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Gustavite

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About GustaviteHide

Formula:
AgPbBi3S6
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
7.01 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by S. Karup-Møller in honor of Gustav Adolf Hageman (1842-1916), chemical engineer for the Cryolite Firm (Ivigtut, Greenland).
Isostructural with:
Gustavite-Lillianite Series.

Natural gustavite appears to be monoclinic (Harris & Chen, 1975; Makovicky & Karup-Møller, 1977) due to Ag-Bi ordering, while synthetic gustavite was found to be orthorhombic (Bente et al., 1993).
An Sb-rich, monoclinic gustavite has been characterised by Pažout & Dušek (2009); it may be a new species.

An apparent Se analogue was reported (Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Selenide)).



Classification of GustaviteHide

Approved
Approval year:
1967
First published:
1970
2.JB.40a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.4.15.3

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.7.36

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of GustaviteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=175 - 218 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
Rare, parallel to tabular faces, rarer perpendicular to tabular faces
Density:
7.01 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GustaviteHide

Anisotropism:
Weak in air, distinct in oil bluish black to grayish white
Colour in reflected light:
Bluish black to greyish-white
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
White to Grey

Chemical Properties of GustaviteHide

Formula:
AgPbBi3S6
Common Impurities:
Sb

Crystallography of GustaviteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.54 Å, b = 19.44 Å, c = 4.1 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.697 : 1 : 0.211
Unit Cell V:
1,079.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Tabular crystals, sometimes bent.

Twinning:
Two twin laws found in type material. The first is very common; repeated twinning with an irregular composition plane parallel to the tabular plates. The second is uncommon; composition plane perpendicular to the tabular plates.
Comment:
Data for synthetic gustavite. Type material appears to be monoclinic, with P21/c cell with a = 7.077 (7) Å, b = 19.566 (12) Å, c = 8.272 (8) Å and beta = 107.18 (9)° (Harris & Chen, 1975). Makovicky & Topa (2011) give, for a crystal from Rotgülden, the following unit-cell parameters (space group P21/c): a = 7.0567(14), b = 19.6905(39), c = 8.2219(16) Å, beta = 106.961(3)°, V = 1092.7(2) Å3.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0018646GustaviteMakovicky E, Topa D (2011) The crystal structure of gustavite, PbAgBi3S6 Analysis of twinning and polytypism using the OD approach European Journal of Mineralogy 23 537-5502011Rotgulden, Lungau, Salzburg Land, Austria0293
0017602GustavitePazout R, Dusek M (2009) Natural monoclinic AgPb(Bi2Sb)S6, an Sb-rich gustavite, Acta Crystallographica C65 i77-i802009Kutna Hora polymetallic deposit, Czech Republic0293
0011039GustaviteBente K, Engel M, Steins M (1993) Crystal structure of lead silver tribismuth sulfide, PbAgBi3S6 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 205 327-3281993synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.977 Å(50)
3.640 Å(80)
3.401 Å(80)
3.376 Å(80)
3.363 Å(100)
2.996 Å(100)
2.895 Å(100)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal mineral, pegmatites

Type Occurrence of GustaviteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1973.188.
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 136172.

Synonyms of GustaviteHide

Other Language Names for GustaviteHide

German:Gustavit
Simplified Chinese:辉铋银铅矿
Spanish:Gustavita
Traditional Chinese:輝鉍銀鉛礦

Relationship of Gustavite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Andorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ArsenquatrandoriteAg17.6Pb12.8Sb38.1As11.5S96Mon. 2/m : P21/b
AschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
Clino-oscarkempffiteAg15Pb6Sb21Bi18S72Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ErzwiesiteAg8Pb12Bi16S40Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
HeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
JasrouxiteAg16Pb4(Sb24As16)S72Tric. 1 : P1
LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
MenchettiiteAgPb2.40Mn1.60Sb3As2S12Mon. 2/m : P21/b
OscarkempffiteAg10Pb4(Sb17Bi9)S48Orth. mm2
OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
OyoniteAg3Mn2Pb4Sb7As4S24Mon. 2/m
RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
StaročeskéiteAg0.70Pb1.60(Bi1.35Sb1.35)Σ2.70S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
TerrywallaceiteAgPb(Sb,Bi)3S6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

