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Haidingerite

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About HaidingeriteHide

07188720014947501428205.jpg
Wilhelm Karl von Haidinger [February 5, 1795 in Vienna, Austria – March 19, 1871 in Dornbach, Austria]
Formula:
CaHAsO4 · H2O
Colour:
Colorless, white; colorless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Silky, Pearly
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
2.848
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1827 by Edward Turner to honour Wilhelm Karl von Haidinger [February 5, 1795 in Vienna, Austria – March 19, 1871 in Dornbach, Austria]. Haidinger was a pupil of Friedrich Mohs and translated some of his works. Director of the Haidinger porcelain factory at Elbogen, Austria. Later, Councellor of Mines in Vienna and director of the Imperial geological Institute. He was a prolific researcher and author.
White crystals in brushy sprays.

The mineral has been confused with gypsum.


Classification of HaidingeriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.CJ.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
J : With only large cations
39.1.5.1

39 : HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
1 : A[HXO4]·xH2O
20.2.7

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
2 : Arsenates of Be, Mg, Ca or Ba

Physical Properties of HaidingeriteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Silky, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Lustre pearly on cleavage.
Colour:
Colorless, white; colorless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect.
Density:
2.848 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.971 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
2.962 ± 0.008 (artificial material).

Optical Data of HaidingeriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.590 nβ = 1.602 nγ = 1.638
2V:
Measured: 58° , Calculated: 62°
Birefringence:
0.048
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.048
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v distinct
Optical Extinction:
parallel
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of HaidingeriteHide

Formula:
CaHAsO4 · H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca(AsO3OH) · H2O

Crystallography of HaidingeriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbcn
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.93 Å, b = 16.15 Å, c = 7.94 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.429 : 1 : 0.492
Unit Cell V:
888.64 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Isolated crystals rare, brushy sprays of somewhat equidimensional to short prismatic [001] or [100]. Fine-grained botryoidal to fibrous coatings.
Twinning:
On {110}, rare.
Comment:
Chosen cell is Pcnb

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009420HaidingeriteFerraris G, Jones D W, Yerkess J (1972) A neutron and X-ray refinement of the crystal structure of CaHAsO4*H2O (haidingerite) Acta Crystallographica B28 209-2141972synthetic0293
0009421HaidingeriteFerraris G, Jones D W, Yerkess J (1972) A neutron and X-ray refinement of the crystal structure of CaHAsO4*H2O (haidingerite) Acta Crystallographica B28 209-2141972synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.06 Å(80)
5.25 Å(80)
5.22 Å(100)
3.84 Å(80)
3.19 Å(80)
3.15 Å(80)
3.11 Å(70)
2.96 Å(90)
Comments:
ICDD 18-0288, also 17-0161

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Oxidized zones of arsenical ore deposits.

