Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Hausmannite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Johann F. L. Hausmann
Formula:
Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Colour:
Brown-black
Lustre:
Resinous, Sub-Metallic, Dull
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.83 - 4.85
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Originally named "blättricher Schwarz-Braunstein" in 1813 by Johann Friedrich Ludwig Hausmann, Professor of Mineralogy, University of Göttingen, Germany (February 22, 1782, Hanover, Germany - December 26, 1859, Göttingen, Germany).

Renamed by Wilhelm Haidinger in 1827 in honor of Hausmann.
Black granular aggregates or as pseudo-octahedral crystals.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HausmanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.BB.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
B : Metal: Oxygen = 3:4 and similar
B : With only medium-sized cations
7.2.7.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
2 : AB2X4
7.18.2

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
18 : Oxides of Mn

Pronounciation of HausmanniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Debbie WoolfUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HausmanniteHide

Resinous, Sub-Metallic, Dull
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Brown-black
Streak:
Dark brown
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Very Good
{001} nearly perfect; {112} and {011} indistinct.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.83 - 4.85 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.84 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HausmanniteHide

RI values:
nω = 2.462 nε = 2.152
Birefringence:
0.310
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.310
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct
Reflectivity:
nmR=9.5-16.5 (470 nm%
nmR=8.1-15.5 (546 nm%
nmR=7.6-14.9 (589 nm%
nmR=7.1-14.4 (650 nm%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 9.5-16.5 (470 nm%.
Colour in reflected light:
Gray-white
Internal Reflections:
Deep blood-red to red-brown
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
O = light gray-white; E = dark gray-white
Comments:
Lamellar twinning in polished sections often visible.

Chemical Properties of HausmanniteHide

Formula:
Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Common Impurities:
Zn,Fe,Ca,Ba,Mg

Crystallography of HausmanniteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I41/amd
Setting:
I41/amd
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.762 Å, c = 9.470 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.644
Unit Cell V:
314.41 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Pseudo-octahedral {001}; {013} usually smooth and bright, {011} often dull and striated parallel to [100]. Massive, granular.
Twinning:
Twin plane {112}, often repeated as fivelings; also lamellar.

Crystallographic forms of HausmanniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Hausmannite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Hausmannite no.12 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Hausmannite no.13 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Epitaxial Relationships of HausmanniteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
JacobsiteMn2+Fe3+2O4
Epitaxy Comments:
Oriented intergrowths.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.924 (30)
3.089 (40)
2.881 (17)
2.768 (85)
2.487 (100)
2.463 (20)
2.367 (20)
2.037 (20)
1.8288 (7)
1.7988 (25)
1.7008 (10)
1.6405 (8)
1.5762 (25)
1.5443 (50)
1.5260 (2)
1.4721 (3)
1.4405 (20)
1.4260 (3)
1.3841 (4)
1.3823 (2)
1.3487 (6)
1.3055 (1)
1.2777 (10)
1.2431 (6)
1.2305 (5)
Comments:
ICDD 24-734 synthetic, 22 additional lines to 0.9146 with intensities 1-8; see also ICDD 18-791

Type Occurrence of HausmanniteHide

Synonyms of HausmanniteHide

Other Language Names for HausmanniteHide

Relationship of Hausmannite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
HetaeroliteZnMn2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
IwakiiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Andradite154 photos of Hausmannite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Calcite70 photos of Hausmannite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Datolite36 photos of Hausmannite associated with Datolite on mindat.org.
Baryte25 photos of Hausmannite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Gaudefroyite21 photos of Hausmannite associated with Gaudefroyite on mindat.org.
Ettringite19 photos of Hausmannite associated with Ettringite on mindat.org.
Hematite18 photos of Hausmannite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Manganite17 photos of Hausmannite associated with Manganite on mindat.org.
Rhodochrosite10 photos of Hausmannite associated with Rhodochrosite on mindat.org.
Asisite8 photos of Hausmannite associated with Asisite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.BB.05ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
4.BB.05CoulsoniteFe2+V3+2O4
4.BB.05CuprospinelCu2+Fe3+2O4Iso.
4.BB.05Filipstadite(Sb0.5Fe0.5)Mn2O4Iso.
4.BB.05FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05GahniteZnAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05HercyniteFe2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05JacobsiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4
4.BB.05MagnesiocoulsoniteMgV2O4Iso.
4.BB.05MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnesioferriteMgFe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
4.BB.05SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05TrevoriteNi2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05UlvöspinelFe2TiO4Iso.
4.BB.05VuorelaineniteMn2+V3+2O4
4.BB.05ZincochromiteZnCr2O4Iso.
4.BB.10HetaeroliteZnMn2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10IwakiiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.15MaghemiteFe3+2O3Iso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
4.BB.15TitanomaghemiteFe3+(Fe3+,Ti4+,Fe2+,◻)2O4Iso. 4 3 2 : P43 3 2
4.BB.20Tegengrenite(Mg,Mn2+)2Sb5+0.5(Mn3+,Si,Ti)0.5O4Trig.
4.BB.25XieiteFe2+Cr2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