AikinitePbCuBiS3
ArsenopyriteFeAsS
BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
BismuthBi
BismuthiniteBi2S3
ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CosalitePb2Bi2S5
PavoniteAgBi3S5
PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Gustavite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
5 photos of Gustavite associated with BaryteBaSO4
5 photos of Gustavite associated with Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
2 photos of Gustavite associated with PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
2 photos of Gustavite associated with PyriteFeS2
2 photos of Gustavite associated with EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
1 photo of Gustavite associated with MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
1 photo of Gustavite associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
1 photo of Gustavite associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Gustavite associated with ArsenicAs

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.ArsenquatrandoriteAg17.6Pb12.8Sb38.1As11.5S96Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb28As15S50ClOrth.
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.15.1LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.4.15.2BursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
3.4.15.5UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.4.15.6RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
3.4.15.7RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
3.4.15.8FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GustaviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Karup-Møller, S. (1970) Gustavite, a new sulphosalt mineral from Greenland. The Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 173-190.
Fleischer, M. (1971) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56: 631-640.
Harris, D.C., Chen, T.T. (1975) Gustavite: two Canadian occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 411-414.
Makovicky, E., Karup-Møller, S. (1977) Chemistry and crystallography of the lillianite homologous series. II. Definition of new minerals eskimoite, vikingite, ourayite and treasurite. Redefinition of schirmerite and new data on the lillianite-gustavite solid-solution series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 131: 56-82.
Karup-Møller, S., Makovicky, E. (1979) On pavonite, cupropavonite, benjaminite, and « oversubstituted » gustavite. Bulletin de Minéralogie: 102: 351-367.
Moëlo, Y., Marcoux, E., Makovicky, E., Karup-Møller, S., Legendre, O. (1987) Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb,Bi,Ag) de La Roche-Balue (Loire Atlantique, France). Bulletin de Minéralogie: 110: 43-64.
Chang, L.L.Y., Wu, D., Knowles, C.R. (1988) Phase relations in the system Ag2S-Cu2S-PbS-Bi2S3. Economic Geology: 83: 405-418.
Bente, K., Engel, M., Steins, M. (1993) Crystal structure of lead silver tribismuth sulfide, PbAgBi3S6. Z. Kristallogr: 205: 327-328. [Synthetic orthorhombic gustavite with statistical distribution of Ag and Bi (natural gustavite shows Ag-Bi disorder)]
Pažout, R., Ondruš, P., Šrein, V. (2001) Gustavite with variable Bi/Sb ratio from Kutná Hora deposit, Czech Republic, a new occurrence. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 2001: 157-168.
Sureda, R., Lira, R., Colombo, F. (2006) Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6 [P21/c], with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Cordoba, Argentina (3111'S/6433'W). Revista Geologica de Chile: 33: 141-160.
Pažout, R., Dušek, M. (2009) Natural monoclinic AgPb(Bi2Sb)3S6, an Sb-rich gustavite. Acta Crystallographica: C65: i77-i80.
Pažout, R., Dušek, M. (2010) Crystal structure of natural orthorhombic Ag0.71Pb1.52Bi1.32Sb1.45S6, a lillianite homologue with N = 4; comparison with gustavite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 22: 741-750.
Makovicky, E., Topa, D. (2011) The crystal structure of gustavite, PbAgBi3S6. Analysis of twinning and polytypism using the OD approach. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 537-550.
Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. (2013) Terrywallaceite, AgPb(Sb,Bi)3S6, isotypic with gustavite, a new mineral from Mina Herminia, Julcani Mining District, Huancavelica, Peru. American Mineralogist: 98: 1310-1314.
Pažout, R. (2017): Lillianite homologues from Kutná Hora ore district, Czech Republic: a case of large-scale Sb for Bi substitution. Journal of Geosciences, 62, 37-57. [on Sb-rich gustavite]

