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Amber

This page kindly sponsored in memory of Laszlo Z. Valachi
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About AmberHide

Colour:
Yellow-orange-brown, pale lemon yellow, red, brown, nearly black; rarely blue or green
Hardness:
2 - 2½
A fossil tree resin.

In order to qualify as "amber", it is NOT sufficient for a tree resin merely to harden by losing its volatiles, the molecules have to polymerize, which can take millions of years (or at least 100,000 years). After polymerization, amber becomes significantly less soluble in common organic solvents, and so will not become sticky if wetted with alcohol, acetone or gasoline. Much of the material marketed as "amber" (especially that from Colombia and Madagascar) is far too young to be considered amber and is in reality just dried tree resin.

The oldest amber recovered dates to the Upper Carboniferous period (320 million years ago).

Amber is heterogeneous in composition but consists of several resinous materials more or less soluble in alcohol, ether, and chloroform, associated with an insoluble bituminous substance. Amber comprises macromolecules formed by free radical polymerization of several precursors in the labdane family, e.g. communic acid, cummunol, and biformene. These labdanes are diterpenes (C20H32) and trienes, equipping the organic skeleton with three alkene groups for polymerization. As amber matures over the years, more polymerization takes place as well as isomerization reactions, crosslinking and cyclization.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Amber.


Classification of AmberHide

9/.-

9 : Organic Compounds
:
:

Pronounciation of AmberHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of AmberHide

Colour:
Yellow-orange-brown, pale lemon yellow, red, brown, nearly black; rarely blue or green
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale

Geological EnvironmentHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

Synonyms of AmberHide

Other Language Names for AmberHide

Asturian:Ámbar
Belarusian:Бурштын
Bosnian:Ćilibar
Catalan:Ambre
Czech:Jantar
Danish:Rav
Dutch:Barnsteen
Esperanto:Sukceno
Estonian:Merevaik
Farsi/Persian:کهربا
Finnish:Meripihka
French:Ambre
Galician:Ámbar
Hebrew:ענבר
Hungarian:Borostyán
Icelandic:Raf
Ido:Sucino
Italian:Ambra
Japanese:コハク
Korean:호박
Latin:Succinum
Latvian:Dzintars
Lithuanian:Gintaras
Low Saxon/Low German:Barnsteen
Norwegian:Rav
Polish:Bursztyn
Portuguese:Âmbar
Romanian:Chihlimbar
Russian:Янтарь
Serbo-Croatian:Jantar
Simplified Chinese:琥珀
Slovak:Jantár
Slovenian:Jantar
Swedish:Bärnsten
Turkish:Kehribar
Ukrainian:Бурштин
Vietnamese:Hổ phách
Welsh:Ambr

Varieties of AmberHide

AlmashiteA variety of amber low in oxygen.
Originally reported from Almas Valley, Piatra, Neamt Co., Romania.
AmbrosineAmber containing much succinic acid.
Originally described from Charleston, Charleston Co., South Carolina, USA.
BacaliteA white or yellow variety of amber (or quartz) from Baja California, Mexico.
BurmiteA generally deep red amber from Burma. An amber occurring in the upper Hukong Valley, Burma. Differs from ordinary amber in that it doesn't contain succinic acid.

Originally described from Maingkwan, Myitkyina-Mogaung District, Kachin State, Myanmar (Bu...
DelatyniteA variety of amber from the area near Delyatyn, Ukraine.
Duxite
GedaniteA resin resembling amber but with little succinic acid.
Originally described from Gdansk (Danzig), Pomorskie, Poland.
JaulingiteA fossil resin.
Originally reported from Jauling, St Veit an der Triesting, Bad Vöslau, Lower Austria, Austria.
JeliniteA variety of amber from Ellsworth Co., Kansas, USA.
KocheniteOriginally reported from Kochen valley, Telfs, Inn valley, North Tyrol, Tyrol, Austria.
MunkteniteA Romanian amber
MunteniteA Romanian amber.
Originally reported from Olanesti, Valcea Co., Romania.
PlaffeiiteName for an upper paleozoic (Gurnigelflysch formation) amber from Switzerland (Höllibach near Plasselb, not far from Plaffeien, ca. 15 km SE of Fribourg).
RosthorniteAn ill-defined resin, resembling amber and jaulingite.
Originally reported from Sonnberg, Guttaring, Friesach - Hüttenberg area, Carinthia, Austria.
SimetiteA variety of amber of Miocene age from Sicily. Contains less succinic acid than Baltic amber. A deep-red to light orange-yellow variety of amber having a high content of sulfur and oxygen and a low content of succinic acid; occurs in the waters off Sicily...