7.2.7.2HetaeroliteZnMn2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.2.7.3HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.18.1ManganositeMnOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.18.3PyrolusiteMnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.18.4RamsdelliteMn4+O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.18.5Akhtenskiteε-Mn4+O2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.18.6FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.18.7ManganiteMn3+O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.18.8GroutiteMn3+O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.18.9Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2Hex.
7.18.10PyrochroiteMn(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
7.18.11Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.18.12Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.18.13CianciulliiteMn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of HausmanniteHide

Not fluorescent in ultraviolet

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Iron rich hausmannite is anomalously magnetic (Wessels mine).
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HausmanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Blättricher Schwarz-Braunstein. Handbuch der Mineralogie: 1: 293. Göttingen.
Haidinger, W. (1827) Royal Society of Edinburgh, Transactions: 11: 127.
Haidinger, W. (1828) Mineralogische Beschreibung der Manganerze. I. Prismatoïdisches Manganerz, Manganit. II. Pyramidales Manganerz, Hausmannit. III. Untheilbares Manganerz, Psilomelan. IV. Brachytypes Manganerz, Braunit. V. Prismatisches Manganerz, Pyrolusit: Poggendorffs Annalen der Physik und Chemie: 14: 197-211.
Turner, E. (1828) Chemical examination of the oxides of manganese. Part II. On the composition of the ores of manganese described by Mr. Haidinger. The Philosophical Magazine: 4: 96-104.
Haidinger, M.W. (1831) II. Pyramidal Manganese-ore Hausmannite. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: 11: 127-129.
Rammelsberg, J. (1865) Ann. Phys.: 124: 521.
Flink, G. (1888) Ak Stockholm, Bh.: 12(7): 40.
Koechlin (1908) Über Hausmannit und Braunitkrystalle von Brasilien. Min. Mitt.: 27: 262.
Miser, H.D., Fairchild, J.G. (1920) Hausmannite in the Batesville district, Arkansas. Washington Academy of Science Journal: 10(1): 1-8.
Aminoff, G. (1926) On the crystal structure of hausmannite (MnMn2O4). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 64: 475-490.
Krüll (1932) Chem. Erde: 7: 473.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 707: 712-715.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1974) 375.
Jarosch, D. (1987) Crystal structure refinement and reflectance measurements of hausmannite. Mineralogy and Petrology: 37: 15-23.
Kleyenstuber, A., Burger, A. (1995) Magnetic hausmannite from hydrothermally altered manganese ore in the Palaeoproterozoic Kalahari manganese deposit, Transvaal Supergroup, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine: 59: 703-716.
Baron, V., Gutzmer, J., Rundlöf, H., Tellgren, R. (1998) The influence of iron substitution on the magnetic properties of hausmannite, Mn2+(Fe,Mn)3+2O4. American Mineralogist: 83: 786-793.
Gillot, B., El Guendouzi, M., Laarj, M. (2001) Particle size effects on the oxidation-reduction behavior of Mn3O4 hausmannite. Materials Chemistry and Physics: 70: 54-60.