Internet Links for GustaviteHide

Localities for GustaviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba Province
    • Punilla Department
      • San Antonio District
        • Pampa de Olaen
Sureda, R., Lira, R., & Colombo, F. (2010). Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6-P21/c, with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Córdoba, Argentina (31° 11'S/64° 33'W). Andean Geology, 33(1).
  • Salta Province
    • Los Andes department
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
        • Organullo mining district
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Großkirchheim
        • Zirknitz
          • Große Zirknitz valley
Bergbau in Westkärnten
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Bergbau in Westkärnten
      • Heiligenblut am Großglockner
        • Zirmsee area
Bergbau in Westkärnten
      • Rennweg am Katschberg
        • Pölla valley
          • Lanisch
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
PICHLER, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.88, 92-94
Horner, J., Neubauer, F., Paar, W.H., Hansmann, W., Koeppel, V., and Robl, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 555-568.
      • Weißensee
        • Wurten
Paar, W.H., and Niedermayr, G. (1998): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 143, 425-435.
Paar, W.H., and Niedermayr, G. (1998): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 143, 425-435.
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Bad Gastein
        • Siglitz - Bockhart gold mining district
PUTZ, H. (2010): Neufunde aus Salzburger Erzlagerstätten. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg, 13, 275-277.
    • Tamsweg District
      • Muhr (Murwinkel)
        • Rotgülden
Horner, J., Neubauer, F., Paar, W.H., Hansmann, W., Koeppel, V., and Robl, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 555-568.
          • Lower Rotgülden lake
W.H. Paar, J. Weidinger, R. Mrazek, H. Heiss: Lapis 18(5):13-28 (1993); Wallner, D., Raith, J.G. & Paar, W. (2017): Gold and silver at Rotgülden deposit - where are they hosted? Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 163, 91. (Abs.)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989); Strasser (2000); Putz, H. (2011): Neuigkeiten zur Landesmineralogie von Salzburg. Miner. Arch. Salzb., 14, 304-308 (p. 304: Galenobismutit, Bismuthinit, Krupkait und ged. Wismut aus dem Wasserüberleitungs-Stollen Rotgüldensee-Sticklerhütte, Lungau).
Horner, J., Neubauer, F., Paar, W.H., Hansmann, W., Koeppel, V., and Robl, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 555-568.
Horner, J., Neubauer, F., Paar, W.H., Hansmann, W., Koeppel, V., and Robl, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 555-568.
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Mittersill Scheelite deposit
Kolitsch, U. (2009): 1585) Gustavit und andere Pb-Bi-Sulfosalze vom Westfeld des Scheelitbergbaues Felbertal, Salzburg. P. 207 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
      • Neukirchen am Großvenediger
Lewandowski, K., Lerch, H. & Seemann, R. (2006): Chronik - Schaubergwerk Hochfeld "Bergbau im Untersulzbachtal – Eine fast vergessene Welt" Die 500-jährige Geschichte des Kupferbergbaus am Hochfeld im Untersulzbachtal. Zukunftskollegium Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Neukirchen a. G., 288 pp.
      • Rauris
        • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
          • Hoher Sonnblick
Gerhard Feitzinger & Albert Strasser (1995): Au-Ag-Pb-Bi-Te-Vererzung vom Rojacherbau am Sonnblick. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg, 5, 100-101.
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Schladming
        • Giglach valley
          • Knappen lakes
Schachinger, T. and Paar, W.H. (2017): Antimon- und bismuthältige Sulfosalze aus dem Vetternbergbau bei Schladming, Steiermark. Carinthia II, 207./127., 691-698.
  • Tyrol
    • Schwaz District
      • Finkenberg
matrixx 4, p.9-16
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Dalence Province
      • Santa Fé mining district
Jiménez-Franco, A., Alfonso Abella, M. P., Canet Miquel, C., & Trujillo, J. E. (2018). Mineral chemistry of In-bearing minerals in the Santa Fe mining district, Bolivia. Andean Geology, 45(3), 410-432.
Jiménez-Franco, A., Alfonso Abella, M. P., Canet Miquel, C., & Trujillo, J. E. (2018). Mineral chemistry of In-bearing minerals in the Santa Fe mining district, Bolivia. Andean Geology, 45(3), 410-432.
Bulgaria
 
