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Heterogenite

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About HeterogeniteHide

Formula:
Co3+O(OH)
The formula HCoO2 may be more correct (see below).

Colour:
Black, reddish, blackish-brown
Lustre:
Metallic, Dull
Hardness:
3 - 5
Specific Gravity:
4.13 - 4.47
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
From the Greek for "of another kind", as the mineral differs in composition from similar minerals.
Abstract from Burlet et al. (2016):
"Heterogenite is commonly referred in mineralogy literature as a cobalt oxy-hydroxide CoO(OH). However, detailed analysis of Raman and infrared spectra acquired on particularly well-crystallized natural samples of heterogenite suggests that the mineral can be characterized by a delafossite-type structure, with a general chemical formula ABO2. Indeed, the Raman spectrum of heterogenite, along the one with grimaldiite (HCrO2), lacks visible free OH-group vibrational modes, while the infrared spectrum shows strong hydrogen bond absorption bands. HCoO2 is thus a better formulation of heterogenite that describes more clearly its vibrational behavior and avoids the confusion in literature. Electronic backscattered diffraction (EBSD) is then used to distinguish and map the 2H and 3R heterogenite natural polytypes for the first time. The comparison of EBSD and Raman mappings clearly indicates that the 2H polytype is characterized by an additional peak at 1220 cm−1. The presence/absence is therefore an efficient tool to distinguish both polytypes."



Classification of HeterogeniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.FE.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
E : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
6.1.4.2

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
1 : XO(OH)
7.21.1

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
21 : Oxides of Co

Physical Properties of HeterogeniteHide

Metallic, Dull
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black, reddish, blackish-brown
Streak:
Black, brown
Hardness:
3 - 5 on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
4.13 - 4.47 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of HeterogeniteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong
Colour in reflected light:
Gray-white
Internal Reflections:
Deep cobalt-blue to purple
Pleochroism:
Strong

Chemical Properties of HeterogeniteHide

Formula:
Co3+O(OH)

The formula HCoO2 may be more correct (see below).

Crystallography of HeterogeniteHide

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Heterogenite-2HHeterogenite-3R
  
Hexagonal Trigonal 
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
P63/mmc R3m
  
a = 2.855(5) Å, c = 8.805(5) Å
a = 2.855 Å, c = 13.157 Å
a:c = 1 : 3.084a:c = 1 : 4.608
V 62.15 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 92.88 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
  

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of HeterogeniteHide

Synonyms of HeterogeniteHide

Other Language Names for HeterogeniteHide

Varieties of HeterogeniteHide

HeubachiteA variety of Heterogenite rich in nickel.
First described from Anton Mine, Heubach Valley, Wittichen, Schenkenzell, Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
70 photos of Heterogenite associated with ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
44 photos of Heterogenite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
19 photos of Heterogenite associated with RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
18 photos of Heterogenite associated with ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
15 photos of Heterogenite associated with CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
11 photos of Heterogenite associated with Cobaltoan Calcite(Ca,Co)CO3
11 photos of Heterogenite associated with TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
11 photos of Heterogenite associated with QuartzSiO2
9 photos of Heterogenite associated with SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
9 photos of Heterogenite associated with CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FE.05AmakiniteFe2+(OH)2Trig.
4.FE.05BruciteMg(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.05PortlanditeCa(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FE.05PyrochroiteMn(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FE.05TheophrastiteNi(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.10BayeriteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.FE.10DoyleiteAl(OH)3Tric.
4.FE.10GibbsiteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m
4.FE.10NordstranditeAl(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
4.FE.15BöhmiteAlO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.FE.15Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
4.FE.20GrimaldiiteCrO(OH)Trig.
4.FE.25FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.25Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FE.30QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.FE.35FerrihydriteFe3+10O14(OH)2Trig.
4.FE.40FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)Hex.
4.FE.40Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2OHex.
4.FE.45QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2yTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