Internet Links for HausmanniteHide

Localities for HausmanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Skikda Province
    • Azzaba area
Seghir N., Kolli O. and Boutaleb A.(2012): La mineralisation manganesifere du Massif de Guettara (Ougarta, SW Algerien), 2eme Colloque International sur la Géologie du Sahara-Thème II Ressources minérales et Hydrocarbures
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Biedma Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, Industria y Minería. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
Hugo A. Peña (1970). Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán.
Ávila, J.C., Gozalvez, M.E. y Sardi, F.G., 1992. Los nódulos de manganeso de Tucumán.Su comparación con los de los fondos del Océano Pacífico. 1ra Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia y 1ra Jornada de Mineralogía, Petrografía y Metalogénesis de Rocas Ultrabásicas. Instituto de Recursos Minerales, UNLP. Publicación 2: 35-44.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Darling Co.
      • Tamworth
Kawachi Y., Ashley P. M., Vince D., Goodwin M., 1994. Sugilite in manganese silicate rocks from the Hoskins mine and Woods mine, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 58: 671-677
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, Volume 33, Issue 4 December 1986 , pages 443 - 456 ; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.; Ashley, P. M. (1986). An unusual manganese silicate occurrence at the Hoskins mine, Grenfell district, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 33(4), 443-456.; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
    • Inglis Co.
      • Danglemah
Howarth, F. (1973). Some contact metamorphic and manganiferous rocks from southern New England. BA thesis Macquarie University.
    • Yancowinna Co.
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
http://www.crocoite.com/census/minerals/hausmannite.xml
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Lesach valley
        • Podlanig
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Kaprun valley
        • Mooserboden reservoir
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Stubach valley
        • Fellern
          • Ferschbach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Lungau
      • Taurach valley
        • Fuchs Alp - Fuchs lake area (incl. Schwarz Alp; Schwarz lake; Kohlsberg Alp)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Huy
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Bolivia
 
  • El Beni Department
    • Itenez Province
Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld: Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 1998)
  • Santa Cruz Department
    • Chiquitos Province
Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz)
    • Ñuflo de Chavez Province
Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia, p148-150 (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Sarajevo Canton
      • Ilijaš municipality
Vujanovic, V. (1962): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ore deposits of Cevljanovic, Bosnia. Glasnik Prirod. Muzeja Beogradu (1962), 16-17 (Ser. A), 219-263.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Urandi
Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Iron Quadrangle
No reference listed
collection of Natural History Museum Vienna
Burkina Faso
 
  • Centre-Nord Region
Sattran, V. & Wenmenga, U. (2002): Géologie du Burkina Faso - Geology of Burkina Faso. Czech Geological Survey, 136 pp. ; Hénocque, O., Ruffet, G., Colin, F., & Féraud, G. (1998). < sup> 40 Ar/< sup> 39 Ar dating of West African lateritic cryptomelanes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 62(16), 2739-2756.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Colchester Co.
      • Truro
D.G. Bishop and J.D. Wright, "Geology and Trace Element Studies of Manganese Occurrences in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. of Nat. Res., Economic Geology Series, ME 1974-1, 1974.
    • Hants Co.
Ronnie Van Dommelen Collection
      • Walton
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 553
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Elqui Province
      • La Serena
Oyarzun, R., Ortega, L., Sierra, J., Lunar, R., and Oyarzun, J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 547-559.
    • Limarí Province
      • Fragua district
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Liancheng Co.
        • Liancheng Mn deposit
Lisheng Luo (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(2), 13-16
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Jingxi Co.
Ruixia Hao and Guangyue Guan (1995): China's Manganese Industry 13(1)
    • Chongzuo Prefecture
      • Daxin Co.
Ruixia Hao and Guangyue Guan (1995): China's Manganese Industry 13(1); Zeng, Y., and Liu, T. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 153-163
  • Guizhou Province
    • Zunyi Prefecture
      • Zunyi Co.
Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Yangxin Co.
Junping Dong (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 21-24, 44
    • Wuhan Prefecture
      • Huangpi District
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
  • Hunan Province
    • Xiangtan Prefecture
      • Yuhu District
Xiang Gao, Anhuai Lu, Shan Qin, and Zhe Zheng (2003): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 22(1), 77-79
    • Yiyang Prefecture
      • Heshan District
Hunan Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28; Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Linxi Co.
        • Guandi
Baisheng Zhang (1998): Mineral Resources and Geology 12(5), 318-323
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jingdezhen Prefecture
      • Leping Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Chaoyang Co.
Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Lianshan District
Yongwei Li, Xinguo Liu, and Changxi Guo (2010): Gold Science and Technology 18(2), 45-50
  • Qinghai Province
    • Golog Autonomous Prefecture (Guoluo Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Maqên Co.
        • Dur'ngoi Ophiolite
Duan Guolian (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(2), 20-24
    • Haibei Autonomous Prefecture
      • Qilian Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Ankang Prefecture
      • Ziyang Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Xixiang Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan Province
    • Dazhou Prefecture
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Leshan Prefecture
      • Jinkouhe District
Xingfen Wang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(12), 8-11; Hongjun Qu (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(6), 1-5; Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151
    • Meishan Prefecture
      • Hongya Co.
Hongjun Qu (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(6), 1-5
    • Mianyang Prefecture
      • Pingwu Co.
        • Mt Xuebaoding
          • Huya township
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
      • Youxian District
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Heishui Co.
Shengming Lu (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(5), 7, 30-32
    • Ya'an Prefecture
      • Hanyuan Co.
Hongjun Qu (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(6), 1-5; Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151
Hongjun Qu (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(6), 1-5
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Hejing Co. (Xejing Co.)
        • Baluntai
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Heqing Co.
Xingyu Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(8), 23-27; Zhangxiang Peng (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(10), 14-18
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190; Hongwei Wang, Xingping Wen, Hailiang Chang, and Can Liu (2013): Geology and Exploration 49(2), 257-264
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Jianshui Co.
Hunan Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28; Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yanshan Co.
Wenxin Yu (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(3), 20-25
Egypt
 
