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James Edwin (Ed) Hawley
Bright yellow
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
4.87 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Named in 1955 by Robert James Traill and Robert William Boyle in honor of Professor James Edwin (Ed) Hawley [September 27, 1897 Kingston, Ontario, Canada – April 20, 1965], professor of mineralogy at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada and a specialist in sulfide ore deposit theory.
Dimorph of:
Yellow powdery coatings that also look like greenockite. Much that is attributed to greenockite is actually hawleyite.

Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HawleyiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.

8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
4 : Sulphides etc. of Group II metals other than Hg (Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd)

Pronounciation of HawleyiteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HawleyiteHide

Translucent, Opaque
Bright yellow
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
4.87 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of HawleyiteHide


Crystallography of HawleyiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
F4 3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.818 Å
Unit Cell V:
196.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Fine grained powdery coatings

Type Occurrence of HawleyiteHide

Other Language Names for HawleyiteHide

Simplified Chinese:黄硫镉矿

Relationship of Hawleyite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BrowneiteMnS Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
ColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
Ishiharaite(Cu,Ga,Fe,In,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
MetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Rudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
SphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Smithsonite4 photos of Hawleyite associated with Smithsonite on
Sphalerite4 photos of Hawleyite associated with Sphalerite on
Greenockite2 photos of Hawleyite associated with Greenockite on
Quartz2 photos of Hawleyite associated with Quartz on
Azurite2 photos of Hawleyite associated with Azurite on
Magnetite2 photos of Hawleyite associated with Magnetite on
Mooihoekite2 photos of Hawleyite associated with Mooihoekite on
Fe-analogue of Valleriite2 photos of Hawleyite associated with Fe-analogue of Valleriite on
Allophane1 photo of Hawleyite associated with Allophane on
Galena1 photo of Hawleyite associated with Galena on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu12VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 4 3m : F4 3m 4 3m : F4 3m m3m (4/m 3 2/m),Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.4.2Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.4.4SphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.4.5Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
3.4.7GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
3.4.9CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains cadmium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for HawleyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
Cerny, P. (1957) Second occurrence of hawleyite-b-CdS. Casopis Mineralogii a Geologii: 2: 13-16.
Augustithis, S.S. and Vgenopoulos, A. (1982) On the hawleyite-sphalerite-wurtzite-galena paragenesis from Ragada, Komotini, (Rhodope) North Greece. Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits: 2: 413-417.
Deore, S. and Navrotsky, A. (2006) Oxide melt solution calorimetry of sulfides: Enthalpy of formation of sphalerite, galena, greenockite, and hawleyite. American Mineralogist: 91: 400-403.