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Amber associated with Coal

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AmberHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Flamini A., Graziani G., Grubessi O. (1974) Inclusi di solfuro di ferro nelle ambre baltiche. Periodico di Mineralogia: 331-338.
Anderson, K., Winans, R., Botto, R. (1992): The nature and fate of natural resins in the geosphere—II. Identification, classification and nomenclature of resinites. Organic Geochemistry 18 (6), 829–841.
Libowitzky, E. & Giester, G. (2019): Non-destructive investigation of natural, treated, and synthetic amber by handheld XRF and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. 9th European Conference on Mineralogy and Spectroscopy, ECMS2019, Prague, Czech Republic, September 11-13, Book of Abstracts, https://www.ecms2019.eu/sites/default/files/Abstract%20book%20ECMS2019%20web.pdf.
https://www.amber.org.pl/en [International Amber Assocation]

Internet Links for AmberHide

Localities for AmberHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Anguilla
Earle, K. W. (1922). Reports on the Geology of St. Kitts-Nevis, BWI, and the Geology of Anguilla, BWI. Crown Agents for the Colonies.
Earle, K. W. (1922). Reports on the Geology of St. Kitts-Nevis, BWI, and the Geology of Anguilla, BWI. Crown Agents for the Colonies.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • Hepburn Shire
      • Creswick
Kirejtshuk, A. G., Merkl, O., & Kernegger, F. (2008). A new species of the genus Pentaphyllus Dejean, 1821 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae, Diaperinae) from the Baltic amber and checklist of the fossil Tenebrionidae. Zoosyst Ross, 17, 131-137.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Guttaring
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Klein Sankt Paul
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Wolfsberg
        • Sankt Stefan
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Baden District
      • Berndorf
        • St Veit an der Triesting
V. R. v. Zepharovich: Sitzungsber. kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien 16:366 (1855)
    • Mödling District
      • Gießhübl
Wessely, C. (1908): Mineralogische Spaziergänge eines Wieners. Wiener Urania 1/23, 205 - 208, Wien.
    • Sankt Pölten-Land District
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein District
Winkler, W. (2003) Eine mineralogische Besonderheit aus dem Lammertal, Salzburg/Österreich - Fossile Harze aus der Unterkreide, pp. 337-342 in Weidinger, J.T., Lobitzer, H., Spitzbart, I. (Hrsg.) 2003. Beiträge zur Geologie des Salzkammerguts. Gmundner Geo-Studien 2 (ISBN 3-9500193-3-2) Erkudok Institut Museum Gmunden (in German with English abstract).
http://www.ambertop.de/weltweit.html
http://www.bernstein.tips/bernstein-arten.php; http://www.zobodat.at/pdf/GmuGeoStud_2_0337-0342.pdf
    • Salzburg
      • Anthering - Muntigl area
On exhibit in the Museum "Haus der Natur", Salzburg.
  • Styria
    • Deutschlandsberg District
      • Eibiswald
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Liezen District
      • Landl
        • Gams bei Hieflau
peter neschen collection
    • Voitsberg District
      • Köflach
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Telfs
A. Pichler: Jahrb. k. k. geol. Reichsanstalt (1868)
    • Kufstein District
      • Kramsach
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Schwaz District
      • Jenbach
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Upper Austria
Peter Neschen specimen
    • Kirchdorf an der Krems District
      • Windischgarsten
- J.Schadler, in: Bernstein, in Steinkohle der Oberkreide mit wenig Schwefelkies und gelben Anflug von Realgar. (Handschriftliche Aufzeichnungen).
- H.Commenda, in: Übersicht der Gesteine und Mineralien Oberösterreichs. 1. Gesteine. Heimatgaue, Zeitschrift für oberösterreichische Geschichte, Landes - und Volkskunde 7, Heft 1, Linz 1926, Seite 41 – 65.
    • Steyr-Land District
      • Weyer
- G.Geyer, in: Erläuterungen zur Geologischen Karte SW - Gruppe 12, Weyer. Kaiserlich & königliche Geologischen Reichsanstalt, Wien (1911).
    • Steyr
Peter Neschen Collection
- Gerhard Brandstetter, in: Mineralogische und paläontologische Notizen aus Oberösterreich. OÖ Geonachrichten, Beiträge zur Geologie, Mineralogie und Paläontologie von Oberösterreich.15. Jahrgang (2000), Seite 16 – 22, 7 Abbbildungen. MFOÖ Mineralien - und Fossiliensammler Oberösterreichs mit ARGE Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie im Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum.
Baltic Sea
Van King Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Belgium
 
  • Flanders
    • Antwerp
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Flemish Brabant
      • Linter
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
  • Wallonia
    • Hainaut
      • Binche
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
      • La Louvière
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Namur
      • Namur
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Walloon Brabant
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Canada
 
www.alpinegems.net
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
Mustoe, G. E. (1985). Eocene amber from the Pacific coast of North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 96(12), 1530-1536
Simandl, G.J. (2009): Nonmetallic minerals other than coal: Industrial minerals, gemstones and aggregate in British Columbia, Canada; British Columbia Geological Survey, Paper 2009‐2, pages.
  • Manitoba
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
China
 
  • Henan
    • Nanyang
Huishu Wang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(4), 338-344
  • Liaoning
    • Fushun
      • Wanghua District
http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
Colombia
 