  • Burgas Province
    • Burgas Municipality
      • Burgas
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Pazardzhik Province
    • Panagyurishte Municipality
      • Elshitsa
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Sofia Province
    • Chelopech Municipality
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Yambol Province
    • Tundzha Municipality
      • Bakadzhik Hills
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omineca Mining Division
      • Owen Lake
Hood, C. T., Sinclair, A. J., & Leitch, C. H. (1991). British Columbia Geological Survey Geological Fieldwork 1991.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Handbook of Mineralogy; Harris, D.C., Chen, T.T. (1975) Gustavite; two Canadian occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist, 13(4), 411-414.; Černý, P., Harris, D.C. (1978) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba. XI. Native elements, alloys, sulfides and sulfosalts. The Canadian Mineralogist, 16(4), 625-640.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bernic Lake, Manitoba: Mining for Space-age Elements. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 64-67; 153-155.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Camsell River area
Handbook of Mineralogy; D. C. Harris (1975) Canadian Mineralogist 13:411-414
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cape Breton Co.
      • Gabarus Bay
Dennis, Frank A. F. (1987) Petrology and Mineralization of the Deep Cove Pluton, Gabarus Bay, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Master of Science Thesis, Acadia University.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Motte
Canadian Museum of Nature specimens XRD confirmed
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Tongling
      • Shizishan ore field
Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
  • Guangxi
    • Guilin
      • Guanyang Co.
        • Dupangling Sn ore field
Xianwu Zou, Sen Cui, Wenjun Qu, Yunshan Bai, Xiqing Chen (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 837-844
    • Hechi
      • Nandan County
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Xilin Li (1990): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 9(4), 378-384; Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Jiuling Li, Guilan Zhang, and Feng Zuo (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(2), 119-125.
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38; Bosheng Zhou, Guohua Zhang, Shuqing Gong, and Yousheng Zeng (2002): Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration 26(6), 436-438
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Chifeng City (Ulanhad League; Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
      • Linxi County
Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
    • Hulunbuir City (Hulunbei'er Prefecture)
      • New Barag Right Banner (Xin Barag Youqi)
        • Jiawula Ag-polymetallic ore field
Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Dayu Co.
        • Xihuashan ore field
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
      • Gan Co.
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
      • Xingguo Co.
Zhenru Zhang, Xianchang Luo, Rongmei Chen, Xingzhen Yu, Sixue Yang, Yingchen Ren, Jiuwu Zeng, and Weijun Sun (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 38-40
      • Yudu Co.
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
  • Shaanxi
    • Weinan
      • Tongguan County
Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
Pažout, R., Ondruš, P, Šrein, V. (2001): Gustavite with variable Bi/Sb ratio from Kutná Hora deposit, Czech Republic, a new occurrence. N. Jb. Mineral., Mh. 2001, 157-168.; Pažout, R. & Dušek, M. (2009): Natural monoclinic AgPb(Bi2Sb)3S6, an Sb-rich gustavite. Acta Crystallografica, C65, i77-i80. ; Pažout, R. (2017): Lillianite homologues from Kutná Hora ore district, Czech Republic: a case of large-scale Sb for Bi substitution. Journal of Geosciences, 62, 37-57.
      • Kutná Hora
Dobešová, B. (2012). Halda Kaňk: hydrogeochemie pórových vod. Masters Thesis MASARYKOVA UNIVERZITA
Pazout, R., Sejkora, J., & Srein, V. (2017). Bismuth and bismuth-antimony sulphosalts from Kutna Hora vein Ag-Pb-Zn ore district, Czech Republic. Journal of GEOsciences, 62(1), 59-76.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Cheb District
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
Finland
 
