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Hatrurite

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About HatruriteHide

Approaching the Hatrurim Formation

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Formula:
Ca3(SiO4)O
Colour:
grey-white, colourless
Hardness:
6
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Name for the type locality, the Hatrurim Formation.
An important phase in cement clinker (Alite, C3S).

Seven polymorphs of Ca3SiO5 are known; some are stabilised by impurities.


Classification of HatruriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1977
9.AG.65

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination
52.4.7.3

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
14.5.8

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
5 : Silicates of Ca

Physical Properties of HatruriteHide

Colour:
grey-white, colourless
Streak:
white
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of HatruriteHide

Formula:
Ca3(SiO4)O
IMA Formula:
Ca3SiO5
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Fe,Mg

Crystallography of HatruriteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.15 Å, c = 25.56 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.575
Unit Cell V:
1,131.63 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of HatruriteHide

Reference:
Gross, S. (1977) The mineralogy of the Hatrurim formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel: 70: 1-80.

Synonyms of HatruriteHide

Other Language Names for HatruriteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AG.EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2 Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AG.05AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05Braunite-IICaMn3+14(SiO4)O20Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.10LångbaniteMn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
9.AG.15MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)OMon.
9.AG.15TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AG.15VanadomalayaiteCaV4+(SiO4)OMon.
9.AG.15Natrotitanite(Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AG.15ŻabińskiiteCa[Al0.5(Ta,Nb)0.5)](SiO4)OTric. 1
9.AG.20Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.20Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.20Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.25Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2(SiO4)O5Mon.
9.AG.25Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
9.AG.25Mieite-(Y)Y4Ti(SiO4)2O[F,(OH)]6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.AG.30SitinakiteKNa2Ti4(SiO4)2O5(OH) · 4H2OTet.
9.AG.35KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
9.AG.40aNatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OTet.
9.AG.40bParanatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OOrth.
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
9.AG.50Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
9.AG.55ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
9.AG.60MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
9.AG.60VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)Orth.
9.AG.70JasmunditeCa11(SiO4)4O2STet. 4 2m : I4m2
9.AG.75AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
9.AG.80BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
9.AG.85ZoltaiiteBaV4+2V3+12(SiO4)2O19Trig. 3 : P3
9.AG.90Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12Hex.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

52.4.7.1AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
52.4.7.2BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
52.4.7.4JasmunditeCa11(SiO4)4O2STet. 4 2m : I4m2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.5.1WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
14.5.2Wollastonite-7TCaSiO3
14.5.3Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3Mon.
14.5.4RankiniteCa3Si2O7Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.5.5KilchoaniteCa6(SiO4)(Si3O10)Orth.
14.5.6LarniteCa2SiO4Mon.
14.5.7BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4Orth.
14.5.9RosenhahniteHCa3[Si3O9(OH)]Tric.
14.5.10DellaiteCa6Si3O11(OH)2Tric.
14.5.11AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
14.5.12XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
14.5.13FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Tric.
14.5.14HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
14.5.15JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
14.5.16SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
14.5.17KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
14.5.18OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.19RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
14.5.20TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Ama2
14.5.21GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric.
14.5.22FoshallasiteCa3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)
14.5.23Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
14.5.24Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
14.5.25NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.26Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)Orth.
14.5.27JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HatruriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gross, S. (1977) The mineralogy of the Hatrurim formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel: 70: 1-80.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1978) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 424-427.
Nishi, F., Takéuchi, Y. (1984) The rhombohedral structure of tricalcium silicate at 1200 degrees °C. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 168: 197-212.
Nishi, F., Takéuchi, Y., Maki, I. (1985) Tricalcium silicate Ca3O[SiO4]: The monoclinic superstructure. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 172: 297-314.
Taylor, J.C., Aldridge, L.P. (1993) Full-profile Rietveld quantitative XRD analysis of Portland cement: Standard XRD profiles for the major phase tricalcium silicate (C3S: 3CaO.SiO2). Powder Diffraction: 8: 138-144.
Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Galuskina, I.O., Armbruster, T., Krzątała, A., Vapnik, Y., Kusz, J., Dulski, M., Gardocki, M., Gurbanov, A.G., Dzierżanowski, P. (2017) New minerals with a modular structure derived from hatrurite from the pyrometamorphic rocks. Part III. Gazeevite, BaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O, from Israel and the Palestine Autonomy, South Levant, and from South Ossetia, Greater Caucasus. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 499-513.

Internet Links for HatruriteHide

Localities for HatruriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Israel (TL)
 
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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