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Gustavite

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Formula:
AgPbBi3S6
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
7.01 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by S. Karup-Møller in honor of Gustav Adolf Hageman (1842-1916), chemical engineer for the Cryolite Firm (Ivigtut, Greenland).
Isostructural with:
Gustavite-Lillianite Series.

Natural gustavite appears to be monoclinic (Harris & Chen, 1975; Makovicky & Karup-Møller, 1977) due to Ag-Bi ordering, while synthetic gustavite was found to be orthorhombic (Bente et al., 1993).
An Sb-rich, monoclinic gustavite has been characterised by Pazout & Dusek (2009); it may be a new species.

An apparent Se analogue was reported (Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Selenide)).



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Classification of GustaviteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1967
First Published:
1970
2.JB.40a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.4.15.3

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.7.36

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of GustaviteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=175 - 218 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
Rare, parallel to tabular faces, rarer perpendicular to tabular faces
Density:
7.01 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GustaviteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Weak in air, distinct in oil bluish black to grayish white
Colour in reflected light:
Bluish black to greyish-white
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
White to Grey

Chemical Properties of GustaviteHide

Formula:
AgPbBi3S6
Common Impurities:
Sb

Crystallography of GustaviteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.54 Å, b = 19.44 Å, c = 4.1 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.697 : 1 : 0.211
Unit Cell V:
1,079.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Tabular crystals, sometimes bent.

Twinning:
Two twin laws found in type material. The first is very common; repeated twinning with an irregular composition plane parallel to the tabular plates. The second is uncommon; composition plane perpendicular to the tabular plates.
Comment:
Data for synthetic gustavite. Type material appears to be monoclinic, with P21/c cell with a = 7.077 (7) Å, b = 19.566 (12) Å, c = 8.272 (8) Å and beta = 107.18 (9)° (Harris & Chen, 1975). Makovicky & Topa (2011) give, for a crystal from Rotgülden, the following unit-cell parameters (space group P21/c): a = 7.0567(14), b = 19.6905(39), c = 8.2219(16) Å, beta = 106.961(3)°, V = 1092.7(2) Å3.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.977 (50)
3.640 (80)
3.401 (80)
3.376 (80)
3.363 (100)
2.996 (100)
2.895 (100)

Type Occurrence of GustaviteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1973.188.
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 136172.

Synonyms of GustaviteHide

Other Language Names for GustaviteHide

German:Gustavit
Simplified Chinese:辉铋银铅矿
Spanish:Gustavita
Traditional Chinese:輝鉍銀鉛礦

Relationship of Gustavite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Andorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ArsenquatrandoriteAg17.6Pb12.8Sb38.1As11.5S96Mon. 2/m : P21/b
AschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
ErzwiesiteAg8Pb12Bi16S40Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
HeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
JasrouxiteAg16Pb4(Sb24As16)S72Tric. 1 : P1
LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