Dmitry Vorobjov's collection
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Chomutov District
      • Kadaň
        • Tušimice
Bouška, V., Dvořák, Z.: Nerosty severočeské hěndouhelné pánve. Praha: Severočeské doly, a.s., 160 s.
    • Most District
      • Most
Bouška, V., Dvořák, Z.: Nerosty severočeské hěndouhelné pánve. Praha: Severočeské doly, a.s., 160 s.
Petr Fuchs
    • Teplice District
      • Bílina
Petr Fuchs specimen
Denmark
http://www.ravsiden.dk/ ; Szwedo, J. (2002). Amber and amber inclusions of planthoppers, leafhoppers and their relatives (Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha et Clypaeorrhyncha). Zikaden. Leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia, 4, 37-56.
  • Capital Region
- Langenheim J. H. (1969): Amber. A botanical inquiry. Science, 163, 1157-1169. - Larsson S.G. (1978): Baltic Amber - a Palaeobiological Study. Entomograph Volume 1. Scandinavian Science Press Ltd., Klampenborg - Denmark, 192 pp.
Dominican Republic
 
  • Hato Mayor Province
http://www.gplatt.demon.co.uk/dominica.htm
  • Sánchez Ramírez Province
    • Cotuí
http://www.gplatt.demon.co.uk/dominica.htm
  • Santiago Province
http://www.gplatt.demon.co.uk/dominica.htm
Raúl Joreg Tauber Larry
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Ethiopia
 
  • Amhara Region
    • North Shewa Zone
      • Mida (Midda)
www.ambergallery.it
France
 
  • Ile-de-France
    • Essonne
      • Palaiseau
        • Bruyères-le-Châtel
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
NÉRAUDEAU D., PERRICHOT V., DEJAX J., MASURE E., NEL A., PHILIPPE M., MOREAU P., GUILLOCHEAU F. & GUYOT T. 2002. — Un nouveau gisement à ambre insectifère et à végétaux (Albien terminal probable) : Archingeay (Charente-Maritime, France). Geobios 35: 233-240.
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Vendée
      • Les Sables-d'Olonne
Vincent Perrichot 2014, Paleontoretaceous Vendean amber (northwestern France)
Germany
 
  • Berlin
    • Spandau
Michael Meder collection
  • Brandenburg
    • Barnim
      • Eberswalde
        • Ruhlsdorf
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Dahme-Spreewald
      • Königs Wusterhausen
        • Niederlehme
Andreas Gerstenberg collection
    • Märkisch-Oderland
      • Bad Freienwalde
Andreas Gerstenberg collection
      • Rüdersdorf
Jahn, S. (2013): Der Kalksteinbruch Rüdersdorf bei Berlin. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 44-88.
  • Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
    • Vorpommern-Greifswald
      • Wolgast
        • Usedom Island
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Anhalt-Bitterfeld
      • Bitterfeld-Wolfen
        • Bitterfeld
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Szwedo, J. (2002). Amber and amber inclusions of planthoppers, leafhoppers and their relatives (Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha et Clypaeorrhyncha). Zikaden. Leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia, 4, 37-56.
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Herzogtum Lauenburg
      • Groß Pampau
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Nordfriesland
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).; Wittern, A. (2001) Mineralfundorte in Deutschland. Schweizerbart (Stuttgart).
      • Sylt Island
        • Kampen
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Ronneburg U deposit
Andreas Gerstenberg collection
Hungary
 
  • Veszprém County
Zechmeister, L. (1926): Adatok az ajkait, egy hazai fosszilis gyanta ismeretéhez. Mathematikai és Természettudományi Értesítő, 43, 332-341; Szakáll, S. and Jánosi , M. (1996) Minerals og Hungary. Topographia Mineralogica Hungáriáé IV. Herman Ottó Museum, Miskolc, 1996
India
 
  • Gujarat
    • Surat district
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11618809
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11618809
Indonesia
 
Richard Gunter Collection
Israel
 
George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
  • Northern District (HaZafon District)
    • Golan Heights
George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
Italy
 