  • South Sinai Governorate
    • Abu Zeneima (Abu Zenima)
Manganese Reserves and Resources of the World and its Industrial
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Tohmajärvi
Alviola, Reijo 1973. Unpublished, GTK:n kallioperäosaston rntgenlaboratorin ajo 14063.
France
 
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Faucogney-et-la-Mer
        • Esmoulières
          • Saphoz
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
Perseil, E. A. (1967): Manganese mineralization of the Upper Devonian in Las Cabesses (Ariege). Comptes Rendus du Congres National des Societes Savantes, Section des Sciences 91 (Part 2), 313-321.
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Argut-Dessus
Inventaire minéralogique de la France numero 8 Haute Garonne pages 20 et 21
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
        • Nabias
European J. Mineralogy, 11/5, 879-890
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Corneilla-de-Conflent
        • Plateau d'Ambulla (Las Ambollas)
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
      • Saint-Paul-sur-Ubaye
        • Maljasset
Bourbon M., Fonteilles M. (1972): Présence de pyrosmaltite et de rhodonite dans un horizon manganésifère oxydé du Crétacé supérieur briançonnais. Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. cristallogr., 95, 623-624.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Oberkirch
        • Ödsbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Titisee-Neustadt
        • Eisenbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Triberg
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Villingen
        • Unterkirnach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • St Roman
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Zell am Harmersbach
        • Harmersbach valley
          • Schottenhöfe
No reference listed
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
Lorenz, J. (1991): Die Mineralien im Rhyolithsteinbruch von Sailauf, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 1-38
  • Hesse
    • Limburg
      • Steeden
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Wetzlar
      • Rodheim-Bieber
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Peine
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Kell am See
        • Greimerath
Aufschluß 76/2 & 88/5
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Elbingerode
Lapis 2003(2), 13-20
        • Schävenholz (Schebenholz; Schäbenholz)
Witzke, T. (2013): Die Minerale der Manganlagerstätte Schävenholz bei Elbingerode, Harz.- Aufschluss 64, 69-80
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
No reference listed
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Ilfeld
MOHS, F. (1824): Pyramidales Mangan-Erz.- Grundriss der Mineralogie, vol. II, p. 484-486
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Friedrichroda
        • Gottlob Hill
[MinRec 32:417]
      • Ilmenau District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Geraberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Langewiesen
HAUSMANN, J.F.L. (1813): Blättricher Schwarz-Braunstein.- Handbuch der Mineralogie, Vol. 1, p. 293. Göttingen
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
No reference listed
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Vizianagaram District
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1083-1104
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1083-1104
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Balaghat District
Dasgupta, S., Bhattacharya, P. K., Banerjee, H., Fukuoka, M., Majumdar, N., & Suprya, R. (1987). Calderite-rich garnets from metamorphosed manganese silicate rocks of the Sausar Group, India, and their derivation. Mineral Mag, 51, 577-583.
    • Jabalpur Division
      • Chhindwara District (Chindawara District; Chindwara District)
Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
  • Maharashtra
    • Bhandara District
MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 558-60
Mineralogical Magazine 1968 36 : 1034-1036.
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Koraput District
Acharya, B.C., Rao, D.S., and Sahoo, R.K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 79-93.
Indonesia
 