AikinitePbCuBiS3
ArsenopyriteFeAsS
BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
BismuthBi
BismuthiniteBi2S3
ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CosalitePb2Bi2S5
PavoniteAgBi3S5
PyrrhotiteFe7S8
StanniteCu2FeSnS4
TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chalcopyrite10 photos of Gustavite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Baryte5 photos of Gustavite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Tetrahedrite5 photos of Gustavite associated with Tetrahedrite on mindat.org.
Pyrrhotite2 photos of Gustavite associated with Pyrrhotite on mindat.org.
Pyrite2 photos of Gustavite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Eskimoite2 photos of Gustavite associated with Eskimoite on mindat.org.
Muscovite1 photo of Gustavite associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.
Dolomite1 photo of Gustavite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Gustavite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Arsenic1 photo of Gustavite associated with Arsenic on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzariteMon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb4As2S7Orth.
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53 Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.15.1LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.4.15.2BursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
3.4.15.5UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.4.15.6RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
3.4.15.7RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
3.4.15.8FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21(Pb,Bi)2S13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GustaviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Karup-Møller, S. (1970) Gustavite, a new sulphosalt mineral from Greenland. The Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 173-190.
Fleischer, M. (1971) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56: 631-640.
Harris, D.C., Chen, T.T. (1975) Gustavite: two Canadian occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 411-414.
Makovicky, E., Karup-Møller, S. (1977) Chemistry and crystallography of the lillianite homologous series. II. Definition of new minerals eskimoite, vikingite, ourayite and treasurite. Redefinition of schirmerite and new data on the lillianite-gustavite solid-solution series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 131: 56-82.
Karup-Møller, S., Makovicky, E. (1979) On pavonite, cupropavonite, benjaminite, and « oversubstituted » gustavite. Bulletin de Minéralogie: 102: 351-367.
Moëlo, Y., Marcoux, E., Makovicky, E., Karup-Møller, S., Legendre, O. (1987) Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb,Bi,Ag) de La Roche-Balue (Loire Atlantique, France). Bulletin de Minéralogie: 110: 43-64.
Chang, L.L.Y., Wu, D., Knowles, C.R. (1988) Phase relations in the system Ag2S-Cu2S-PbS-Bi2S3. Economic Geology: 83: 405-418.
Bente, K., Engel, M., Steins, M. (1993) Crystal structure of lead silver tribismuth sulfide, PbAgBi3S6. Z. Kristallogr: 205: 327-328. [Synth. orthorhombic gustavite with statistical distribution of Ag and Bi (natural gustavite shows Ag-Bi disorder)]
Pažout, R., Ondruš, P., Šrein, V. (2001) Gustavite with variable Bi/Sb ratio from Kutná Hora deposit, Czech Republic, a new occurrence. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 2001: 157-168.
Sureda, R., Lira, R., Colombo, F. (2006) Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6 [P21/c], with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Cordoba, Argentina (3111'S/6433'W). Revista Geologica de Chile: 33: 141-160.
Pažout, R., Dušek, M. (2009) Natural monoclinic AgPb(Bi2Sb)3S6, an Sb-rich gustavite. Acta Crystallographica: C65: i77-i80.
Pažout, R., Dušek, M. (2010) Crystal structure of natural orthorhombic Ag0.71Pb1.52Bi1.32Sb1.45S6, a lillianite homologue with N = 4; comparison with gustavite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 22: 741-750.
Makovicky, E., Topa, D. (2011) The crystal structure of gustavite, PbAgBi3S6. Analysis of twinning and polytypism using the OD approach. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 537-550.
Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. (2013) Terrywallaceite, AgPb(Sb,Bi)3S6, isotypic with gustavite, a new mineral from Mina Herminia, Julcani Mining District, Huancavelica, Peru. American Mineralogist: 98: 1310-1314.