6.1.4.3FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
6.1.4.4FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)Hex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.21.3Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.21.4Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Heterogenite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for HeterogeniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Frenzel (1872), Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 5: 404.
Schoep and Cuvelier (1929), Société géologique de Belgique, Liége, Bulletin: 39: 74.
Schneiderhöhn and Ramdohr (1931): 2: 558.
de Leenheer (1935), Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch-Indie: 17: 44, 148.
Cooke and Doan (1935).
de Leenheer (1938), Zbl. Min.: 281.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 650-651.
Hey, M. (1962): Cobaltic hydroxide in nature. Mineral. Mag., 33, 253–259.
Deliens, M. & Goethals, H. (1973): Polytypism of heterogenite. Mineral. Mag., 39, 152–157.
American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 381.
Deliens, M. (1974): Les oxydes hydratés de cobalt du Shaba méridional. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sc. Géol., 76, 1-80.
Llorca, S. and P. Monchoux (1991): Supergene cobalt minerals from New Caledonia. Can. Mineral., 29, 149–161.
Burlet, C., Goethals, H., Vanbrabant, Y. (2016): Delafossite structure of heterogenite polytypes (HCoO2) by Raman and infrared micro-spectroscopy. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 159, 90-97.

Internet Links for HeterogeniteHide

Localities for HeterogeniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Argyle Co.
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • Northern Territory
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
        • Rum Jungle
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Laurie J. Lawrence, Vera Munro-Smith, Anthony R. Ramsden, James L. Sharpe & Peter A. Williams (1999) Geology and Mineralogy of the Lorena Gold Mine, Cloncurry District, North-west Queensland. Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales 132:29-35
      • Kajabbi
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
      • Selwyn District
Day, B. (1998) Collecting in the Spinifex. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, Vol. 19, pg. 24-27. ; Day, B. and Beyer, B., 1995, Some mines of the Mt Isa district, Queensland; the Mt Cobalt mine. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 1(2): 17-23.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station)
Judy Rowe collection; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Cornelio Saavedra Province
      • Machacamarca mining district (Colavi mining district)
        • Serranía Huarihuari
GEOBOL, Boletín #11, June 1968.
    • Tomás Frías Province
      • Chulchucani
Ahlfeld, F. (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Great Bear Lake
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Huasco Province
      • Freirina
        • Sierra Perdices
Pnud Chile/Corfo; "Evaluaciones de los conocimientos existentes sobre Cobalto, Manganeso, Mercurio"; Stgo de Chile, Chile; 1969
      • Germán Riesco district
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
      • Sierra Totorita
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
China
 
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud City (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mountains
Chunyan Dong, Xiaoguo Chi, Fengyue Sun, and Yuan Zhang (2005): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 1(1), 29-33
  • Yunnan
    • Qujing
      • Huize County
Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
    • Yuxi
      • Yimen County
        • Yimen Cu ore field (Sanjiachang Cu ore field)
Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
      • Yuanjiang County
Bugao Xue (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(3), 31-37
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
Deliens, M., Goethals, H. (1973) Polytypism of Heterogenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 39(302), 152-157.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
      • Shinkolobwe
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
MinRec 20:287-288
    • Kipushi
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1486; Kazadi Banza, S. B. (2012). Structural geology of the Kinsevere copper deposit, DRC (MS thesis, University of Pretoria).
    • Lubumbashi
Dr Jaroslav Hyrsl specimens
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 790.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
  • Lualaba
    • Kambove District
      • Kakanda deposit
Van King
[www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
    • Kolwezi mining district
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
      • Kamoto
J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Van King
      • Kisamfu
Xiangqian Li, Yanling Yan, and Xianli Xu (2009): Mineral Resources and Geology 29(3), 253-257; Yanling Yan, Xiangqian Li, Yuping Jiang, Yatao Zhou, and Xian Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(3), 512-517
      • Kolwezi
Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Paul De Bondt collection
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
Queneau Patrice Collection
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 22. Guitard, G. (2010): Catalogue raisonné de la collection de minéralogie régionale, C.E.R.P. de Tautavel, 143.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Hausach
Aufschluss 1974(10), 513-524
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Zundelgraben
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Karlsruhe
      • Freudenstadt
        • Alpirsbach
Erzgräber 1987(2), 54
Erzgräber 1987(2), 54
  • Hesse
    • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Altenahr
        • Ahrbrück
          • Martinsknipp
Beyer, H. (1978): Über Haldenfunde aus den Antimonitgängen von Ahrbrück (Eifel)..., Der Aufschluß, 29, 401-408
  • Saxony
Lapis 17(12), 24-33
    • Erzgebirgskreis
XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
      • Schneeberg
A. Frenzel (1872): Mineralogisches. 5. Heterogenit.- Journal für praktische Chemie [2] 5, 404-407
  • Thuringia
    • Nordhausen
      • Nordhausen
J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
    • Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Iceland
 