  • Central Finland
    • Laukaa
Hietanen, Sini (2015) Keski-Suomen granitoidikomplekssin malmiviitteet Hiekkapohjan alueella. Pro gradu-tutkielm, Kaivannaistiedekunta, Oulun Yliopisto 2015.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Langeac
          • Barlet
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Mende
        • Gabrias
[Inventaire Minéralogique de la France numero 14 ( Lozère ) éditions BRGM 1989]
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Nantes
        • Bouguenais
          • La Roche-Ballue
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Gengenbach
          • Gengenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1997): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (19. Folge). - Mineralien-Welt, 8 (5), 32-36; WALENTA, K. (1993): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara (5. Folge). - Lapis 18 (1), 16-23. ; Staude, S., Dorn, A., Pfaff, K., & Markl, G. (2010). Assemblages of Ag–Bi sulfosalts and conditions of their formation: the type locality of schapbachite (Ag0. 4Pb0. 2Bi0. 4S) and neighboring mines in the Schwarzwald ore district, southern Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(3), 441-466.
      • Waldshut
        • Dachsberg
          • Urberg
Bergbau auf Lagerstätten des Südlichen Schwarzwaldes: Ein Beitrag zur Bergbaugeschichte und Lagerstättenkunde zwischen Dreisamtal und Hochrhein
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Freudenstadt
        • Bad Rippoldsau-Schapbach
          • Wildschapbach valley
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].; Staude, S., Dorn, A., Pfaff, K., & Markl, G. (2010). Assemblages of Ag–Bi sulfosalts and conditions of their formation: the type locality of schapbachite (Ag0. 4Pb0. 2Bi0. 4S) and neighboring mines in the Schwarzwald ore district, southern Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(3), 441-466.
Staude, S., Dorn, A., Pfaff, K., & Markl, G. (2010). Assemblages of Ag–Bi sulfosalts and conditions of their formation: the type locality of schapbachite (Ag0. 4Pb0. 2Bi0. 4S) and neighboring mines in the Schwarzwald ore district, southern Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(3), 441-466.
J. Gröbner: Neufunde von der Grube Katharina im Wildschapbach, Der Erzgräber 18 (2/2004), 34-37.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
            • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz District
      • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Bobritzsch-Hilbersdorf
Grütze, T. (2006): Rauchquarz und Kugelpyrite aus dem Steinbruch Naundorf bei Freiberg/Sachsen. Lapis 31 (12), 16-19.
Greece
 
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
Voudouris, P. C., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., Sakellaris, G. A., Bristol, S. K., Melfos, V., & Fornadel, A. P. (2013). Bismuthinite derivatives, lillianite homologues, and bismuth sulfotellurides as indicators of gold mineralization in the Stanos shear-zone related deposit, Chalkidiki, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(1), 119-142.; Voudouris, P., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., & Sakellaris, G. A. (2010, April). Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulfide assemblages at the Stanos shear zone-related prospect, Chalkidiki, northern Greece. In 13th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium, Adelaide, South Australia (pp. 6-9).
Greenland (TL)
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
Canadian Mineralogist(1970) 10, 173-190; Karup-Møller S. (1973) A gustavite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut, south Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 195(5); Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Tavagnasco
Ciriotti, M.E., Martini, B. Salvetti, A., Dalla Fontana, G., Taronna, M., Alciati, C., Gedda, E.E., Franchino, G., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Rossetti, P., Brizio, P., Finello, G., Girodo Grant, S., Perotto, P. (2019): Tavagnasco Miniere e Minerali. Comune di Tavagnasco - AMI Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Eds., Tavagnasco., 480 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Nuxis
        • Tamara Mountain
Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol)
    • South Tyrol
      • Eisacktal (Valle Isarco)
        • Klausen (Chiusa)
Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.; Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B., & Kaindl, R. (2011). Mineralogy, Mineral Chemistry and Petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn Sulfide Mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 104(1); Krismer, M. &Tropper, P. (2013): Die mögliche Bedeutung der polymetallischen Erzvorkommen des Pfunderer Bergs bei Klausen für die prähistorische Metallurgie im Eisacktal (Südtirol, Italien). GEO.ALP 10, 47-60.
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
Japan
 
  • Akita Prefecture
    • Kitaakita District
      • Takanosu
Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
  • Fukui Prefecture
    • Ono City
Mariko (1981) Kouzan Chishitsu Tokubetsugo, 10, 159-174.
  • Fukushima Prefecture
    • Iwaki City
Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Hida City
      • Kamioka mine
MARIKO, T., KAWADA, M., MIURA, M., & ONO, S. (1996). Ore Formation Processes of The Mozumi Skarn-type Pb-Zn-Ag Deposit in the Kamioka Mine, Gifu Prefecture, Central Japan. Shigen-Chishitsu, 46(260), 337-354.
Nedachi & Takahashi (1990) Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku, 39, 31-39.
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Ishikari Subprefecture
      • Sapporo City
        • Minami-ku
Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.
    • Shiribeshi Subprefecture
Ono, S., Hirai, K., Matsueda, H., & Kabashima, T. (2004). Polymetallic Mineralization at the Suttsu Vein‐type Deposit, Southwestern Hokkaido, Japan. Resource Geology, 54(4), 453-464.
  • Niigata Prefecture
    • Uetsu
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Norway
 