Internet Links for GustaviteHide

Localities for GustaviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Pampa de Olaen
Sureda, R., Lira, R., & Colombo, F. (2010). Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6-P21/c, with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Córdoba, Argentina (31° 11'S/64° 33'W). Andean Geology, 33(1).
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
        • Organullo mining district
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Innerfragant
          • Wurten
Paar, W.H., and Niedermayr, G. (1998): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 143, 425-435.
Paar, W.H., and Niedermayr, G. (1998): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 143, 425-435.
        • Kleine Fleiß valley
          • Zirmsee area
Bergbau in Westkärnten
        • Zirknitz
          • Große Zirknitz valley
Bergbau in Westkärnten
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Bergbau in Westkärnten
      • Hafner group
        • Pölla valley
          • Lanisch
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
PICHLER, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.88, 92-94
Horner, J., Neubauer, F., Paar, W.H., Hansmann, W., Koeppel, V., and Robl, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 555-568.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Kolitsch, U. (2009): 1585) Gustavit und andere Pb-Bi-Sulfosalze vom Westfeld des Scheelitbergbaues Felbertal, Salzburg. P. 207 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
      • Gastein valley
        • Siglitz - Bockhart area
          • Siglitz - Bockhart Gold Mining District
PUTZ, H. (2010): Neufunde aus Salzburger Erzlagerstätten. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg, 13, 275-277.
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Hoher Sonnblick
Gerhard Feitzinger & Albert Strasser (1995): Au-Ag-Pb-Bi-Te-Vererzung vom Rojacherbau am Sonnblick. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg, 5, 100-101.
      • Untersulzbach valley
Lewandowski, K., Lerch, H. & Seemann, R. (2006): Chronik - Schaubergwerk Hochfeld "Bergbau im Untersulzbachtal – Eine fast vergessene Welt" Die 500-jährige Geschichte des Kupferbergbaus am Hochfeld im Untersulzbachtal. Zukunftskollegium Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Neukirchen a. G., 288 pp.
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Rotgülden
Horner, J., Neubauer, F., Paar, W.H., Hansmann, W., Koeppel, V., and Robl, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 555-568.
          • Lower Rotgülden lake
W.H. Paar, J. Weidinger, R. Mrazek, H. Heiss: Lapis 18(5):13-28 (1993)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989); Strasser (2000); Putz, H. (2011): Neuigkeiten zur Landesmineralogie von Salzburg. Miner. Arch. Salzb., 14, 304-308 (p. 304: Galenobismutit, Bismuthinit, Krupkait und ged. Wismut aus dem Wasserüberleitungs-Stollen Rotgüldensee-Sticklerhütte, Lungau).
Horner, J., Neubauer, F., Paar, W.H., Hansmann, W., Koeppel, V., and Robl, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 555-568.
Horner, J., Neubauer, F., Paar, W.H., Hansmann, W., Koeppel, V., and Robl, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 555-568.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Zillertal
        • Zemmgrund
matrixx 4, p.9-16
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Owen Lake
Hood, C. T., Sinclair, A. J., & Leitch, C. H. (1991). British Columbia Geological Survey Geological Fieldwork 1991.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Handbook of Mineralogy; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978); D. C. Harris (1975) Canadian Mineralogist 13:411-414
  • Northwest Territories
    • Camsell River area
Handbook of Mineralogy; D. C. Harris (1975) Canadian Mineralogist 13:411-414
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cape Breton Co.
      • Gabarus Bay
Dennis, Frank A. R., "Petrology and Mineraliation of the Deep Cove Pluton, Gabarus Bay, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia", M.Sc. Thesis, Acadia University, September 1987.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Motte
Canadian Museum of Nature specimens XRD confirmed
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Guilin Prefecture
      • Guanyang Co.
        • Dupangling Sn ore field
Xianwu Zou, Sen Cui, Wenjun Qu, Yunshan Bai, Xiqing Chen (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 837-844
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Xilin Li (1990): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 9(4), 378-384; Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Jiuling Li, Guilan Zhang, and Feng Zuo (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(2), 119-125.
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38; Bosheng Zhou, Guohua Zhang, Shuqing Gong, and Yousheng Zeng (2002): Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration 26(6), 436-438
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hulunbuir League (Hulunbei'er Prefecture)
      • New Barag Right Banner (Xin Barag Youqi)
        • Jiawula Ag-polymetallic ore field
Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
      • Linxi Co.
Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Dayu Co.
        • Xihuashan ore field
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
      • Gan Co.
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
      • Xingguo Co.
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
      • Yudu Co.
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Weinan Prefecture
      • Tongguan Co.
Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Pazout, R. & Dusek, M. (2009): Natural monoclinic AgPb(Bi2Sb)3S6, an Sb-rich gustavite. Acta Crystallografica, C65, i77-i80.
Dobešová, B. (2012). Halda Kaňk: hydrogeochemie pórových vod. Masters Thesis MASARYKOVA UNIVERZITA
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Jyväskylä
Hietanen, Sini (2015) Keski-Suomen granitoidikomplekssin malmiviitteet Hiekkapohjan alueella. Pro gradu-tutkielm, Kaivannaistiedekunta, Oulun Yliopisto 2015.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Langeac
        • Barlet
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Marvejols
        • Gabrias
[Inventaire Minéralogique de la France numero 14 ( Lozère ) éditions BRGM 1989]