  • Calabria
    • Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria
Mantovani P. (1877): Ligniti nella provincia di Reggio Calabria. Boll. R. Com. Geol. d'Italia, 8, 376-377; Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Forlì-Cesena Province
Bombicci, L. (1890) La collezione di Ambre Siciliane posseduta dal museo di Mineralogia della R. Università di Bologna (dono del Ministero di pubblica istruzione nel 1889) e nuove considerazioni sull’origine dell’Ambra gialla. Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 4, 10 (1889-1990), 473-486; Bombicci, L. (1894) Descrizione degli esemplari di solfo nativo cristallizzato delle solfare di Romagna raccolti e classificati dall'autore nel Museo mineralogico della R. Università di Bologna. Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 5, 4, 737-816; Skalski, A.W., and Viggiani, A. (1990) Fossil resin in Sicily and the northern Apennines: geology and organic content. Praze Muzeum Ziemi, 41, 37–49.
    • Metropolitan City of Bologna
      • Loiano (Lojano)
Bombicci, L. (1873) Descrizione della mineralogia generale della provincia di Bologna. Prima parte. Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 3, 4, 59-139; Skalski, A.W., and Viggiani, A. (1990) Fossil resin in Sicily and the northern Apennines: geology and organic content. Praze Muzeum Ziemi, 41, 37–49; Angelini, I., and Bellintani, P. (2005) Archaeological ambers from northern Italy: an FTIR-DRIFT study of provenance by comparison with the geological amber database. Archaeometry, 47, 2, 441–454; http://www.academia.edu/991620/northern_Italy_ARCHAEOLOGICAL_AMBERS_FROM_NORTHERN_ITALY_AN_FTIR_DRIFT_STUDY_OF_PROVENANCE_BY_COMPARISON_WITH_THE_GEOLOGICAL_AMBER_DATABASE
      • Monterenzio
Bombicci, L. (1873) Descrizione della mineralogia generale della provincia di Bologna. Prima parte. Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 3, 4, 59-139.
    • Modena Province
      • Prignano sulla Secchia
Malagoli, M. (1884) Cenni sulla mineralogia generale del Modenese e del Reggiano. Atti della Società dei Naturalisti di Modena, Rendiconti delle adunanze (1884-85), serie 3, 2, 30-48; Skalski, A.W., and Viggiani, A. (1990) Fossil resin in Sicily and the northern Apennines: geology and organic content. Praze Muzeum Ziemi, 41, 37–49; Angelini, I., and Bellintani, P. (2005) Archaeological ambers from northern Italy: an FTIR-DRIFT study of provenance by comparison with the geological amber database. Archaeometry, 47, 2, 441–454; http://www.academia.edu/991620/northern_Italy_ARCHAEOLOGICAL_AMBERS_FROM_NORTHERN_ITALY_AN_FTIR_DRIFT_STUDY_OF_PROVENANCE_BY_COMPARISON_WITH_THE_GEOLOGICAL_AMBER_DATABASE; Neri, M., Roghi, G., Ragazzi, E., Fornaciari, E., Giusberti, L., and Papazzoni, C.A. (2016) Nuovi dati stratigrafici sull'ambra di Castelvecchio di Prignano (MO). In: Rook, L., Bartolini, S., and Ghezzo, E. (eds.) Paleodays 2016. La Società Paleontologica Italiana a Faenza. XVI Riunione annuale SPI (Società Paleontologica Italiana). Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali "Malmerendi", Faenza, 25-27 maggio 2016. Volume dei riassunti e guida all'escursione, page 63.
    • Parma Province
      • Varano de' Melegari
Adorni, F., Battilocchi, G., Bersani, D. & Calderini, V. (2010). Le septarie dell'Appennino Parmense. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 222-241.
  • Friuli Venezia Giulia
    • Pordenone Province
      • Frisanco
- Rimoli G., Dreon A.L. (1998): Notizie mineralogiche dell’area del pordenonese con particolare riguardo ai minerali della Val Cellina e della Val Colvera. Bollettino Società Naturalisti “Silvia Zenari”, 22, 45-62. - Ragazzi E., Avanzini M., Dieni I., Roghi G., Stefani C. (2012): New amber findings in Northeastern Italy: suggestions for an integrated view on fossil resin raison d’être. In: Bianchi V., Gattolin G., Rigo M. (eds.): Note brevi e riassunti. X Congresso GEOSED “Associazione Italiana per la Geologia del sedimentario”, Feltre, 2-6 Luglio 2012. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 20, 71-75. - Trevisani E., Ragazzi E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
    • Udine Province
- Roghi G., Gianolla P., Ragazzi E. (2002): Paleobotanical features of Upper Triassic amber in the Southern Alps (Italy). Abstract, 6th European Paleobotany-Palynology Conference, Athens, unpaged. - Preto N., Roghi G., Gianolla P. (2005): Carnian stratigraphy of the Dogna area (Julian Alps, northern Italy): tessera of a complex palaeogeography. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 124, 269-279. - Roghi G., Ragazzi E., Gianolla P. (2006): Triassic Amber of the Southern Alps (Italy). Palaios, 21, 143-154.
      • San Pietro al Natisone
        • Vernasso
- Roghi G., Ragazzi E., Fedele P. (2004): L’ambra Cretacea delle Dolomiti e delle Prealpi Giulie. Giornate di Paleontologia 2004, Bolzano, 21-23 Maggio, Abstracts Book, 52. - Trevisani E. (ed.) (2007): Ambra. Il fascino di una gemma tra mito, scienza e vanità. Minerva Edizioni, Bologna, 128 pp. - Trevisani E., Ragazzi E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
  • Liguria
    • Imperia Province
      • Ventimiglia
Issel A. (1892): Liguria geologica e preistorica. A. Donath Editore, Genova, Vol. 1, 440 pp.; Antofilli M., Borgo E., Palenzona A. (1985): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. II Edizione. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 296 pp.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province
Jervis, G. (1881) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.; Mezzadri, P. (1988) La serie gessoso solfifera della Sicilia e altre memorie geo-minerarie. Roberto De Nicola Editore, Roma, 874 pp.
    • Enna Province
Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
- Ferrara F. (1805): Sopra l’Ambra Siciliana. In: Memorie sopra il Lago Naftia nella Sicilia Meridionale, sopra l'Ambra Siciliana, sopra il Mele Ibleo e la città d'Ibla Megara, sopra Nasso e Callipoli. Reale Stamperia, Palermo, 73-159. - Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
    • Metropolitan City of Catania
      • Catania
(See "simetite" references)
    • Metropolitan City of Palermo
Bombicci, L. (1890) La collezione di Ambre Siciliane posseduta dal museo di Mineralogia della R. Università di Bologna (dono del Ministero di pubblica istruzione nel 1889) e nuove considerazioni sull’origine dell’Ambra gialla. Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 4, 10 (1889-1990), 473-486.
    • Ragusa Province
Giardina G., Passerino G. (1998): Ambra in Provincia di Ragusa. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 22, 2, 50.
    • Syracuse Province
      • Augusta
Scaccianoce, G. (2018) "Simetite". La rara ambra dell'isola di Sicilia. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42, 3 (3-2018), 202-208.
      • Pachino
Scaccianoce, G. (2018) "Simetite". La rara ambra dell'isola di Sicilia. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42, 3 (3-2018), 202-208.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol)