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Seljord
      • Svartdal
Larsen, A. O., Kolitsch, U. & Dahlgren, S. (2020) A reconnaissance study of the crystal chemistry of tourmalines from the Meso-Proterozoic Telemark area, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2020: 78-99
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica
    • Angaraes Province
Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
        • Herminia Mine
          • Vein 14
Yang, H., Downs, R. T., Evans, S. H., & Pinch, W. W. (2013). Terrywallaceite, AgPb (Sb, Bi) 3S6, isotypic with gustavite, a new mineral from Mina Herminia, Julcani Mining District, Huancavelica, Peru. American Mineralogist, 98(7), 1310-1314
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jawor County
      • Gmina Bolków
        • Radzimowice
          • Stara Góra deposit
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80; Pieczka, A., Gołębiowska, B., & Parafiniuk, J. (2011). Gold in sulfide-telluride assemblages at Rędziny, Rudawy Janowickie Range. Gold in Poland, AM Monograph, (2), 119-134.
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Caraş-Severin
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Hunedoara
    • Stănija
Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Sprie
Buzatu, A., Damian, G., Dill, H.G., Buzgar, N., Apopei, A.I. (2015) Mineralogy and geochemistry of sulfosalts from Baia Sprie ore deposit (Romania) - New bismuth minerals occurrence. Ore Geology Reviews, 65(1), 132-147.
    • Băiuț
Mitt. .Österr. Miner. Ges. 143 (1998); Cook, N. J. Mineralogisches Institut der Universität Würzburg Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society 23 rd June 1997 in Salzburg.
    • Borșa
Mitt. .Österr. Miner. Ges. 143 (1998); Cook, N. J. (1997). Bismuth and bismuth–antimony sulphosalts from Neogene vein mineralisation, Baia Borşa area, Maramureş, Romania. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(3), 387-409.
Cook, N. J. (1997). Bismuth and bismuth–antimony sulphosalts from Neogene vein mineralisation, Baia Borşa area, Maramureş, Romania. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(3), 387-409.
    • Tăuții-Măgherăuș
      • Aurum
Jude Radu (2012) An Overview of the Oaş And Gutâi Neogene Metallogenetic Districts. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Damian, F., Prokofiev, V. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., & Damian, G. (2009). Tellurides occurrences in the Baia Mare region, Romania. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 89-100.
Russia
 
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Arminsky ore district
Gonevchuk, V. G., Korostelev, P. G., & Semenyak, B. I. (2005). Genesis of the Tigrinoe tin deposit (Russia). Geology Of Ore Deposits C/C Of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(3), 223.
Gorelikova et al (2006) Discriminating geodynamical regimes of tin ore formation using trace element composition of cassiterite: the Sikhote Alin case. in Compositional Data Analysis in the Geosciences: From Theory to Practice edited by Antonella Buccianti, G. Mateu-Figueras, Vera Pawlowsky-Glahn Geological Society Special Publication 264. pp 43-57
    • Malinovsky cluster
Gvozdev, V. I. (2009). Bismuth mineralization in ores of the Skrytoe scheelite deposit (Primorye) and problems of its genesis. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 3(1), 69-79.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Indigirka River Basin
      • Ust'-Nera
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 79, pages 763-767, 1994
    • Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
      • Verkhoyansk Silver Province
        • Western Verkhoyansk District
Gamyanin, G. N., Vikent’eva, O. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., & Bortnikov, N. S. (2015). Arkachan: A new gold–bismuth–siderite–sulfide type of deposits in the West Verkhoyansky tin district, Yakutia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(6), 465-495.
          • Mangazeisky ore cluster
Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
Nechelyustov, G. N.; Avdonin, A. S.; Khalezova, E. B. (1975): Gustavite the Bom-Gorkhonskoe deposit. Its first discovery in the USSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 220, 1406-1409.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno District
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
        • Sokolova dolina Valley
Jaroslav PRŠEK and Martin Chovan (2001) Hydrothermal Carbonate and Sulphide Mineralization in the Late Paleozoic Phyllites (Bacúch, Nízke Tatry Mts.) Geolines 13:27-
Ozdín D. & Pršek J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca 3-4, 279-285.
Ozdín, D., Pršek, J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 279-285.
    • Revúca District
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Hnúšťa
Ragan,M., Caňo,F., 1991: Prvé údaje o dvoch nových sulfosoliach (CuPbSbBi a AgPbBiSb) so selénom zmastencového ložiska Hnúšťa. Min.Slovaca, 23,1,36
  • Košice Region
    • Košice-okolie District
      • Medzev
Mikuš T., Bakos F. & Hönig S. (2019): Bismuth sulphosalts from the siderite–sulphidic and As-Co mineralization in Medzev area, Slovakia. Acta Geologica Slovaca, 11, 2, 91-102.
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon Province
    • Yeonwha
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 2 pp 65-74
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña
      • Malpica
Minero, G. (2014) Tellurides, sulfides and sulfosalts in the mineral paragenesis of the Corcoesto orogenic gold deposit, NW Spain. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 92
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland County
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
EurJMin 5, 165; MinMag (1992) 56, 113-115
No reference listed
Tajikistan
 