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Bouguenais
        • La Roche-Ballue
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schapbach
        • Wildschapbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
J. Gröbner: Neufunde von der Grube Katharina im Wildschapbach, Der Erzgräber 18 (2/2004), 34-37.
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1997): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (19. Folge). - Mineralien-Welt, 8 (5), 32-36; WALENTA, K. (1993): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara (5. Folge). - Lapis 18 (1), 16-23.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
        • Naundorf
Grütze, T. (2006): Rauchquarz und Kugelpyrite aus dem Steinbruch Naundorf bei Freiberg/Sachsen. Lapis 31 (12), 16-19.
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
Voudouris, P. C., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., Sakellaris, G. A., Bristol, S. K., Melfos, V., & Fornadel, A. P. (2013). Bismuthinite derivatives, lillianite homologues, and bismuth sulfotellurides as indicators of gold mineralization in the Stanos shear-zone related deposit, Chalkidiki, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(1), 119-142.
Greenland (TL)
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
      • Ivittuut (Ivigtut)
Canadian Mineralogist(1970) 10, 173-190; Karup-Møller S. (1973) A gustavite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 195(5); Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Nuxis
        • Tamara Mt.
Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)
        • Chiusa (Klausen)
Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Sapporo
      • Minami-ku
Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Fukui Prefecture
        • Ono City
Mariko (1981) Kouzan Chishitsu Tokubetsugo, 10, 159-174.
      • Gifu Prefecture
Nedachi & Takahashi (1990) Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku, 39, 31-39.
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Uetsu
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Takanosu
Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki City
Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
        • Herminia Mine
          • Vein 14
Yang, H., Downs, R. T., Evans, S. H., & Pinch, W. W. (2013). Terrywallaceite, AgPb (Sb, Bi) 3S6, isotypic with gustavite, a new mineral from Mina Herminia, Julcani Mining District, Huancavelica, Peru. American Mineralogist, 98(7), 1310-1314
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kaczawskie Mts
      • Radzimowice
        • Stara Góra
          • Stara Góra deposit
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Aurum
Jude Radu (2012) An Overview of the Oaş And Gutâi Neogene Metallogenetic Districts. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences
    • Băiuț
Mitt. .Österr. Miner. Ges. 143 (1998); Cook, N. J. Mineralogisches Institut der Universität Würzburg Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society 23 rd June 1997 in Salzburg.
    • Borşa (Baia Borşa; Borsa)
Mitt. .Österr. Miner. Ges. 143 (1998)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Indigirka River Basin
        • Ust'-Nera
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 79, pages 763-767, 1994
      • Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
        • Verkhoyansk Silver Province
          • Western Verkhoyansk District
Gamyanin, G. N., Vikent’eva, O. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., & Bortnikov, N. S. (2015). Arkachan: A new gold–bismuth–siderite–sulfide type of deposits in the West Verkhoyansky tin district, Yakutia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(6), 465-495.
            • Mangazeisky ore cluster
Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
Nechelyustov, G. N.; Avdonin, A. S.; Khalezova, E. B. (1975): Gustavite the Bom-Gorkhonskoe deposit. Its first discovery in the USSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 220, 1406-1409.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
Gorelikova et al (2006) Discriminating geodynamical regimes of tin ore formation using trace element composition of cassiterite: the Sikhote Alin case. in Compositional Data Analysis in the Geosciences: From Theory to Practice edited by Antonella Buccianti, G. Mateu-Figueras, Vera Pawlowsky-Glahn Geological Society Special Publication 264. pp 43-57
      • Malinovsky cluster
Gvozdev, V. I. (2009). Bismuth mineralization in ores of the Skrytoe scheelite deposit (Primorye) and problems of its genesis. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 3(1), 69-79.
Gonevchuk, V. G., Korostelev, P. G., & Semenyak, B. I. (2005). Genesis of the Tigrinoe tin deposit (Russia). Geology Of Ore Deposits C/C Of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(3), 223.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
        • Sokolova dolina Valley
Jaroslav PRŠEK and Martin Chovan (2001) Hydrothermal Carbonate and Sulphide Mineralization in the Late Paleozoic Phyllites (Bacúch, Nízke Tatry Mts.) Geolines 13:27-
Ozdín D. & Pršek J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca 3-4, 279-285.
Ozdín, D., Pršek, J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 279-285.
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Hnúšťa
Ragan,M., Caňo,F., 1991: Prvé údaje o dvoch nových sulfosoliach (CuPbSbBi a AgPbBiSb) so selénom zmastencového ložiska Hnúšťa. Min.Slovaca, 23,1,36
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon-do (Kangwon-do; Gang'weondo)
    • Yeonwha
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 2 pp 65-74
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Carballo-Malpica
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
EurJMin 5, 165; MinMag (1992) 56, 113-115
No reference listed
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Pamir Silver District
        • Bazardara ore cluster
Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Adrasman
      • Karamazar Mts
        • East Karamazar ore district
Bortnikov, N.S., Kovalenker, V.A., Safonov, Yu.G., Troneva, N.V., Laputina, I.P., Razdolina, N.V. (1985): Paragenetic associations and conditions of formation of Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-sulfosalts in the Kanimansur ore field. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol. 1985(9): 65-75 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 443
Tunisia
 