  • Sumatra (Sumatera)
    • Bangka-Belitung Province
      • Belitung Island (Biliton Island)
Econ Geol. (1992) 87:76-98
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Castello, P. (1982): Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1982, 87-92.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
          • Terzigno
Luigi Chiappino data
          • Torre del Greco
- Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Mariano Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
          • Reppia
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
Bracco, R. and Balestra, C. (2014): La miniera di Monte Nero, Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia, Liguria: minerali classici e novità. Micro, 12, 1, 2-28.
      • Vara Valley
        • Borghetto Vara
EDX analysis, by AMI SIUK
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
            • Muretto Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Marche
    • Macerata Province
P. Mattias- M. Guerra (2008) - Le miniere nelle Marche II° parte Miniere e mineralizzazioni-Giacimenti e vicende Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze detta dei XL
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Corsaglia Valley
        • Montaldo di Mondovì
          • Borgata Oberti
Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Cadoni, M., Armellino, G., Piccoli, G.C., Ambrino, P., Blass, G., Odicino, G., Ciuffardi, M. (2011): Montaldo di Mondovì Minerali della miniera di manganese e ferro. Micro, 9, 4-21.
      • Gesso Valley
        • Valdieri
          • San Lorenzo
Parola, F. (2015): I minerali della Miniera del Lausetto in Valle Gesso (Cuneo). Tesi di laurea in Scienze Geologiche. Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Torino, 47 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Siena Province
      • Murlo
        • Pompana
R. Meli (1999): I minerali del Fosso della Chiesa, Murlo (Siena) - Riv. Mineral. Ital., 23, 2: 103-105
Jamaica
Strohel E. (1971, June). The Mineralogy of Jamaican Bauxite. In The Journal of the Geological Society of Jamaica, Proceedings of bauxite/alumina symposium p63.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi Prefecture
        • Kita-Shidara-gun
          • Shidara-cho
Am. Min. 89, 232-238
      • Fukui Prefecture
        • Mikata-kaminaka-gun
          • Wakasa-cho
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
      • Gifu Prefecture
Lee, D. E. (1955)
Donald E. Lee (1955)
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Kami-Ina-gun
Lee, D. E. (1955); Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
      • Shizuoka prefecture
        • Numazu City
Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
        • Minobu
          • Shimobe
mineralhunters.hp.infoseek.co.jp/kusama.html
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
Lee, D. E. (1955)
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Kiryuu City
Minerals in Japan (Field Best Encyclopedia V. 15, 2003)
Matsubara, S., & Kato, A. (1980) Nagashimalite, Ba4 (V3+, Ti) 4 [(O, OH) 2| Cl| Si8B2O27], a new mineral from the Mogurazawa mine, Gumma prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 10(3), 122-130.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Midori City
          • Seta
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; 加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Takanomine mine
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Hadano City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Urayama
K. Nishikubo, T. Yamada, A. Harada, M. Takizawa, K. Tange, Y. Kosuge, R. Miyawaki, and S. Matsubara (2005) "Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan"
        • Hannou
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
          • Nichiden mine (Nihon Denki mine)
Kato, A. (2012) Reference informations on distributed specimens at the ordinary meeting of Mumeikai Group, #6 (April, 2012).
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
      • Tochigi Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
        • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
University of Tokyo collection
        • Tanuma
Collection of NHM, Vienna
      • Tokyo Metropolis
        • Nishi-Tama-gun
          • Okutama-cho
N. Aikawa (1987) Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 30, 1-13.; 加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
Bull. Kanagawa pref. Mus. (Nat. Sci.), 22, 25-32 (1993)
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Taka-gun
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kyoto City
          • Kita-ku
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto); Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
          • Sakyou-ku
Masutomi Museum specimens
          • Ukyou-ku
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto); Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
        • Nantan City
          • Miyama
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Shiga prefecture
        • Gamou-gun
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
        • Ritto City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Yoshinaga, Mayumi. "Sonolite, a new manganese silicate mineral." Mem Fac Sci Kyushu Univ Ser D Geol 14 (1963): 1-21.; Harada, Zyunpéi (1954) Chemical Analyses of Japanese Minerals (III) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy = 北海道大學理學部紀要, 8(4):289-348
        • Takashima City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
        • Nishiaizu-machi
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Karumai
Harada, Zyunpéi (1954) Chemical Analyses of Japanese Minerals (III) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy = 北海道大學理學部紀要, 8(4):289-348
        • Kuji City
          • Yamagata
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Nambu, M. & Tanida, K. (1961): On the progressive alteration of manganese dioxide minerals in the Toyoguchi Mine, Iwate Prefecture. Ganseki Kobutsu Kosho Gakkaishi 45, 39-48. (in Japanese)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Noda-mura
Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan); Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
        • Kuzumaki
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Morioka
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shimohei-gun
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Yamada-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Yamada
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Takachiho
Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Amami-Oshima Island
          • Oshima-gun
            • Setouchi-cho
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
    • Oita prefecture
      • Tsukumi
Alfredo Petrov collection
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Iyo-gun
        • Tobe-cho
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
      • Seiyo City
        • Nomura
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kochi Prefecture
      • Ino
Stefan Wolfsried photo
      • Kami City
加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
      • Nankoku city
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 103,400-406(2008)
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
V.V. Kalinin data
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Sierra Mojada
      • Sierra Mojada
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 841-852
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Mineralogical Record (2003) 34:5 The Ojuela Mine
Moore, T.P. and Megaw, P.K.M. (2003): Famous mineral localities: The Ojuela mine, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico. The Mineralogical Record, 34(5), 1-91
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Panczner (1987): 226.
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Azilal Province
Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
No reference listed; No literature reference
FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71. (in French)
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425. American Mineralogist, Volume 73, pages 888-893, 1988
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English); Cabral, A. R., Moore, J. M., Mapani, B. S., Koubová, M., & Sattler, C. D. (2011). Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, 114(1), 57-76.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Oman
 