    • South Tyrol
      • Puster Valley District
        • Badia (Abtei)
          • San Leonardo (San Linêrt; Sankt Leonhard)
- Koken E. (1913): Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Schichten von Heiligenkreuz (Abteital, Südtirol). Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt, 16, 4, 1-43. - Gianolla P., Roghi G., Ragazzi E. (1998): Upper Triassic amber in the Dolomites (Northern Italy). A paleoclimatic indicator? Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 104, 381-390. - Ragazzi E., Fedele P., Gianolla P., Roghi G. (2003): L’ambra triassica delle Dolomiti. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 27, 1, 21-22.
      • Überetsch-Unterland (Oltradige-Bassa Atesina)
        • Aldein (Aldino)
          • Radein (Redagno)
Maffi, D., and Maffi, S. (1992): Le più antiche ambre delle Alpi. Paleocronache, 1-1992, 39-48; Trevisani, E., and Ragazzi, E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Riva del Garda
Stoppani A. (1886): L’ambra nella storia e nella geologia con speciale riguardo agli antichi popoli d’Italia nei loro rapporti colle origini e collo svolgimento della civiltà in Europa. Fratelli Dumolard Editori, Milano, xxi+277 pp. - Trevisani E., Ragazzi E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
      • Trento
- Ragazzi E., Avanzini M., Dieni I., Roghi G., Stefani C. (2012): New amber findings in Northeastern Italy: suggestions for an integrated view on fossil resin raison d’être. In: Bianchi V., Gattolin G., Rigo M. (eds.): Note brevi e riassunti. X Congresso GEOSED “Associazione Italiana per la Geologia del sedimentario”, Feltre, 2-6 Luglio 2012. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 20, 71-75. - Trevisani E., Ragazzi E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Collesalvetti
Sammartino, F. (2015-2016) Primo ritrovamento di ambra sui Monti Livornesi. Nota preliminare. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Livorno, 26, 117-120.
      • Livorno
Sammartino, F. (2015-2016) Primo ritrovamento di ambra sui Monti Livornesi. Nota preliminare. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Livorno, 26, 117-120.
  • Veneto
    • Belluno Province
      • Belluno
        • Borgo Prà
- Trevisani E., Ragazzi E., Roghi G. (2011): First report of amber from the Early Eocene Belluno Flysch (Southern Alps, Northern Italy). Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 50, 1, 23-28. - Ragazzi E., Avanzini M., Dieni I., Roghi G., Stefani C. (2012): New amber findings in Northeastern Italy: suggestions for an integrated view on fossil resin raison d’être. In: Bianchi V., Gattolin G., Rigo M. (eds.): Note brevi e riassunti. X Congresso GEOSED “Associazione Italiana per la Geologia del sedimentario”, Feltre, 2-6 Luglio 2012. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 20, 71-75. - Trevisani E., Ragazzi E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32
      • Cortina d'Ampezzo
Roghi, G., Ragazzi, E., and Fedele, P. (2004): L’ambra Cretacea delle Dolomiti e delle Prealpi Giulie. Giornate di Paleontologia 2004, Bolzano, 21-23 Maggio, Abstracts Book, 52; Trevisani, E., and Ragazzi, E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
Gianolla, P., Roghi, G., and Ragazzi, E. (1998): Upper Triassic amber in the Dolomites (Northern Italy). A paleoclimatic indicator? Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 104, 381-390; Roghi, G., Gianolla, P., and Ragazzi, E. (2002): Paleobotanical features of Upper Triassic amber in the Southern Alps (Italy). Abstract, 6th European Paleobotany-Palynology Conference, Athens, unpaged; Ragazzi, E., Fedele, P., Gianolla, P., and Roghi, G. (2003): L’ambra triassica delle Dolomiti. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 27, 1 (1-2003), 21-22; Roghi G., Ragazzi E., and Gianolla P. (2006): Triassic amber of the Southern Alps (Italy). Palaios, 21, 2, 143-154.
von Koken, E. (1913): Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Schichten von Heiligenkreuz (Abteital, Südtirol). Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt, 16, 4, 1-43; Gianolla, P., Roghi, G., and Ragazzi, E. (1998): Upper Triassic amber in the Dolomites (Northern Italy). A paleoclimatic indicator? Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 104, 381-390; Ragazzi, E., Fedele, P., Gianolla, P., and Roghi, G. (2003): L’ambra triassica delle Dolomiti. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 27, 1 (1-2003), 21-22.
      • Feltre
- Ragazzi E., Avanzini M., Dieni I., Roghi G., Stefani C. (2012): New amber findings in Northeastern Italy: suggestions for an integrated view on fossil resin raison d’être. In: Bianchi V., Gattolin G., Rigo M. (eds.): Note brevi e riassunti. X Congresso GEOSED “Associazione Italiana per la Geologia del sedimentario”, Feltre, 2-6 Luglio 2012. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 20, 71-75. - Trevisani E., Ragazzi E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
- Ragazzi E., Roghi G. (2003): Prima segnalazione di ambra nei sedimenti oligocenici di Salcedo (Vicenza) e di Sedico (Belluno). Studi e Ricerche, Associazione Amici del Museo Civico “G. Zannato”- Museo Civico “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore, 10, 19-22. - Trevisani E., Ragazzi E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
    • Verona Province
      • Grezzana
Neri, M., Roghi, G., Ragazzi, E., and Papazzoni, C.A. (2013) Segnalazione di ambra giurassica a Bellori (VR), Calcari Grigi, Giurassico inferiore. Giornate di Paleontologia, Perugia 23-25 maggio 2013, Volume dei Riassunti, 51; Trevisani, E., and Ragazzi, E. (2013) L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
      • Vestenanova
        • Bolca
Trevisani, E., Papazzoni, C.A., Ragazzi, E., and Roghi, G. (2005) Early Eocene amber from the "Pesciara di Bolca" (Lessini Mountains, Northern Italy). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 223, 3-4, 260-274; Trevisani, E., and Ragazzi, E. (2013) L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
    • Vicenza Province
      • Monte di Malo
Boscardin, M., and Violati Tescari O. (1996) Gemme del Vicentino. Comune di Montecchio Maggiore, Museo Civico “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore, 114 pp.; Trevisani, E., and Papazzoni, C.A., Ragazzi, E., and Roghi, G. (2005) Early Eocene amber from the "Pesciara di Bolca" (Lessini Mountains, Northern Italy). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 223, 3-4, 260-274; Trevisani, E., and Ragazzi, E. (2013) L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
      • Salcedo
- Ragazzi E., Roghi G. (2003): Prima segnalazione di ambra nei sedimenti oligocenici di Salcedo (Vicenza) e di Sedico (Belluno). Studi e Ricerche, Associazione Amici del Museo Civico “G. Zannato”- Museo Civico “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore, 10, 19-22. - Trevisani E., Ragazzi E. (2013): L’ambra nelle Alpi Meridionali: stato delle conoscenze. Quaderni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Ferrara, 1, 25-32.
Japan
 
