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About HawleyiteHide

James Edwin (Ed) Hawley
Bright yellow
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
4.87 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Named in 1955 by Robert James Traill and Robert William Boyle in honor of Professor James Edwin (Ed) Hawley [September 27, 1897 Kingston, Ontario, Canada – April 20, 1965], professor of mineralogy at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada and a specialist in sulfide ore deposit theory.
Dimorph of:
Yellow powdery coatings that also look like greenockite. Much that is attributed to greenockite is actually hawleyite.

Classification of HawleyiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.

8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
4 : Sulphides etc. of Group II metals other than Hg (Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd)

Pronounciation of HawleyiteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HawleyiteHide

Translucent, Opaque
Bright yellow
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
4.87 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of HawleyiteHide


Crystallography of HawleyiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
F4 3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.818 Å
Unit Cell V:
196.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Fine grained powdery coatings

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000070HawleyiteTraill R J, Boyle R W (1955) Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral American Mineralogist 40 555-55919550293
0000111HawleyiteSkinner B J (1961) Unit-cell edges of natural and synthetic sphalerites American Mineralogist 46 1399-14111961synthetic0293
0018121HawleyiteUlrich F, Zachariasen W (1925) Ueber die Kristallstruktur des alpha und beta Cd S, sowie des Wurtzits _cod_database_code 1011260 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 62 260-27319250293
0011517HawleyiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
0018113HawleyiteMueller W, Loeffler G (1933) Zur Kenntnis der Faerbung von gefaelltem Cadmiumsulfid _cod_database_code 1011251 Angewandte Chemie (German Edition) 46 538-53919330293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Fine coatings on sphalerite - probably of secondary origin

Type Occurrence of HawleyiteHide

Other Language Names for HawleyiteHide

Simplified Chinese:黄硫镉矿

Relationship of Hawleyite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BrowneiteMnS Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
ColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
Ishiharaite(Cu,Ga,Fe,In,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
MetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Rudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
SphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
StilleiteZnSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
TiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Hawleyite associated with SmithsoniteZnCO3
4 photos of Hawleyite associated with SphaleriteZnS
2 photos of Hawleyite associated with GreenockiteCdS
2 photos of Hawleyite associated with QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Hawleyite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
2 photos of Hawleyite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
2 photos of Hawleyite associated with MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
2 photos of Hawleyite associated with Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Valleriite)(Cu,Fe2+)4(Fe2+,Fe3+)3S4(OH,O)6
1 photo of Hawleyite associated with Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
1 photo of Hawleyite associated with GalenaPbS

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 4 3m : F4 3m 4 3m : F4 3m 4 3m : F4 3m 4 3m : F4 3m m3m (4/m 3 2/m),Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.4.2Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.4.4SphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.4.5Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
3.4.6StilleiteZnSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.4.7GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
3.4.9CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains cadmium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for HawleyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
Cerny, P. (1957) Second occurrence of hawleyite-b-CdS. Casopis Mineralogii a Geologii: 2: 13-16.
Augustithis, S.S. and Vgenopoulos, A. (1982) On the hawleyite-sphalerite-wurtzite-galena paragenesis from Ragada, Komotini, (Rhodope) North Greece. Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits: 2: 413-417.
Deore, S. and Navrotsky, A. (2006) Oxide melt solution calorimetry of sulfides: Enthalpy of formation of sphalerite, galena, greenockite, and hawleyite. American Mineralogist: 91: 400-403.