  • Al Batinah Region (Ad Batinah Region)
AmMin 85:242-250
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kratovo-Zletovo ore District
Bulletin of the Chemists and Technologists of Macedonia, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 171–184 (2004); RMZ - Materials and Geoenvironment Vol 52 No. 3 pp 535-548 (2006)
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Pál-Molnár (2000)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Aldan
A.A. Kim, N.V. Zayakina (2001) Native manganese from alkali picrites of central Aldan. Otechestvennaya Geologia, (5), 32–34 (in Russian).
      • Polar Yakutia
Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Malyi Khingan Range
Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
No reference listed
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Števko M., Plecháček J., Venclík V., Malíková R., 2015: Hausmannit a manganosit z mangánového ložiska Čučma-Čierna baňa (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 23, 1, 39-42. (in Slovak with English abstract)
  • Nitra Region
    • Levice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Minerals of South Africa; Econ Geol (1990) 85:1172-1185
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Wilson, W.E. & Dunn, P.J., (1978) Famous localities: The Kalahari manganese field. Mineralogical Record 9(3) 137-153; Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record: 22(4) pp 286.
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;; Beukes, N. J., Burger, A. M., & Gutzmer, J. (1995). Fault-controlled hydrothermal alteration of Palaeoproterozoic manganese ore in Wessels Mine, Kalahari manganese field. South African Journal of Geology, 98(4), 430-451.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
[Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues ... Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa
Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
    • Postmasburg manganese field
      • Eastern Belt
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
      • Kathu
        • Sishen
John M. Moore, Barbara K. Kuhn, Darren F. Mark, and Harilaos Tsikos (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. Eur. J. Mineral. 23, 661-673.
      • Western Belt
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Cangas de Onís
      • Covadonga
- Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
  • Cantabria
    • Sierra de Arnero
      • La Florida mining area
Rossi, C., Lozano, R.P., Isanta, N. y Hellstrom, J. (2010). Manganese stromatolites in caves: El Soplao (Cantabria, Spain). Geology, 38, 1119–1122
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
(Kjell Gatedal);Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.
  • Dalsland
    • Åmål
      • Strandhem ore field
No reference listed
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Ödestugu
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Arvika
      • Glava
Lundegardh, P.H. (1996): Beskrivning till Berggrundskartan över Värmlands Län. In Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning Nr 45:2, pag. 394-405
    • Filipstad
Rocks & Minerals (1987): 62: 166; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 782, 857, 927; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
Holtstam, D. & Langhof, J. eds. (1999): Långban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers. Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, p. 89
Flink, G. (1922): Akrochordit, ett nytt mineral från Långbans gruvor. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger. 44: 773-776.
      • Långban district
Kjell Gatedal
      • Nordmark district
Magnusson, N.H. (1929): Nordmarks malmtrakt. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, series Ca 13, 98p.
Flink, G. (1891): Mineralogische Notizen III, 6. Hausmannit von Jacobsberg, Meddelanden fran Stockholms Högskola, Vol. 115, pp. 10-14; Mineralogical Record: 32: 311.
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Mineralogical Magazine(1978) 42, 133-136
Nysten, P. (1994): Alabandit och synadelfit, Nordmark. Långbansnytt. vol 10. [reprinted in: Långbansnytt. De första 20 åren 1983-2003. Långbansällskapet - Skrifter och rapporter. 2, 43]
Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag til Sveriges mineralogi. 3. Adelit, ett basiskt arseniat från Nordmarken och Långban. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13: 781-796; Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1027; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
Lee, D. (1958) AN ANDRADITE-SPESSARTITE GARNET FROM PAJSBERG, SWEDEN. American Mineralogist 43:208-215
  • Västergötland
    • Karlsborg
Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Igelström, L. J. (1888): Arseniopleit, ein neues mineral von der hausmannit- und braunitgrube Sjögrufvan, Kirchspiel Grythyttan, Gouvernement Oerebro, Schweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie. 2, 117-122; Holtstam, D. (2001): W and V mineralization in Långban-type Fe-Mn deposits: Epigenetic or Syngenetic? Geologiske Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 123: 29-33; Moore, P. B. (1967). Welinite, a new mineral from LAngban. Arkiv fOr Mineralogi och Geologi, 4, 407-411.
    • Lindesberg
Collection Bergsskolan, Filipstad. Kjell Gatedal Photo (8120)
Switzerland
 