  • Chiba Prefecture
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Szwedo, J. (2002). Amber and amber inclusions of planthoppers, leafhoppers and their relatives (Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha et Clypaeorrhyncha). Zikaden. Leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia, 4, 37-56.
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Sorachi Subprefecture
      • Mikasa City
        • Ponbetsu
Alfredo Petrov specimen
  • Hyogo Prefecture
    • Kobe city
      • Kita-ku
Ou'e Rikosya specimens
  • Ibaraki Prefecture
    • Kitaibaraki City
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
  • Iwate Prefecture
Kuji Amber Museum; American Museum of Natural History (New York); Szwedo, J. (2002). Amber and amber inclusions of planthoppers, leafhoppers and their relatives (Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha et Clypaeorrhyncha). Zikaden. Leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia, 4, 37-56.
Kuji Amber Museum; American Museum of Natural History (New York); Szwedo, J. (2002). Amber and amber inclusions of planthoppers, leafhoppers and their relatives (Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha et Clypaeorrhyncha). Zikaden. Leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia, 4, 37-56.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Hachioji City
Alfredo Petrov specimen
Jordan
 
  • Jerash Governorate
Dill, H. G., Kus, J., Abed, A. M., Sachsenhofer, R. F., & Abul Khair, H. (2009). Diagenetic and epigenetic alteration of Cretaceous to Paleogene organic-rich sedimentary successions in northwestern Jordan, typical of the western margin of the Arabian Plate. GeoArabia, 14(2), 101-140.
George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
Kazakhstan
 
Soriano, C. (2009). First record of the family Belidae (Insecta, Coleoptera) in amber. New genus and species from the uppermost Albian amber of France. Geodiversitas, 31(1), 99-104.
Latvia
 
  • Kurzeme Region
Dreimanis A., Liepiņš P. 1942. Latvijas minerāli un ieži. Rīga, Universitātes apgāds, 312 lpp.
Dmitry Vorobjov's collection
  • Vidzeme Region
Dmitry Vorobjov's collection
Dmitry Vorobjov's collection
Lebanon
 
  • South Governorate
George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
George O. Poinar (1992) Life in Amber. (Stanford University Press)
Lithuania
 
; GEOCHRONOMETRIA 33 (2009), pp 33-36
  • Klaipėda County
    • Klaipeda District Municipality
      • Klaipeda
Dmitry Vorobjov's collection
    • Neringa Municipality
      • Neringa
GEOCHRONOMETRIA 33 (2009), pp 33-36
  • Telšiai County
    • Varniai
Ellen Chivers Davies (1937) A wayfarer in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
Malaysia
 
  • Sarawak
Szwedo, J. (2002). Amber and amber inclusions of planthoppers, leafhoppers and their relatives (Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha et Clypaeorrhyncha). Zikaden. Leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia, 4, 37-56.
Mexico
 