Internet Links for HawleyiteHide

Localities for HawleyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Magnet
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
A.Pichler (2003)
  • Vorarlberg
    • Bludenz District
      • Silbertal
        • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
Kolitsch, U. (2009): 1578) Hawleyit, Hemimorphit, Hydrozinkit, Posnjakit und Sphalerit von der Putzkammeralpe im Rindertal (Gaflunatal) Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 202-203 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
Jedwab, J., Van Tassel, R. (1977) Greenockite de Belgique = hawleyite. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 100, 9.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
      • Lontzen
        • Walhorn
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 85, 2016, p. 30 - 55 Minéralogie de l’ancienne mine plomb-zinc de
      • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
      • Theux
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
      • Verviers
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
      • Wanze
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Namur
      • Andenne
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
No reference listed
      • Namur
Blondieau, M. et al. (2012): Minéralogie de la carrière de Beez, Province de Namur (Belgique). Le Règne Minéral, 104, 5-26.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Černý, P., Harris, D.C. (1978) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba. XI. Native elements, alloys, sulfides and sulfosalts. The Canadian Mineralogist, 16(4), 625-640.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bernic Lake, Manitoba: Mining for Space-age Elements. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 64-67; 153-155.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Springer, G. (1989): Chlorine-bearing and other uncommon minerals in the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury District, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 311-313
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
        • Calumet
TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
        • Elsa
M.Mauthner (collection)
JF Carpentier collection
JAMBOR, J.L. & BOYLE, R.W. (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill B Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
R.W. Boyle (1965)
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda
minerals confirmed by Dr. Jochen Schluter Pdf analysis
  • Atacama
    • Cerro Blanco
Handbook of Mineralogy; Clark, A. H., & Sillitoe, R. H. (1971). Hawleyite from Mina Coquimbana (Cerro Blanco), Atacama Province, Chile. N Jb Miner Mh, 205-210.
  • Guizhou
    • Qiannan
      • Duyun County
Tiegeng Liu, Qian Zhang, Lin Ye, and Shuxun Shao (2004): Geology in China 31(1), 40-45
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Suxian District
Damao Wu and Yansong Tan (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 34-36
Czech Republic
  • Zlín Region
    • Uherské Hradiště District
      • Komňa
Kruťa, T.: Příspěvky k moravské topografické mineralogii VI. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, 1956, roč. 41, s. 5-30.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Pinols
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
        • Le Bosc
Niels van Velzen Purchased in 1999. Dealer unknown
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza mines (Kamareza mines)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Km 3
            • Kaminiza mines
Branko Rieck collection and PXRD-analysis
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Rhodope
Amstutz, G. C., El Goresy, A., Frenzel, G., Kluth, C., Moh, G., Wauschkuhn, A., & Zimmermann, R. A. (Eds.). (2012). Ore Genesis: The State of the Art (Vol. 2). Springer Science & Business Media.
  • Heves County
    • Parádsasvár (Üveghuta)
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl; Minerals and their Localities, 2004; Szakáll - Gatter: Minerals of Hungary
  • Karnataka
    • Kolar District
Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.
        • Central Schist Belt
Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
  • Sistan and Baluchestan Province
    • Iranshahr County
      • Bazman Volcano
Ali Sholeh, Ebrahim Rastad, David Huston, J. Bruce Gemmell and Ryan D. Taylor (2016): The Chahnaly Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit, Western Makran Volcanic Arc, Southeast Iran. Economic Geology 111, 619-639.
  • Connacht
    • Galway County
      • Killimor
Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 1.; Morrissey, C. J. (1970) The Mineralogy, Structure and Origin of the Lead-zinc-copper Residual Orebody at Tynagh, County Gamay, Ireland (Doctoral dissertation, Imperial College of Science and Technology London).
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Ogniben G., De Pieri R. (1967) - I minerali di alterazione di Su Friscu (Giacimento di Funtana Raminosa, Sardegna) - Per. Min. Roma, n. 36, vol III, pp. 659-671 and M. Boscardin: Informazioni di mineralogia Italiana: Minerali secondari della miniera di Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna) Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo, n. 1, March 1974, pag. 5
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Ena City
Matsubara & Nomura (1982) Chigaku Kenkyu, 33, 197-199
  • Shiga Prefecture
    • Konan City
      • Ishibe
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto); Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Amman Governorate
Fleurance, S., Cuney, M., Malartre, F., & Reyx, J. (2013). Origin of the extreme polymetallic enrichment (Cd, Cr, Mo, Ni, U, V, Zn) of the Late Cretaceous–Early Tertiary Belqa Group, central Jordan. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 369, 201-219.
  • Chihuahua
    • Aquiles Serdán Municipality
University of Arizona analysis, M. Origlieri
New Zealand
  • Waikato Region
    • Matamata-Piako District
      • Te Aroha
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Nilsen, Øyvind Juul (1993): Konnerudområdets sekundærmineraler. STEIN 20 (1), 12-21
  • Beja
    • Odemira
      • São Luís
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
  • Bihor
    • Brusturi
collected: Gábor Koller, analysed: Sándor Szakáll, Béla Fehér EDS, and PXRD;
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
    • Lovozersky District
      • Keivy Mountains
Voytekhovsky, Yu.L. (2008): New finding of cadmium sulfide in kyanite schists of Kola Peninsula. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 63-66
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Valais
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin mining district
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 198.
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
  • Sughd
    • Kuraminskii Range
      • Altyn-Topkan ore field
Enikeev, M. R. (1970): Find of hawleyite. Zapiski Uzbekistanskogo Otdeleniya Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, No. 23, 112-114.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
No reference listed
  • England
    • Derbyshire
      • Derbyshire Dales District
        • Eyam
Steve Sorrell Collection
      • North East Derbyshire District
        • Ashover
          • Milltown
BMS Database; Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Dragoon District (Golden Rule District)
        • Buena Vista and Horse Fall Mines
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244.
      • Rustler Park
Rolf Luetcke
rolf luetcke
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Eakle, A.S. (1917) Minerals associated with crystalline limestone at Crestmore, Riverside County, California. University of California Bull. Department of Geology: 10: 352; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 86.
  • Colorado
    • Gilpin Co.
      • Central City Mining District (Central Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Caribou Co.
      • Soda Springs
Kampf, A. R., Nash, B. P., & Loomis, T. A. (2013). Phosphovanadylite-Ca, Ca [V4 4+ P2O8 (OH) 8]· 12H2O, the Ca analogue of phosphovanadylite-Ba. American Mineralogist, 98(2-3), 439-443.
  • Indiana
    • Pike Co.
MinRec 15:351
  • Maine
    • Oxford County
      • Rumford
Scott Soucey and Tim Blake specimens
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Eureka Mining District
        • Ruby Hill
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mount Hope Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi Mining District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
Tom Loomis specimen; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • Pershing Co.
      • Nightingale Mining District
Tony Nickischer specimen and analysis.
    • White Pine Co.
      • Ward Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
M Massis collection
    • Socorro Co.
      • Magdalena District
        • Magdalena
ID by Inna Lykova with PXRD and EDS.
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone Mining District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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