. 9, s. 261-267.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Staufen im Breisgau
          • Kropbach
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
RRUFF sample R070571
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
Lapis 1988(1), 14-33
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn District
      • Bad Ems-Nassau
        • Frücht
SEM-EDS and XRD by Joy Desor and Gerhard Möhn
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Mátraszentimre
Szakáll S.,2011,University of Miskolc, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Villaputzu
Ciriotti M.E. & Blass.G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro (UK report), 2/2010, 124-127
Lebanon
 
  • South Governate
    • Jezzine District
Kruszewski, Ł., 2018/2019. Secondary sulfate minerals from Bhanine valley coals (South Lebanon) – a crystallochemical and geochemical study. Geological Quarterly (in press)
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Desor, J. (04/2020) EDS & XRD confirmed
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Raade,G.(1995): Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 9, 18-26; Neumann (1985, p. 108).
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Estorãos
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
      • Bocşa Mare
Apopei, A.I., Buzgar, N., Damian, G., Buzatu, A. (2005): The Raman study of weathering minerals from the Coranda-Hondol open pit (Certej gold-silver deposit) and their photochemical degradation products under laser irradiation. Canadian MIneralogist, 52, 1027-1038.
Andrei I. Apopei, Nicolae Buzgar, Gheorghe Damian, and Andrei Buzatu (2014) the Raman Study of Weathering Minerals from the Coranda-Hondol Open Pit (Certej Gold-silver Deposit) and Their Photochemical Degradation Products Under Laser Irradiation. Can Mineral 52:1027-1038.
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
  • Orenburg Oblast
E. Shcherbakova et al. : "The rarest Cobalt-Containing Sulfates from the South Ural, Russia", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
Eremin, O. V., Epova, E. S., Yurgenson, G. A., & Smirnova, O. K. (2014). Prognosis of Geoecological Consequences of Development of Deposits of the Bom-Gorkhon Tungsten Deposit (Transbaikalia). Chemistry for Sustainable Development, 22(2), 123-129.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin mining district
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 121+202.
  • Vaud
    • Aigle
      • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 202.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman Mining District (Battle Mountain Mining District; Red Cliff Mining District)
        • Gilman
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Mineral Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Socorro Co.
      • Magdalena District
        • Magdalena
Patrick Haynes collection
  • Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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