No reference listed
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2011): I minerali dell'Alpe Tanatz. Passo dello Spluga (Grigioni, Svizzera). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2011, 90-99
  • St Gallen
    • Alvier Group
      • Sargans
Die Mineralien der Schweiz, M. Weibel et al. 1990
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Pipjitälli
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 347.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Täsch Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 30-31
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Denizli Province
      • Kale
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
  • Black Sea Region
USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC158-C161
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Lezant
Famous British Mineral Localities: Greystone Quarry, Lezant, Cornwall. N Elton, D Green, J Hooper & S Weiss. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals No 24, 2004, pp 9-28
    • Cumbria
      • West Cumberland Iron Field
        • Bigrigg
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
BMS Database
    • Devon
      • Dartmoor & Teign Valley District
        • Doddiscombsleigh
Bernie Millington Collection
    • Somerset
      • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46.
      • Holwell
BMS Database
  • Wales
    • Bridgend
      • Porthcawl
Criddle & Symes, 1977
    • Gwynedd
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Rhiw
UK Journal of mines & Minerals, number 29 pp47-48
United Arab Emirates
 
  • Fujayrah Emirate (Fujairah)
    • Semail Ophiolite
Gnos, E. and Peters, T. (1995) Tephroite-hausmannite-galaxite from a granulite-facies manganese rock of the United Arab Emirates. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 120: 372-377.
        • Bani Hamid area
Am. Min., Volume 85, 242–250, 2000
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Melozitna District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Morenci
Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Pikes Peak District
MRDS file #10027526.
      • Tip Top District
Harrer, C.M (1964), US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8236: 64; MRDS file #10048190.
    • Pima Co.
      • Las Guijas & San Luis Mts
        • Arivaca District (Las Guijas District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145, 244; Hewett, D.F. (1972), Manganite, hausmannite, braunite: Features, modes of origin, Economic Geology: 67: 83-102.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Harshaw District
          • Harshaw
            • Hardshell Gulch
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244.
      • Santa Rita Mts
        • Tyndall District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Amado
              • Devil's Cash Box ridge
                • Glove Mine group (Zombie & Zeco claims; Festiago-Franklin; Blacksmith adit)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
  • Arkansas
    • Independence Co.
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas
Tony Nikischer
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
    • Izard Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
Jay Ellis Ransom, 1974, Gems and Minerals of America
    • Stone Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Shelter Cove
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • West Belt
        • Granite Springs District
          • Granite Springs
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 106-108; Bowen, O.E., Jr. & C.H. Gray, Jr. (1957), Mines and mineral deposits of Mariposa County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 53(1&2): 191, 324, Pl. 4; Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 50-52; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 214; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 165.
    • Nevada Co.
      • Spenceville District
        • Higgins Corner
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 48; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 165; Economic Geology (1992): 87: 2023-2040.; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
        • Limekiln
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.; Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 47, 48; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 165.
    • Placer Co.
      • Ophir District (Auburn District; Duncan Hill District)
Fairbanks, Harold W. (1890), Geology of the Mother Lode region: California Mining Bureau. Report 10: 47; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Edmanton District (Meadow Valley District)
Miser, Hugh Dinsmore & John G. Fairchild (1920), Hausmannite in the Batesville district, Arkansas: Washington Academy of Science Journal: 10: 6; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215.
    • San Joaquin Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Ladd-Buckeye District
          • Castle Rock
Bradley, W.W. (1943), Thirty-ninth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 39: 98; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 189: 101, 215; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 167.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
      • Los Osos
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 168-171; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 232-233; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.
Taliaferro, Nicholas Lloyd & F.S. Hudson (1943a), Genesis of the manganese deposits of the Coast Ranges of California: California Division Mines Bulletin: 269; Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 168-171; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 240-241; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.
      • San Luis Obispo
        • Prefumo Canyon
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 86, 168-171; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 237; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Black Wonder District
          • East Foothills