Type Occurrence of HaidingeriteHide

Synonyms of HaidingeriteHide

Other Language Names for HaidingeriteHide

Simplified Chinese:砷钙石
Spanish:Haidingerita

Common AssociatesHide

PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Haidingerite associated with PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
1 photo of Haidingerite associated with ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CJ.CaesiumpharmacosideriteCsFe4[(AsO4)3(OH)4]·4H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3m
8.CJ.JeankempiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 7H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CJ.05Stercorite(NH4)Na(PO3OH) · 4H2OTric.
8.CJ.10Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(PO3OH)2 · H2OMon. m : Pm
8.CJ.10Swaknoite(NH4)2Ca(PO3OH)2 · H2OOrth.
8.CJ.15NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2OIso.
8.CJ.15NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2OIso. 2 3 : P21 3
8.CJ.25VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CJ.30FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CJ.35Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
8.CJ.40PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2OTric.
8.CJ.40RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CJ.45Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
8.CJ.45Smirnovskite(Th,Ca)PO4 · nH2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.50ArdealiteCa2(PO3OH)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
8.CJ.50BrushiteCa(PO3OH) · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
8.CJ.50Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CJ.50PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2OMon. m
8.CJ.50Churchite-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · 2H2OMon.
8.CJ.55McneariteNaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2OTric.
8.CJ.60DorfmaniteNa2(PO3OH) · 2H2OOrth.
8.CJ.65SincositeCa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/nnm
8.CJ.65BariosincositeBa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2OTet.
8.CJ.70CatalanoiteNa2(PO3OH) · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibca
8.CJ.75GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CJ.85NingyoiteCaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.2.1BearsiteBe2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
20.2.2BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
20.2.3RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.2.4HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.2.5WeiliteCa(HAsO4)Tric. 1 : P1
20.2.6JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
20.2.8PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2OMon. m
20.2.9SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.2.10VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.11GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.12FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.13RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.14PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2OTric.
20.2.15McneariteNaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2OTric.
20.2.16BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.17AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.2.18TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.2.19IrhtemiteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
20.2.20CamgasiteCaMg(AsO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
20.2.21PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.22BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2OTet. 4 2m : P4 2m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HaidingeriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haidinger (1825) Edinburgh Journal of Science: 3: 302.
Turner (1827) Edinburgh Journal of Science: 6: 317.
Sandberger, von Fridolin (1885): 407.
Des Cloizeaux (1888) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 11: 195.
de Schulten (1903) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 26: 20.
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 4: 105.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 82.
Guerin (1941) Annales de chimie, Paris: 16: 101.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 708-709.
Cassien, M., Herpin, P., Permingeat, F. (1966) Structure cristalline de la haidingérite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 89, 18-22.
Calleri M., Ferraris G. (1967): Struttura della haidingerite: CaH(AsO4)*H2O. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma, 1-23.
Abbona F., Ferraris G. (1970): Contributo alla conoscenza di minerali arsenicali; nota II: ricerche sulla disidratazione della weilite, della haidingerite e della pharmacolite. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, 183-204.
Ferraris, G., Jones, D. W., Yerkess, J. (1972): A neutron and X-ray refinement of the crystal structure of CaHAsO4•H2O (haidingerite). Acta Crystallographica B28, 209-214.
American Mineralogist (1979): 64:1248.
Kampf, A.R. & Ross, C.R., II: Am.Min.:73:1172-1178.

Internet Links for HaidingeriteHide

Localities for HaidingeriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic (TL)
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 709; Bull. Min. (1964): 87: 169.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 709.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
            • Sankt Jakob vein
American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 854-860, l982
Bari, H. (1982) Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie-aux-Mines (Haut-Rhin). Pierres et Terre: 23-24.; Meisser, N., Plasil, J., Brunsperger, T., Lheur, C., Skoda, R. (2019) Giftgrubeite, CaMn2Ca2(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2·4H2O, a new member of the hureaulite group from Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, Haut-Rhin Department, Vosges, France. Journal of Geosciences: 64(1): 73-80.
This mine worked the same vein as Gabe gottes mine. From the 19th century, ore from a large part of the Saint-Jacques mine network was transported to level -40 of Gabe Gottes before being sent to the processing plant. The mineralization of this sector is therefore very comparable to that of Gabe-Gotes.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Freudenstadt
        • Alpirsbach
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 712; Walenta, K. (1992) "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
Lapis 17(12), 24-33
    • Erzgebirgskreis
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 709.
      • Raschau-Markersbach
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 709.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Russia
 
  • Tuva
    • Todzhinsky District
Abrosimova, N., Gaskova, O., Loshkareva, A., Edelev, A., & Bortnikova, S. (2015). Assessment of the acid mine drainage potential of waste rocks at the Ak-Sug porphyry Cu–Mo deposit. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 157, 1-14.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Sierre
      • Anniviers
        • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 205.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mountains
        • Potosi Mining District
          • Adam Peak
MinRec 19:253-257
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
          • Manhattan
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 709; Mineralogical Record: 16: 86.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Bayliss, P. & St. J. Warne, S.: Powder Diffraction, 2:225-226 (1987): Dunn(1995):Pt5:669.
 
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