Internet Links for HawleyiteHide

Localities for HawleyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Magnet
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
A.Pichler (2003)
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Verwall Alps (Verwall Group)
        • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
Kolitsch, U. (2009): 1578) Hawleyit, Hemimorphit, Hydrozinkit, Posnjakit und Sphalerit von der Putzkammeralpe im Rindertal (Gaflunatal) Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 202-203 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Lontzen
          • Walhorn
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 85, 2016, p. 30 - 55 Minéralogie de l’ancienne mine plomb-zinc de
      • Theux
        • Oneux
  • Namur Province
    • Andenne
      • Landenne
No reference listed
    • Namur
Blondieau, M. et al. (2012): Minéralogie de la carrière de Beez, Province de Namur (Belgique). Le Règne Minéral, 104, 5-26.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978); Cerny, P., & Harris, D. C. (1978). The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba; XI, Native elements, alloys, sulfides and sulfosalts. The Canadian Mineralogist, 16(4), 625-640.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Springer, G. (1989): Chlorine-bearing and other uncommon minerals in the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury District, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 311-313
  • Yukon
    • Mayo Mining District
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
        • Calumet
TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
        • Elsa
M.Mauthner (collection)
JF Carpentier collection
JAMBOR, J.L. & BOYLE, R.W. (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill B Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
R.W. Boyle (1965)
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
minerals confirmed by Dr. Jochen Schluter Pdf analysis
  • Atacama Region
    • Cerro Blanco
Handbook of Mineralogy; Clark, A. H., & Sillitoe, R. H. (1971). Hawleyite from Mina Coquimbana (Cerro Blanco), Atacama Province, Chile. N Jb Miner Mh, 205-210.
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Duyun Co.
Tiegeng Liu, Qian Zhang, Lin Ye, and Shuxun Shao (2004): Geology in China 31(1), 40-45
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Suxian District
Damao Wu and Yansong Tan (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 34-36
Czech Republic
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Zlín Region
      • Komňa
Kruťa, T.: Příspěvky k moravské topografické mineralogii VI. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, 1956, roč. 41, s. 5-30.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Pinols
        • Pinols
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Le Bosc
Niels van Velzen Purchased in 1999. Dealer unknown
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Branko Rieck collection and PXRD-analysis
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
Amstutz, G. C., El Goresy, A., Frenzel, G., Kluth, C., Moh, G., Wauschkuhn, A., & Zimmermann, R. A. (Eds.). (2012). Ore Genesis: The State of the Art (Vol. 2). Springer Science & Business Media.
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádsasvár (Üveghuta)
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl; Minerals and their Localities, 2004; Szakáll - Gatter: Minerals of Hungary
  • Karnataka
    • Kolar District
Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.
        • Central Schist Belt
Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
  • Sistan and Baluchestan Province
    • Bazman Volcano
Ali Sholeh, Ebrahim Rastad, David Huston, J. Bruce Gemmell and Ryan D. Taylor (2016): The Chahnaly Low-Sulfidation Epithermal Gold Deposit, Western Makran Volcanic Arc, Southeast Iran. Economic Geology 111, 619-639.
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 1.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Ogniben G., De Pieri R. (1967) - I minerali di alterazione di Su Friscu (Giacimento di Funtana Raminosa, Sardegna) - Per. Min. Roma, n. 36, vol III, pp. 659-671 and M. Boscardin: Informazioni di mineralogia Italiana: Minerali secondari della miniera di Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna) Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo, n. 1, March 1974, pag. 5
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Ena City
Matsubara & Nomura (1982) Chigaku Kenkyu, 33, 197-199
    • Kinki Region
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Konan City
          • Ishibe
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto); Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
University of Arizona analysis, M. Origlieri
New Zealand
  • North Island
    • Waikato Region
      • Te Aroha
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Nilsen, Øyvind Juul (1993): Konnerudområdets sekundærmineraler. STEIN 20 (1), 12-21
  • Bihor Co.
    • Brusturi
collected: Gábor Koller, analysed: Sándor Szakáll, Béla Fehér EDS, and PXRD;
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
            • Noril'sk
              • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Keivy Mountains
Voytekhovsky, Yu.L. (2008): New finding of cadmium sulfide in kyanite schists of Kola Peninsula. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 63-66
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 198.
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Kuraminskii Range
      • Altyn-Topkan ore field
Enikeev, M. R. (1970): Find of hawleyite. Zapiski Uzbekistanskogo Otdeleniya Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, No. 23, 112-114.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
No reference listed
  • England
    • Derbyshire
      • Ashover
        • Milltown
BMS Database; Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
      • Eyam
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Chiricahua Mts
        • California District
          • Rustler Park
Rolf Luetcke
rolf luetcke
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Dragoon District (Golden Rule District)
          • Buena Vista and Horse Fall Mines
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Eakle, A.S. (1917) Minerals associated with crystalline limestone at Crestmore, Riverside County, California. University of California Bull. Department of Geology: 10: 352; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 86.
  • Colorado
    • Gilpin Co.
      • Central City District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Caribou Co.
      • Soda Springs
Kampf, A. R., Nash, B. P., & Loomis, T. A. (2013). Phosphovanadylite-Ca, Ca [V4 4+ P2O8 (OH) 8]· 12H2O, the Ca analogue of phosphovanadylite-Ba. American Mineralogist, 98(2-3), 439-443.
  • Indiana
    • Pike Co.
MinRec 15:351
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Rumford
Scott Soucey and Tim Blake specimens
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Ruby Hill
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mount Hope District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
Tom Loomis specimen; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • Pershing Co.
      • Nightingale District
Tony Nickischer specimen and analysis.
    • White Pine Co.
      • Ward District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
M Massis collection
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
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