  • Chiapas
    • San Cristobal de Las Casas Municipality
      • San Cristobal de Las Casas
Bryant, D. D. (1983). A recently discovered amber source near Totolapa, Chiapas, Mexico. American Antiquity, 354-357.
https://www.gemologyonline.com/David_Gibson/photos.php
    • Totolapa Municipality
Bryant, D. D. (1983). A recently discovered amber source near Totolapa, Chiapas, Mexico. American Antiquity, 354-357.
Myanmar
Szwedo, J. (2002). Amber and amber inclusions of planthoppers, leafhoppers and their relatives (Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha et Clypaeorrhyncha). Zikaden. Leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia, 4, 37-56.
  • Kachin State
    • Myitkyina District
Cruickshank, R. D., & Ko, K. (2003). Geology of an amber locality in the Hukawng Valley, northern Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21(5), 441-455.
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Cruickshank, R. D., & Ko, K. (2003). Geology of an amber locality in the Hukawng Valley, northern Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21(5), 441-455.
        • Tanai
numerous well-labelled specimens on sale at Kyoto show, 2010
Netherlands
 
  • Drenthe
    • Borger-Odoorn Municipality
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
  • Friesland
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
Gerard van der Veldt collection.
  • Overijssel
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
    • Hof van Twente Municipality
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
    • Twenterand Municipality
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
  • South Holland
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
New Zealand
 
  • Northland Region
    • Far North District
      • Awanui
http://www.gumdiggerspark.co.nz
  • Otago Region
    • Central Otago District
      • Idaburn
Seyfullah, L.J., Sadowski, E-M, Schmidt, A.R. (2015) Species level determination of closely related arcucarian resins using FTIR spectroscopy and its implications for the provenance of New Zealand Amber, Department of Geobiology, University of Gottingen, Germany.
      • Roxburgh
http://picssr.com/photos/otagorockandmineralclub/interesting/page12?nsid=90553334@no2
      • St. Bathans
Dunstan Times newspaper (1875) Mining Items, issue 671, 26 February 1875.
  • Southland Region
    • Gore District
      • Waimumu
Ferguson, D.K., Lee, D.E., Bannister, J.M., Zetter, R., Jordon, G.J., Vavra, N., Mildenhall, D.C. (2009) The taphonomy of a remarkable leaf bed assemblage from the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene Gore Lignite Measures southern New Zealand, International Journal of Coal Geology.
    • Southland District
Craw, D., Kerr, G., Reith, F., Falconer, D. (2015) Pleistocene paleodrainage and placer gold redistribution western Southland New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 58:2, 137-153.
Peru
 
  • Amazonas
J. Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 33
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra City
      • Jelenia Góra
Traube, H. (1888) Die Minerale Schlesiens [The Minerals of Silesia]. J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau, 286 pages [in German].
    • Wałbrzych City
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986) Minerały Dolnego Śląska [Minerals of the Lower Silesia]. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pages [in Polish]
    • Wałbrzych County
      • Jedlina-Zdrój
Traube, H. (1888) Die Minerale Schlesiens [The Minerals of Silesia]. J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau, 286 pages [in German].
    • Wrocław City
Traube, H. (1888) Die Minerale Schlesiens [The Minerals of Silesia]. J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau, 286 pages [in German].
  • Opole Voivodeship
    • Namysłów County
Traube, H. (1888) Die Minerale Schlesiens [The Minerals of Silesia]. J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau, 286 pages [in German].
  • Pomeranian Voivodeship
Flamini A., Graziani G., Grubessi O. (1974) - Inclusi di solfuro di ferro nelle ambre baltiche. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 331-338 [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Portugal
 
Rui Nunes collection
Rui Nunes
      • Cascais e Estoril
rui nunes collection
Rui Nunes info 2018
Romania
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
  • Neamț
    • Piatra Neamț
Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
  • Vâlcea
Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Russia
 
  • Kaliningrad Oblast
    • Yantarny (Jantarny; Palmnicken)
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
Princeton Museum Record ID 2359
Pekin, A.A. [Пекин, А.А.] (2010) Minerals of Moscow [Минералы Москвы]. Rossiiskii Khimicheskii Zhurnal [Российский Химический Журнал], 54, 2, 115-123 (in Russian); Pekin, A.A. (2011) Minerals of Moscow. Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 81, 6, 1381-1391.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Sakhalin Island
      • Dolinsky district
        • Starodubskoye
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Poprad District
      • Tatranská Javorina
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
Penalver, E., Delclos, X., & Soriano, C. (2007). A new rich amber outcrop with palaeobiological inclusions in the Lower Cretaceous of Spain. Cretaceous Research, 28(5), 791-802.
Rui Nunes 2018
Penalver, E., Delclos, X., & Soriano, C. (2007). A new rich amber outcrop with palaeobiological inclusions in the Lower Cretaceous of Spain. Cretaceous Research, 28(5), 791-802.
  • Cantabria
Rui Nunes' mineral collection (2018)
    • Herrerías
Najarro, M., Penalver, E., PÉREZ‐DE LA FUENTE, R., ORTEGA‐BLANCO, J., MENOR‐SALVÁN, C., Barron, E., ... & Tornos, F. (2010). Review of the El Soplao amber outcrop, Early Cretaceous of Cantabria, Spain. Acta Geologica Sinica, 84(4), 959.
    • Miengo
      • Cuchía
Rui Nunes 2018
    • Reocín
Collect. José Rafael González López
  • Community of Madrid
    • Soto del Real
http://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=133072#133072
  • Valencian Community
    • Alicante
      • Agost
Juan Miguel Casanova
      • Alicante Co.
        • Serreta Llarga
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
    • Castellón
      • Cortes de Arenoso
Rui Nunes 2018
Sweden
 