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
    • Pamir Silver District
      • Bazardara ore cluster
Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
  • Sughd
    • Ghafurov District
      • Adrasman
        • Karamazar Mountains
          • East Karamazar ore district
Bortnikov, N.S., Kovalenker, V.A., Safonov, Yu.G., Troneva, N.V., Laputina, I.P., Razdolina, N.V. (1985): Paragenetic associations and conditions of formation of Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-sulfosalts in the Kanimansur ore field. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol. 1985(9): 65-75 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 73: 443
Tunisia
 
  • Bizerte
    • Galite Islands
Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y. & Tlig, S. (1990): Caractérisaton minéralogique et signifiance métallogénique des sulfures bismuthifères des minéralisations de La Galite et du Jebel Chouichia (NW de la tunisie). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, Série 2, 311, 127-132.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Perth and Kinross
      • Meall nan Oighreag
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.; Pattrick, R.A.D. (1984) Sulphide mineralogy of the Tomnadashan copper deposit and the Corrie Buie lead veins, south Loch Tayside, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 48, n° 346, p. 85-91.
Ukraine
 
  • Odessa Oblast
    • Podilsk Raion
      • Dnister-Bug domain
        • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
  • Zakarpattia Oblast
    • Berehivskyi Raion
      • Berehove
Biruk, S., & Skakun, L. (2012). Bismuth minerals of the Beregovo ore field: mineral assemblages and spatial zonation (Transcarpathian, Ukraine). Geological Quarterly, 44(1), 39-46.
USA
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
MinRec 15:5
          • Darwin
Mineral News: 16 (9): 1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California; Margerum, W. (2002), Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California.
Mineral News: 16(9):1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California.; Dunning, G.E., Moelo, Yves, Roberts, A.c., & Cooper, J. F (2000)., Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New To Darwin, Inyo County, California. Occasional Web Publication of the Bay Area Mineralogists, 2000
  • Colorado
    • Ouray Co.
      • Ouray
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Foord, E. E., & Shawe, D. R. (1989). The Pb-Bi-Ag-Cu-(Hg) Chemistry Of Galena And Some Associated Sulfosalts: A Reviewand Some New Data From Colorado, California And Pennsylvania. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 363-382.
      • Red Mountain Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
    • Park Co.
      • Geneva Mining District
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Poughkeepsie Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
      • Red Mountain Mining District
        • Poughkeepsie Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Dana 7:I:393.; D. C. Harris (1975) Canadian Mineralogist 13:411-414; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
  • Idaho
    • Owyhee Co.
In the collection of Brent Thorne.
  • Montana
    • Flathead Co.
      • Hog Heaven Mining District (Flathead Mining District)
        • Kofford Ridge
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
          • Manhattan
            • White Caps Mine
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 26, pp. 355-376(1988)
        • Round Mountain Mining District
[MinRec 22:181]
Uzbekistan
 
  • Navoiy
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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