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Hawthorneite

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05707940014946494815989.jpg
John B. Hawthorne
Formula:
BaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19
Colour:
Black or brown
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
5.02 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named by I.E. Grey, I.C. Madsen, and S.E. Haggerty in 1987 in honor of John Barry Hawthorne (1934–2018), former Chief Geologist (Diamonds), DeBeers Consolidated Mines, South Africa, in honor of his contributions to studies of the upper mantle.
Unique combination of elements, although somewhat chemically similar to mathiasite and haggertyite.

The supposed Ti analogue (actually its Ti5Mg2Cr analogue) is IMA-coded as UM1994-07-O:BaCrFeMgTi.


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Classification of HawthorneiteHide

Approved
Approval year:
1988
First published:
1987
4.CC.45

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
C : With large and medium-sized cations
7.4.1.3

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
4 : AB12X19
7.14.9

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
14 : Oxides of Cr

Pronounciation of HawthorneiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HawthorneiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black or brown
Comment:
light gray in reflected light.
Hardness:
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=772 - 835 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Comment:
~5.8
Density:
5.02 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HawthorneiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
Anisotropism:
weak to moderate, brown to gray
Dispersion:
r < v
Colour in reflected light:
light gray

Chemical Properties of HawthorneiteHide

Formula:
BaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19

Crystallography of HawthorneiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mmc
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.871(2) Å, c = 23.06(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.928
Unit Cell V:
688.36 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
grains to 100 µm

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0001094HawthorneiteGrey I E, Madsen I C, Haggerty S E (1987) Structure of a new upper-mantle, magnetoplumbite-type phase, Ba(Ti3Cr4Fe4Mg)O19 American Mineralogist 72 633-63619870293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.616 Å(100)
2.765 Å(85)
2.414 Å(49)
1.468 Å(45)
2.936 Å(42)
1.617 Å(42)
1.660 Å(38)
Comments:
calculated

Type Occurrence of HawthorneiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
grains, up to 100 µm, surrounded by lindsleyite and oriented in spinel
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London, England, 1988,71.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Formed during upper-mantle (75–100 km, 900–1100 ◦C, 20–30 kbar) metasomatism of chromian spinel in peridotite xenoliths in a kimberlite pipe.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of HawthorneiteHide

Other Language Names for HawthorneiteHide

Relationship of Hawthorneite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BarioferriteBaFe3+12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
BatiferriteBaTi2Fe3+8Fe2+2O19Hex.
GoreriteCaAlFe3+11O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
HaggertyiteBaFe2+4Fe3+2Ti5MgO19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
HiboniteCaAl12O19Hex.
Hibonite-(Fe)FeAl12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
NežilovitePbZn2Mn4+2Fe3+8O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
UM1994-07-O:BaCrFeMgTiBaTi5Fe4Mg2CrO19
UM1994-08-O:CaFeKMgTiKTi5Fe3Cr2Mg2O19
Unnamed (Mn-analogue of Plumboferrite)Pb-Mn-O
YimengiteK(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)12O19Hex.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CC.AllendeiteSc4Zr3O12Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
4.CC.Yttriaite-(Y)Y2O3Iso.
4.CC.Anzaite-(Ce)Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.CC.BotuobinskiteSrFe2+(Ti4+12Cr3+6)Mg2[O36(OH)2]Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.05ChrombismiteBi3+16Cr6+O27Tet.
4.CC.10FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
4.CC.15GrossiteCaAl4O7Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CC.20ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
4.CC.25YafsoaniteCa3Te6+2(ZnO4)3Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
4.CC.30LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CC.30NatroniobiteNaNbO3Mon.
4.CC.30PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30BarioperovskiteBaTiO3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
4.CC.30LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30MegawiteCaSnO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
4.CC.35Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)2Ti2O6Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.CC.35MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
4.CC.35TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
4.CC.35Isolueshite(Na,La)NbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
4.CC.40CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(Ce)Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38Trig.
4.CC.40Davidite-(Y)(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)Trig.
4.CC.40LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Mathiasite(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.
4.CC.40Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38Trig. 3
4.CC.45DiaoyudaoiteNaAl11O17Hex.
4.CC.45HiboniteCaAl12O19Hex.
4.CC.45LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27Hex.
4.CC.45Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
4.CC.45YimengiteK(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45HaggertyiteBaFe2+4Fe3+2Ti5MgO19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45NežilovitePbZn2Mn4+2Fe3+8O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BatiferriteBaTi2Fe3+8Fe2+2O19Hex.
4.CC.45Hibonite-(Fe)FeAl12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BarioferriteBaFe3+12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.50Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
4.CC.55ZenzénitePb3Fe3+4Mn4+3O15Hex.
4.CC.60Mengxianminite (of Huang et al.)(Ca,Na)3(Fe,Mn)2Mg2(Sn,Zn)5Al8O29

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

7.4.1.1HiboniteCaAl12O19Hex.
7.4.1.2YimengiteK(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)12O19Hex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.14.1EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
7.14.2BracewelliteCrO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.14.3GrimaldiiteCrO(OH)Trig.
7.14.4GuyanaiteCrO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.14.5YimengiteK(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)12O19Hex.
7.14.6Mathiasite(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
7.14.7McconnelliteCuCrO2Trig.
7.14.8RedledgeiteBa(Ti4+6Cr3+2)O16Tet.
7.14.10ZincochromiteZnCr2O4Iso.
7.14.11Wattersite[Hg2]2+2Hg2+[CrO4]O2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
7.14.12ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.14.13MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HawthorneiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Grey, I.E., Madsen, I.C., Haggerty, S.E. (1987) Structure of a new upper-mantle, magnetoplumbite-type phase, Ba[Ti3Cr4Fe4Mg]O19. American Mineralogist: 72: 633-636.
Haggerty, S.E., Grey, I.E., Madsen, I.C., Criddle, A.J., Stanley, C.J., Erlank, A.J. (1989) Hawthorneite, Ba[Ti3Cr4Fe4Mg]O19: a new metasomatic magnetoplumbite-type mineral from the upper mantle. American Mineralogist: 74: 668-675.
Daltry, V.D.C. (1997) Mineralogy of South Africa: Type-Mineral Species and Type-Mineral Names, Council For Geoscience, Geological Survey of South Africa, Handbook 15.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. (2016) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA.

Internet Links for HawthorneiteHide

Localities for HawthorneiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Shandong
    • Linyi
      • Mengyin County
Qi Lu, Huifang Liu, and Ping Xiao (2007): Geological Science and Technology Information 26(2), 1-7
Russia
 
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Mirninsky District
      • Daldyn
Rezvukhin, D.I.; Alifirova, T.A.; Golovin, A.V.; Korsakov, A.V. (2020) A Plethora of Epigenetic Minerals Reveals a Multistage Metasomatic Overprint of a Mantle Orthopyroxenite from the Udachnaya Kimberlite. Minerals 10, 264.
South Africa (TL)
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Frances Baard
      • Sol Plaatje
        • Kimberley
          • KEM JV Mine (Kimberley Ekapa Mining Joint Venture mine; Kimberley Underground mine)
Amer.Min.(1989), 74, 668-675; Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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