  • Skåne County
    • Svedala
eg NRM 19010038
    • Vellinge
The Swedish Museum of Natural History, Bergskollegiums collection # 18572969, 18572970
    • Ystad
Håkan Hansson photo, id1135718.
Switzerland
 
  • Fribourg
    • Sense
      • Plaffeien
        • Oberschrot
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 491
Syria
Williamson, 1932. Book of Amber
Turkey
 
various photographs
UK
 
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole
Kirejtshuk, A. G., Merkl, O., & Kernegger, F. (2008). A new species of the genus Pentaphyllus Dejean, 1821 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae, Diaperinae) from the Baltic amber and checklist of the fossil Tenebrionidae. Zoosyst Ross, 17, 131-137.
    • Greater London
      • Kensington and Chelsea
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
    • Isle of Wight
      • Freshwater
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Ukraine
 
  • Lviv Oblast
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Greene Co.
Ransom, Jay Ellis (1974) Gems and Minerals of America pg.197
  • Alaska
    • Aleutians East Borough
Kunz, 1898. Gems & Precious Stones of N. America, p.202.
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
Dempsky, M. R. (2010, March). Amber Inclusions in the Paleocene/Eocene Chickaloon Formation, Matanuska Valley, Alaska. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 186).
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Fairhaven Mining District
        • Chicago Creek
Rocks & Min.: 20:481.
  • Arkansas
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
      • Perla
Rocks & Min.: 63:110.
  • California
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
      • Simi Valley
Murdoch, Joseph (1934), Amber in California: Journal of Geology: 42: 309-310; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 63.
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
      • Florissant Area
Kirejtshuk, A. G., Merkl, O., & Kernegger, F. (2008). A new species of the genus Pentaphyllus Dejean, 1821 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae, Diaperinae) from the Baltic amber and checklist of the fossil Tenebrionidae. Zoosyst Ross, 17, 131-137.
World of Amber
  • Kansas
www.emporia.edu/earthsci/amber/geograph.htm
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry lost Mindat data).
  • Maryland
    • Anne Arundel Co.
      • Arnold
        • Magothy River
Kunz,1892. Gems & Precious Stones of N. America, p.199.; D. M. Schlegal (1959) Gem Stones of the United States. USGS Bulletin 1042G
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Dukes Co.
      • Martha's Vineyard
        • Aquinnah
Robinson, Samuel (1825): A Catalogue of American Minerals, with Their Localities, p.49.; D. M. Schlegal (1959) Gem Stones of the United States. USGS Bulletin 1042G
    • Nantucket Co.
Robinson, Samuel (1825): A Catalogue of American Minerals, with Their Localities, p. 62. ; D. M. Schlegal (1959) Gem Stones of the United States. USGS Bulletin 1042G
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Tallahatchie Co.
Robert C. Beste, PG (2005) A Location Guide for Rock Hounds in the United States. 3rd ed. Hobbit Press, St. Louis. 149p.
    • Tishomingo Co.
Lowe, EN (1919) Mississippi its geology, geography, soils and resources. Mississippi State Geological Survey, Bulletin 14
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Burlington Co.
      • Southampton Township
Kunz,1892. Gems & Precious Stones of N. America, p.200.
    • Camden Co.
D. M. Schlegal (1959) Gem Stones of the United States. USGS Bulletin 1042G
    • Gloucester Co.
      • South Harrison Township
        • Harrisonville
Kunz,1892. Gems & Precious Stones of N. America, p.201.
    • Mercer Co.
      • Hamilton Township
A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser(1978).; D. M. Schlegal (1959) Gem Stones of the United States. USGS Bulletin 1042G
    • Middlesex Co.
      • New Brunswick
The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 68.
A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser(1978).
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 92.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 92.
    • Monmouth Co.
      • Belmar (Belmar Borough)
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 91; A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser(1978).
    • Salem Co.
      • Pennsville Township
D. M. Schlegal (1959) Gem Stones of the United States. USGS Bulletin 1042G
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 84.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • New York City
      • Staten Island (Richmond Co.)
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 59.; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
  • North Carolina
    • Beaufort Co.
      • North Carolina Phosphate Mining District
        • Aurora
Sinkankas, J. (1976) Gemstones of North America, Vol. 2, p 351.
World of Amber
Genth, F.A. (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina. USGS Bulletion No. 74.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
World of Amber
  • Rhode Island
    • Washington Co.
      • New Shoreham
        • Block Island
  • South Carolina
    • Charleston Co.
  • Tennessee
    • Hardin Co.
Zeitner ,1968. Appalachian Mineral & Gem Trails
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Alpine
http://www.omsinc.org/archives/Ore-cutts_Jan04.pdf
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Maverick Co.
BEG Rept Invest 42
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Wenatchee Mining District
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.40
    • King Co.
      • Issaquah
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.41; Mustoe, G. E. (1985). Eocene amber from the Pacific coast of North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 96(12), 1530-1536
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Campbell Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:383
    • Carbon Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:384
    • Teton Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:390
 
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