Rogers, Austin Flint (1919b), An interesting occurrence of manganese minerals near San Jose, California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 48: 444; Rogers, Austin Flint (1924b), Kempite, a new manganese mineral from Santa Clara County, California: American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 8: 145-150; […(abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 36: 206 (1925)]: 206; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59, 215, 235; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167; www.mineralsocal.org
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
          • Mount Hamilton
            • San Antonio Valley
Pete J. Dunn, Donald R. Peacor, Richard C. Erd, and Robert A. Ramik (1986) Franciscanite and örebroite, two new minerals from California and Sweden, related to redefined welinite. American Mineralogist, 71:1522-1526.
    • Siskiyou Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Liberty District
          • Snowden
O’Brien, J.C. (1947), Mines and mineral resources of Siskiyou County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 43): 43(4): 455-456; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.
    • Stanislaus Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Ladd-Buckeye District
          • Mount Oso
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.; Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 59; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Chicago Rock
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10033733.
        • Mad River Rock
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 310, 314, 314; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167; www.mineralsocal.org.
        • Ruth
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Shannon Butte
          • Armstrong property
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 309-310; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.
        • Three Forks
O’Brien, J.C. (1943), Current notes on activity in the strategic minerals, Redding field district: California Division Mines Report 39: 84; Taliaferro, Nicholas Lloyd & F.S. Hudson (1943), Genesis of the manganese deposits of the Coast Ranges of California: California Division Mines Bulletin: 269; Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 59; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 159, 215; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 303; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
        • Van Horn Peak
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 319; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Upper Hayfork Creek area
          • Red Mountain
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 45; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215, 362; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 167, 460.
  • Colorado
    • Park Co.
      • South Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Alder Limonite Deposit (Round Hill Deposit; Miller Vein Deposit; Decker Creek Deposit)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Blake District (Mirage District; Cotton Creek District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Bonanza District (Kerber Creek District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Crestone District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Maine
    • Aroostook Co.
      • TD R2 WELS
Pavlides, Louis and Milton, Charles, 1962, Geology and Manganese Deposits of the Maple and Hovey Mountains Area, Aroostook County, Maine, U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 362, pp. 116 + plates.
Pavlides, Louis and Milton, Charles, 1962, Geology and Manganese Deposits of the Maple and Hovey Mountains Area, Aroostook County, Maine, U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 362, pp. 116 + plates.
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
    • Iron Co.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Caspian
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
        • Stambaugh
Rocks & Min.:58:109.
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Marquette iron range
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Missouri
    • Madison Co.
      • Fredericktown District
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn, P.J.: The Picking Table:28(2):4-6 (1987); Dunn(1995):Pt4:594-595.
Dunn(1995):Pt4:595.
  • New Mexico
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996
Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881,Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey
  • Oklahoma
    • Coal Co.
      • Bromide
Rocks & Min. vol. 72 (1997)
    • Johnston Co.
      • Bromide
R&M 72:4 pp 252-264
  • Oregon
    • Polk Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Tennessee
    • Bradley Co.
      • Red Hills District
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Monroe Co.
      • Sweetwater Barite District-Eastern Belt
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Texas
    • Llano Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Mason Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
      • Fly Gap
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
  • Virginia
    • Pittsylvania Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Mn-Fe-Ba District
AmMin 87:690-698 (2002)
  • Washington
    • Clallam Co.
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Elwah Ranger Station
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
      • Heckles
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56
      • Lake Crescent
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.38,56,62,79; Rocks & Min.: 17:20.
      • Mount Muller
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
      • Sappho
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Snyder Ranger Station
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
        • Littleton Creek
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
    • Grays Harbor Co.
      • Quinault Lake
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
Vietnam
 
  • Cao Bang Province
    • Quang Uyen District
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
    • Trung Khanh District
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: August 20, 2017 23:59:28 Page generated: August 7, 2017 09:32:20
Go to top of page