  • Bizerte Governorate
    • Galite Islands
Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y. & Tlig, S. (1990): Caractérisaton minéralogique et signifiance métallogénique des sulfures bismuthifères des minéralisations de La Galite et du Jebel Chouichia (NW de la tunisie). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, Série 2, 311, 127-132.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Central Region
      • Meal nan Oighreag
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.; Pattrick, R.A.D. (1984) Sulphide mineralogy of the Tomnadashan copper deposit and the Corrie Buie lead veins, south Loch Tayside, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 48, n° 346, p. 85-91.
Ukraine
 
  • Odessa Oblast'
    • Dnister-Bug domain
      • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
  • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
    • Berehivskyi Raion
      • Berehove
Biruk, S., & Skakun, L. (2012). Bismuth minerals of the Beregovo ore field: mineral assemblages and spatial zonation (Transcarpathian, Ukraine). Geological Quarterly, 44(1), 39-46.
USA
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
MinRec 15:5
          • Darwin
Mineral News: 16 (9): 1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California; Margerum, W. (2002), Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California.
Mineral News: 16(9):1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California.; Dunning, G.E., Moelo, Yves, Roberts, A.c., & Cooper, J. F (2000)., Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New To Darwin, Inyo County, California. Occasional Web Publication of the Bay Area Mineralogists, 2000
  • Colorado
    • Ouray Co.
      • San Juan Mts
        • Ouray District
          • Ouray
            • Red Mounain No.2
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
    • Park Co.
      • Geneva District
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Poughkeepsie Gulch
        • Alaska Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
      • Red Mountain District
        • Poughkeepsie Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Dana 7:I:393.; D. C. Harris (1975) Canadian Mineralogist 13:411-414; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Ouray District (Uncompahgre District)
        • Telluride
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Foord, E. E., & Shawe, D. R. (1989). The Pb-Bi-Ag-Cu-(Hg) Chemistry Of Galena And Some Associated Sulfosalts: A Reviewand Some New Data From Colorado, California And Pennsylvania. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 363-382.
  • Idaho
    • Owyhee Co.
In the collection of Brent Thorne.
  • Montana
    • Flathead Co.
      • Hog Heaven District (Flathead District)
        • Kofford Ridge
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
            • White Caps Mine
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 26, pp. 355-376(1988)
        • Round Mountain District
[MinRec 22:181]
Uzbekistan
 
  • Navoiy Viloyati (Navoi)
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
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