  • Southern Peninsula
    • Grindavíkurbær
      • Trolladyngja
collection of Jamie Turnbull
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Borzoli
Giovine, M., Gotelli, A., Grattarola, C., Ciriotti, M.E. (2005): Heterogenite al Monte Ramazzo, sulle alture di Genova. Micro (notizie mineralogiche) 4/2005: 65-70.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Campiglia
Balestra, C., Kolitsch, U., Blass, G., Callegari, A.M., Boiocchi, M., Armellino, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P. Bracco, R. (2009): Mineralogia ligure 2007-2008: novità caratterizzate dal Servizio UK dell’AMI. Micro, 1-2009, 78-99.
    • Savona Province
      • Castelvecchio di Rocca Barbena
Pelloux, A. (1926) Res Ligusticae LVI. Sferocobaltite e altri minerali della valle del Neva. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria, 52 (1925-1928), 269-272; Antofilli, M., Borgo, E., Palenzona, A. (1985) I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. II Edizione. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 296 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Vignola-Falesina
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Japan
 
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Mine City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan); 南部松夫, 谷田勝俊, 北村強, & 桜井欽一. (1970). Heterogenite from Naganobori Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. 岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌, 64(2), 53-63.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Álamos Municipality
      • San Bernardo
Panczner (1987): 166-364.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Amerzgane
        • Méchoui
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    • Zagora Province
      • Aghbar
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
      • Aït Ahmane
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Found by Frank de Wit
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
      • Ightem
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
Russia
 
  • Tuva
    • Chedi-Kholsky District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Middelburg
        • Farm Kruisrivier 74 JS
Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
    • Jaén
      • Linares-La Carolina District
        • Linares
Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
  • Asturias
    • Cabrales
      • Carreña de Cabrales
Manuel Gutierrez Claverol y Carlos Luque Cabal. La Minería en los Picos de Europa. 2000. ISBN 84-95178-87-7
    • Peñamellera Alta
      • Niserias
- Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Cármenes
José Rafael González López collection
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Pallars Sobirà
        • Baix Pallars
          • Peramea
-Subias I.,Fanlo I., Manuel J.,Garcia B. y Paniagua A. (2006) La Mina Solita (Peramea, Lérida):Algo más que ejemplares de colección. Rev. Macla nº 6 pp.475-478
    • Tarragona
      • Baix Camp
        • Alforja
Abella i Creus, Joan (2018) Plumboagardite, green anglesite and other minerals from the Alforja mine, Alforja, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineral Up, 2018/2.
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí i Poblet
M Arliguie collection
  • Murcia
    • Lorca
MinRec-2003-0708-315
    • Mazarrón
      • Pastrana
- Sainz de Baranda, B.,González de Tánago, J. y Viñals, J. (2003). Secondary minerals of the Mazarrón-Águilas mining distric. Murcia province, Spain. The Mineralógical Record, 34, 315-334.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Pavías
Adrián Pesudo
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Riviera
      • Claro
        • Molino Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 213-214.
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
[Heterogenite-3R] Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Blackbird Mining District
        • Blackbird mine complex
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Westgate Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mountains
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Goodsprings
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada S. R. B. Cooke and Donald J. Doan, (1935), The Mineragraphy adn X-ray Analysis of Stainierite from the Swansea Mine, Goodsprings, Nevada. The American Mineralogist 20: 274-280
Hatfield Goudy Label
      • Virgin Mountains
        • Bunkerville Mining District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Mineralogical Record 22:383
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point Mining District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
Zambia
 
  • Copperbelt Province
    • Chingola
      • Chingola
"Dan Costian" Collection
"Dan Costian" Collection
  • Eastern Province
    • Katete District
Arliguie M Collection (Old label)
  • North-Western Province
    • Mwinilunga District (Mwinlunga)
Exploration and Mining Geology; July 2000; v. 9; no. 3-4; p. 277-287; DOI: 10.2113/0090277 / Economic Geology, August 1, 2003; 98(5): 893 - 909
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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